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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*o":r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to plaitface="Times New Roman Star"плести
face="Times New Roman Star"o"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"o"r- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.r-face="Times New Roman Star"o"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"ho"r-face="Times New Roman Star"o":r-face="Times New Roman Star"u"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"hiri-face="Times New Roman Star"var 'best sort of flax'face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-; o"ru": 'plaiting'face="Times New Roman Star"o"ru": 'plait'

face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"u"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"r-face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"o"r-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 195, VEWT 374, 375, ЭСТЯ 1, 544-546, Лексика 394, Stachowski 200. Cf. also *o"rken 'smth. plaited', *o"r-mek 'Stoff aus Kamelhaar, Spinngewebe' (cf. also Yak. o"rbo"x 'тряпка'). Turk. *o"r-c?u"g > Hung. orso/ 'spindle', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to drinkface="Times New Roman Star"питьface="Times New Roman Star"ic?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ic?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?- (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ys?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"@s-face="Times New Roman Star"is?-, es?- (R., Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"@s/-face="Times New Roman Star"is-face="Times New Roman Star"is-face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"es-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"i:c?-face="Times New Roman Star"ic?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 168, EDT 19, ЭСТЯ 1, 391, Егоров 66, Stachowski 129.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jEgit / *jigitface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young man, brave manface="Times New Roman Star"юноша, храбрецface="Times New Roman Star"jigit (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigit (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jijitface="Times New Roman Star"jegetface="Times New Roman Star"jigit (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"jigit, jigyt, jygytface="Times New Roman Star"igitface="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"c?i:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|etface="Times New Roman Star"d/i:t




face="Times New Roman Star"n/i:tface="Times New Roman Star"z?|igitface="Times New Roman Star"z?igitface="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"jegetface="Times New Roman Star"z?|igit, zigitface="Times New Roman Star"i:tface="Times New Roman Star"igitface="Times New Roman Star"z?igitface="Times New Roman Star"jihit, ix|itface="Times New Roman Star"jigit, igitface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 911, VEWT 203, TMN 4, 185, ЭСТЯ 4, 198-199, Лексика 301. Turk. > WMong. jigede, Kalm. je:d@ (KW 218).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jidge, *jidge-lekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 jujube 2 strawberry, berryface="Times New Roman Star"1 ююба, лох 2 земляника, ягодаface="Times New Roman Star"jigde 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigde 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijde 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ila"k, jela"k (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"igde (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ijda 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|igda" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ijda" 1face="Times New Roman Star"igde 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?istek, sestek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"d/ilek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/yrla 2



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ijde 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijde 1, z?idek 2face="Times New Roman Star"jelek 2face="Times New Roman Star"jela"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilek 2

face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijde 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ijelek 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 911, VEWT 202, ЭСТЯ 1, 325-326, Лексика 122, 140. Turk. (Bulg.) > Hung. szo?lo? 'grape' (<*s/id|leg|), see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 794. Turk. *jigde > Mong. z?|igde, z?|egde (Щербак 1997, 123); but the TM forms are not borrowed, despite Doerfer MT 73.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)igneface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"needleface="Times New Roman Star"иглаface="Times New Roman Star"jin|ne (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigne (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"ina"face="Times New Roman Star"igne (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"igna"face="Times New Roman Star"igna", jin|na", jigna"face="Times New Roman Star"jin|neface="Times New Roman Star"ijna"face="Times New Roman Star"igne, in|neface="Times New Roman Star"in|eface="Times New Roman Star"inga"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i:na" ( < Az.)
face="Times New Roman Star"inne, in/eface="Times New Roman Star"in|ne, in/e, inneface="Times New Roman Star"ine
face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i>jnaface="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i>na"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i:na"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"ijne
face="Times New Roman Star"ineface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 110, VEWT 169, ЭСТЯ 1, 367-369, Лексика 106.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jigren- ( ? -e-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hate, abhorface="Times New Roman Star"испытывать отвращение
face="Times New Roman Star"jigren- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijren-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ire|n-face="Times New Roman Star"jigren- (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jirga"n-, z?|irgen-

face="Times New Roman Star"ijra"n-face="Times New Roman Star"jigren-




face="Times New Roman Star"sirgen-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|erin-, z?|iren-, z?|ijirken-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijren-face="Times New Roman Star"jijren-face="Times New Roman Star"jera"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"i:ren-face="Times New Roman Star"iren-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijren-, z?ijirken-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|irgen-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 914-915, ЭСТЯ 4, 200-201.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.k(k)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"twoface="Times New Roman Star"дваface="Times New Roman Star"eki (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"e.ki (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ikeface="Times New Roman Star"iki (AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"s?igyface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ekeface="Times New Roman Star"igiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"a"kki, a"kki.face="Times New Roman Star"ikk@face="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ijiface="Times New Roman Star"ixiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ikeface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ekyface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"is?kyface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 39, EDT 100-1, ЭСТЯ 1, 337-339, Егоров 67-68, Stachowski 124.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jy:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to creep 2 snakeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ползать 2 змеяface="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jylan (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jyl- 1, jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jyl- 1 (Vam.), jylan 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|il- 1, ilo|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jilan 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jyla:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yl- 1, c?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"d/yl- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|len 2face="Times New Roman Star"sy:l- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?yl- 1, c?ylan 2, dial. c?ulanface="Times New Roman Star"c?yl- 1, c?ulan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yl- 1, z?|ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jilyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 200, EDT 930-1, ЭСТЯ 4, 40-41, 277, Лексика 180. Turk. > MMong. (MA) jilan (see Щербак 1997, 164). Mong. z?|ilu-, z?|ulu- 'roll away, move away' may be related or borrowed < Turk.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jilikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"marrowface="Times New Roman Star"костный мозгface="Times New Roman Star"jilik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jilik (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"jelek, z?|elekface="Times New Roman Star"jilik (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"jilik
face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"jilik

face="Times New Roman Star"d/ilik

face="Times New Roman Star"sili:
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ilig
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilik
face="Times New Roman Star"jilikface="Times New Roman Star"jelekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilik
face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"z?ilikface="Times New Roman Star"ileh (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"jilikface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 927, 928, VEWT 203, TMN 2, 214, ЭСТЯ 4, 265, Лексика 263. Turkm. and Uzb. dialectal ju"lu"k 'marrow' may reflect a contamination with *ju"lu"k / *juluk 'juice' q. v. sub *dilu.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jyly-gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"warmface="Times New Roman Star"теплыйface="Times New Roman Star"jylyg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jylyg|, ylyg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ylykface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ylyface="Times New Roman Star"ylyq, jylyq (Abush., Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"iliqface="Times New Roman Star"ilmanface="Times New Roman Star"ilyg|face="Times New Roman Star"ilyG 'warmish'face="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"c?yly- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/ylu

face="Times New Roman Star"syla:sface="Times New Roman Star"hyla:sface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yluuface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylyface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylyface="Times New Roman Star"ylyface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"z?yllyface="Times New Roman Star"jiliface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from *jyly- 'to be warm'. See VEWT 200, EDT 919, 925, ЭСТЯ 4, 275-276, Лексика 21, Stachowski 118.
face="Times New Roman Star"*i:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to hang on (smth.) 2 hookface="Times New Roman Star"1 вешать (на что-л.) 2 крючокface="Times New Roman Star"il- (OUygh.) 1, ilin- (refl.) (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"il- (MK) 1, ylyn- (refl.) (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"dial. il- 1, ilmek 2face="Times New Roman Star"el- 1face="Times New Roman Star"yl- (Abush., Sangl.), ylyn- (refl.) (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1, ilmo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1, ilmaq 2, 'loop'
face="Times New Roman Star"ilma"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"i:l- 1face="Times New Roman Star"@l-
face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1, ilmek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jъlъ, jъlmak 'loop'face="Times New Roman Star"i:l- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1, ilmek 2face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1face="Times New Roman Star"el- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ilin- (refl.) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1, ilmek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"il- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 170, ЭСТЯ 1, 343-346, Егоров 73-74.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jylkyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"age; aged (grown-up) animalface="Times New Roman Star"возраст; взрослое животноеface="Times New Roman Star"jylqy (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jylqy (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"jylqyface="Times New Roman Star"jylqy (AH, Ettuhf.), ylqy (Бор. Бад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jilqiface="Times New Roman Star"z?|i(l)qa, z?ilqi
face="Times New Roman Star"ilxy, ylxy (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jylqyface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|yface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|yface="Times New Roman Star"d/ylqy

face="Times New Roman Star"sylg|y
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|y
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ylqyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylqyface="Times New Roman Star"jylqyface="Times New Roman Star"jylqyface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ylqy, zylqy
face="Times New Roman Star"jylqyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylqy
face="Times New Roman Star"jylqy, jilqyface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 925-926, ЭСТЯ 4, 281-282, Лексика 444.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Emgek-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to crawlface="Times New Roman Star"ползтиface="Times New Roman Star"o"mgekle- (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"emekle-
face="Times New Roman Star"emgekle- (Бор. Бад., Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ema"kla"-face="Times New Roman Star"in|a"kla"- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ima"kla"-face="Times New Roman Star"imekle-face="Times New Roman Star"i>mekte-, ni>mekte-face="Times New Roman Star"emekte-face="Times New Roman Star"emekte-, emgekte-





face="Times New Roman Star"emgekte-face="Times New Roman Star"en|bekte-


face="Times New Roman Star"mekle-



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 160, VEWT 42, ЭСТЯ 1, 275. The noun *emgek 'crawling' is preserved in Tur. dial. imek, Chag. emgek 'crawling child' (and, despite Clauson ibid. it certainly has nothing to do with *emgek 'worry, pains', see *emge-). Cf. also forms like Turkm. en|kej- 'bow' and Yak., Dolg. u"n|k- 'to bow' (contractions?); see Stachowski 251.
face="Times New Roman Star"*in-gek (/*yn-gak), *in-kenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cow 2 female camelface="Times New Roman Star"1 корова 2 верблюдицаface="Times New Roman Star"ingek (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, ingen 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingek 1, ingen 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"i>na"k 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1 (AH), inen 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k, ina"j 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k 1, (dial.) ingan, in|gan 2face="Times New Roman Star"inek, enek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1 (ЭСТЯ), inen 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>nek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek, na"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek, ijnek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"@ne 1face="Times New Roman Star"ynax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, en|gin 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, in|gen 2face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, i>n|gen 2

face="Times New Roman Star"inek, ijnek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"in|gen 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 184, VEWT 172, ЭСТЯ 1, 358-361, Егоров 64, Лексика 436, 447-448). Turk. > Mong. in|gen 'female camel'; Hung. u"no? 'heifer' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*em-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nowface="Times New Roman Star"сейчасface="Times New Roman Star"emti (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"imdiface="Times New Roman Star"indi>face="Times New Roman Star"imdi (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"a"mdi
face="Times New Roman Star"indiface="Times New Roman Star"indi, s?-u"ndi

face="Times New Roman Star"emdi
face="Times New Roman Star"@nd@



face="Times New Roman Star"emi, endiface="Times New Roman Star"endi>face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"indi>face="Times New Roman Star"endi
face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"endi
face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 156-157, VEWT 41, ЭСТЯ 1, 357-358, Егоров 65, Лексика 83 (with confusion of *em- and *am- q. v. sub *a>mV).
face="Times New Roman Star"*iniface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"younger brotherface="Times New Roman Star"младший братface="Times New Roman Star"ini (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ini (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"iniface="Times New Roman Star"i>ni>face="Times New Roman Star"ini (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"iniface="Times New Roman Star"iniface="Times New Roman Star"ini, ynyface="Times New Roman Star"ini (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ini

face="Times New Roman Star"ini, i:n

face="Times New Roman Star"ini, ini:face="Times New Roman Star"ini-bi:

face="Times New Roman Star"iniface="Times New Roman Star"i>ni>face="Times New Roman Star"iniface="Times New Roman Star"i>ni>


face="Times New Roman Star"ini
face="Times New Roman Star"iniface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 170, VEWT 172, TMN 2, 226, ЭСТЯ 1, 362-363, Лексика 292, Stachowski 126.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yjn|a-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cry, weepface="Times New Roman Star"плакать, рыдать
face="Times New Roman Star"an|yla- 'to cry, howl (of a donkey)' (МК) (?)face="Times New Roman Star"inle-, dial. in|ile-face="Times New Roman Star"en|gelde-face="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. in|le- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingala-

face="Times New Roman Star"inla"-face="Times New Roman Star"in|le-face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-face="Times New Roman Star"i:.la"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyla-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyla-, yyla-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-face="Times New Roman Star"ynqyl-da-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-
face="Times New Roman Star"inne-face="Times New Roman Star"inle-face="Times New Roman Star"yn|yl-da-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 172, EDT 186, ЭСТЯ 1, 366-367.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jin|c?-geface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thinface="Times New Roman Star"тонкийface="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ke (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|eface="Times New Roman Star"nec?ke|face="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke (Pav. C.), inc?ge (Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingic?kaface="Times New Roman Star"inc?ika"face="Times New Roman Star"s?igeface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"i:nc?e ( < jinc?e)face="Times New Roman Star"niske


face="Times New Roman Star"s/inz/eface="Times New Roman Star"sin/nigesface="Times New Roman Star"hinn/igesface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|geface="Times New Roman Star"n/in|geface="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"jin|is?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?geface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"z?in|is?keface="Times New Roman Star"la"s?gi
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 203, EDT 944-5, ЭСТЯ 1, 364-365, Stachowski 104.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer 2 to be abashed, distressed 4 colic 5 to grizzle, slug 6 (birth) pains, labours 7 impatience 8 drag, disturbance 9 flaw, fault 10 obtuse, absent-minded 11 to torture, offendface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать 2 растеряться, прийти в замешательство 4 колика 5 капризничать, нежиться 6 потуги, родовые схватки 7 нетерпение 8 обуза, помеха 9 упущение, промах 10 рассеянный, бестолковый 11 мучить, обижатьface="Times New Roman Star"enegu" 4 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"enc?ik- 'to lose feelings' (MK, KB), enegu" 4 (MK), enit- (AH) 2face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, enz?|e-le- 5face="Times New Roman Star"entu"k- 1face="Times New Roman Star"entik- 1face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 6
face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"enc?i 6, enc?ik 7face="Times New Roman Star"i.nz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"andъx- 1, 7, anzux 'dumb, sclerotic person'face="Times New Roman Star"enn'e-lik 8, enc?i 9


face="Times New Roman Star"ente-le- 2, entik- 'to suffer from dyspnoea', eno": 10
face="Times New Roman Star"enew 4face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, inte- 11face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"enz?|ek 'newborn'face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|yt-, inc?it- 11 (T)

face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 174, 184, ЭСТЯ 1, 283, Егоров 29. Doerfer (Khal.) suggests Arabic origin, which is quite improbable. Vowel length is suggested by the voiced -z?|- of the suffix in several languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jyp / *jipface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"threadface="Times New Roman Star"ниткаface="Times New Roman Star"jyp (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jyp (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ipface="Times New Roman Star"z?|epface="Times New Roman Star"jip (AH, Ettuhf.), ip (Pav. C., AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"jip, jepface="Times New Roman Star"ipface="Times New Roman Star"ju"pface="Times New Roman Star"c?@pface="Times New Roman Star"c?ipface="Times New Roman Star"jip, d/ipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"s/ipface="Times New Roman Star"sip 'hook on a fishing rod', sippe 'thread'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ipface="Times New Roman Star"z?ip
face="Times New Roman Star"jepface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ib, zipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"z?ipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 870, VEWT 204, ЭСТЯ 4, 268-269. Cf. also the derivative *jipek id. (ЭСТЯ 4, 269-270).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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