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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/- ( ? -j-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer, grieve 2 to regret 3 to envy 4 to be angry 5 to offend 6 grief, sorrowface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать, горевать 2 жалеть 3 завидовать 4 гневатьс€ 5 обижать 6 печаль
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- ? ko"j-: ko"n|li ku"ju"p 'with pain in one's heart' (MK), ku"j- 4 (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ju"-, ko"jen- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kuj-, kujin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ko"ju"n- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"jna"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-du"r- 5, ku"ju"n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"(jirek) kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|v@s/- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"jo"no"s 6face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1, ku"ju"k 'envious'

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 726. In all languages the root is completely homonymous with the reflexes of *ko"n/- 'to burn' (v. sub *k`u\n/e), which throws doubts on its etymological independence.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kebru"c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"ash treeface="Times New Roman Star"€сень
face="Times New Roman Star"kevrik 'hornbeam' (Vitex agnus castus) (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"c?, ku"vru"c? (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qoryc?-ag|ac?



face="Times New Roman Star"go"jru"s?




face="Times New Roman Star"kavъrъs/, kavrъs/ > Hung. ko:'ris





face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jris?face="Times New Roman Star"qoros-ag|asface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"c?, Balk. ku"jru"c?



face="Times New Roman Star"gu"jru"c?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 690, VEWT 245, Ё—“я 5, 152, Ћексика 136, Bla"sing 2002. Volga-Turkic languages have a secondary vowel assimilation due to the compound with ag|ac?. Cf. also Osset. ka"rz(a") < Turk., see Abayev 1, 587-588; on Hung. ko?ris < Turk. see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:b-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to chewface="Times New Roman Star"жевать
face="Times New Roman Star"kev- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gev-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?a"-face="Times New Roman Star"kevis? 'cud' (MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kaws?a-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"js?i-
face="Times New Roman Star"go"ju"s? 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"ga":vu"-s? 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"kipse-n-face="Times New Roman Star"kepz?e-n-face="Times New Roman Star"keps?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ka":vis? 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"kavle-face="Times New Roman Star"kebi:-
face="Times New Roman Star"kegz?e-n-face="Times New Roman Star"kegz?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-s?-o"-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jis 'cud'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jze-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jo"s? 'cud'
face="Times New Roman Star"gevs?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"vs?e-n-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"jse-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?a"-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"js?e-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 244, EDT 687, Ё—“я 3, 5-7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tanned skin, leatherface="Times New Roman Star"дублена€ шкура, кожаface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nface="Times New Roman Star"go"n (Sangl.), ko"n (Nahc., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n
face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"go":n

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n





face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nface="Times New Roman Star"go"n
face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n
face="Times New Roman Star"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 290-291, EDT 724, Ё—“я 3, 72-73, Ћексика 384, 476-477. Cf. also *go":nc?u"k 'an ornament on shirt' (Ё—“я 5, 106).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to rise, raiseface="Times New Roman Star"поднимать(с€)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"te|r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter- (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.tar-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ta"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ter- (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"go"t-face="Times New Roman Star"go"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"d@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ketu"r-, ketir-
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t-; ko"to"r 'bird'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 'to fly; run'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"to"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ta"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"go"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-

face="Times New Roman Star"go"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 294, EDT 706, Ё—“я 3, 86-88, Stachowski 158. Cf. also Karakh. ko"tki 'hill', ko"tu" 'the roof of a house' (MK, EDT 701).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gebdeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"upper part of bodyface="Times New Roman Star"верхн€€ часть телаface="Times New Roman Star"ko"vdo"n| (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"go"vdeface="Times New Roman Star"ge|wde| (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"gavda

face="Times New Roman Star"go"vda"face="Times New Roman Star"go"vde, go"vre



face="Times New Roman Star"xevte, x@vtu" 'power'



face="Times New Roman Star"ko":do", ko":do"nface="Times New Roman Star"kewdeface="Times New Roman Star"kewde


face="Times New Roman Star"go"vdeface="Times New Roman Star"gewde, kewde

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 688, VEWT 259, Ё—“я 3, 52-53, ≈горов 297, ‘едотов 2, 339-340, ƒыбо 5, Ћексика 267.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"r/ ( = *go"r-s) / *go"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 eye (*go"r/) 2 to see, look (*go"r-)face="Times New Roman Star"1 глаз 2 видетьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (Orkh., Yen.,OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z (Sangl., Pav. C.), ko"z (Vam.) 1, ko"r- (MA, Abush., Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku.z 1, ku.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, go"r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (Sag.) 1, ko"zenek (Kyzil.) 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s (R) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"s, dial. ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ke.r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"kos/ 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r- 2; ko"hu"n- 'to be seen'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"stu"k 'eye-glass', ko"sku" 'visible, good-eyed', ko"skenek 'window', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sku"t- 'to show', ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d| 1, ku"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"goz/koz 1, kor- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z 1, ko"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"(:)z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"z 1, go"r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 292, TMN 3, 637f, EDT 756 (*go"r/), 736 (*go"r-), ‘едотов 1, 310, 314, Ё—“я 3, 60-64 (*go"r/), 77-79, 81-84 (*go"r-), Ћексика 209, Stachowski 155, 156. The Chuv. reflex requires a supposition of a final cluster (*rs) in the nominal stem; this may be a suffixed deverbative. OT ko"ru"g 'glance; image' > MMo, WMong. ko"ru"g 'image'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"r/elface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"beautifulface="Times New Roman Star"красивый

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zel
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zel (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu.zalface="Times New Roman Star"go"za"l
face="Times New Roman Star"go"za"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"zel








face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zo"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"zel

face="Times New Roman Star"go"za"lface="Times New Roman Star"guzal/ (K)


face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 3, 63-64, VEWT 295.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Karakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 eye-ball 2 eye 3 a gentle address ("my dear")face="Times New Roman Star"1 зрачок 2 глаз 3 ласковое обращениеface="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z karasy 1, Osm. (XV) qaraq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq (Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад., Sangl.) 1, (Abush.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"qo|re|c?iq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qar(i)c?uq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"z Garasy 1face="Times New Roman Star"Garaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"xarax 2, dial. xarac?y 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kos/ xori 1face="Times New Roman Star"xarax 2face="Times New Roman Star"karak 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 3, dial. qareq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 3, qaras?yq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qaras?yq 1



face="Times New Roman Star"qaraq 3, qaras?yq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 235-236, TMN 3, 434-436, EDT 652, Ё—“я 5, 295-296, јшм. VII, 36, Ћексика 210, Stachowski 138. Deriving *Karak from *Kara 'black' (see also TMN 1, 401) is highly dubious both for semantic and morphological reasons; forms like Tur. go"z karasy result from secondary reanalysis. Cf. also the forms *Kara-la- 'to stare' (Az. qarala-, Uygh. qarala-, see Ё—“я 5, 289), *Karaj- 'to watch, preserve' (Yak. xaraj-, Dolg. karaj-; Yak. xarys 'care, wariness', Dolg. karysta:- 'to care, beware', see Stachowski 138, 140) - which, in contrast to qara- 'look' ( < Mong.) are unlikely to be borrowed.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kud-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to pour out (water) 2 to pour 3 wellface="Times New Roman Star"1 лить 2 сыпать 3 колодецface="Times New Roman Star"qud- 1 (OUigh.), qudug| 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1 (MK), qud|ug| 3 (MK, QB)face="Times New Roman Star"kuju 3, qujy 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qoj- 1, 2, qojy 3face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1 (Sangl.), qujy 3 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"quz- 1face="Times New Roman Star"Guju 3face="Times New Roman Star"Guj- 1, 2, Gujy 3face="Times New Roman Star"xus- 1, 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"quspaq 'большой туес' (?)

face="Times New Roman Star"xyv- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kut- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qut- 1face="Times New Roman Star"qut-/d- 1face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, qujy 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, qujy 3face="Times New Roman Star"qoj- 1, 2, qojy 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1, 2, qujy 3
face="Times New Roman Star"quj- 1 quju 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 296, EDT 596, 598, Ё—“я 2000, 109-111, 119-120, ћудрак ƒисс. 102, ‘едотов 2, 379. The root contained undoubtedly *-d-, but variants with *-j- are attested unusually early. Turk. > MMong. g|uduh (SH), WMong. qudug| (whence backwards > Turkm. Guduk, Uygh. quduq, Khak. xutux etc.), see EDT ibid., KW 194, ўербак 1997, 143, TMN 1, 395-396, Stachowski 162.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEru"l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to quarrel, fight, wrestleface="Times New Roman Star"ссоритьс€, дратьс€, боротьс€face="Times New Roman Star"keris?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"keris?- (MK), ku"res?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ra"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?- (MA), gu"res?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuras?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ra"s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"la"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"go"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris?-, ku"res?-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res 'wrestling'
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"res-face="Times New Roman Star"xires?-, xu"res?- ; xire- 'to start a fight'face="Times New Roman Star"keris?-, ku"ro"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris-, ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ra"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"gu"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?-face="Times New Roman Star"keris-, gu"res-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"res?- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 747-748, Ё—“я 3, 79-81, 5, 50-51, ‘едотов 1, 280. The peculiar variation of keris?- and ku"res?- in old sources allows perhaps to reconstruct the original shape *gero"l/-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n(el/) / *gun/al/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sun 2 day 3 sunny place 4 sun-heatface="Times New Roman Star"1 солнце 2 день 3 солнечное место 4 солнечный жарface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2 (Orkh., OUygh.), ku"nes? 3 (YB), isig qujas? 4 (OUygh. - Br.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 4 (MK), ku"nes? 3 (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 2, gu"nes? 1, (dial.) gujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qujas? 1 (Sangl., Abush., Pav. C.), ku"nes? 1 (Pav. C., Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ku"n 1, 2 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2, qujo|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, (dial.) qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"na"s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1, 4, quja:s? 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, dial. qujas? 1 (Kumd., Leb.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, ku"n 1, 2, kina"s? 'sonnig'face="Times New Roman Star"kon 2, x@w|vel 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, kuja:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, kun/a:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qyjas 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, ko"na"s 4, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, ku"nes? 1, qujas?, qujas 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2 gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 301, 309 (Ra"sa"nen separates *gu"n and *gun'al', which is hardly justified); EDT 679, 725, 734, Ё—“я 3, 100-104, 6, 112-113, Ћексика 20-21, 64-65, 77-78, ‘едотов 1 306-307, Stachowski 161, 164. The forms *gu"n/el/ and *gun/al/ must be old dialectal variants.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"niface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 co-wife 2 envy, jealousy 3 jealous, envious person 4 to be jealous, envyface="Times New Roman Star"1 одна из нескольких жен 2 зависть, ревность 3 ревнивец, завистник 4 ревновать, завидоватьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"nu", gu"nu" 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nda"s? 1, ko"n-c?e 3, kene (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ni (MA, Pav. C.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"kundas? 1, kunc?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nda"s? 1, ku"n-lu"- 4, ku"n-c?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"kun bol- 4 (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"nu" 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"ni 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n-ne- 4, ku"nz?|i 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu": 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n-ne- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"nu", ku"ndo"s? 1, ku"nu"-lo"- 'to be jealous (of women)'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-de- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-le- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nda"s? 1, ko"n-la"- 4, ko"n-so" 3

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes? 1, ku"n-le-, ku"nu"-le-, ko"nu"-le- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ndes 1, ku"n-le- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n-c?u" 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 307, 309, EDT 727, Ё—“я 3, 104-105, ћудрак 76, ‘едотов 1, 269. Cf. perhaps also Yak. kiji:t, Dolg. kini:t 'sister-in-law' (?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 stout-hearted, courageous 2 thick, dense, abundant 3 wide, broad 4 well fedface="Times New Roman Star"1 храбрый 2 толстый, плотный, обильный 3 широкий 4 откормленный
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r 1, 4



face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 1


face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|r@w| 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 3
face="Times New Roman Star"xu"r 'healthy, well fed'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 'powerful'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 'friendly'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"r 1, 4
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"r 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"r 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 310-311, EDT 735, Ё—“я 3, 106, ‘едотов 1, 277-278. Turk. > WMong. ku"r, Kalm. ku"r (KW 246).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wait 2 to attend 3 to respect 4 to grazeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ждать 2 прислуживать 3 почитать 4 пастиface="Times New Roman Star"ku"d- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d|- 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'to lead cattle away from pasture' (Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kut- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zet- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 2, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"t- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'выполн€ть'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 701, VEWT 306, 312, Ё—“я 3, 107-108 (the variant *gu":t- is morphologically secondary, actually = *gu":du"-t-). The proposed derivation (see Ё—“я 108) from *gu"- (*ku"-), attested only in the OUygh. doublet ku"- ko"zed|- 'protect and keep' (see EDT 686) is far from certain (the meaning of ku"- here is not quite clear; ko"zed|- is probably < *go"r/- 'see, eye' = Yak., Dolg. ko"hu"t- 'wait'; Khak. ku"zet- above can reflect both *-r/- and *-d-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n/e / *gun/aface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mothface="Times New Roman Star"моль
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ja" (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"veface="Times New Roman Star"ko"je|
face="Times New Roman Star"kuja

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va"face="Times New Roman Star"gu"jeface="Times New Roman Star"ku":face="Times New Roman Star"quja 'Kellerwurm'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"je, quja
face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|veface="Times New Roman Star"ko"ju"r, ku"ju"r



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jeface="Times New Roman Star"ku"jeface="Times New Roman Star"ko"ja"face="Times New Roman Star"ku"je

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"je

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 297, Ё—“я 3, 94, Ћексика 186. Kirgh. ku"bo" is rather < Mong. kibe id.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"b-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to be proud, arrogant, enjoy self-respect 2 to hope 3 proudface="Times New Roman Star"1 быть гордым, надменным 2 наде€тьс€ 3 гордыйface="Times New Roman Star"ku"vez 3, ku"ven- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"vez 3, ku"ven- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"ven- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ven- 1 (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va"n- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"go"vne- 'to approve'










face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jez 3face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ja"d| 3





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, EDT 690, Ё—“я 3, 91-92.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"bec?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"frying pan; earthenware potface="Times New Roman Star"сковородка; глин€ный горшок
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"vec? ((MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"vec?

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"va"s? (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"go"wec?

face="Times New Roman Star"ko":s? 'skull' (¬ерб.)










face="Times New Roman Star"gu"vec?



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 151, 286, EDT 687-688, Ё—“я 3, 53-54.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"autumnface="Times New Roman Star"осеньface="Times New Roman Star"ku"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"zface="Times New Roman Star"gu"z (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"kuzface="Times New Roman Star"gu"z-a"m 'autumn wool'face="Times New Roman Star"gu":zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s
face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"hu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"hu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"d|face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"z
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 312, EDT 757, TMN 4,10, Ё—“я 3, 94-95, Ћексика 75, Stachowski 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"powerface="Times New Roman Star"силаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Sangl., Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kuc?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"kus?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ic?
face="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, EDT 693, Ё—“я 3, 96-98, Stachowski 166.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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