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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*jubkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thin, slender, unsubstantialface="Times New Roman Star"тонкийface="Times New Roman Star"juqa (OUygh.), jujqa (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jupqa, juvqa (MK), juvg|a (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jufkaface="Times New Roman Star"juqaface="Times New Roman Star"jufqa (AH), juqa (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jupqaface="Times New Roman Star"jupqa, juqa, z?upqa, z?uquface="Times New Roman Star"juqaface="Times New Roman Star"juxaface="Times New Roman Star"ju:qaface="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?og|aface="Times New Roman Star"d/uqa
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u"g|e

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|upqa, z?|uqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?uqaface="Times New Roman Star"juqaface="Times New Roman Star"joqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?uqaface="Times New Roman Star"jufqa, jyfqaface="Times New Roman Star"juwg|a, jufqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?u>qaface="Times New Roman Star"jox|baface="Times New Roman Star"juqqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 209, TMN 4, 211-212, EDT 874, Ё—“я 4, 241-242.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jularface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"halterface="Times New Roman Star"недоуздок
face="Times New Roman Star"jular (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jular
face="Times New Roman Star"jular (Pav. C., Houts.), jolar (AH)






face="Times New Roman Star"d/ular

face="Times New Roman Star"sular
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ular





face="Times New Roman Star"jular

face="Times New Roman Star"z|/ulur
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 932, VEWT 210, Ё—“я 4, 244-245, Ћексика 556.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"m- / *jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to close (eyes, mouth)face="Times New Roman Star"закрывать (глаза, рот)
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"m- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"jum- (Pav. C., MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-

face="Times New Roman Star"d/um-face="Times New Roman Star"jim-
face="Times New Roman Star"sim-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 934, VEWT 210, Ё—“я 4, 245-246.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 round 2 ball of wool, threadface="Times New Roman Star"1 круглый 2 клубок
face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumak 2, jumru 1face="Times New Roman Star"jomry 1, jomg|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumru 1 (Pav. C.), jumqaq 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jumalo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jumlaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jumru 1, jumaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 2, jumry 1face="Times New Roman Star"nyn|max 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|mg|a 2



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|umuru 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?umaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jomoro 1, jomg|aq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumg|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?umry 1, z?umaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jumax 2face="Times New Roman Star"jummaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"One of expressive common Turkic roots meaning 'round, spherical'. See VEWT 210, EDT 871, 873, 877, 936, 937-8, Ё—“я 4, 246-247, 249-250. The root has also a variant (expressive?) *jub-, see Ё—“я 4, 237-238, Stachowski 114.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jok-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 up, above 2 hill, elevationface="Times New Roman Star"1 вверх, наверх 2 возвышенность, подъемface="Times New Roman Star"joqaru 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"joqaru 1, joq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jukary 1, jokus? 2face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ary 1face="Times New Roman Star"joqaru (AH), juqar (Pav. C.) 1, joqus? (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"juqo|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"juqari 1
face="Times New Roman Star"juxary, dial. uxary 1, joxus? 2face="Times New Roman Star"joqary 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?og|ar 1

face="Times New Roman Star"juqqar 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sog|oru, sog|uru: 'South; centre'face="Times New Roman Star"soguru: 'South'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|og|or(u) 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?og|ary 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ary 1face="Times New Roman Star"og|ary 1face="Times New Roman Star"juqar(y) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jog|ary 1, joqus?, joqys? 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?oqary 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 896, 906, Ё—“я 4, 213-214, 215, Stachowski 211.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jugur- ( ? -y-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to kneadface="Times New Roman Star"меситьface="Times New Roman Star"jog|ur- (jug|ur-) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jour-
face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur- (MA, Houts.), jog|ur- (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jug|u(r)-, z?ug|u(r)-face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur-, jog|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"jog|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"jug|y:r-, jug|ur-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ura-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u:r-face="Times New Roman Star"jura-, d/ura-face="Times New Roman Star"jog|u:r-face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|r-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:r-



face="Times New Roman Star"jur-

face="Times New Roman Star"jug|ur-
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 205, Ё—“я 4, 243-244, TMN 4, 173, EDT 906. Turk. > Hung. gyu/r- (Gombocz 1912, MNyTeSz 1, 1138).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ujaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nestface="Times New Roman Star"гнездоface="Times New Roman Star"uja (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"uja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"juwaface="Times New Roman Star"ojaface="Times New Roman Star"juwa, uja (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"uwa, ugaface="Times New Roman Star"uja, oja 'egg'face="Times New Roman Star"juwa
face="Times New Roman Star"uja
face="Times New Roman Star"uja
face="Times New Roman Star"jъw|vaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"oja
face="Times New Roman Star"juwaface="Times New Roman Star"juwa, ujaface="Times New Roman Star"uja
face="Times New Roman Star"ujaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 511, EDT 267, Ё—“я 4, 239, ≈горов 73, Stachowski 242.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jog-urtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"curdled, coagulated milkface="Times New Roman Star"кислое, свернувшеес€ молокоface="Times New Roman Star"jog|rot, jurg|ut, jug|rut (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jug|rut, jog|urt (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jog|urt, jourt
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|urt (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|urg|o|t (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jog|urt, jug|urtface="Times New Roman Star"jog|urtface="Times New Roman Star"jog|urt




face="Times New Roman Star"suorat


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:rat
face="Times New Roman Star"juwyrt
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwurt, z?uwurt, zuwurtface="Times New Roman Star"ju:rt


face="Times New Roman Star"juwurtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 905, Ё—“я 4, 207-208. For semantic reasons derivation from *jogur- 'to knead' (TMN 4, 173) seems hardly plausible.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jun|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wool 2 small feathers, down 3 feather 4 faded furface="Times New Roman Star"1 шерсть 2 пух 3 перо 4 линькаface="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (KB), 2, 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jon 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад.), ju"n| 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, z?|un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, ju"n|, jun 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"nu"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?um 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|, jum, jym, d/un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|m 1face="Times New Roman Star"sun| 4
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"n 1,2,3face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n, jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 941, Ё—“я 4, 267-268, Ћексика 146. This root should not be confused with *ju"g 'feather' (v. sub *d[e/]gi).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart; courageface="Times New Roman Star"сердцеface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"re|kface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jurakface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rek (R., ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jirekface="Times New Roman Star"c?@reface="Times New Roman Star"su"rexface="Times New Roman Star"hu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"ro"kface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek/face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jyru"xface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213, EDT 965, Ё—“я 4, 270-271, ≈горов 324, Ћексика 276, Stachowski 116. Chuv. c?- is irregular: a contamination with c?@r@ 'alive'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be afraidface="Times New Roman Star"бо€тьс€face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u">rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk- (Pav. C.), u"ru"k- (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"hu"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rku"-face="Times New Roman Star"o"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"ru"k-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"rku"-face="Times New Roman Star"hirk-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"rg-u"t- 'to frighten'face="Times New Roman Star"u"rg-u"t- 'to frighten'

face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rki>-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u">rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ru"k-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"rk-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 221, VEWT 522, Ё—“я 1, 635-637, Stachowski 253.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 unrelated; step-relative 2 other, differentface="Times New Roman Star"1 неродной; приемный родственник (пасынок, мачеха) 2 другой, отличныйface="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (MK), o"gu"n 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"u"vej 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"gi 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (Pav. C.), o"gu"n 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.gej 1

face="Times New Roman Star"o"ga"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej, o"vej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"j 1

face="Times New Roman Star"egian 2face="Times New Roman Star"egin-egin 2

face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"ga"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"va" 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 109, 119, VEWT 369, 306, Ё—“я 1, 495-496, TMN 2, 159, Stachowski 43 (with some confusion of the Yakut variants egin, egian and en|in; on the latter see *en|). In Az. one would rather expect *o"ja"j; -g- is probably preserved due to dissimilation.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to swim, floatface="Times New Roman Star"плаватьface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (AH, Ettuhf.), u"z- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"juz-face="Times New Roman Star"u"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"s-, d/u"s-

face="Times New Roman Star"so"tu"o" 'bathing', so"tu"o"le:- 'to bathe'face="Times New Roman Star"ho"tu"o"le:-, hu"to"l- 'to bathe'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"z?uz-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z-, z?u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-, u"z-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"z-
face="Times New Roman Star"juz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 214, EDT 984, Ё—“я 4, 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to peel off (skin), to skinface="Times New Roman Star"сдирать (шкуру)
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-





face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-













face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z-



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 984, Ё—“я 4, 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"faceface="Times New Roman Star"лицоface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MA, AH, Ettuhf.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"s
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"s, d/u"sface="Times New Roman Star"ji:zface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|var 'mouth'face="Times New Roman Star"su":s 'forehead'face="Times New Roman Star"hu":s 'forehead'

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, juz/, jiz, izface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, jizface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213-4, Ё—“я 4, 259-260, Ћексика 206, ћудрак ƒисс. 154, Stachowski 117. Khalaj ji:z = Yak. su":s prove that Turkm. ju"z is secondary. Turk. > MMong. (MA) ju"z 'surface' (ўербак 1997, 196).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 finger ring 2 joint 3 stirrup (*u"r/en|gu" < *ju"r/en|gu")face="Times New Roman Star"1 кольцо (на палец) 2 сустав (пальцевый) 3 стрем€
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1 (MK), u"zen|u" 3 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1, u"zengi 3face="Times New Roman Star"jo"zek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1 (AH, Ettuhf.), u"zu"k 1 (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzuk 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1, u"zen|n|i 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"stu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"stu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"stu"k, d/u"stu"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|r@w| 1, jъrana 3face="Times New Roman Star"su"hu"o"x 2, ihen|e 3face="Times New Roman Star"hu"hu"o"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"'stu"k 1, c?u"s 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zik 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zik 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"k, zu"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k, u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k, u"zu"k, ezik, izik 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 986, VEWT 214, TMN 2, 146,147-148, Ё—“я 1, 623-625, 4, 260, 261-262, ≈горов 212, Ћексика 548-549, Stachowski 115. Turk. > Hung. gyu/ /ru? (see Lig. MNyTK 77-79). The reason of *j- > 0- in the PT name of "stirrup" ( < *"ring-formed") is unclear (irregular change in a long form?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/u"mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grapeface="Times New Roman Star"виноградface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (OUygh. - med.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (MK), ju"zu"m (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zemface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (Pav. C.), ju"zu"m (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzumface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"u"c?u"m (< Mong.?)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m



face="Times New Roman Star"iz/@m



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zimface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zimface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|o"mface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"izim, ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zim
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 288, VEWT 214, Ё—“я 1, 625, ‘едотов 1, 173. Turk. > Mong. u"z?|u"m 'grapes', see TMN 2, 54, Clark 1980, 40.
face="Times New Roman Star"*[k]Ebr/eface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"shoulderbladeface="Times New Roman Star"лопатка

face="Times New Roman Star"kebze 'shoulderblade, augury'face="Times New Roman Star"ke|wse| 'tree stem'face="Times New Roman Star"kebze 'shoulder' (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ga"bza" 'handle'face="Times New Roman Star"kebze









face="Times New Roman Star"kebze, ko"wzo" (R)
face="Times New Roman Star"ke|wd|e| 'body'
face="Times New Roman Star"kebze
face="Times New Roman Star"kebze 'breast'

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 905, Ћексика 242-243. The quality of the initial velar is not quite clear: the Az. form perhaps preserves an archaism, while other Oghuz forms may be kypchakisms; otherwise its Altaic connections become more dubious. KKalp. keps?e 'shoulderblade' quoted in VEWT means in reality 'a small shovel' (Russ. лопатка), from Pers. kapc?a = Osm. kepc?e 'ein grosser Lo"ffel' (VEWT 254).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kepelekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"butterflyface="Times New Roman Star"бабочка
face="Times New Roman Star"kepeli (MK), kebelek (Tefs.), kelebek (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"kelebek; ko"pelek, kepenek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"be|le|kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"pelek (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kapalakface="Times New Roman Star"kepile|k
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"pa"na"kface="Times New Roman Star"kebelek, kepelek (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"xobanax, xubanaxface="Times New Roman Star"xopaxface="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"lo"k



face="Times New Roman Star"xovag|an
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"po"lo"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pelekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ba"la"kface="Times New Roman Star"go"belekkeface="Times New Roman Star"kelebekface="Times New Roman Star"k/eb/elakface="Times New Roman Star"go"belek
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"melekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, EDT 689, Ё—“я 5, 13-15, Ћексика 187.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kEmu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bone 2 spongy bone 3 cartilageface="Times New Roman Star"1 кость 2 губчата€ кость 3 хр€щ

face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemu"k (MA) 3, ko"mu"k (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko|mik, ge|mik (dial.) 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ke:mik 3





face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, EDT 722, Ё—“я 5, 36-38, Ћексика 261-262. Turk. > Mong. kemik 'cartilage' (see ўербак 1997, 126; but the derivation of the Turk. form from *gemu"r- 'to gnaw' (v. sub *ke>\ma) is a folk etymology, although some contaminations were possible: Yak. ko"mu"ru"o" 'spongy bone' semantically continues *kemu"k, but formally is derived from *gemu"r-. MK has kemdi- 'to cut meat from the bones' and kemdu"k 'bone with meat cut off' - forms that may be related both to *kemu"k and *gemu"r-.
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