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\data\alt\turcet
 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*syryc?gaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glass, rock crystalface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"syryc?g|a (MK), syrync?g|a (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"syrc?a
face="Times New Roman Star"syrc?a (AH, IM), sirc?a" (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"syrc?a 'enamel'



face="Times New Roman Star"s?rz/a 'bead'








face="Times New Roman Star"syrc?a



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 846, VEWT 419, 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glowing coalsface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z, ku"z
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z (AH, Qutb., Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko":zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"s


face="Times New Roman Star"kw|var

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ko"s









face="Times New Roman Star" 5, 85-86, 365-366. There are also variants *Ko:r/ / *Ko:r (VEWT 285) and the verb *ko":re- 'to glow'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?o:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glowing heat, glowing coalsface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"c?og| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?og| (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"c?og| (Vam.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?u.g|face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq, c?og|face="Times New Roman Star"c?og|
face="Times New Roman Star"c?o:gface="Times New Roman Star"sog|face="Times New Roman Star"s?og|face="Times New Roman Star"c?oq

face="Times New Roman Star"suosface="Times New Roman Star"huos

face="Times New Roman Star"c?oqface="Times New Roman Star"s?oq







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 113, 114, 366-367, EDT 405, Stachowski 113 (Yak. suos = Tur. c?ogas? 'sun heat'). Turk. > WMong. c?og|, Kalm. cog (KW 429, TMN 2, 119, 1997, 113). Mong. > Yak. c?ox.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.li-mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glueface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jelim (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jelim (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jilimface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilemface="Times New Roman Star"jelim (Ettuhf.), jilim (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jilym
face="Times New Roman Star"jelim
face="Times New Roman Star"c?elimface="Times New Roman Star"jelim, d/elim
face="Times New Roman Star"s/il@mface="Times New Roman Star"silimface="Times New Roman Star"hilim

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elimface="Times New Roman Star"z?elimface="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jelemface="Times New Roman Star"jelim, z?|elim, z?elim

face="Times New Roman Star"z?elim

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 928-929, VEWT 196, 4, 179-180, TMN 4, 189, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"{*ebeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"good

face="Times New Roman Star"yemet / evetface="Times New Roman Star"? evet 'yes, well'










face="Times New Roman Star"avan













face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 935.}
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gooseface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"qaz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qaz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qaz (Houts., AH, Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"g|az
face="Times New Roman Star"Gazface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:zface="Times New Roman Star"xasface="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"xorface="Times New Roman Star"xa:sface="Times New Roman Star"ka:sface="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qad|
face="Times New Roman Star"qa:z
face="Times New Roman Star"g|az
face="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 679, VEWT 243, 5, 184, 171, 2, 361, Stachowski 143.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ebinface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grain, seedface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"evin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"evin (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"Osm. evin, Anat. efin
face="Times New Roman Star"evin (Qutb)






face="Times New Roman Star"ebin
face="Times New Roman Star"avn s/ap- 'to flail', avn karti 'cornfloor' > Mari (Low) av@n, Mari (High) e|n.













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 34, EDT 12, . 82.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/u"mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grapeface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (OUygh. - med.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (MK), ju"zu"m (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zemface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (Pav. C.), ju"zu"m (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzumface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"u"c?u"m (< Mong.?)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m



face="Times New Roman Star"iz/@m



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zimface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zimface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|o"mface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"izim, ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zim
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 288, VEWT 214, 1, 625, 1, 173. Turk. > Mong. u"z?|u"m 'grapes', see TMN 2, 54, Clark 1980, 40.
face="Times New Roman Star"*otface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grassface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"ot (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ot (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"utface="Times New Roman Star"ot (AH, Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"ot, utface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"ot
face="Times New Roman Star"ot
face="Times New Roman Star"ud, vud (dial.) 'hay'face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"o't
face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"ot
face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"ot
face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 34-35, 1, 481-483, 119-120, 2, 294-295, Stachowski 197.
face="Times New Roman Star"*apa-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grasshopperface="Times New Roman Star"










face="Times New Roman Star"abac?aqface="Times New Roman Star"abac?yjaq
face="Times New Roman Star"oba l@w|b@w|z?@w| ' ', oba nrri ' ()'













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 1. Contaminations with abac?y '', aba 'father > bear'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*su:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"greyface="Times New Roman Star",


face="Times New Roman Star"sory




face="Times New Roman Star"su:r

face="Times New Roman Star"sur
face="Times New Roman Star"sw|rw|



face="Times New Roman Star"surface="Times New Roman Star"sur
face="Times New Roman Star"hor, ho"ro"

face="Times New Roman Star"surface="Times New Roman Star"sur
face="Times New Roman Star"su"rface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 433, TMN 3, 287, 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bor/ ( ? o:)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"greyface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"boz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bu"zface="Times New Roman Star"boz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.zface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bosface="Times New Roman Star"pozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz

face="Times New Roman Star"bos





face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bud|face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bo:z
face="Times New Roman Star"boz
face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 388, VEWT 82, TMN 2, 335, 2, 171-173, 605. Turk. > Old Russ. bosyj, dial. bu/syj, buso/j, see 147 (with lit.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*on/ ( ? -j)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grey, dun, ash-coloured (of a horse)face="Times New Roman Star"-
face="Times New Roman Star"oj (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"Kypch. oj (Houts.)




face="Times New Roman Star"oj





face="Times New Roman Star"oj










face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 266, VEWT 358.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?A:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grey, grey-headedface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"c?al (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"c?al 'grey hair'face="Times New Roman Star"c?al 'having grey hair amid black hair' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?o|l 'old man'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"c?a:lface="Times New Roman Star"c?al
face="Times New Roman Star"c?al

face="Times New Roman Star"sa:lyr 'light-bay (horse); pepper-and-salt (hair)'


face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"s?al 'old man'face="Times New Roman Star"s?alface="Times New Roman Star"salface="Times New Roman Star"c?al
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"s?al
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 417, VEWT 96, TMN 2, 31, 640. Turk. > WMong. c?al, Kalm. cal, Khalkha cal bu:ral 'grey-haired, roan'; Russ. .
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:.sykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"groinface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"qasyg| (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kasykface="Times New Roman Star"qasyqface="Times New Roman Star"qasyq (IM, R - Vam.)


face="Times New Roman Star"GasyGface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:syq



face="Times New Roman Star"xyza






face="Times New Roman Star"qat|yq (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 239, EDT 666, 5, 331-332, . 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kutuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"group of peopleface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"qutu (KB)


























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 596.
face="Times New Roman Star"*symface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grouseface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"sinic? (KB) (? = simnic?) 'a k. of songbird'







face="Times New Roman Star"symface="Times New Roman Star"synmaface="Times New Roman Star"symda
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ngrc? 'starling'face="Times New Roman Star"ymy: 'crossbill', sylgy: ymy:ta 'wagtail'












face="Times New Roman Star" 500, VEWT 416.
face="Times New Roman Star"*urface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"growth, excrescenceface="Times New Roman Star",

face="Times New Roman Star"urface="Times New Roman Star"u>ry



face="Times New Roman Star"ur

face="Times New Roman Star"urface="Times New Roman Star"ur

face="Times New Roman Star"ur
face="Times New Roman Star"uru
face="Times New Roman Star"urface="Times New Roman Star"u>raface="Times New Roman Star"uryface="Times New Roman Star"u>ru>





face="Times New Roman Star" 1, 598-599. Turk. > Mong. ur id.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":c?eface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gruelface="Times New Roman Star",

face="Times New Roman Star"go"z?|e, gu"z?|eface="Times New Roman Star"ku"za"face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z?|e (Pav. C.), OKypch. (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"go.z?|aface="Times New Roman Star"koc?a; ku"c?e| (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko":z?|eface="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?e
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?o"



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?e
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?|o", ko"c?o"




face="Times New Roman Star"goz?|aface="Times New Roman Star"go"z?eface="Times New Roman Star"koz?|a
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 286, 5, 84-85. Cf. also Shor ko"z?|erget '', Khak. Sag. ku"zerget id.
face="Times New Roman Star"*botkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gruel, porridgeface="Times New Roman Star"


face="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. butg|a (At-Tuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.tqaface="Times New Roman Star"botqa


face="Times New Roman Star"potxy
face="Times New Roman Star"botqo
face="Times New Roman Star"pw|dw|face="Times New Roman Star"butug|as
face="Times New Roman Star"botqa (Krg.)
face="Times New Roman Star"botqoface="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"butqa


face="Times New Roman Star"botqa

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 82, 2, 201. There seems to have existed a deriving verb *bot- or *bod- (*but-, *bud-) 'to stir (porridge)', reflected only in Yak. butuj-.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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