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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"youngface="Times New Roman Star"молодой

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?as
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, d/as?



face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?face="Times New Roman Star"c?es?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?, z?as?, zas?
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, jes?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 162, VEWT 192 (one of several *ja:l/ roots; within Turkic hardly distinguishable from *ja:l/ 'green vegetables; green', but historically different).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lie, to sleepface="Times New Roman Star"лежать, спатьface="Times New Roman Star"jat- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|t-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-face="Times New Roman Star"c?at- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"d/at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-
face="Times New Roman Star"syt-face="Times New Roman Star"hyt-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"c?y't-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|at-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"z?at-face="Times New Roman Star"jaht-face="Times New Roman Star"jat-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 884, Ё—“я 4, 156-158, Stachowski 120.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foreign(er)face="Times New Roman Star"чужой, иностранныйface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jat (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|tface="Times New Roman Star"jat
face="Times New Roman Star"jadface="Times New Roman Star"ja:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jat, d/at





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|atface="Times New Roman Star"z?atface="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"jat

face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"z?at
face="Times New Roman Star"jatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 882, VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 158-159, Ћексика 564. Turk. > WMong. z?|ad, Kalm. zad (KW 462, ўербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to writeface="Times New Roman Star"писать
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (MK Oghuz.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz- (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-


face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"s/yr-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jad|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az-, zaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"z?az-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaz-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 70-71, EDT 984. Turk. > Hung. i/r- (MNyTESz 2, 227-228).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 spring 2 summerface="Times New Roman Star"1 весна 2 летоface="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz (AH 1, Ettuhf. 2)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jas, d/as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"s/or 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jad| 1face="Times New Roman Star"zaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 71, EDT 982, Ћексика 73, ‘едотов 2, 138-139, Stachowski 100.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to eatface="Times New Roman Star"естьface="Times New Roman Star"je- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je-, je.- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|im 'food'face="Times New Roman Star"je- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"-face="Times New Roman Star"ji-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"ij-face="Times New Roman Star"c?e-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:-face="Times New Roman Star"d/e-face="Times New Roman Star"jie:-face="Times New Roman Star"s/i-face="Times New Roman Star"sie-face="Times New Roman Star"hie-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e-face="Times New Roman Star"z?e-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|eje- (arch.)face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ji-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 194, EDT 869-70, Ё—“я 1, 333-335, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)e:p-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 be on one's way 2 sendface="Times New Roman Star"1 быть в пути 2 посылать


face="Times New Roman Star"z?ibe|r- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ibe|r-, jubo|r- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ebe|r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"i:ber- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"jabal- 1face="Times New Roman Star"i:p- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|iber- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?iber- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jiber- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jebe|r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jeber-face="Times New Roman Star"z?iber-

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 322-324, ћудрак ƒисс. 198. The explanation < *y:d-bar- 'lead and take' is clearly unsatisfactory.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.t(t)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sevenface="Times New Roman Star"семьface="Times New Roman Star"jeti (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jeti (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ideface="Times New Roman Star"jeddi: (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ttiface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, jiti, z?|eta"face="Times New Roman Star"jeddiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"c?itt@face="Times New Roman Star"c?ettiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jieti, ja"tti (< Az.?)face="Times New Roman Star"s/iz?|@face="Times New Roman Star"setteface="Times New Roman Star"hetteface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|etiface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jeteface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, z?|eti, z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jittiface="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 886, VEWT 199, Ё—“я 4, 167-168, TMN 4, 139, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 demon, evil spirit 2 bad, evil 3 to hate, despise 4 to scoldface="Times New Roman Star"1 демон, злой дух 2 плохой, отвратительный 3 ненавидеть, презирать 4 бранитьface="Times New Roman Star"jek 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jek 1 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ik 2, z?|iker- 4face="Times New Roman Star"jek 1 (AH), 2 (Pav. C.), jigir- 3 (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ekir- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ja"kla"- 3, z?|ekir- 4

face="Times New Roman Star"jekir- 3, jek (dial.) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"jek, d/ek 1, 2, jikir- 3





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ek 2, z?|ekte- 3, z?|ekir- 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek 2, z?ekir- 4face="Times New Roman Star"jekir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jek 2, jeker- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"jek 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek 2, z?ekir- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"jekir- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 910, VEWT 194, Ё—“я 4, 170-171, 173-174. Loan from Prakr. yakkha (through some unattested Sogdian intermediary) cannot be excluded, but also cannot be ascertained. Turk. > MMong. (MA) z?|ikir- 'hate, abhor'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jEk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to harnessface="Times New Roman Star"запр€гать


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ik-







face="Times New Roman Star"jek-, d/ek-





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ek-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek-face="Times New Roman Star"jek-face="Times New Roman Star"jek-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek-
face="Times New Roman Star"jek-, jik-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ek-
face="Times New Roman Star"jek-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 195, Ё—“я 4, 172.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"windface="Times New Roman Star"ветерface="Times New Roman Star"jel (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je.l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilface="Times New Roman Star"je.l (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"ja"lface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"c?ilface="Times New Roman Star"c?elface="Times New Roman Star"jel, d/elface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"s/ilface="Times New Roman Star"sillie 'storm, whirlwind'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elface="Times New Roman Star"z?el
face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?el
face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?elface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 195, EDT 916-917, Ё—“я 4, 174-175, Ћексика 40. Bulg.> Hung. sze/l 'wind', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 705-706.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jEl(b)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of short coatface="Times New Roman Star"вид короткой куртки

face="Times New Roman Star"jelekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ile|n, z?|ilbe|ge|jface="Times New Roman Star"jela"k (Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ela"k

face="Times New Roman Star"jela"k, jela"n (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jelek (dial.), jelbegej








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elek, z?|elbegej, dial. z?|elegejface="Times New Roman Star"z?elek, z?elen|, z?elbegej, z?elegejface="Times New Roman Star"jelen|face="Times New Roman Star"jela"n, jelba"ga"j

face="Times New Roman Star"jelekface="Times New Roman Star"z?elek, z?elen|, z?elbegej
face="Times New Roman Star"jelbegejface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 196, Ё—“я 4, 177, 178.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jelpi- / *jalpy-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to flap, winnow 2 to shake, sway 3 fanface="Times New Roman Star"1 махать, ве€ть 2 тр€сти, качать 3 веер, опахало
face="Times New Roman Star"jelpit- 1 (caus.) (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jelpaze 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilpe- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jelpi- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"jelpi- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja"lpu"- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jelpik 3face="Times New Roman Star"jelpe- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?elbe-, c?albra- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jelbi-, d/elbi- 1, jalbra- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"salbyra:- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?elbi-, c?elwi- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elpi-, z?|elbire- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?elpi- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jelpi- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jelpe- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jelpi- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?elpi- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jelpi- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 920, VEWT 182, 196, Ё—“я 4, 182. Derivation from *jel 'wind' is highly improbable (at the most we can speak of a secondary contamination of roots).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jem-u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to crush, destroy 2 to curse, reproachface="Times New Roman Star"1 ломать, разрушать 2 порицать, упрекатьface="Times New Roman Star"jemir- (OUygh.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jemu"r- (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|imer- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jimir-, ju"mu"r- (R., Ѕуд.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jimir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"mu"r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"nebir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jemir-, d/emir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|m@w|r- 2, 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?emir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|emir- 2, 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jemer- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?emir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 937, VEWT 197, Ё—“я 4, 183-184, ≈горов 210. The meaning 'crush, destroy, widespread in modern languages, must be a secondary development from the original more abstract 'harm' (whence also 'curse, reproach').
face="Times New Roman Star"*jegnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sleeveface="Times New Roman Star"рукав
face="Times New Roman Star"jen| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jenface="Times New Roman Star"z?|inface="Times New Roman Star"jen| (Ettuhf., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|face="Times New Roman Star"jin|, z?|inface="Times New Roman Star"jeng (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"n@n|face="Times New Roman Star"nen|, na":s?face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|, d/en|
face="Times New Roman Star"s/avnъface="Times New Roman Star"siexface="Times New Roman Star"hiek, hienface="Times New Roman Star"c?en|
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|, zen|face="Times New Roman Star"jenface="Times New Roman Star"jeng, jen|g, jin|face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|, jen|gface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 197, TMN 4, 203, EDT 940, Ё—“я 4, 186, ‘едотов 2, 84, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.n|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to winface="Times New Roman Star"побеждать
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jen-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|-
face="Times New Roman Star"jen-, jin- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"c?in|-face="Times New Roman Star"nen|-, neg-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-, d/en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|g-face="Times New Roman Star"s/@n-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|g-, jen/-face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|-
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 942, Ё—“я 4, 187, Ћексика 576. Ramstedt's hypothesis of *jen|- being derived from *jeg- 'better, top' could be accepted, but the Ud. parallel din|e- makes it questionable. We prefer to regard -n|- here as the root consonant.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jen|gu"-l, jen|i-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lightface="Times New Roman Star"легкийface="Times New Roman Star"jenik, jo"n|u"l (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|u"l (Tefs., IM), jenik 'light', jeni- 'to become light' (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jeni, ju"nu"l, jejniface="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|elface="Times New Roman Star"jen|gil (Sangl.), ju"ngu"l (MKypch. - Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jenik, jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ig (<*jen|ig)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ngu"l, jejinface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ni:k (< *jen|ik)
face="Times New Roman Star"d/en|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jin|gil, jejinface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|mъw|l

face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:k (< *jen|ik)face="Times New Roman Star"nin|es?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|ilface="Times New Roman Star"z?en|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jen|elface="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|gil, z?engil, zengilface="Times New Roman Star"jilinface="Times New Roman Star"jen|il, jen|gil, jenilface="Times New Roman Star"z?en|il
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 948, 950, VEWT 198, Ё—“я 4, 188, 184, Ћексика 340. Turk. > Hung. gyenge 'weak', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earth, landface="Times New Roman Star"земл€face="Times New Roman Star"jer (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je.r (MK), jer (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"z?|irface="Times New Roman Star"je.r (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"ja"rface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"c?irface="Times New Roman Star"c?er (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/erface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"s/@rface="Times New Roman Star"sirface="Times New Roman Star"hirface="Times New Roman Star"c?erface="Times New Roman Star"c?erface="Times New Roman Star"z?|erface="Times New Roman Star"z?erface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"z?erface="Times New Roman Star"jer/face="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"z?erface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 198, EDT 954, Ё—“я 4, 191-192, Ћексика 53, Stachowski 104-105. Bulg. > Hung. szer 'place' (in toponyms), see Sinor 1990.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e>.dn|e-rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"saddleface="Times New Roman Star"седло
face="Times New Roman Star"ed|er (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eyerface="Times New Roman Star"ije|rface="Times New Roman Star"e.gerface="Times New Roman Star"egarface="Times New Roman Star"eg@(r)face="Times New Roman Star"ezerface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ha"rface="Times New Roman Star"ejerface="Times New Roman Star"izerface="Times New Roman Star"ezerface="Times New Roman Star"e:r
face="Times New Roman Star"j@nerface="Times New Roman Star"yn|y:rface="Times New Roman Star"yn|y:rface="Times New Roman Star"ezerface="Times New Roman Star"e'zer (–ас. ‘иЋ 183)face="Times New Roman Star"e:rface="Times New Roman Star"erface="Times New Roman Star"ijerface="Times New Roman Star"eja"rface="Times New Roman Star"ijerface="Times New Roman Star"je:rface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"en|er (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"erface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 63, VEWT 36, Ё—“я 1, 241-242, 658-659, Ћексика 539, Stachowski 261. Reflexes of the cluster are complicated by borrowings: e.g. Tuva, Tof. is < Khak. Turk. *edn|er-c?ak 'pack saddle' > MMong. in|g|irc?aq, WMong. jan|g|irc?aq id. (TMN 2, 128-129, ўербак 1997, 164, јникин 88).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar- / *jer-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"batface="Times New Roman Star"летуча€ мышь
face="Times New Roman Star"jersgu", jerise (MK Chigil)face="Times New Roman Star"jarasa, jarasykface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (AH), jar-qanat (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|r-qano|t

face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (dial.), jarg|a:natface="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-xanat
face="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat, d/ar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ara-s/erz/iface="Times New Roman Star"sary: kynat
face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'sqy
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jeri qanatyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jeresenface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 972, VEWT 189, TMN 4, 143, Ё—“я 4, 140-141, Ћексика 168. The word is etymologically difficult because of the unclear suffix *-sa / *-se attested in early forms and some of the modern reflexes. In most modern languages the word is folk-etymologically rebuilt as *jary-Kiajnat 'film-wing' (or 'naked sparrow' in Chuv.).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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