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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*toklyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lamb (6m. old)face="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"toqly (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tokluface="Times New Roman Star"tuqty; tug|ys? 'a 1-year-old elk' ()face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ly (Pav. C.),(MKypch.) toqly (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.qli
face="Times New Roman Star"toqtyface="Times New Roman Star"toGluface="Times New Roman Star"toqly


face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ly
face="Times New Roman Star"tugut 'calf, foal'face="Times New Roman Star"tugut 'calf, foal'face="Times New Roman Star"tog|du; tos? '1-year-old elk'face="Times New Roman Star"dos? '1-year-old elk' (. )face="Times New Roman Star"toqtuface="Times New Roman Star"toqtyface="Times New Roman Star"toqlyface="Times New Roman Star"tuqtyface="Times New Roman Star"toqluface="Times New Roman Star"toqlu
face="Times New Roman Star"toqly
face="Times New Roman Star"toqluface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 485, TMN 2, 524, EDT 469, 434, Stachowski 229. Turk. > Hung. toklyo/ 'lamb', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dolga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to twist, to wrap roundface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dola-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-n- (refl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a- (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to.lg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|u-
face="Times New Roman Star"dola-face="Times New Roman Star"dola-
face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|aj 'turn'face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|o-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-n- 'to walk around'face="Times New Roman Star"tla, tw|lla 'cloth, petersham'

face="Times New Roman Star"dolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"dolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|o-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-
face="Times New Roman Star"tula 'cloth'

face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-

face="Times New Roman Star"dola-n- 'to tinker with smth.'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 497, 3, 259-260, 2, 187-188, . XIV, 254-255, 259.
face="Times New Roman Star"*doku-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to weaveface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"toqu- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toqu- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"doku-face="Times New Roman Star"tuqy-face="Times New Roman Star"toqu- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.qi-face="Times New Roman Star"toqu-face="Times New Roman Star"toqy-face="Times New Roman Star"toxu-face="Times New Roman Star"doqa-


face="Times New Roman Star"toqu-




face="Times New Roman Star"toqu-face="Times New Roman Star"toqy-face="Times New Roman Star"toqy-face="Times New Roman Star"tuqy-face="Times New Roman Star"? tog|ustun '. , . 'face="Times New Roman Star"doqu-face="Times New Roman Star"toxy-face="Times New Roman Star"toqy-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 484-5, EDT 467, 3, 253-254 (to distinguish from *toky- 'to beat'), 395. Turk. > WMong. toki-, Kalm. tok@- 'to plait' (KW 398).
face="Times New Roman Star"*toky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hit, knock, strike 2 malletface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 3 , face="Times New Roman Star"toqy- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), toqymaq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toqy- 1 (MK, KB), toqymaq 2 (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tokus?- 1, doku- 1 (dial.), dokun- 3, tokmak 2face="Times New Roman Star"tuqy- 1, tuqyn- 3, tuqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqun- 3 (Pav. C.), toqmaq 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.qin- 3, to.qmo|qface="Times New Roman Star"toqun- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"toGGus?- 1, toxun- 3, tox|maG 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tog|as- 'to hit upon > meet', toxpax 2face="Times New Roman Star"tog|as?- 'to meet'face="Times New Roman Star"toqul-da- 1, toqpoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqu- 1, toqun- 3, toqmaq 2


face="Times New Roman Star"toqqu-la- 1, tonur- 3 (< dhon-ur-), doqpaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"toqmoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqyl-da- 1, toqpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tuqylda- 1, tuqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"doqun- 3, toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqys?- 'to clink (glasses)', toqyn- 3, toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toqylda- 1, toqpaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"toxmax 2 ()face="Times New Roman Star"toqala- 1, toqmaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 484-485, TMN 2, 629, EDT 467, 470, 3, 253-254, 256-257. The variants with *d- may be archaic, see below.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dogra-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cut into slices, small piecesface="Times New Roman Star" ,
face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"do:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.g|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"torg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"doGra-face="Times New Roman Star"doGra-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|yra-face="Times New Roman Star"tog|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tug|ra-face="Times New Roman Star"torg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"to:rot-
face="Times New Roman Star"do:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"do:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tu:ra-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-face="Times New Roman Star"tura-face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-face="Times New Roman Star"dora-face="Times New Roman Star"doGra-, tuvra-face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-
face="Times New Roman Star"tuwra-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 472, 3, 248-249, . XIV, 151, 2, 251.
face="Times New Roman Star"*doluface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hailface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"toly (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toly (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dolu
face="Times New Roman Star"toly (MA), tolu (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"du.liface="Times New Roman Star"toly (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"doly, (-) do:lyface="Times New Roman Star"ton|-dol (ton|- 'frozen')

face="Times New Roman Star"to^ly
face="Times New Roman Star"tolonface="Times New Roman Star"tolotface="Times New Roman Star"dolu

face="Times New Roman Star"doly (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"tolu



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 491, 3, 260-261, 31-32, Stachowski 226. Cf. also *Tol/ 'ice' (Tuva dos?, Tof. do"s?, Oyr. tos? 18, VEWT 491, 3, 267).
face="Times New Roman Star"*do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pour outface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"to"k- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"to"k- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-, tek-face="Times New Roman Star"tw|k-face="Times New Roman Star"tox-face="Times New Roman Star"tok-face="Times New Roman Star"to"'k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"'k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"do"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"tu"'- ()face="Times New Roman Star"to"k-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 492-493, EDT 477, 3, 273-274, Stachowski 225.
face="Times New Roman Star"*topface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"round thingface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"top (MK, IM), topyq (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"tupface="Times New Roman Star"top, tofuq (Sangl.); (MKypch.) topurc?aq 'round' (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.pface="Times New Roman Star"top, dop
face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"top


face="Times New Roman Star"tuopface="Times New Roman Star"tub



face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"top, dopface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"tupface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"top
face="Times New Roman Star"topface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 489, EDT 434, 437, TMN 2, 596-597, 258, . XIV, 143-144, 2, 249. One should also note OT tevir- 'to twist, turn' - probably a contamination of *top and *ebu"r- (OT evir-) id. (see EDT 443). Words meaning 'cone' reflect a partial contamination with PT *Tobur- 'cone' (v. sub *t`obu/).
face="Times New Roman Star"*dur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to standface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"tur- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tur- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tor-face="Times New Roman Star"tur- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tw|r-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tu_r-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tor-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"dyr-face="Times New Roman Star"tur-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 500, EDT 529-530, 3, 296-301, Stachowski 232. Turk. > WMong. toru- 'get smwh., arrive smwh.' (KW 402).
face="Times New Roman Star"*topra-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earth, soilface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"topraq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"topraq (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"toprakface="Times New Roman Star"tufraqface="Times New Roman Star"toprag|/q, tofrag|/q (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tupro|qface="Times New Roman Star"tofraq, topraqface="Times New Roman Star"durvaqface="Times New Roman Star"torpaGface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"tobyraxface="Times New Roman Star"tobraqface="Times New Roman Star"tobraqface="Times New Roman Star"turpaqface="Times New Roman Star"tw|praface="Times New Roman Star"toburax
face="Times New Roman Star"dovuraqface="Times New Roman Star"to'praqface="Times New Roman Star"topuraqface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"tupraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"topraq, topraxface="Times New Roman Star"topyraqface="Times New Roman Star"to(:)ryx|face="Times New Roman Star"topraqface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *topra- 'to turn into dust, dry out'. See VEWT 489, EDT 443, 444, 99. Turk. > WMong. tobrag, Kalm. towr@g (KW 404).
face="Times New Roman Star"*do:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fullface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"tolu (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tolu (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"tulyface="Times New Roman Star"tola (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu.laface="Times New Roman Star"tola, tolg|anface="Times New Roman Star"toloface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"do:lyface="Times New Roman Star"tol- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"tol-dyr- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"toloface="Times New Roman Star"tu:ol- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"tol- (v.), tolliface="Times New Roman Star"tuol- (v.), toloruface="Times New Roman Star"tuol- (v.), toloruface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"toloface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"tulyface="Times New Roman Star"toluface="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"tolyface="Times New Roman Star"doli(:); t`oly (Kakuk); to:l- v. ()face="Times New Roman Star"toluface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 491-492, 3, 257-259, 2, 242-243, Stachowski 226, 231. PT *do:l-y is derived from *do:l- 'to get filled'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*du:r/ (? *-u":-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"saltface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"tuz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tuz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tozface="Times New Roman Star"tuz (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"du:zface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tu:zface="Times New Roman Star"tw|varface="Times New Roman Star"tu:sface="Times New Roman Star"tu:sface="Times New Roman Star"dusface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tu_zface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tod|face="Times New Roman Star"tod|face="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"duz, du"z/, tuzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 502, EDT 571, 3, 288-289, Stachowski 234.
face="Times New Roman Star"*torface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"net for catching birds or fishface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"tor (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tor (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"tor (Abush., Sangl.) 'net, hair net'face="Times New Roman Star"to.rface="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"torface="Times New Roman Star"tor


face="Times New Roman Star"tu:%r




face="Times New Roman Star"torface="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"tur


face="Times New Roman Star"tor
face="Times New Roman Star"torface="Times New Roman Star"TMN 2, No 954, EDT 528, 419-420. The relationship to *dur/ak 'trap' ( 3, 289-290, 420-421) is not quite clear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fly v.face="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"oc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?ux-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?uq-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-, uc?g|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"v@w|s/-face="Times New Roman Star"uhun- 'float'face="Times New Roman Star"uhun- 'float, swim'face="Times New Roman Star"u's?-face="Times New Roman Star"u's?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"os-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"us?-face="Times New Roman Star"uc?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 509, EDT 19, 1, 612-613, Stachowski 241.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)al/(c?)ukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 ankle joint, knucklebone 2 dieface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?uq 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"as?uq 2 (Osmanli), as?yk 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?uq 1, 'bone of the elbow' (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|s?iq 2face="Times New Roman Star"os?uq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?yG 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"az?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"us?aq 2




face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"asyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"asyq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"asyq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"as?yq 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 259, VEWT 30, 1, 216-217, TMN 2, 64-65, 288.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ut-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to win 2 oppositeface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 , face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1, utru 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1, utru 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u>t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1 (Pav. C.), utru 2 (. .)face="Times New Roman Star"jut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"utur 2face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1, udur 2
face="Times New Roman Star"uduru, udura, udur 2face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"utary 2face="Times New Roman Star"utary 2face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1, udur 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1, uturu 2face="Times New Roman Star"u>t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u>t- 1, u>tu>ru> 2face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1, uturu, utru 2face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 38-39, 64, VEWT 517, 1, 609, 610-611, Stachowski 247.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ur/y-n, *ur/a-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long 2 lie; grow 3 far 4 long (time), lateface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 ; 3 4 , face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1 (MK, KB), uzaq (MK) 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzak 3face="Times New Roman Star"ozyn 1, ozaq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzo|q 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, ozaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzan- 2, uzaG 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzy:n 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 4
face="Times New Roman Star"uza:n- 2, uza:q 3, uzu:.n 1face="Times New Roman Star"vw|rw|m 1, vw|rax 3face="Times New Roman Star"uhun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uhun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1 uza- ''face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"u_zu_n 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"od|on 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzun 1face="Times New Roman Star"uzyn 1, uzaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"uzyn 1, uzyx| 3
face="Times New Roman Star"PT *ur/y-n 'long', *ur/a-k 'far, long' are derived from *ur/a- 'to be long, prolonged'. See VEWT 518, EDT 281, 283, 288-9, 1, 570-572, Stachowski 241.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to walk, go (away) 2 to come, reachface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"var- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|r- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba(r)- 1face="Times New Roman Star"par- 1face="Times New Roman Star"var- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"par- 1face="Times New Roman Star"par- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"var- 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"var- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"var-, ba:r-, pa:r- 1 ()face="Times New Roman Star"bar- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 62, 2, 64-65, EDT 354, Stachowski 52. Chuv. -y- is unclear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bind 2 to fasten 3 bundle 4 bond, ropeface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 4 face="Times New Roman Star"ba- 1, 2, ba-g| 3, 4, 'confederation' (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ba- 1, 2, ba-g| 3, 4 (MK, KB, At.)face="Times New Roman Star"ba-g| 3, 4, ba-g|-la- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4, be|j 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo|g| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:G 4face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) pag| (Kyz.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"pag| (R) 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu: 4face="Times New Roman Star"va:- 1, bag| 4 (bag| m.b. < Ogh.)face="Times New Roman Star"pjav 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-j- 1, 2, bya 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-j- 1, bya 4face="Times New Roman Star"bag|-la- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Bag| 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo: 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4, ba"j 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 4face="Times New Roman Star"ba:-la- (< *bag-la-) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bag| 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bax| 4face="Times New Roman Star"baw 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292, 310, 2, 13-17, VEWT 53 (*ba:, deriv. *ba:-g), 1, 411, Stachowski 55, 69. Turk. *ba:g > Mong. bag| (KW 27, TMN 2, 254), bag|c?a ( > Man. baqsan etc., see Doerfer MT 142). Yak. has a standard verbal stem modifier (-j-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 there is, there are 2 existence, goods 3 allface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.), barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, barc?a 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"var 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3, barc?a 3, barsy 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3, barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bo|r 1, 2, bo|ric?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba(r) 1, 2, 3, baric?a" 3face="Times New Roman Star"par 1face="Times New Roman Star"var 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r 1, 3; barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"par 1, 2, parc?an 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"va:r 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"por 1, 'any', 3, 'rich', por@s? 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r 1, 2, bar(y) 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r 1, 2, bar(y) 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, bary 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 'rich', barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 'rich', bary 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 'rich', bary 3face="Times New Roman Star"var 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, 3, barca, barc?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 2, bars?a 3face="Times New Roman Star"ba:r, par, va:r 1, bar, par 'rich' ()face="Times New Roman Star"bar 1, 3, 'rich', bary 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 62, EDT 353, 356-7, 2, 61-63, 326-327, 332-333, 1, 444-445, Stachowski 52, 53, 56. Syntactically it is an abstract noun frequently acting as a predicate.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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