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face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)agylface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"rodface="Times New Roman Star"прутface="Times New Roman Star"qag|yl (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qag|yl (MK, KB) 'fresh willow shoots'







face="Times New Roman Star"xa:l







face="Times New Roman Star"ko:la- 'буйно расти (о раст.) в ущерб плоду, семени'








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 220, EDT 610.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEmu"rgenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wild onion or garlicface="Times New Roman Star"дикий лук или чеснок
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"vu"rgen (MK), ko"mu"rgen (MK - Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"mu"ren






face="Times New Roman Star"ko"b@rgen
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bu"rgen



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"ro"n (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"girhenface="Times New Roman Star"ko"bu"rgo"n



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"ren



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 691, Ё—“я 3, 100; VEWT 285; Ћексика 124. Sometimes explained as derived from ko"bu"r- 'to foam' (see VEWT ibid.); this seems a folk etymology, but may explain the irregular -b- in some of the forms.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to migrate, nomadize 2 nomadizingface="Times New Roman Star"1 мигрировать, кочевать 2 кочевка
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1 (MK, KB), ko"c? 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?- 1, ku"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?|- 1, ko"c? 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.c?- 1, ko.c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kos/- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1, ko"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s- 1, ko"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'s?- 1, ko"'s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'s?- 1, ko"'s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1, ko"c? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s 'рой', ku"s- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1, go"c? 'luggage'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s?- 1, ko"s? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"go"c?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 693, 694, Ћексика 489, Ё—“я 3, 88-90, TMN 3, 622, ‘едотов 1, 315, Stachowski 158.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"k, *ko"kenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hinge, nail, peg, clasp 2 tetherface="Times New Roman Star"1 застежка, петл€, запор 2 прив€зь дл€ животных
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 'belt for fixing the saddle', ko"gen 'rope for tethering calves, foals during milking' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 'peg of a musical instrument', (dial.) ko"ken 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ge|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 'nail' (R, Ѕуд. - Babur.)face="Times New Roman Star"kukan 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ken 2 (я∆”)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ken 2



face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|gan 'loop', (alъk) kъk@ 'prop of the door hinge'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"go"n 2 (ѕек.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"go"n 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gen 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ge|n 1


face="Times New Roman Star"gu"wen 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, EDT 712, Ё—“я 5, 91, 93-94.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"jn|e-lekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"shirtface="Times New Roman Star"рубашка
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|lek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jna"k, dial. go"n|lekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lma"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|lek (Sangl., MA, Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ko"jnek (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.jnak, ko.jlakface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|la"k, ko"n|nek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jnekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"jnek, dial. go"mlekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"genekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nek

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nju"ga"s 'старинное название дохи'
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"jlen|
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jnek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jlekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lda"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lekface="Times New Roman Star"go"lma"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lmekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"jlek
face="Times New Roman Star"go"lekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 290-291, EDT 732, Ё—“я 5, 89-90, Ћексика 384, 476-477. Turk. > WMong. ku"jileg, Kalm. ki:l@g (KW 234), MMong. ko"n|lek (TMN 3, 615, ўербак 1997, 128).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 blue 2 green ("macro-blue" according to Wierzbicka)face="Times New Roman Star"1 синий 2 зеленыйface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MK, KB), 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"go":k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|vak 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gux 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, TMN 3, 640-642, EDT 708-9, Ё—“я 3, 66-68, Ћексика 60, 604, Stachowski 165. In most languages the root also means 'sky'. Turk. > Hung. ke/k 'blue', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 seam 2 thin straps for sewing 3 to sew, lace 4 to tack 5 tack, basting 6 needlework 7 to fastenface="Times New Roman Star"1 шов 2 тонкие ремешки дл€ шить€ 3 прошивать, стегать, подшивать 4 обметывать, приметать 5 наметка 6 шитье 7 присоедин€ть, прив€зыватьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (OUygh.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kle|- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (Sangl., Abush.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.k 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 5, ko"kle|- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 5, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kte- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 6, ko"kto"- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"kъgъr- 7

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'k (Todzh.) 1, ko"kte- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 2, ko"kto"- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 2, ko"kle- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, EDT 708, Ё—“я 91. Following EDT (and despite VEWT and Ё—“я) we prefer to separate this root from *ko"k 'hinge, peg, tether' (v. sub *k`o:ki/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"ku"r/ (/*go"gu"r/), *Ko"krekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast 2 middle of the back 3 reason, sense, emotion 4 female breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь 2 по€сница, середина спины 3 женска€ грудьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1, 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"g|u"s 1, ko"krek 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1 (dial.,  —““), ku"kre|k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gs, ko"gu"s (Sangl.), ko"ku"s (MA) 1, ko"krek (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ks 1, 3, ko|kra"k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s, go":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ks, ko"ku"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"s 1, ku"krek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gis 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"g|u"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ksu" 'back'

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"ro"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kis 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"frix 4?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 714, VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 54-55, 5, 136-137, Ћексика 272-274, Stachowski 155. The Oghuz forms with k- (Turkm. ku"krek, Tur. dial. ko"krek) may be < Kypchak, cf. -u"- instead of -o"- in Turkm.
face="Times New Roman Star"*[k]o":lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lakeface="Times New Roman Star"озероface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (IM, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l@ (NW), ku"l@face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"xo"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 69, 5, 95-96, Ћексика 91, Stachowski 165.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shadow 2 to shadowface="Times New Roman Star"1 тень 2 давать тень, затен€тьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge, ko"lge (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lege (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lke|, ku.le|ke| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le|n|ge|, ko"lige| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lga" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lge 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le- 2, ko"lek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"- 2, ko"lo"n|o" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"ko" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"letke 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"len|ke 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288-289, 294, EDT 716-718, Ё—“я 5, 96-97, 128, Stachowski 164. Should be distinguished from *Ko"l/- 'to screen' (v. sub *ge:\l/a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to harness 2 harnessed animalface="Times New Roman Star"1 запр€гать 2 упр€жное животноеface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l- 1 (OUygh. - YB), ko"lu"k 2(Orkh., OUygh.), 'a vehicle' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lu"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2 (Sangl.)



face="Times New Roman Star"go":lu"k (dial.) 'vehicle'; go"le 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l- 1, ko"l@g Nom. Act.
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lko" 2 (possibly < Mong.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"l- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l-u"j- 1, ko"lo", ko"lgo" 2 (the latter may be < Mong.).face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"l, xo"lge 2 (the latter is rather < Mong.)face="Times New Roman Star"ho"lle- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288, EDT 715, 717, Ё—“я 3, 69-70, ‘едотов 1, 320-321, Stachowski 155 (following Kal/. MEJ 18 and deriving Yak., Dolg. < Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to buryface="Times New Roman Star"закапывать, хоронитьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (MA), go"m- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-
face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"xo"m-face="Times New Roman Star"xo"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"go"m-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 289, EDT 721, Ё—“я 3, 70-71, Stachowski 155.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"mekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"helpface="Times New Roman Star"помощь

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"me|k 'collective, many people'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mek (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.me|kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"me|k
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ma"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mek


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"me|k, keme|k
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"me|k 'collective, many people'




face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mekface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 98-99, Stachowski 156.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"mu"l-du"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"breast strapface="Times New Roman Star"грудной ремень
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"ldu"ru"k (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"mu"ldu"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"m@lt@k ( —““)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"ldu"ru"k (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"go"mu"ldu"ru"k







face="Times New Roman Star"ho"mu"ndu"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"ldu"ru"k

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"m@ld@r@k





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 289, EDT 723, Ё—“я 3, 71-72, Ћексика 552-553. Turk. > Mong. ko"mu"ldu"rge (ўербак 1977, 128). Forms like Uygh. o"mu"ldu"ru"k, Bashk. u"melderek (see Ё—“я 1, 530, Ћексика 553) may be derived from the same stem, under an influence of *o"mgen 'upper part of breast' q. v. sub *emo; a separate etymology see, however, under *p`o\me.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"coalface="Times New Roman Star"угольface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"merface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r (MA, IM, Pav. C., AH), kimu"r (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.mirface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"(r)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|mrъw|kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mo"rface="Times New Roman Star"xo"mu"r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"merface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"m@r
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"rface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 289 (relating the stem to ko"m- 'to bury, dig' seems rather dubious), Ё—“я 5, 102-103, Ћексика 365, Stachowski 156.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tanned skin, leatherface="Times New Roman Star"дублена€ шкура, кожаface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nface="Times New Roman Star"go"n (Sangl.), ko"n (Nahc., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n
face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"go":n

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n





face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nface="Times New Roman Star"go"n
face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n
face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 290-291, EDT 724, Ё—“я 3, 72-73, Ћексика 384, 476-477. Cf. also *go":nc?u"k 'an ornament on shirt' (Ё—“я 5, 106).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":jnekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bucket, vesselface="Times New Roman Star"ведро, сосуд
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nek, Osm. ko"jnu"kface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ne|k (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ne|k

face="Times New Roman Star"ko":nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"no"k



face="Times New Roman Star"xo"nek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"no"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ne|k





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 104-105, VEWT 290 ( > Mong. ko"nu"g, further > TM: Sol. xong/e:, Evk. ko:n|i:, see “ћ— 1, 412, 478). Turk. > Russ. Siber. kunu/k, see јникин 324
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 excrements, faeces 2 hard soil, swampface="Times New Roman Star"1 навоз, помет 2 тверда€ почва, болото
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"z (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n, ku"n (dial.) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"gu.n| 1





face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n| 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n| 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n| 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 735, Ё—“я 5, 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"jn|-ilface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart, moodface="Times New Roman Star"сердце, духface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"n-u"l; go"ju"n, go"jn (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|@lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nu"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"n, ko"n|-u"l (arch. - borrowed from Tu"rki)face="Times New Roman Star"ko":l, ko"n|n-@face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|n-u"face="Times New Roman Star"ku":nface="Times New Roman Star"ki:ilface="Times New Roman Star"k@w|m@w|lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l 'will, freedom'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"l 'permission'
face="Times New Roman Star"xo":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n|@lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"nu"l, ko"lu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|il, kewilface="Times New Roman Star"go"jn|yface="Times New Roman Star"go"n|u"lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 731, Ё—“я 3, 75-77, Ћексика 274, Stachowski 156. Almost all languages reflect a suffixed form (a substantivized adjective in -il, see Gabain AG 75). Khak., Shor reflect a nominalized attributive form of ko"n|u"l.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"manyface="Times New Roman Star"многоface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ku"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p (Pav. C., MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'p, xo"j ( < *ko"pej)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ku"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"p

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 686-687, Ё—“я 5, 107-108.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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