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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"age; yearface="Times New Roman Star"возраст; годface="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?asface="Times New Roman Star"c?as?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, d/as?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"s/olface="Times New Roman Star"sa:s


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 975-6, Ё—“я 4, 161-163, ‘едотов 2, 130, TMN 4, 97, Ћексика 84.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tearface="Times New Roman Star"слезаface="Times New Roman Star"jas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (AH, Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?as
face="Times New Roman Star"d/as?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"kos/-s/ol

face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 975-976, јшм. VII, 32, Ё—“я 4, 161-163 (because of external evidence should be distinguished both from *ja:l' 'age' and *ja:l' 'fresh, green').
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"youngface="Times New Roman Star"молодой

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?as
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, d/as?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?face="Times New Roman Star"c?es?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?, z?as?, zas?
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, jes?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 162, VEWT 192 (one of several *ja:l/ roots; within Turkic hardly distinguishable from *ja:l/ 'green vegetables; green', but historically different).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/-ylface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 green 2 yellowface="Times New Roman Star"1 зеленый 2 желтыйface="Times New Roman Star"jas?yl (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yl (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jes?il 1face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?el 1face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yl (MA) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jas?il 1face="Times New Roman Star"jes?il 1face="Times New Roman Star"jahsyl 1face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?azyl 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?az?yl (R.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/az?yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ulz/a, s/ulz?|a, s/ъvъls/ 'leaf' ( = Bashk. ja"s?elsa" 'greens, vegetables')face="Times New Roman Star"saha-r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"haha-r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?asyl 1face="Times New Roman Star"jasyl 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?el 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?as?il 1face="Times New Roman Star"jes?il 1face="Times New Roman Star"jes?li 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?asyl 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?il 1face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *ja:l/ 'young, green vegetables' (OUygh. jas?, MK jas?, Turkm. ja:s?, see Ё—“я 4, 162, EDT 975, 976, ‘едотов 2, 134, Stachowski 93). This root is often mixed with homophonous *ja:l/ 'tear' and *ja:l/ 'age, year', see Ё—“я 4, 161-164 (all three roots have different Altaic etymologies). Turk. > Mong. jasil 'buckthorn' (Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.l/(c?)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to blaze, flame 2 lightningface="Times New Roman Star"1 сверкать, си€ть 2 молни€face="Times New Roman Star"jas?u- 1, jas?yn 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?u- 1, jas?yn 2 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?en 2face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yn 2 (AH), jas?yq 'sun' (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?in 2



face="Times New Roman Star"c?azyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?az?yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz?yn, d/a:z?yn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/is/- 1, s/iz/@m 2





face="Times New Roman Star"jasyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?en 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jas?yn 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 977, 979, VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 149-150, Ћексика 22-23. Turk. *jal/yn > Mong. jas?in 'lightning' (ўербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lie, to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"лежать, спатьface="Times New Roman Star"jat- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|t-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"d/at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-
face="Times New Roman Star"syt-face="Times New Roman Star"hyt-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|at-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jaht-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 884, Ё—“я 4, 156-158, Stachowski 120.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foreign(er)face="Times New Roman Star"чужой, иностранныйface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|tface="Times New Roman Star"jat
face="Times New Roman Star"jadface="Times New Roman Star"ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jat, d/at





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|atface="Times New Roman Star"z?atface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat

face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"z?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 882, VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 158-159, Ћексика 564. Turk. > WMong. z?|ad, Kalm. zad (KW 462, ўербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fat n., butter 2 lard 3 thick, fat (adj.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 жир, масло 2 сало 3 толстый, жирныйface="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/u: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъw|v 1face="Times New Roman Star"sya 1face="Times New Roman Star"hya 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|oo-n 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?au 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja: 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jav 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 895, Ё—“я 4, 58-59, Ћексика 453, ‘едотов 2, 127, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jabal/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"soft, mild; slow, quietface="Times New Roman Star"м€гкий, нежный; тихий, медленныйface="Times New Roman Star"jabas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juwas?, juas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas? (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|wwo|s?, juwo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?, jugas? (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"javas?face="Times New Roman Star"juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"c?abasface="Times New Roman Star"c?abas?, c?obas?face="Times New Roman Star"d/obos?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:s?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:s?face="Times New Roman Star"z?uwasface="Times New Roman Star"juwasface="Times New Roman Star"jywas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwas?face="Times New Roman Star"javas?


face="Times New Roman Star"javas?, juvas?face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 175, Ё—“я 4, 51-52, TMN 4, 207-208. Cf. also (with different suffixation) Karakh. jav-yl- 'to become soft', java (jer) 'warm, cosy place'; Yak. samaa-n 'warm, favourable (of summer)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaglykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kerchiefface="Times New Roman Star"платок

face="Times New Roman Star"jag|lykface="Times New Roman Star"jawlyq

face="Times New Roman Star"jag|liq
face="Times New Roman Star"jajlyGface="Times New Roman Star"jag|lyq, dial. ja:lyq



face="Times New Roman Star"s/ulъk



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o:luqface="Times New Roman Star"z?awlyqface="Times New Roman Star"jawlyqface="Times New Roman Star"jawlyq
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:lyqface="Times New Roman Star"jag|lyqface="Times New Roman Star"z?awlyq
face="Times New Roman Star"jawluqface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 61 (with Turkm. ja:Glyq), ћудрак 27, јшм. XII, 224, ‘едотов 2, 132-133. Derivation from *jag 'fat' (TMN 4, 179) seems quite improbable.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jagyr, *jagrynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"back, shoulderbladeface="Times New Roman Star"спина, лопатка

face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ry, dial. jag|yr, jag|ryface="Times New Roman Star"jawyryn, jawyrny, z?|awyr (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ryn (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|rin


face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yrny; jag|yryn, jag|ryn (dial.)










face="Times New Roman Star"jawyrynface="Times New Roman Star"jawyryn (dial.)



face="Times New Roman Star"jag|r@ (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"jawrunface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 178, Ё—“я 4, 65-67, ƒыбо 139-141, Ћексика 242.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.gyr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"brownface="Times New Roman Star"бурыйface="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz, jayz
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz (AH), jowuz (Ettuhf.)



face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yz



face="Times New Roman Star"s/yr(ъ)








face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z


face="Times New Roman Star"jawuzface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 64-65, EDT 909. Despite Poppe 61, ¬ладимирцов 267 and Clauson (EDT 909) Mong. dajir 'brown' - with which they would like to compare the Turkic form - does not exist.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to writeface="Times New Roman Star"писать
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (MK Oghuz.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-


face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"s/yr-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jad|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-, zaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 70-71, EDT 984. Turk. > Hung. i/r- (MNyTESz 2, 227-228).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 spring 2 summerface="Times New Roman Star"1 весна 2 летоface="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz (AH 1, Ettuhf. 2)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jas, d/as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"s/or 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jad| 1face="Times New Roman Star"zaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 71, EDT 982, Ћексика 73, ‘едотов 2, 138-139, Stachowski 100.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/-, *ja.r/yface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 flat 2 steppe, flat ground 3 to spread, spread out, flatten foldsface="Times New Roman Star"1 плоский 2 степь, плоска€ почва 3 расстилать, расправл€ть складкиface="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3 (OUygh.) jazy 1,2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3 (MK, KB), jazy 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jazy 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3 (Pav. C.), jazy 2 (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3, jazi, jezi 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jazy 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3, jazy 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?azy 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jas-, d/as- 3, jazy, d/azy 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"syhy: 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?as- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az- 3, z?|azy 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?az- 3, z?azy 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3, jazy 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?az- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 194, EDT 983, 984, Ё—“я 4, 69-70, 73, Ћексика 97.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:.r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to miss, sinface="Times New Roman Star"промахиватьс€, грешитьface="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jazyk (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z-

face="Times New Roman Star"jazyG (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z-, ja:zyq (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?as-
face="Times New Roman Star"jas-, d/as-

face="Times New Roman Star"sy:s-face="Times New Roman Star"hy:s-face="Times New Roman Star"c?as-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-face="Times New Roman Star"jazyq (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"jazyq (n.)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-
face="Times New Roman Star"jazyq (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193 (should be distinguished from *a:r/-), Ё—“я 4, 72-73, TMN 4, 162, EDT 983-984, Stachowski 121.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to eatface="Times New Roman Star"естьface="Times New Roman Star"je- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je-, je.- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|im 'food'face="Times New Roman Star"je- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"-face="Times New Roman Star"ji-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"ij-face="Times New Roman Star"c?e-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:-face="Times New Roman Star"d/e-face="Times New Roman Star"jie:-face="Times New Roman Star"s/i-face="Times New Roman Star"sie-face="Times New Roman Star"hie-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e-face="Times New Roman Star"z?e-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|eje- (arch.)face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ji-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 194, EDT 869-70, Ё—“я 1, 333-335, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ediface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hostface="Times New Roman Star"хоз€инface="Times New Roman Star"edi (idi) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"id|i (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ije, ys, isface="Times New Roman Star"ija"face="Times New Roman Star"eje (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.), ije (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"a"ja" (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"iseface="Times New Roman Star"jija"face="Times New Roman Star"ejeface="Times New Roman Star"e:face="Times New Roman Star"e:face="Times New Roman Star"e:

face="Times New Roman Star"ic?c?iface="Times New Roman Star"ic?c?iface="Times New Roman Star"e: ( < Oyr. or Khak.)
face="Times New Roman Star"e:face="Times New Roman Star"i>jeface="Times New Roman Star"ijeface="Times New Roman Star"i>ja"face="Times New Roman Star"ije
face="Times New Roman Star"ije, jeface="Times New Roman Star"ije
face="Times New Roman Star"jejeface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 237-241, TMN 2, 176, EDT 41, Ћексика 324-325, Stachowski 122. Some forms (Tur. ys, is, Yak. ic?c?i etc.) go back to a suffixed *ede-si; the Khak. and Shor forms should be explained as a haplology of the same form.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jEk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to harnessface="Times New Roman Star"запр€гать


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ik-







face="Times New Roman Star"jek-, d/ek-





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ek-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek-face="Times New Roman Star"jek-face="Times New Roman Star"jek-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek-
face="Times New Roman Star"jek-, jik-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek-
face="Times New Roman Star"jek-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 195, Ё—“я 4, 172.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 demon, evil spirit 2 bad, evil 3 to hate, despise 4 to scoldface="Times New Roman Star"1 демон, злой дух 2 плохой, отвратительный 3 ненавидеть, презирать 4 бранитьface="Times New Roman Star"jek 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jek 1 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ik 2, z?|iker- 4face="Times New Roman Star"jek 1 (AH), 2 (Pav. C.), jigir- 3 (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ekir- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ja"kla"- 3, z?|ekir- 4

face="Times New Roman Star"jekir- 3, jek (dial.) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"jek, d/ek 1, 2, jikir- 3





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ek 2, z?|ekte- 3, z?|ekir- 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek 2, z?ekir- 4face="Times New Roman Star"jekir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jek 2, jeker- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"jek 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek 2, z?ekir- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"jekir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 910, VEWT 194, Ё—“я 4, 170-171, 173-174. Loan from Prakr. yakkha (through some unattested Sogdian intermediary) cannot be excluded, but also cannot be ascertained. Turk. > MMong. (MA) z?|ikir- 'hate, abhor'.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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