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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*or-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 place 2 palace 3 lair, den 4 middle 5 place of staying (of the army, ruler etc.) 6 armyface="Times New Roman Star"1 место 2 дворец 3 берлога, логово 4 середина 5 место сто€нки (армии, правител€) 6 арми€face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1 (OUygh.), ordu 2, 5, ortu 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu 2, 3, otra ? ortu (MK) 5face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"uryn 1, urda 5, urta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu, orda 5, orta 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.rin 1, o.rda 5, o.rta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, o(r)da 5, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orta, orto, otra 4face="Times New Roman Star"ordu 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, orta 4, orda 6face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 5, orty 4
face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, ordo 5, orto 4
face="Times New Roman Star"vyrъn 1, vъda 4face="Times New Roman Star"ordu: 1, 3, 5, oron 1, orto 4face="Times New Roman Star"onnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ortu 4face="Times New Roman Star"oron 1face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordo 5, orto 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 4, 5, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 5, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"uryn 1, urda 5, urta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 5, orta 4
face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, orda 5, 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 203-204, 233, VEWT 364, 365, TMN 2, 141, Ё—“я 1, 470-472, 474-479, Ћексика 495, 563, 569, Stachowski 193, 196. Turkic is the source of Mong. oron 'place', ordo(n) 'palace' (cf. TMN 1, 164-165, 2, 38-39, ўербак 1997, 130), whence Man. oron etc., see Doerfer MT 116. The PT *ordu 'place of staying' may need to be separated from other forms here: it contains a very untypical *-rd- cluster (as opposed to *or-tu 'middle') and may reflect an ancient borrowing from some unknown source. Cf. in that respect WMong. o"rte- 'to change post horses', o"rtegen 'postal relay station', also somewhat obscure in origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ormanface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"forestface="Times New Roman Star"лесface="Times New Roman Star"orman (OUygh. late)
face="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"urmanface="Times New Roman Star"orman (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.rman


face="Times New Roman Star"ormon (dial.)



face="Times New Roman Star"vъw|rman



face="Times New Roman Star"ormonface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"urmanface="Times New Roman Star"orman
face="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"orma"nface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"ƒ“— 371, Ё—“я 1, 472-473.
face="Times New Roman Star"*osa-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 careless, dilatory 2 bad, evil 3 to be careless, negligent 4 negligence, harmface="Times New Roman Star"1 небрежный, медлительный 2 плохой, злой 3 быть небрежным, беспечным 4 небрежность, беспечность, увечьеface="Times New Roman Star"osal 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"osal 1, osan- 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2 (dial.), usan- 3face="Times New Roman Star"usal 2face="Times New Roman Star"osal 1 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.sal 2face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2
face="Times New Roman Star"osal 1 (dial.), usan- 3face="Times New Roman Star"osal 1



face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2face="Times New Roman Star"ohol 4


face="Times New Roman Star"osol 2face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2face="Times New Roman Star"usal 2face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2
face="Times New Roman Star"osal 1, 2, usan- 3face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2
face="Times New Roman Star"osal 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 365-366, EDT 247, 248, Ё—“я 1, 479-481, 608 (distinguishes osal and usan- - but the narrowing osan- > usan- is a local Oghuz phenomenon and probably secondary, due to interdialectal loans), ≈горов 277, ‘едотов 2, 290. Turk. > Mong. osal (MMong. (SH) osolda-), see TMN 2, 149, Clark 1980, 39, not vice versa - despite ўербак 1997, 207.
face="Times New Roman Star"*otarface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pasture 2 far environs 3 (summer) camp, dwelling place, village 4 herdface="Times New Roman Star"1 пастбище 2 дальние страны 3 хутор, деревн€ 4 отара, стадо баранов


face="Times New Roman Star"utar 3
face="Times New Roman Star"o.to|r 4


face="Times New Roman Star"otar 1

face="Times New Roman Star"odor 1

face="Times New Roman Star"otor 3
face="Times New Roman Star"odar 1
face="Times New Roman Star"otor 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"otar 1face="Times New Roman Star"otar 1face="Times New Roman Star"utar 3

face="Times New Roman Star"otar 1face="Times New Roman Star"otar 1
face="Times New Roman Star"otar 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 367, Ё—“я 1, 487-488. Usually derived from *ot 'grass' but the morphological pattern is unclear; the word might well be archaic despite lack of ancient attestation. Cf. also Balkan words like Hung. hata/r etc., most probably of Turkic origin. Turk. > WMong. otar, Kalm. otr (KW 291).
face="Times New Roman Star"*otagface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 tent 2 roomface="Times New Roman Star"1шалаш 2 комната
face="Times New Roman Star"otag| (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"otak 1, oda 2
face="Times New Roman Star"oda (Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"o.to|w 1face="Times New Roman Star"otaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"otag|, otax 1face="Times New Roman Star"otaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"otaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"otax 1face="Times New Roman Star"odag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"odu: 1

face="Times New Roman Star"otu: 1
face="Times New Roman Star"odag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"oto: 1face="Times New Roman Star"otaw 1face="Times New Roman Star"otaw 1
face="Times New Roman Star"otow 2face="Times New Roman Star"oda 1face="Times New Roman Star"oda 2face="Times New Roman Star"otaw 1
face="Times New Roman Star"otaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 46, VEWT 366, Ё—“я 1, 484-487, TMN 2, 66-67, Ћексика 496. Turk. > Mong. otaq (see TMN 2, 67, ўербак 1997, 130). Some forms (like Tur. oda) suggest *o:tag - a secondary form, probably originally meaning "hearth" and derived from *o:t 'fire' and easily confused with *otag 'tent, dwelling place'. The latter, however, is very well attested (often in the shape *otagu) and certainly containing a short vowel.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ol-ur-, *ol(u)-tur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sitface="Times New Roman Star"сидетьface="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (OUygh.), olur- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (MK), ol- 'to be' (At., IM), 'to become ripe' (MK, IM, Bulgat)face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"utyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.), (?) ol- 'to be' (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"u.tir-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur-
face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"odyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"otur-
face="Times New Roman Star"lar-face="Times New Roman Star"olor-face="Times New Roman Star"olor-face="Times New Roman Star"olur-face="Times New Roman Star"olyr-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ultyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oht(yr)-
face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 489-492. EDT 125, 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Stachowski 192. See also the comments on *bo:l- ' to be, become'. From the forms phonetically looking like ol- 'to be, become' the only actual reflexes of PT *ol- may be Middle Uygh. (At., Tefs., IM - opposed to bar, bir-) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf.), cf. Ё—“я 2, 186; Chag. ol- may as well be < Oghuz.
face="Times New Roman Star"*otur/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thirtyface="Times New Roman Star"тридцатьface="Times New Roman Star"otuz (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ottuz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"utyzface="Times New Roman Star"otuz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.ttizface="Times New Roman Star"ottuzface="Times New Roman Star"otusface="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"otys
face="Times New Roman Star"oduz, odusface="Times New Roman Star"ho_ttuz, hottuz
face="Times New Roman Star"otutface="Times New Roman Star"otut

face="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"otyzface="Times New Roman Star"otyzface="Times New Roman Star"utyd|face="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"otuzface="Times New Roman Star"otyz

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 74, Ё—“я 1, 489, Stachowski 197.
face="Times New Roman Star"*or/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to surpass, winface="Times New Roman Star"превосходить, побеждатьface="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"oz- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. oz-face="Times New Roman Star"uz-face="Times New Roman Star"oz- (Pav. C., Houts., AH, IMface="Times New Roman Star"u.z-face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"joz-
face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"os-







face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"ud|-face="Times New Roman Star"oz-
face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"oz-
face="Times New Roman Star"oz-face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 367, Ё—“я 1, 425.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 unrelated; step-relative 2 other, differentface="Times New Roman Star"1 неродной; приемный родственник (пасынок, мачеха) 2 другой, отличныйface="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (MK), o"gu"n 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"u"vej 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"gi 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1 (Pav. C.), o"gu"n 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.gej 1

face="Times New Roman Star"o"ga"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej, o"vej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o":j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"j 1

face="Times New Roman Star"egian 2face="Times New Roman Star"egin-egin 2

face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"ga"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"va" 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gej 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 109, 119, VEWT 369, 306, Ё—“я 1, 495-496, TMN 2, 159, Stachowski 43 (with some confusion of the Yakut variants egin, egian and en|in; on the latter see *en|). In Az. one would rather expect *o"ja"j; -g- is probably preserved due to dissimilation.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"ku"r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oxface="Times New Roman Star"бык, волface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ugi>zface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ho.kizface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z, ho"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"kusface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"o"kiz, o"ku"z



face="Times New Roman Star"vъw|gъw|rface="Times New Roman Star"og|usface="Times New Roman Star"ogus

face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"o"gi>zface="Times New Roman Star"o"gizface="Times New Roman Star"ugi>d|face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"oku"z, o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"o"giz
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 120, VEWT 370, Ё—“я 1, 521-523, Ћексика 439, Stachowski 190. Clauson 1959 derives the form from Tokh. B okso (corrected to Tokh. A in EDT); justly refuted by Doerfer TMN 1, 539 because of original *p-. Turk. (Bulg.) > Hung. o"ko"r, see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 23.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"ku"n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to repent, regretface="Times New Roman Star"раскаиватьс€, сожалетьface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n-face="Times New Roman Star"u"ki>n-face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.kin-


face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n-








face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n-face="Times New Roman Star"o"ki>n-face="Times New Roman Star"o"kin-face="Times New Roman Star"u"ki>n-

face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"n-face="Times New Roman Star"o"kin-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 111, VEWT 370, Ё—“я 1, 523-524, TMN 2, 154 (with a quite artificial inner etymology: medium in -n from *o"k- 'think'? - which in fact is a noun *o":g, derived from *o":(j)-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lung; angerface="Times New Roman Star"легкое; гневface="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (MK, IM), o"fke (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"o"fke 'anger', o"jken 'lung' (interdial.? Tu"rki?)face="Times New Roman Star"u"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke, o"fke (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.pkaface="Times New Roman Star"o"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"xba" (dial. Nuxa)face="Times New Roman Star"o"jkenface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpo"face="Times New Roman Star"hikka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (NW), u"pke

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpe (o"'kpe - Ѕичелдей 2001)face="Times New Roman Star"o"'kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"pko"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpa"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"u"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"u"fkeface="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpa"face="Times New Roman Star"o"hhen (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 373, EDT 9, Ё—“я 1, 540-541, Ћексика 276-277.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"kc?eface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heelface="Times New Roman Star"п€тка, каблук

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kc?eface="Times New Roman Star"u"kc?a"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kc?e (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.kc?a"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kc?a"

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kz?|e






face="Times New Roman Star"e:z?|ek
face="Times New Roman Star"o"kc?o"face="Times New Roman Star"o"ks?eface="Times New Roman Star"o"ks?eface="Times New Roman Star"u"ksa"
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"kc?a"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kc?eface="Times New Roman Star"o"ks?e

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 520-521.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to die 2 (*o"l-tu"r-) to killface="Times New Roman Star"1 умирать 2 (*o"l-tu"r-) убиватьface="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1 (Yen., OUygh.), o"lu"r- 2 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1 (MK, KB), o"ldu"r- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"l- 1, u"ter- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1 (Sangl.), o"lu"r- 2 (Abush.), o"ltu"r- 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"u.l-, u.ldir- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"l- 1, ju"lyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"der- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"du"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hil-/he.l-, o"l- 'to die (of animals)' ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"vil- 1, v@w|ler- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lo"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lo"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"lti_r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltir- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"l- 1, u"lter- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo"l- 1, o"ldu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ol/- 1, ol/der- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltir- 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"l- 1, u"ldyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"l- 1, o"ltu"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 371; Ё—“я 1, 525-527, TMN 2, 112, 162-3; EDT 125-126, 133-134, 151, Stachowski 199.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u"l-, *o"l-c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to measure 2 measure, measuringface="Times New Roman Star"1 мерить 2 мера, измерениеface="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" (o"lgu") 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" (o"lgu") 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"lc?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"lc?a"- 1, u">lgi> 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" (o"lgu") 2 (Pav. C.); o"lc?- (IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o.lc?a"- 1, ulgi 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"lc?i- 1, u"lga" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"lc?- 1, u"lgu" 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"lc?e- 1, u"ln|n|i 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lga" 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" 2face="Times New Roman Star"elc?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"vis/- 1, @lg@ 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"llehin- 'divide, distribute'face="Times New Roman Star"u"llehin- 'divide, distribute'

face="Times New Roman Star"o"lc?o"- 1, u"lgu" 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"ls?e- 1, u"lgi> 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"ls?e- 1, u"lgi 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lsa"- 1, u">lgu"> 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo"lc?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ol/c?-, o"lc?e- 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"ls?e- 1, u"lgi 2
face="Times New Roman Star"u"lgu" 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 142, VEWT 371, Ё—“я 1, 529, 632, Stachowski 250.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o":n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to grow, riseface="Times New Roman Star"расти, подниматьс€face="Times New Roman Star"o"n- (u"n-) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n- (u"n-) (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"o"n- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"un-face="Times New Roman Star"u"n-face="Times New Roman Star"u"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"o":n-


face="Times New Roman Star"hin-face="Times New Roman Star"@w|n-face="Times New Roman Star"u":n-face="Times New Roman Star"u":n-face="Times New Roman Star"u"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n-face="Times New Roman Star"o"n-




face="Times New Roman Star"o"n-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 169, VEWT 372, Ё—“я 1, 530-532, ћудрак ƒисс. 77, 137, ≈горов 40-41, Clark 1977, 161, Stachowski 255.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"n| / *on|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 front, East 2 exterior, color, faceface="Times New Roman Star"1 перед, восток 2 внешн€€ сторона, цвет, лицоface="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| (Abush.) 1, (Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"o.n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ejface="Times New Roman Star"um 'breast' (if different from om 'front', q. v. sub *a:l)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 'inside of clothes', 2
face="Times New Roman Star"on| 'shape', o"n| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"on| 1, o"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"un| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o"n| 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"on| 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 167-168, VEWT 362, 372, Ё—“я 1, 532-535, Stachowski 199-200, јшм. III, 232. The words for 'front' and 'colour, face' are usually treated as different roots (e.g. in EDT, Ё—“я), but it is hardly possible to separate them phonetically (the variants *on| and *o"n| do not seem to be semantically distributed); the semantic shifts (*'front' > 'face' > 'colour') are quite natural.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"n|-ed-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to tune (an instrument) 2 to recuperate 3 to remedyface="Times New Roman Star"1 настраивать (инструмент) 2 выздоравливать 3 лечитьface="Times New Roman Star"o"n|ed- 2, o"n|edtu"r- (caus.) 3 (OUygh.)












face="Times New Roman Star"(Anatri) @ner- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|de- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|de- 2




face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|de- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 179, 182, ≈горов 64, ћудрак 135. ‘едотов 1, 153 compares the Chuv. form with OT on|ar- 'to correct', which is phonetically worse.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"n|u"c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"larynx, windpipeface="Times New Roman Star"гортань, дыхательное горлоface="Times New Roman Star"o"n|u"c? (OUygh.)

face="Times New Roman Star"u"n|a"c?face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|u"-lu"k 'нагрудное украшение' (R)face="Times New Roman Star"o|n|gac?face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|ga"c?


face="Times New Roman Star"o"go"sface="Times New Roman Star"o":s 'грудна€ клетка'face="Times New Roman Star"o"c?, diL. o":c? (Leb.)

face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|u"s, u"n|u"s
face="Times New Roman Star"o":s?
face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|o"c?face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|es?
face="Times New Roman Star"u"n|a"s


face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|es?

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 373, EDT 172, Ё—“я 1, 536, Ћексика 233.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"n|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"otherface="Times New Roman Star"другойface="Times New Roman Star"o"n|i (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|i (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"u"n|ga" (dial.)




face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|n|e 'the rest'








face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|go"face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|geface="Times New Roman Star"o"n|ge


face="Times New Roman Star"o"n|ge, on|gaface="Times New Roman Star"o"n|ge
face="Times New Roman Star"on|ge (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 170-171, Ё—“я 1, 537-538, VEWT 372 ( > Kalm. o"n|ge|:n, KW 297).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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