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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*y, *y-(n/)gac?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"treeface="Times New Roman Star"1 дерево 2 лесface="Times New Roman Star"yg|ac? (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jyg|ac? (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|az?| (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|o|c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jig|as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"aGac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jyvъs/ 1face="Times New Roman Star"mas 1face="Times New Roman Star"mas 1face="Times New Roman Star"yjas? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"n/e|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yg|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac?, -c 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac?, -s? 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 7, Ё—“я 1, 71-73, TMN 2, 73f, EDT 79-80, ≈горов 83, Ћексика 104, Stachowski 176. The form contains perhaps PT *y 'bush, tree' as the first component (for OT y see EDT 1), cf. the OT combination y yg|ac?; but the second element is yet unclear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:(j)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bowface="Times New Roman Star"лукface="Times New Roman Star"ja (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"je|je|, z?|e|je|face="Times New Roman Star"jaj (Ettuhf.), ja (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|jface="Times New Roman Star"jaface="Times New Roman Star"ja 'arrow'face="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"ja:jface="Times New Roman Star"c?a:-z?|axface="Times New Roman Star"nan 'bow', jan-c?ak 'small bow'face="Times New Roman Star"d/a: 'arrow'
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u (in ok-s/u)face="Times New Roman Star"sa:face="Times New Roman Star"ha:, sa:face="Times New Roman Star"c?aface="Times New Roman Star"c?aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj, z?|a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?ajface="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ja", janface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ajaface="Times New Roman Star"jaj, jajyface="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"z?aj

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, EDT 869, TMN 4, 121-122, Ё—“я 4, 75, Ћексика 570, ‘едотов 2, 274, Stachowski 99, 209.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jA:d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to spreadface="Times New Roman Star"расстилать, распростиратьface="Times New Roman Star"jad- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj- (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|j-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:j-

face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-, d/aj-



face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"j-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, Ё—“я 4, 76-77, 80, EDT 883-884.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaj- **AD
face="Times New Roman Star"1 to sing 2 to make noise 3 noiseface="Times New Roman Star"1 веселитьс€ 2 шум




face="Times New Roman Star"jo|jla- 'наслаждатьс€, веселитьс€'
face="Times New Roman Star"jajna- 'веселитьс€, резвитьс€'




















face="Times New Roman Star"‘едотов 2 129 **AD. Ћучше выкинуть. Ќаслаждатьс€ - обычна€ производность от проводить лето (на €йлау - там прохладно и мух мало, часто развивает эту сем-ку), шум - см. 600.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mane, counter, scruffface="Times New Roman Star"холка, грива
face="Times New Roman Star"jal (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jal (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"jal (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lface="Times New Roman Star"jal
face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"ja:l
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"jal, d/alface="Times New Roman Star"ja:l
face="Times New Roman Star"sa:l
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"z?|alface="Times New Roman Star"z?alface="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"z?|al
face="Times New Roman Star"jal; jalda- 'to swim grasping the horse's counter; to swim'face="Times New Roman Star"z?al
face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"ƒыбо 220-222, EDT 916, Ё—“я 4, 85-86, 93-94 (for *ja:l-da-), Ћексика 146-147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 suspicion, false accusation 2 lieface="Times New Roman Star"1 подозрение, клевета 2 ложьface="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (OUygh.), jalg|an 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (MK), jalg|an 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2 (AH), jalqan 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lg|o|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1,2

face="Times New Roman Star"jala, d/ala 1





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala 1, z?|alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alg|an, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, 183, EDT 918-919, 926, Ё—“я 4, 87, 91-92. Turk. > Mong. jala (KW 214).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jalpyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 broad, flat 2 blade, paddle 3 shallowface="Times New Roman Star"1 широкий, плоский 2 лист, лопасть 3 мелкий
face="Times New Roman Star"jalby 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalpyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e|lpe|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lpo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jalpa 2, jalpaq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?elbax, nalpax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbaq, d/albaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"salbax 2face="Times New Roman Star"halbax 'span; foot'face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 919, VEWT 182, Ё—“я 4, 14, 100-101, Stachowski 94. This root should be distinguished from *japur-gak 'leaf' and from *jalpy- / *jelpi- 'to shake, sway'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to glitter 2 flame, rayface="Times New Roman Star"1 блестеть, си€ть 2 плам€, блеск, луч

face="Times New Roman Star"jalkyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqy- 1 (dial.), jalqyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqun 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lqin 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqun 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jalqym 2

face="Times New Roman Star"d/alqyn 2






face="Times New Roman Star"z?alqyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalqyn 2





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, Ё—“я 4, 106-107, Ћексика 357. Usually united with *jal- (v. sub *z?|i_ale), but seems to have a distinct Altaic origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to ask, require 2 to hire, lease 3 price 4 servant 5 envoy 6 to be satisfied 7 to give satisfactionface="Times New Roman Star"1 просить, требовать 2 нанимать 3 цена, плата, наем 4 слуга 5 посол 6 получать удовлетворение, быть счастливым 7 давать удовлетворениеface="Times New Roman Star"jalvar-, jalyn- (OUygh.) 1, jalabac? (Orkh., Yen.), jalavac? (OUygh.) 5, jalc?y-t- 7 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1, jalavac?, jalavar 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1, jalavac? 5face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar-, jalyn- 1, jalla- 2, jal (Ѕуд.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar- 1 (MA), jalyn- 1 (Abush.), jal (Ѕуд.) 3, jalavac? (AH) 5, jalc?y- 6, 7 (Ettuhf., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lwar-, jalin- 1, jo|lla"- 2, jo|lc?i- 6face="Times New Roman Star"jalba"(r)-, jalvar-, jelin- 1, jalc?i- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1, ja:llav 3, ja:lc?y 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?al 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jal, d/al 3, jalbar-, d/albar-, jalyn-, d/alyn- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"c?ala-, c?alwar-, c?alyn- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albar-, z?|alyn- 1, z?|al 3, z?|alc?y- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?albar-, z?alyn- 1, z?al 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1, jalsy- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn-, zalyn- 1, zal 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalvar- 1, jal 3, jalc?y- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?albar- 1, z?al 3, z?als?y- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181-183, EDT 920, 921, 922, 931, Ё—“я 4, 84-85, 89, 92-93, 102-103, 107; TMN 4, 108, ўербак 1997, 121 (Turk. jalbar- > Mong. z?|albari-). The root is no doubt archaic, but presents some problems: the deriving simple stem *ja:l is attested late, and there seems to be no vowel length in the derivatives *jalyn-, *jal-bar- (although this may be a later secondary shortening). The peculiar suffixation in jalbar-, jalabac?, jalabar caused some authors (see, e.g., Clauson in EDT) to suspect a loanword, but its source is unclear and the forms may as well be genuine (as are certainly the forms *ja:l, *jalyn-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAmface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"large earthenware vesselface="Times New Roman Star"большой глин€ный сосуд



face="Times New Roman Star"jam (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|m












face="Times New Roman Star"z?|am








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 183. Ra"sa"nen compares also Ku"a"r. jam-yg| 'zubereitetes Leder' (R 3, 308) - which is possible if the original meaning was "a large vessel for tanning skins". One can also mention Yak. syma 'large leather bag' (ѕек. 2, 2455 suggests borrowing < Russ. сума, but in that case *syma: would be expected).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAmanface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bad, wicked 2 sickness, inflammationface="Times New Roman Star"1 плохой, скверный 2 болезнь, воспалениеface="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman (AH) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|mo|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jaman, d/aman 1, 2





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aman 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"aman 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaman 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 937, Ё—“я 4, 109. Cf. Yak. symyja 'lie, deceit'. The meaning 'bad disease' is attested already in Old Turkic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan-, *jan-tyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.), blaze up 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to shineface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть, загоратьс€ 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 светить
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"s/on- 1, s/ondar- 2face="Times New Roman Star"san-da:r- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 942, 947-948, Ё—“я 4, 112, ‘едотов 2, 136, Ћексика 362.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to turn back 2 againface="Times New Roman Star"1 поворачивать назад 2 сноваface="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), jana 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (MK), jana 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jine, jene 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, je|ne| 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jana 2 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n- 1, jana 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jana 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jena" 2face="Times New Roman Star"jene 2face="Times New Roman Star"nan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"nan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan-, d/an- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"c?an- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an- 1, z?|ana 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?a"ne 2face="Times New Roman Star"jana 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja"na" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jana, jany, jane 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?a"ne 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 941-942, 943, Ё—“я 4, 111-112, 114-115.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jA:mc?yk > *ja:nc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pocket, sash, bagface="Times New Roman Star"карман, мешочек, сумка
face="Times New Roman Star"janc?uq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janz?|ykface="Times New Roman Star"janc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"janc?uq (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|nc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"janc?uq

face="Times New Roman Star"ja:nz?|yqface="Times New Roman Star"nanc?yg|, nandyx
face="Times New Roman Star"janc?yq, d/anc?yq



face="Times New Roman Star"c?anc?yq



face="Times New Roman Star"jansyq

face="Times New Roman Star"janc?yq, janc?yx
face="Times New Roman Star"jenz?|uxface="Times New Roman Star"janc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185, EDT 945, Ё—“я 4, 118 (related to *ja:n 'side' by folk-etymology). The old form is preserved in Osm. jamc?y 'raincoat' etc. (VEWT 184, Ё—“я 4, 110; Turk. > Mong. z?|amc?i, z?|an|c?i).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.jn|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cheek 2 jawface="Times New Roman Star"1 щека 2 челюсть
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"janak 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq (Abush., Sangl.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo|no|q 2, (Kypch. dial.) z?|ag| 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, jyn|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"janaG 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"na:x 1face="Times New Roman Star"na:q 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/a:k 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"syn|a:x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hyn|a:k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:k 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:q 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yjaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"janaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"janax, jajax, jag|aq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|ax (——я) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jajaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 948, VEWT 187, Ё—“я 4, 123, Ћексика 219-220, Stachowski 119.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn|gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"walnutface="Times New Roman Star"грецкий орехface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aq (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|aq (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, z?|an|g|aq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|aq (Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n|g|o|qface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, jan|g|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, jan|g|aq (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jag|a:q




face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|aq, z?|an|g|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|g|aq




face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|g|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, Ё—“я 4, 59-60, Ћексика 112. Turkic > Hung. dio/ (see MNyTESz 1, 641).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jap-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cover; to close, shut (the door)face="Times New Roman Star"покрывать; закрывать (дверь)
face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (AH, Ettuhf., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|p-face="Times New Roman Star"jap-
face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ap-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ap-face="Times New Roman Star"jap-, d/ap-

face="Times New Roman Star"sap-face="Times New Roman Star"hap-face="Times New Roman Star"s?yp-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ap-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ap-face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ap-, z?ap-, zap-
face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ap-
face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 187, EDT 870-871; Ё—“я 4, 127-128 (with a careful distinction of *jap- 'create, make' and *jap- 'cover'), Stachowski 96-97. Derivates mean 'cloth, covering' (see Ћексика 545).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:pface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"canal, ditchface="Times New Roman Star"канал



face="Times New Roman Star"jap (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|p


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:p








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|apface="Times New Roman Star"z?ap




face="Times New Roman Star"z?ap

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 187, Ё—“я 4, 129 (with suggestion of an Iranian source: Khwar. ya:b 'water').
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.p-yl/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to glue, stick toface="Times New Roman Star"приклеиватьс€, прилипатьface="Times New Roman Star"japys?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"japus?-, japys?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japys?-face="Times New Roman Star"jabys?-face="Times New Roman Star"japys?- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"jepis?-, jopus?-
face="Times New Roman Star"japys?-face="Times New Roman Star"japys?-


face="Times New Roman Star"japus?-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ybъs/-face="Times New Roman Star"sysyn- s?yba: - 'to plaster, smear'
face="Times New Roman Star"c?y'ps?yn-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|abys?-face="Times New Roman Star"z?abys-face="Times New Roman Star"jabys-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"bes?-face="Times New Roman Star"z?abys?-face="Times New Roman Star"japys?-face="Times New Roman Star"japys?-, japus?-, jabus?-face="Times New Roman Star"z?abys-
face="Times New Roman Star"jabus?-, jabys?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 187, Ё—“я 4, 132-133, EDT 880-881. The deriving stem *ja.p- is probably preserved in Karakh. (MK) jap- 'stick to', Az. jap- 'to model dung for drying' and *jap-ma 'modelled dung' (see Ё—“я 4, 130, 133); thus the analysis of *ja.p-yl/c?- as reciprocal from *jap- 'make, create' or 'cover' (EDT ibid.) is certainly incorrect.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sideface="Times New Roman Star"сторона


face="Times New Roman Star"jaq, z?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq (R), jaq (LOQ)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|qface="Times New Roman Star"jaqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jaqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq


face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, Ё—“я 4, 82.
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