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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ten|ri / *tan|ryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 god 2 sky, heavenface="Times New Roman Star"1 бог 2 небоface="Times New Roman Star"ten|ri 2 (Orkh.), 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ten|ri 1, 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tanry 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|re 1face="Times New Roman Star"ten|ri 1 (Sangl., MKypch. - CCum., AH et al.)face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"ten|er 2face="Times New Roman Star"tanry 1face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"tig@r 2face="Times New Roman Star"tegri 2face="Times New Roman Star"ten|eri 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tora 2face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ara 1face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ara 1face="Times New Roman Star"de:r 2face="Times New Roman Star"de:re 2face="Times New Roman Star"ten|ir 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|re 1face="Times New Roman Star"tejri 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tan|ry, ten|ri 1face="Times New Roman Star"ta"n|ir 1face="Times New Roman Star"tanru (——я) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, TMN 2, 577, EDT 523-524, ‘едотов 2, 252, Stachowski 217. Turk. > Mong. ten|geri > Evk. tin|eri, Sol. ten|er (see Doerfer MT 236).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Karmakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fishing rod 2 hookface="Times New Roman Star"1 удочка 2 крюк
face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq (KB) 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"karmuk 2, dial. garmag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq (IM, MA) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"qe|rmo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"qa(r)maq 1,2
face="Times New Roman Star"GarmaG 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"Garmaq 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"xarmax 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"qarbaq 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2



face="Times New Roman Star"dial. qarmaq 1,2
face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2


face="Times New Roman Star"qarmaq 1,2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 238, Ё—“я 5, 309-310 (usually considered to be derived from *Karba-, but this is phonetically dubious).
face="Times New Roman Star"*det-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to strive, exert 2 bold, hero 3 clever, reasonable 4 cheerful, vigorousface="Times New Roman Star"1 старатьс€, напр€гать силы, сопротивл€тьс€ 2 смелый, герой 3 умный, разумный, ловкий 4 бодрыйface="Times New Roman Star"tetik (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"tet-, tetin- (MK) 1, tetik, teti-l- 'to become clever' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"didin- 1, tetik 3face="Times New Roman Star"ta"ti 'good' (nursery word)face="Times New Roman Star"tetik (Abush., Sangl.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"tetik 4face="Times New Roman Star"tetik 4

face="Times New Roman Star"teta":rik 'support, help' (?)face="Times New Roman Star"t@t@n- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tidim 2, tedu" 'satisfied, sorrowless'

face="Times New Roman Star"tetia"nex 4
face="Times New Roman Star"didin- 1, didim 2face="Times New Roman Star"titim 2face="Times New Roman Star"tetik 3

face="Times New Roman Star"ta"ta"j 'good thing' (nursery word)
face="Times New Roman Star"didin- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"tetek 'pleasure'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 476, EDT 450, 455, 456, Ё—“я 3, 218. Cf. perhaps also Kaz. etc. tetik "device, mechanism", Tat., Bashk. ta"te '(gun's) cock', Gag. tetik 'id.; virgin's hymen', KKalp. tetik 'mechanism, essence', Az. ta"tig 'trigger'. Some forms reveal secondary assimilatory devoicing.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dil-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to split, cut in slicesface="Times New Roman Star"расщепл€ть, отрезать ломтикиface="Times New Roman Star"til- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"til- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dil-, dil 'thin slice'face="Times New Roman Star"tel-face="Times New Roman Star"til- (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"til-
face="Times New Roman Star"dilim 'slice'face="Times New Roman Star"dil-face="Times New Roman Star"t@l-
face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"tilim 'slice'face="Times New Roman Star"c?@l-

face="Times New Roman Star"dil-
face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"tel-face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"dil-face="Times New Roman Star"dilim (K) 'slice'face="Times New Roman Star"til-
face="Times New Roman Star"til-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 480, EDT 490-491, TMN 2, 553, Ё—“я 3, 230-231, ≈горов 322, ћудрак 76.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tu"lki / tilku"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foxface="Times New Roman Star"лисаface="Times New Roman Star"tilku" (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tilku" (MK, Tefs., IM), tilki (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tilkiface="Times New Roman Star"to"lkeface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku" (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tulkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lka"face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|o (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tilkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lgu"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lgu"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"; tilgu" (dial. - Ѕаск. “уба)face="Times New Roman Star"tilku", tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"til@

face="Times New Roman Star"dilgiface="Times New Roman Star"dilgiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lkiface="Times New Roman Star"to"lko"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tilkiface="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lkiface="Times New Roman Star"t'iligu (Kakuk), tu"ligu (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"lku"face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 480, EDT 498-499, ўербак 1961, 135, Ћексика 161.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tin|(mi)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sound 2 to talk 3 to grumbleface="Times New Roman Star"1 звук 2 говорить 3 ворчать
face="Times New Roman Star"[tynma 'do not speak' (MK - Oghuz.)]face="Times New Roman Star"tyn- 2, Osm. tyn-, dyn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyn-syz 'wordless'face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) tyn- 2 (Houts.)


face="Times New Roman Star"din- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"t@mel- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"c?@n- 2, c?@m-s@r 'wordless'face="Times New Roman Star"tin|ij- 'to produce loud thumping sounds'
face="Times New Roman Star"din|mi 'rumble, thunder'










face="Times New Roman Star"ћудрак ƒисс. 86, EDT 514. Clauson regards the Oghuz verb as a metaphor from tyn- 'breathe', which is hardly the case (although some contaminations with this root, as well as with *Tim- 'silent', were possible).
face="Times New Roman Star"*di:ri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to live 2 alive 3 to reviveface="Times New Roman Star"1 жить 2 живой 3 оживатьface="Times New Roman Star"tirig 2, tiri-l- 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tirig 2, tiri-l- 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"diri 2, diri-l- 3face="Times New Roman Star"tere, terek 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiri (Abush.), tirik, tirig (Sangl.) 2, tiri-l- 3 (Sangl.), (MKypch.) tiri1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"tirik 2face="Times New Roman Star"tirik 2face="Times New Roman Star"terik 2face="Times New Roman Star"diri 2, diri-l- 3face="Times New Roman Star"di:ri 2face="Times New Roman Star"t@r@g 2face="Times New Roman Star"tirig 2, tiri-l- 3face="Times New Roman Star"tiru" 2, tiri-l- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"c?@r@ 2face="Times New Roman Star"tilin- 'to revive'face="Times New Roman Star"tillij- 'to revive'face="Times New Roman Star"dirig 2, diri-l- 3face="Times New Roman Star"dirig 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiri, tirik, tiru": 2, tiri-l- 3face="Times New Roman Star"tiri 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiri 2face="Times New Roman Star"tere 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiri 2face="Times New Roman Star"diri 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiri 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiri 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tiri 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 481, EDT 529, 543-544, 547-548, Ё—“я 3, 240-242, ≈горов 324, ‘едотов 414, Stachowski 223.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dir/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bead, string 2 arrange in a rowface="Times New Roman Star"1 нанизывать 2 располагать в р€дface="Times New Roman Star"tiz- (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"diz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiz-, tu"z- (Abush., Sangl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"du"z- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"du"z- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"t@s-, c?@s- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tis- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tis- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tis- 1face="Times New Roman Star"dis- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ted|e- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"diz- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 1, tu"z- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"diz- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tiz- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 482, EDT 572, Ё—“я 3, 218-220, Stachowski 223. The word (with the meaning 'to arrange in a row') interacts with *du"r/ 'even, level' (v. sub *c?i_ur/i).
face="Times New Roman Star"*di:r/ (*du":r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kneeface="Times New Roman Star"коленоface="Times New Roman Star"tiz (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tizle- (MK) 'to press with one's knees'face="Times New Roman Star"dizface="Times New Roman Star"tezface="Times New Roman Star"diz (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"dyzface="Times New Roman Star"dizface="Times New Roman Star"dy:zface="Times New Roman Star"t@zekface="Times New Roman Star"tize (R., ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"tizeface="Times New Roman Star"ti:zface="Times New Roman Star"c?@r-pus/s/iface="Times New Roman Star"tu"hex
face="Times New Roman Star"diskekface="Times New Roman Star"tiskekface="Times New Roman Star"tizeface="Times New Roman Star"tizeface="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"ted|face="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"dis/face="Times New Roman Star"tyzface="Times New Roman Star"dizeface="Times New Roman Star"tu"zy, tizyface="Times New Roman Star"tizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 482, EDT 570, Ё—“я 3, 336-337, ≈горов 323, Ћексика 284.
face="Times New Roman Star"*di:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"toothface="Times New Roman Star"зубface="Times New Roman Star"tis? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tys? (MK), tis? (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dis?face="Times New Roman Star"tes?face="Times New Roman Star"tis? (MA, Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tis?face="Times New Roman Star"tis?, c?is?face="Times New Roman Star"dysface="Times New Roman Star"dis?face="Times New Roman Star"di:s?face="Times New Roman Star"t@sface="Times New Roman Star"tis?face="Times New Roman Star"dis?face="Times New Roman Star"ti:s?
face="Times New Roman Star"ti:sface="Times New Roman Star"ti:sface="Times New Roman Star"dis?face="Times New Roman Star"dis?face="Times New Roman Star"tis?face="Times New Roman Star"tisface="Times New Roman Star"tisface="Times New Roman Star"tes?face="Times New Roman Star"tis?face="Times New Roman Star"dis?face="Times New Roman Star"tys?face="Times New Roman Star"tisface="Times New Roman Star"cis?face="Times New Roman Star"tis?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 481, EDT 557, 564-5, Ё—“я 3, 242-244, Ћексика 228, Stachowski 224. Cf. also PT *di:l/-le- 'to bite'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dil/iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 female 2 womanface="Times New Roman Star"1 самка 2 женщинаface="Times New Roman Star"tis?i 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tis?i (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"dis?i 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tis?i (Abush., Sangl.) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"tese 1face="Times New Roman Star"dis?i 1
face="Times New Roman Star"t@z@ 1face="Times New Roman Star"tiz?i 1face="Times New Roman Star"tiz?i 1face="Times New Roman Star"tis?i 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tyhy 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyhy 2face="Times New Roman Star"diz?i 1




face="Times New Roman Star"tis?i 1face="Times New Roman Star"dis?i 1face="Times New Roman Star"dis?i, tis?i 1

face="Times New Roman Star"tis?i 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 482, EDT 560-561, Ё—“я 3, 244-245, Ћексика 315, Stachowski 237.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dEgin|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"squirrelface="Times New Roman Star"белкаface="Times New Roman Star"tejin| (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tegin| (MK - erroneously glossed 'sable', see EDT), tejin| (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dejin, deg|in (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"tijenface="Times New Roman Star"tejin (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tijinface="Times New Roman Star"tijin




face="Times New Roman Star"tijin|

face="Times New Roman Star"ti:n|face="Times New Roman Star"ti:n|face="Times New Roman Star"di:n|
face="Times New Roman Star"tyjynface="Times New Roman Star"tijin, tyjyn
face="Times New Roman Star"tejen





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 470, EDT 569, Ё—“я 3, 180-181, Ћексика 164-165, Stachowski 224. Criticism of the borrowing ( < Ugrian) theory see in Ћексика 165, јникин 546-547.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tyky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stuff in, press inface="Times New Roman Star"набивать, вдавливать, втыкатьface="Times New Roman Star"tyq- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tyq- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tyka-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tiq-face="Times New Roman Star"tiq-
face="Times New Roman Star"tyx-face="Times New Roman Star"dyq-face="Times New Roman Star"tyx-face="Times New Roman Star"tyqta-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-
face="Times New Roman Star"c?yx-

face="Times New Roman Star"dyg|y-face="Times New Roman Star"tyg|y-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-
face="Times New Roman Star"tyqa-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-
face="Times New Roman Star"tyq-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 477-478, EDT 465, Ё—“я 3, 337-340, ћудрак 75. The Turkm. form with a voiced d- is quite irregular and probably reflects a merger with *dik- `to insert, plant vertically'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dyl / *dilface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tongue; languageface="Times New Roman Star"€зыкface="Times New Roman Star"tyl (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tyl (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dilface="Times New Roman Star"telface="Times New Roman Star"til (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"dylface="Times New Roman Star"dilface="Times New Roman Star"dilface="Times New Roman Star"t@lface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"c?@lg|e; c?@l@x 'пищик в гармошке'face="Times New Roman Star"tylface="Times New Roman Star"tylface="Times New Roman Star"dylface="Times New Roman Star"dyl, tylface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"telface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"dil/face="Times New Roman Star"tyl, tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"cilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 478, EDT 489-90, Ё—“я 3, 228-229, ≈горов 323, Ћексика 227, Stachowski 237.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dyn|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 very, strongly 2 strong, powerful 3 healthy 4 power 5 compact, dense (of earth) 6 to become strong 7 virgin soilface="Times New Roman Star"1 очень, сильно, чрезвычайно 2 крепкий, сильный, мощный 3 здоровый 4 сила, мочь 5 залежный, плотный (о земле) 6 окрепнуть 7 целинаface="Times New Roman Star"tin| u"rki 'recent' (OUygh. - ƒ“—)
face="Times New Roman Star"din 1, dinc? 2, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"tin-ka 4, tin| 5face="Times New Roman Star"tin| 5

face="Times New Roman Star"din| 1, din|e 'only'face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tъnk 'crammed, stuffed'face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 2face="Times New Roman Star"dyn| 1, dyn|zyg| 2face="Times New Roman Star"dyn|zy- 6face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 2, tyn|- 6face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 2, 7, tyn|-aj- 6


face="Times New Roman Star"dinc? 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tyn| 7
face="Times New Roman Star"tyn 7face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 478, Stachowski 238. Turk. > WMong. c?in|, c?in|g|a (KW 437, 441), whence Nan. c?i.n|qi. et al. (“ћ— 2, 397). Derivatives with the meaning 'healthy' in Ё—“я 3, 344-345 are erroneously attributed to dyn- 'rest'; Yak. tyn|, dyn| 'strained, tense' belongs not here (despite VEWT, but to tyn|- 'pull, stretch').
face="Times New Roman Star"*dyn|la- / *din|le-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to listen 2 to hear 3 to consider, meditateface="Times New Roman Star"1 слушать 2 слышать 3 размышл€ть, обдумыватьface="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dinle- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|ma- 1face="Times New Roman Star"din|le-, tyn|la- 1 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"tin|la- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tynna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dinla"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"din|le- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|na- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|da- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ъnla- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"dyn|na- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dyn|na- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|s?a- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|da- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"dinle-, tyn|la- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tyn|la- 1face="Times New Roman Star"The verbal stem *dyn|la- is derived from the noun *dyn| (OT tyn|, Turkm. din| 'reason, mind, cleverness'). See VEWT 478, EDT 522, Ё—“я 3, 236-237.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dyrn|a-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"finger-nail, clawface="Times New Roman Star"ноготь, коготьface="Times New Roman Star"tyrn|aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tyrn|aq (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tyrnakface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrn|aq/tyrn|ag| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tirno|qface="Times New Roman Star"tirnaqface="Times New Roman Star"d@rmaqface="Times New Roman Star"dyrnaGface="Times New Roman Star"dyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrg|axface="Times New Roman Star"tyrg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrGaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"c?@rneface="Times New Roman Star"tyn|yraxface="Times New Roman Star"tyn|yrakface="Times New Roman Star"dyrg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"dyrg|aq 'comb'face="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaxface="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"z|yrna(:)x|face="Times New Roman Star"tyrnaqface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *dyrn|a- 'to scratch, scrape'. See VEWT 465, 479, TMN 3, 200 (there are no reasons to postulate different roots here: we have obviously a case of a complicated behaviour of the medial -n|-); EDT 551, 549-50, Ё—“я III 345-349, ≈горов 324, ƒыбо 312, 323-325, Ћексика 258, Stachowski 238.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ty:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"larch-treeface="Times New Roman Star"лиственницаface="Times New Roman Star"tyt (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tyt (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"tet ag|ac (dial.,  —““ 200)





face="Times New Roman Star"tytface="Times New Roman Star"tytface="Times New Roman Star"tyt

face="Times New Roman Star"ti:tface="Times New Roman Star"ti:tface="Times New Roman Star"dytface="Times New Roman Star"tyt (–ас. ‘иЋ), dyt / tytface="Times New Roman Star"tyt 'mulberry tree'








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 479, EDT 449, Stachowski 224. The meaning in Kirgh. is influenced by tut < Iran., see —теблин- аменский 1982, 88-89.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tojface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"feast; communityface="Times New Roman Star"пир, праздникface="Times New Roman Star"toj (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toj (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tujface="Times New Roman Star"toj (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"to.jface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"toj
face="Times New Roman Star"toj

face="Times New Roman Star"dojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tujface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"to"j (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"tojface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 567, Ћексика 309.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dolga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to twist, to wrap roundface="Times New Roman Star"крутить, заворачивать
face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dola-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-n- (refl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a- (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to.lg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|u-
face="Times New Roman Star"dola-face="Times New Roman Star"dola-
face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|aj 'turn'face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|o-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-n- 'to walk around'face="Times New Roman Star"tъla, tъw|lla 'cloth, petersham'

face="Times New Roman Star"dolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"dolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|o-face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-
face="Times New Roman Star"tula 'cloth'

face="Times New Roman Star"tolg|a-

face="Times New Roman Star"dola-n- 'to tinker with smth.'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 497, Ё—“я 3, 259-260, ‘едотов 2, 187-188, јшм. XIV, 254-255, 259.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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