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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*sogy-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"coldface="Times New Roman Star"холодныйface="Times New Roman Star"sog|yq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sog|yq (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"sog|ukface="Times New Roman Star"sywyqface="Times New Roman Star"sawuq/sawug| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"so|vuqface="Times New Roman Star"sog|aqface="Times New Roman Star"soqface="Times New Roman Star"sojuGface="Times New Roman Star"sovuqface="Times New Roman Star"so:xface="Times New Roman Star"so:qface="Times New Roman Star"so:qface="Times New Roman Star"sovuqface="Times New Roman Star"siv@

face="Times New Roman Star"so:kface="Times New Roman Star"so:qface="Times New Roman Star"su:kface="Times New Roman Star"suwyqface="Times New Roman Star"suwyqface="Times New Roman Star"hywyqface="Times New Roman Star"su:qface="Times New Roman Star"su:qface="Times New Roman Star"su:qface="Times New Roman Star"suwyqface="Times New Roman Star"sox|face="Times New Roman Star"sowuqface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *sogy- 'to cool, get cold', see VEWT 425, EDT 808 (*sogy-k), 806 (*sogy-), Ё—“я 7, Ћексика 15.
face="Times New Roman Star"*so:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to suckface="Times New Roman Star"сосатьface="Times New Roman Star"sor- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sor- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"soru-face="Times New Roman Star"suyr-face="Times New Roman Star"sor- (AH, Houts.)
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ora-
face="Times New Roman Star"sor-face="Times New Roman Star"so:r-face="Times New Roman Star"sor-face="Times New Roman Star"sor-face="Times New Roman Star"so:r-, sor-, soru-face="Times New Roman Star"suor-


face="Times New Roman Star"sor-
face="Times New Roman Star"sor-face="Times New Roman Star"sor-face="Times New Roman Star"sory-face="Times New Roman Star"hur-


face="Times New Roman Star"sor-
face="Times New Roman Star"sor-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 843.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sol-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to wilt, witherface="Times New Roman Star"в€нуть, чахнуть, блекнуть
face="Times New Roman Star"solus?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sol-face="Times New Roman Star"sul-
face="Times New Roman Star"so.l-

face="Times New Roman Star"sol-, solux-face="Times New Roman Star"sol-


face="Times New Roman Star"suo:luq-




face="Times New Roman Star"solu-face="Times New Roman Star"sol-face="Times New Roman Star"sol-face="Times New Roman Star"huly-
face="Times New Roman Star"sol-, solu-face="Times New Roman Star"sol-, solu-face="Times New Roman Star"sol-, soly-
face="Times New Roman Star"sol-, solu-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 828, VEWT 427, Ё—“я 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sypface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"2-year-old colt; donkey coltface="Times New Roman Star"двухгодовалый жеребенок; осленок
face="Times New Roman Star"syp (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sypa
face="Times New Roman Star"sypa (Houts.)

face="Times New Roman Star"sypface="Times New Roman Star"sypa



face="Times New Roman Star"supa














face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 783, Ё—“я 7. Note also Osm. (R.) syrpa id.
face="Times New Roman Star"*soj-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to skin, peelface="Times New Roman Star"сдирать шкуру, кожуface="Times New Roman Star"soj- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"soj- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"suj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj- (Ettuhf., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"so|j-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-, so-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"suv-face="Times New Roman Star"su"-

face="Times New Roman Star"soj-
face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"huj-
face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"soj-
face="Times New Roman Star"soj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 425, EDT 858, Ё—“я 7.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sybface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"waterface="Times New Roman Star"водаface="Times New Roman Star"s/ub (Orkh.), sub, suv (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"suv (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"sywface="Times New Roman Star"su (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"suvface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suvface="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"su:face="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"s?yvface="Times New Roman Star"u:; utax 'thirst' < *sub-sakface="Times New Roman Star"u:face="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"su:face="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"hywface="Times New Roman Star"su:face="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 431, TMN 3, 281-2, EDT 783-4, Ћексика 88, Ё—“я 7, Stachowski 247. The reconstruction of *y is conditioned by the Chuv. palatalization. Cf. also *sybu- 'to become watery', *sybu-k 'watery, liquid' (Ё—“я 7). Other Common Turkic derivatives are *syb-sy- 'to become watery' and *syb-sa- 'to be(come) thirsty', see the analysis in Ё—“я 7 and EDT 792. The derivative *syb-sy 'a watery decoction' (not attested as such, but cf. OT suvsus? id. (EDT 792)) was borrowed in Mong. as sub(a)su id. (L 733), Khalkha suvs 'watery'. Modern Kypchak and Siberian forms like Chag. susyn, Kirgh. su:sun etc. may reflect a secondary loan from Mongolian.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sia:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wild 2 to be astonished 3 to slanderface="Times New Roman Star"1 дикий 2 быть изумленным 3 клеветать
face="Times New Roman Star"sas? 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"s?as?- 2




face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:s?- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"s?as?qa- 3face="Times New Roman Star"s?uldra 'pert'













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 405.
face="Times New Roman Star"*si:l/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to swell 2 swelling, tumourface="Times New Roman Star"1 пухнуть 2 опухольface="Times New Roman Star"sys?-, s?ys?- 1, s?is? 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sys? 2, sys?yl- 1 (MK), s?is?- 1 (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?es?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- (Sangl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?-(mo|q) 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"is?s?i-(maq) 1face="Times New Roman Star"siz- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:s?- 1, c?i:s? 2face="Times New Roman Star"s@s- 1, s@s 2, (Qyz.) c?@z?|@k 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s?ys?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?ys/- 1face="Times New Roman Star"is- 1face="Times New Roman Star"is 2face="Times New Roman Star"y's?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?i- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sis- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?es?- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1, s?is? 2face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?-, sis- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"s?is?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 424, EDT 857, ƒ“— 524 , ≈горов 341, ‘едотов 2, 467, Stachowski 128-129. Languages display both assimilations and dissimilations (loss) of the first consonant. Loss of length in Yak., Tuva and Tof. is not quite clear (Turkm. clearly demonstrates a long -i:-); if we take into account the Chuv. reflex (-y- corresponding to Common Turkic i/y), we should perhaps reconstruct a PT form *sy>jl/c?- (see ћудрак ƒисс. 158).
face="Times New Roman Star"*d(i)akyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 additionally, and others, plus 2 again, once moreface="Times New Roman Star"1 кроме того, к тому же, и другие, больше, вдобавок 2 оп€ть, еще разface="Times New Roman Star"taqy 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"taqy 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"daha 1, bir daha 2 (taky as a clitic)face="Times New Roman Star"tag|yn 2, 'in order to'face="Times New Roman Star"daxy, taqy 1 (Abush., Sangl.), dag|y (MA) 1face="Times New Roman Star"tag|in 2face="Times New Roman Star"texi 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ta'qi, dag|i 2face="Times New Roman Star"da"xi 'too'face="Times New Roman Star"daGy 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta:, da: 1
face="Times New Roman Star"daa 'although' (√јя)face="Times New Roman Star"taqy 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dag|any 1
face="Times New Roman Star"da: 1, da:n 'wholly, always', ta:n 'very, excessively'
face="Times New Roman Star"daa, dag|y, tag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tag|y 2face="Times New Roman Star"tag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tag|y 2face="Times New Roman Star"dag|y-da 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ta: 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"daa (K) 1, 2, dag|y (H, T) 1, 2, dag|yn (H,K) 2, daxy (K) 1, daxa (K) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"dag|y 'although', tag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ta:g|y, taxi 1, 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"dag|y 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 457, EDT 466, Ё—“я 3, 122-123. Phonology is somewhat uncertain because the stem is functioning as a clitic.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dal/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"outer sideface="Times New Roman Star"наружный, снаружиface="Times New Roman Star"tas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dys?face="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"dys?aryface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?ty 'exterior side'face="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tolface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tys?
face="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"tysface="Times New Roman Star"tysface="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"dys?arface="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"tysface="Times New Roman Star"das?y (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, EDT 556-557, TMN 2, 511, Ё—“я 3, 164-167, јшм. XIV, 115, ‘едотов 2, 243-244, Stachowski 218. -y- in some languages is not quite clear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tal/akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"scrotumface="Times New Roman Star"мошонка
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?aq MK, IMface="Times New Roman Star"tas?ak
face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) tas?aq (CCum., Ettuhf., Tel., Houts., AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) tas?aq (”я)


face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) taz?ax (Kach.), tazax (Sag.) (Joki 1952, 318)
face="Times New Roman Star"taz?aqface="Times New Roman Star"tas?s?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"tasax|


face="Times New Roman Star"tas?aq


face="Times New Roman Star"tas?aqface="Times New Roman Star"tas?aqface="Times New Roman Star"tas?aq


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466 (should be distinguished from *dia:l/ 'stone'), EDT 562. (D-T 199 think that the Khal. geminate is compensating for vowel length in *dia:l/, which would be rather unprecedented in Turkic).
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mountainface="Times New Roman Star"гораface="Times New Roman Star"tag| (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tag| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dag|face="Times New Roman Star"tawface="Times New Roman Star"tag| (MA), tag|, t.ag| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|g|face="Times New Roman Star"tag|face="Times New Roman Star"tag|face="Times New Roman Star"dag|face="Times New Roman Star"da:Gface="Times New Roman Star"tag|face="Times New Roman Star"tag| (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu:face="Times New Roman Star"ta:g|face="Times New Roman Star"tuface="Times New Roman Star"tya 'taiga, wood'face="Times New Roman Star"tya 'land, tundra'face="Times New Roman Star"dag|face="Times New Roman Star"dag|, tag|face="Times New Roman Star"to:face="Times New Roman Star"tawface="Times New Roman Star"tawface="Times New Roman Star"tauface="Times New Roman Star"tauface="Times New Roman Star"da:face="Times New Roman Star"dag|face="Times New Roman Star"tawface="Times New Roman Star"da:g|face="Times New Roman Star"tawface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 454, TMN 2, 439-440, EDT 463, Ё—“я 3, 117-118, Ћексика 94, 111, Stachowski 236.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ta:n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wonder, surprise 2 wonderful 3 to be surprisedface="Times New Roman Star"1 удивление 2 удивительный 3 удивл€тьс€face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|suq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|suq 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tan- 3, tansyk 2; dan| 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tansyq, ( —““) tan|syq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|suq 2 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"dan| 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ta:n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan|na- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta:n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"tonsax 2face="Times New Roman Star"ton|suk, tomsuk 1


face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|syq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|syq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan|syq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|hyq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"tan|syq 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan| 1, tan|syq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 461, 462, TMN 2, 570, EDT 510-511, 525-526, Ё—“я 8, ‘едотов 2, 248. Turk. > WMong. tan|sug|, tan|su > Man. tan|su.
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to taste 2 taste 3 sweet, tasty 4 to get accustomedface="Times New Roman Star"1 иметь вкус (1а пробовать на вкус) 2 вкус 3 сладкий, вкусный 4 привыкатьface="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1a (OUygh.), tatyg| 2 (OUygh.), tatyg|-lyg| 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tat-lyg| 3 (MK), taty- 1 (MK, KB), tatyg| 2 (MK, KB), tatyg|-lyg| 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tat- (tatar) 1a, tat (-d-), tadym, tatyk 2, tatly 3, dad-a- 'to bait, lure', dad-a-n- 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1a, tat 2, tatly 3face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1a (Abush., Pav. C., Sangl.), tat 2 (Sangl.), tat-lyg|3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|t- 1a, tati- 1, 1a to|t 2, to|tli 3face="Times New Roman Star"teti- 1, 1a, tatq 2, tatliq 3face="Times New Roman Star"taty- 1 a, tatyg| 3face="Times New Roman Star"dad- 1a, dad 2, dadly 3, dadan- 4face="Times New Roman Star"da:t/d- 1a, da:t 2, da:t-ly 3face="Times New Roman Star"tady- 1, tadyg| 2, tadylyg| 3face="Times New Roman Star"tatqy 2face="Times New Roman Star"tatu 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ta:t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tuda-l- 1, tuda-n- 1a, todъ 2, tut-lъ 3



face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1 a, taty- 1, tatyq 2, tattuw 3, tatq-a-n- 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1 a, ta"tti 3face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1, 1 a, tatyq 2face="Times New Roman Star"taty- 1a, tat 2, tatly 3face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1 a, tatyw 2, tatly 3face="Times New Roman Star"dat- 1a, dat 2, datly 3, dad-a-n- 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1a, taty- 1, 1a, tat (K), tatuv (T,H,K) 2, tatly (T,H,K) 3, tatan- (K) 4face="Times New Roman Star"tat- 1 a, taty- 1, 1a, tatly 3
face="Times New Roman Star"taty- 1, tatyw 2, tatli 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, EDT 449-450, 452, 454, Ё—“я 3, 162-164, ‘едотов 2, 256-257. Oghuz (Osman) devoicing is secondary. Turk. > Mong. *tati- > tac?i(ja)- 'become accustomed' (KW 385) > TM tati- id. (“ћ— 2, 170.)
face="Times New Roman Star"*d(i)a:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"narrowface="Times New Roman Star"узкийface="Times New Roman Star"tar (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tar (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"darface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tar (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|rface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"darface="Times New Roman Star"da:rface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"ta:%r
face="Times New Roman Star"ta:r
face="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"dar (–ас. ‘иЋ), tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"darface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"darface="Times New Roman Star"tarface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 463, EDT 528, Ё—“я 3, 146-147, 159-160; cf. ‘едотов 2, 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dia:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"stoneface="Times New Roman Star"каменьface="Times New Roman Star"tas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"dasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"da:s?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"ta:%s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?, das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, TMN 2, 437-8, EDT 557, Ё—“я 3, 167-168, ≈горов 326, ‘едотов 2, 421-422, Stachowski 219.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to touch, to reachface="Times New Roman Star"дотрагиватьс€, достигатьface="Times New Roman Star"teg- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teg- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dej-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"teg- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"g-
face="Times New Roman Star"da"j-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"tig-face="Times New Roman Star"teg-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"j-face="Times New Roman Star"tiv-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:-j-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:j-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tej-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-
face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 468-469, EDT 476, Ё—“я 3, 173-175, Stachowski 224. Sal. des?-, dial. tes?-, tejis?- 'to burn' must be derived from the same root ("to reach fire"). A very complicated issue is the relationship of this root to PT *de:k, *de:ki- 'to, up to' (usually acting as a postposition) - see Ё—“я 2, 182-185, EDT 477 (added should be also Yak. dieki 'in the direction of', Dolg. diek, diegi 'side', see Stachowski 79). The phonology here is quite puzzling: one would be tempted to regard the medial -k- as an archaism (see below on the irregularity of *-g- in Turkic), but the open long *-e:- presents great difficulties (since the verbal root itself most definitely has a short closed *-e.-). A possible solution is to correct the reconstruction *de:k(i) to *de.ge-ki and regard the *-k(i) as an original locative suffix; this seems plausible because another attested form of the postposition is *de.gi-n (cf. especially reflexes like Tat. dial. tin|, KKalp. dejin, Kaz. deji>n, Nogh. dejim).
face="Times New Roman Star"*tekeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"he-goatface="Times New Roman Star"козелface="Times New Roman Star"teke (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teke (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka" 'козел, баран'face="Times New Roman Star"teke (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"takaface="Times New Roman Star"teka"face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka"face="Times New Roman Star"teke

face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka"face="Times New Roman Star"taga 'he-goat, ram'

face="Times New Roman Star"de`ge, te ([dhe])face="Times New Roman Star"te'heface="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"teka"face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka" 'he-goat, ram'face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"teke, tegeface="Times New Roman Star"teke
face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 470, EDT 477, Ћексика 154, 428. Turk. > Mong. teke 'he-goat' (KW 390; TMN 2, 529, ўербак 1997, 154) ( > Man., Sol. texe id., see Doerfer MT 100; Oyr. teke - instead of the expected *tege - may be also borrowed back < Mong.). The Tur. dialectal form deke, despite Doerfer, can hardly justify a reconstruction of PT *d-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tep- / *de:p-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stamp, trampface="Times New Roman Star"топтать, пинать
face="Times New Roman Star"tep- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tep-, dial. dep-face="Times New Roman Star"tip-face="Times New Roman Star"tep- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"p-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"p-, da"p-face="Times New Roman Star"dep-, da":b-s?-e-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-, tip-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"p-face="Times New Roman Star"tab-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"te'p-
face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tip-face="Times New Roman Star"teber-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"tep-
face="Times New Roman Star"tep-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, EDT 435, Ё—“я 3, 195-197, Stachowski 221.
face="Times New Roman Star"*te:r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to run away, flee 2 swift; scary, shyface="Times New Roman Star"1 убегать 2 быстрый; пугливый, робкийface="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tez 2
face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) dez- 1 (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"z- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"z- 1, ta"z 2face="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1, ti:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"tis- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ta"z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tehi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"tehi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"des- 1face="Times New Roman Star"des- 1









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 477, EDT 572, Stachowski 220. Turk. > Pers. ti:z (not vice versa, as sometimes suggested).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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