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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kat-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to mix, add, tie toface="Times New Roman Star"смешивать, добавлятьface="Times New Roman Star"qat- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qat- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat- (Sangl., MA, Pav. C., Qutb.)
face="Times New Roman Star"qat-
face="Times New Roman Star"Gat-face="Times New Roman Star"Gat-face="Times New Roman Star"xat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-
face="Times New Roman Star"xodъs? 'mixture'face="Times New Roman Star"xat- (but kytar- 'to mix')face="Times New Roman Star"kat-face="Times New Roman Star"qa't-face="Times New Roman Star"qa't-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"qat-

face="Times New Roman Star"qat-
face="Times New Roman Star"qat-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 594-595, VEWT 241, ЭСТЯ 5, 336, 337-338, Stachowski 141, Федотов 2, 373-374.
face="Times New Roman Star"*K[a]r/gukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pole, pegface="Times New Roman Star"палка, колышекface="Times New Roman Star"qazg|uq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qazn|uq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kazykface="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"qazuq (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|ziqface="Times New Roman Star"qozuqface="Times New Roman Star"quzuqface="Times New Roman Star"gazyx (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"GazyG

face="Times New Roman Star"qazyq
face="Times New Roman Star"*karuH > Hung. karo/ (see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 2, 387).




face="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"qad|a- 'to stick into', qad|aq, qad|yq 'nail'face="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"qazyq
face="Times New Roman Star"qazyqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 682 (derivation from *Kar/- 'dig' is highly dubious, although the vocalism could have been influenced by the verbal root), VEWT 243, ЭСТЯ 5, 190-191. Because of its consonant the Bashk. form belongs rather here than to PT *Ka:ta- (v. sub *ka:/jta).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyc?-gyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to shout, cryface="Times New Roman Star"кричать


face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?qyr-

face="Times New Roman Star"qic?qir-
face="Times New Roman Star"Gys?Gyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"xysxyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qys?yr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?yr-

face="Times New Roman Star"kyskyj- 'to whistle'
face="Times New Roman Star"qys?qyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?qyr-

face="Times New Roman Star"qysqyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?yr-



face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?yr-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 261. Turk. > WMong. qaskira-, Kalm. xa"s?kr- (KW 178).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:tyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to walk, go roundface="Times New Roman Star"ходить, обходить вокруг

face="Times New Roman Star"kydyr- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"qidir-


face="Times New Roman Star"Gydyr- (dial.)




face="Times New Roman Star"kytygyras 'проворный, быстрый, резвый (о звере), скороход'


face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-; qydyn| 'семенящий при беге (о жив.)'face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyd|yr-face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"qydyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 6, 185.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:jnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 punishment, fine, guilt 2 to punish 3 cruelty, tyranny 4 to condemn 5 hard, difficult 6 to torture 7 insult, offence 8 to offend 9 harm, torture 10 sin 11 to annoy, anger 12 to beatface="Times New Roman Star"1 наказание, штраф, вина 2 наказывать 3 жестокость, тирания 4 осуждать, порицать 5 трудный, тяжелый 6 мучить 7 обида 8 обижать 9 беда, мучение 10 грех 11 сердить, раздражать 12 битьface="Times New Roman Star"qyjnyg| (acc.) (Orkh.), qyjn, qyn (OUygh.) 1, qyna- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyn, qyjyn (KB) 1, qyna- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kyjyn, kyjync? 3, kyna- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 5, qyjyna- 'to make difficult, hard'face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn (Abush., Бор. Бад., MA), qyn (Pav. C.), qyna- 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"qijin 5, qijna- 6face="Times New Roman Star"qijin 5, qijna- 6face="Times New Roman Star"qyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyna- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qy:n 5, qy:na- 'to make difficult, torture'face="Times New Roman Star"xyjyx 7, xyjal 9face="Times New Roman Star"qyjal 9, 10, qyjyq-ta- 8, qyjnag| 9 (*qyn/-lag|)face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn, qyjna- 6, qyjal 10, dial. (Баск. Туба) qyj- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"x@n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ky:nn/a:-, kyjaxa:- 11, kyj- 'to pain, ache'face="Times New Roman Star"kyjn|a- 11, kyj- 'to kill'face="Times New Roman Star"xyjna- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjyt- 'to make difficult, troublesome', qyjna- 6face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjna- 6, qynz?-yl- 'to be distressed'face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjna- 6face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjna- 12face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjna- 12
face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn, qejin 1, qyjna- 6face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjna- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyn 1, qyjna- 6face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 264. EDT 631, ЭСТЯ 6, 218-219, Stachowski 168. Turk. *Ky:jna- > MMong. qina- 'to torture' (Щербак 1997, 165). Nasalless forms (like Yak. kyjaxa:- etc.) may result from a reanalysis of the form *Ky:jn as *Kyjyn, interpreted as a deverbative noun. Turk. > Hung. ki/n 'torture, suffering' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyjl/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to bow, bendface="Times New Roman Star"гнуться, кривиться
face="Times New Roman Star"qys?- (MK) 'to deviate'face="Times New Roman Star"kys?-


face="Times New Roman Star"qijs?aj-

face="Times New Roman Star"Gy:s?ar-








face="Times New Roman Star"qyjs?aj-face="Times New Roman Star"qyjsaqta-face="Times New Roman Star"qyjsaj-face="Times New Roman Star"qyjs?anda-face="Times New Roman Star"qyjsaj- < Nogh.




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 670, VEWT 268, TMN 3, 571-573.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyl(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hairface="Times New Roman Star"волосface="Times New Roman Star"qyl (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyl (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qyl (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"qilface="Times New Roman Star"qilface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"Gylface="Times New Roman Star"Gylface="Times New Roman Star"xylface="Times New Roman Star"qyl (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"x@l@xface="Times New Roman Star"kylface="Times New Roman Star"kyl 'sealine'face="Times New Roman Star"xylface="Times New Roman Star"xylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"qyl
face="Times New Roman Star"qylface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 262, TMN 3, 574-5, EDT 614, Лексика 196, ЭСТЯ 6, 204-205, Stachowski 168.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyl-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to do, to makeface="Times New Roman Star"делатьface="Times New Roman Star"qyl- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyl- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl- (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qil-face="Times New Roman Star"qil-
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"xyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"@s/-x@l 'дела/'face="Times New Roman Star"kyn-face="Times New Roman Star"gyn-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyl-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 616, VEWT 263, ЭСТЯ 6, 205-206, Stachowski 88. Turk. *kyl-ync? 'deed' > Mong. kilinc?e 'sin' (see Clark 1980, 43).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyly:c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"swordface="Times New Roman Star"мечface="Times New Roman Star"qylyc? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kylyc?, kylyz?|face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc? (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qilic?face="Times New Roman Star"qilic?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"Gylyz?|face="Times New Roman Star"Gylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"xylysface="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"Gyli:c?face="Times New Roman Star"x@s/face="Times New Roman Star"kylys, kyly:s
face="Times New Roman Star"xylys?
face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?face="Times New Roman Star"qylysface="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"qylys?
face="Times New Roman Star"qylyc?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 618, VEWT 263, Лексика 570, ЭСТЯ 6, 212-214. Cf. also *Kyla-gu 'blade' (VEWT 263, ЭСТЯ 6, 207-208).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyjm-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to moveface="Times New Roman Star"двигаться
face="Times New Roman Star"qymyt- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kymylda-

face="Times New Roman Star"qim-face="Times New Roman Star"qimil 'movement'
face="Times New Roman Star"Gymyldan-face="Times New Roman Star"Gy:mylda-face="Times New Roman Star"xyjmyra-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyjmyqta-





face="Times New Roman Star"qyjmyl 'movement'face="Times New Roman Star"qyjmyl 'movement'
face="Times New Roman Star"qyjmylda- 'шевелиться'face="Times New Roman Star"qymylda-




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 262.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kym-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wish, intend 2 to persuadeface="Times New Roman Star"1 желать, намереваться 2 убеждать


face="Times New Roman Star"qymyn- (Sib.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qymsa-n- 1






face="Times New Roman Star"qym- 2, qymzyn- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"x@mlen- 'вдохновляться, воодушевляться'face="Times New Roman Star"kyma:rda:-, kuma:rda:- 'заботиться, беспокоиться', kumsugur- 'завидовать'






face="Times New Roman Star"qymtym 'желание'




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 263.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sheath, scabbardface="Times New Roman Star"ножны, чехол
face="Times New Roman Star"qyn (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qyn (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qin, (Khorazm dial.) qyjnface="Times New Roman Star"qinface="Times New Roman Star"qyn (ЯЖУ)face="Times New Roman Star"Gynface="Times New Roman Star"Gy:nface="Times New Roman Star"xynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qyn
face="Times New Roman Star"j@n@, dial. @n@face="Times New Roman Star"ky:n
face="Times New Roman Star"xyn
face="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"qyn
face="Times New Roman Star"qynface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 264, EDT 630-631, Егоров 79, Лексика 571, ЭСТЯ 6, 217-218.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyn|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bent, obliqueface="Times New Roman Star"согнутый, косойface="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|g|yrface="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"qin|g|irface="Times New Roman Star"qin|i(r)

face="Times New Roman Star"Gyn|yr




face="Times New Roman Star"kyn|nar 'криво, косо'


face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yrface="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|g|yrface="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"qyn|yrface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 264-265, EDT 639, ЭСТЯ 6, 220-221. OT qyn|raq 'curved dagger' > WMong. kig|ira, kin|gara (Kalm. ki:r@, Khalkha x/an|gar).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kypface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fabricface="Times New Roman Star"ткань









face="Times New Roman Star"xyp 'lining, covering'



face="Times New Roman Star"kybyas 'шерсть оленя ранним летом'


face="Times New Roman Star"qypyq 'kerchief, sash'

face="Times New Roman Star"qyptyr 'перешитая в подборку (о шубе)'face="Times New Roman Star"qyppa 'skein, clew'




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyp-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to press together 2 scissors 3 tongs 4 to cut (with scissors)face="Times New Roman Star"1 сжимать 2 ножницы 3 клещи
face="Times New Roman Star"qyftu (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kypty (dial.) 2, ky(r)p- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2 (Houts., Ettuhf.)


face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrp- 4face="Times New Roman Star"Gyp- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xypty 2, xypla- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2, qypla- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qypta 2, qypc?yn- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"xypc?ъk 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyptyj 2, kybyt-, kybyj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kyptyj- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qypty 2


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 234, EDT 582, ЭСТЯ 6, 221-222, 224, Stachowski 168.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to break, demolish 2 small 3 to scrape, shaveface="Times New Roman Star"1 ломать, разрушать 2 маленький 3 скрести, брить
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3 'to scrape; to tear out'face="Times New Roman Star"kyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3 (Pav. C.), 1, 'to cut off' (Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"qir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qi(r)- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"xyr- 3, 'to cut'face="Times New Roman Star"qyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"x@r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kyryj- 'to shear, cut'; kyra 2face="Times New Roman Star"kyryj- 'to shear, cut'; kyra 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr-face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 265; EDT 643; TMN 3, 567, Лексика 382, ЭСТЯ 6, 227-229, Stachowski 168, 170. The Yak. form kyra 'small' is a rather transparent semantical derivative, although it is not usually listed among the reflexes of PT *Kyr-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 isolated mountain 2 mountain top, mountain ridge 3 steppe, desert, level ground 4 edgeface="Times New Roman Star"1 отдельно стоящая гора 2 вершина горы, гребень горы, возвышенность 3 степь, пустыня, равнина 4 край
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 1 (MK, KB), 'rising ground' (IM,14 c.)face="Times New Roman Star"kyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyr (Sangl.), qir (Pav. C.) 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qir 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qir 3, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"Gyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"xyr 2, 'roof'face="Times New Roman Star"qyrface="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 3, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"xir 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyrtas 2; kyrdal 'hill'face="Times New Roman Star"kyrdal 'hill'

face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 2, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"qyr 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 641, VEWT 265, Лексика 95-96, ЭСТЯ 6, 225, Stachowski 169. Derived is PT *Kyran 'edge, ridge' (ЭСТЯ 6, 226); but note that modern forms like Turkm. Gyra, Tuva qyra etc. are borrowed < Mong. kira.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyrkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fortyface="Times New Roman Star"сорокface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kyrkface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qirqface="Times New Roman Star"qi(r)q
face="Times New Roman Star"Gyrxface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"xyryxface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq, qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"x@r@x



face="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyryqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrq
face="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"qyrx, qyryxface="Times New Roman Star"qyrqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 651, VEWT 266, Лексика 573, ЭСТЯ 6, 235-236.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kysyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 barren (cow) 2 barren mareface="Times New Roman Star"1 яловая (корова) 2 яловая кобыла
face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysraq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kysyr 1, kysrak 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr (Pav. C.) 1, qysyraq 2 (Houts., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"qisir 1face="Times New Roman Star"qisir 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gysyr 1, GysraG 2face="Times New Roman Star"Gysyr 1, Gysraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"xyzyr 1, xyzyrax 2face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"x@z@r 1, k@sre 2face="Times New Roman Star"kytara:- 'стать стародойною, яловеть'face="Times New Roman Star"kytarak 'barren'face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyr 1, qyzyraq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qyt|yr 1, qyt|yraq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1, qysyraq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qysyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 668-669, VEWT 267, 268, ЭСТЯ 6, 249-251, Stachowski 170. Turk. > Kalm. ki:sr, KW 234 (but Doerfer TMN 3, 476 objects, saying that Kalm. is a "dialektische Variante von ku":sr < ke'u"-ser"); > Mong. qusuran| / kisuran| 'barren (cow)' > Man. kisari.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kys-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 short 2 narrow 3 to squeezeface="Times New Roman Star"1 короткий 2 узкий 3 сдавливатьface="Times New Roman Star"qysg|a (Orkh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys- 3 (MK, KB), qysyg| 2 (MK), qysqa 1 (KB), qysg|a 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kysa 1, kys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1, qys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1 (Abush.), qys- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qisqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qisqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"GysGa, qysGa 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gysa 1face="Times New Roman Star"GysGa 1, Gys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"xysxa 1, xys- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"x@z@k 2, x@s- 4face="Times New Roman Star"kyhaj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyhalga 'straits, sorrow' ( = Yak. kyhalga)face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1, qy's- 4, qyzy: 2face="Times New Roman Star"qy'sqa 1, qy's- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysxa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qsyqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysGa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"PT *Kys-ga 'short' is derived from PT *Kys- 'to press, squeeze'. See VEWT 267, EDT 665-7, ЭСТЯ 6, 251-253, Stachowski 167.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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