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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ben|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mole on the faceface="Times New Roman Star" face="Times New Roman Star"men| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ben, benekface="Times New Roman Star"bin|face="Times New Roman Star"men| (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ba"na"kface="Times New Roman Star"men|, menekface="Times New Roman Star"min|
face="Times New Roman Star"men|
face="Times New Roman Star"min| (may be < Tat.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|
face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|
face="Times New Roman Star"ben, benek
face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, 334, EDT 346, 208, Stachowski 178.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ben|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bait, bird-seedface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"men| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ben, ben| (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"men| (MA)



face="Times New Roman Star"men|




face="Times New Roman Star"men|ia" < *men|-eg (dimin.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|e











face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 334, EDT 766, Stachowski 178. Turk. > WMong. men|, see KW 261.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 I 2 (*bi-r/) weface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 (*bi-r/) face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.), men 1 (OUygh.), biz 2 (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men 1 (MK, KB), biz 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bez 2face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1 (Abush.), biz 2 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, pyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, bi:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, p@s 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, pis 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, mis 2face="Times New Roman Star"ma"n 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"e-b@ 1, e-b@r 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bihigi 2 (Poss.)face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bihigi 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, bis 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, bi's 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, miz 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"min 1, bed| 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, miz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ben 1, bis 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"me:(n) 1, pise(r) 2 ( 128)face="Times New Roman Star"men 1, biz 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 346 (*be.-n), 388 (*bir/), 2, 129-130, VEWT 77, 333, Stachowski 60, 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu":n- (/*bi:n-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to ride on, to mount, to rizeface="Times New Roman Star" face="Times New Roman Star"bin- (Orkh.), mu"n- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bin-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-; mi:n- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"min-
face="Times New Roman Star"minder 'pillow'face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"pin-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-, mim-, min|- ()face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 338, TMN 4, 34, EDT 348, 7, Stachowski 180. Shortness in Turkm. is not clear. On the derivative *bin-ig- > *binge-l/- 'to ride behind someone else on the same horse' see EDT 771, Stachowski 178. Chuv. minder may be < Kypch., cf. Turk., Gag., Turkm., Nogh. minder, Kum. minnir, Tat., Bashk. menda"r - see 1, 359.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bun-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to become mad, foolish 2 mad, crazy 3 to become old, senileface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , 3 face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 1, mun|qul 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 1, munduz 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"buna- 1





face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 3face="Times New Roman Star"munu- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 'to go astray'face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 'go astray, lose one's way'face="Times New Roman Star"mun|g|aq 'resentful', myny- 3 (Todz?.), mun| dial. 2 (< *mun-k?)





face="Times New Roman Star"bun- 'to be tired, dissatisfied', bunaq 'senile person'face="Times New Roman Star"buna- 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"munax 'irrational' ()
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 514, EDT 348, 768, 769, 3, 53, Stachowski 181.
face="Times New Roman Star"*burun (*buryn)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 front part 3 beforeface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 , face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"boryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"p'uryn 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"purnu, (.) purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 3face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1
face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"munnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"moron 1, boron 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"purny 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 366-367, 2, 269-273, 214-215, Stachowski 182. Cf. *bur- 'to smell' (VEWT 89).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bun|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sufferingface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"bun| (Orkh.), mun| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mun| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bunface="Times New Roman Star"mon|face="Times New Roman Star"mun| (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"mun|

face="Times New Roman Star"mun|-ly 'sorrowful' (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"mun|

face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"mun|
face="Times New Roman Star"mun|
face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"mon|
face="Times New Roman Star"bun
face="Times New Roman Star"mun|
face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 344, EDT 347, 2, 73, 7, Stachowski 182.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"n|u"l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"angleface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"s? (Rabg.)
face="Times New Roman Star"mu"jes?face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"s? (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mujus?, mujys?








face="Times New Roman Star"mun|, mun|nukface="Times New Roman Star"mun|, munnuk


face="Times New Roman Star"mu"jisface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jisface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ges? (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"s?, mu"vu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"mu"jes?
face="Times New Roman Star"mujus?, mu"ju"s?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 344, EDT 771, 7, Stachowski 182 (on a different etymology of Yak. mun|nuq see Clark 1977, 133).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:jnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"neckface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"bojyn (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bojun, bojyn (MK), bojun (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojn, bojun (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.jinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojinface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"bu:unface="Times New Roman Star"mjface="Times New Roman Star"mo:jface="Times New Roman Star"muojface="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mo"a"n (mojnu)face="Times New Roman Star"mojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"mujynface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"bojnuface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"mojynface="Times New Roman Star"bojnyface="Times New Roman Star"bojunface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, EDT 386, 2, 180-182, 233-234, Stachowski 183. Turk. forms like Kirgh. mojnoq > Mong. Kh. moinog 'Wamme' (see 1997, 108).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bujn|ur/ (*bu"jn|u"r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hornface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"z (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bojnuzface="Times New Roman Star"mo"gezface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"z, mu"giz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu.gizface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"mon|ysface="Times New Roman Star"bujnuzface="Times New Roman Star"bujnuzface="Times New Roman Star"mu":sface="Times New Roman Star"mu":sface="Times New Roman Star"mu":s
face="Times New Roman Star"mjragaface="Times New Roman Star"muosface="Times New Roman Star"muosface="Times New Roman Star"myjysface="Times New Roman Star"miisface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jizface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jizface="Times New Roman Star"mo"go"d|face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"bujnusface="Times New Roman Star"mun|guzface="Times New Roman Star"mujizface="Times New Roman Star"mon|yzface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 347, EDT 352, 2, 243, 148, Stachowski 183.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:ta-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cut branches 2 branch 3 nailface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 face="Times New Roman Star"butyq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"butyq, butaq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1 (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) buda- 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, buto|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu:da- 1, pu:daq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pydyra- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"(buta 'bush' - a backloan from Pers.?)face="Times New Roman Star"pw|da 3face="Times New Roman Star"byta:- 1, butuk 2 (.); muta:- 1, mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu'duq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butanaq 2 (buta 'bush' < Iran.)face="Times New Roman Star"byta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu/u:tax 2 ()face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, 302, VEWT 90, TMN 2, 330, 103, Stachowski 183. Turk. > WMong. butaq 'branch' (see 1997, 111) (but Mong. buta can be hardly explained as a loan).
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"ku"r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oxface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ugi>zface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ho.kizface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"z, ho"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"kusface="Times New Roman Star"o"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"o"kiz, o"ku"z



face="Times New Roman Star"vw|gw|rface="Times New Roman Star"og|usface="Times New Roman Star"ogus

face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"o"gi>zface="Times New Roman Star"o"gizface="Times New Roman Star"ugi>d|face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"oku"z, o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"o"giz
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 120, VEWT 370, 1, 521-523, 439, Stachowski 190. Clauson 1959 derives the form from Tokh. B okso (corrected to Tokh. A in EDT); justly refuted by Doerfer TMN 1, 539 because of original *p-. Turk. (Bulg.) > Hung. o"ko"r, see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 23.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sok-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hit, beat, crushface="Times New Roman Star", , face="Times New Roman Star"soq- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"soq- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sok-face="Times New Roman Star"suq-face="Times New Roman Star"soq- (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"so.q-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-
face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"sox-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-
face="Times New Roman Star"sw|x-face="Times New Roman Star"og|us-face="Times New Roman Star"ogus-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"so'q-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-face="Times New Roman Star"huq-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-
face="Times New Roman Star"sog|-face="Times New Roman Star"soq-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 805, 396, 7, Stachowski 190. Homonymous *sok- 'to pierce, stick into' and *sok- 'to weave, knit' (see ibid.) may represent originally different roots.
face="Times New Roman Star"*oj-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 play 2 to play 3 to jumpface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ujyn 1, ujna- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o.jin 1, o.jna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojun, ojan 1, ojni- 2face="Times New Roman Star"oin, ujin 1face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojyn 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"oin 1face="Times New Roman Star"ojyn 1, ojno- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"vw|jw| 1face="Times New Roman Star"o:nn/u: 1, o:nn/o:- 2, oj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 3, o:nn/o:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojno- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojyn 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojyn 1face="Times New Roman Star"ujyn 1, ujna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ojyn 1, ojna- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ojun 1, ojna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 274, 275, 1, 435-436, Stachowski 190, 198. The verb also has sexual connotations, preserved in Kirgh., Oyr., Bashk. and Yak. (where it also means 'to flirt, be in love') and in the common Turkic derivative *ojnal/ 'lover' (see ibid.) - important for establishing external connections.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ejeku"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"side, upper ribface="Times New Roman Star", face="Times New Roman Star"ejegu" (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ejegu" (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"eje; (Osm.) ejegi
face="Times New Roman Star"ejegu", u"jegi (Sangl.)








face="Times New Roman Star"ajkface="Times New Roman Star"ojog|os ( < *ajaku-c??)face="Times New Roman Star"ojogosface="Times New Roman Star"e:giface="Times New Roman Star"e:?gi









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 38, EDT 272, 38, . 64, 275, Stachowski 190.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o:j-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to pick, peck 2 embroidery 3 thimbleface="Times New Roman Star", , face="Times New Roman Star"oj- (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1, oja 2face="Times New Roman Star"uj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- (Sangl.) 1, ojmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"o.j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"o:j- 1, o:jmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"j, ij@ (NW) 'chisel'face="Times New Roman Star"ojuo-t- ; ojun- 'to be split off'; oju: 'picture'face="Times New Roman Star"oju: 'picture'face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1, ojmoq 3face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"uj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"oj- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 358, 359, EDT 265, 266, 1, 425-428, 434, 98, Stachowski 190; also a noun: *o:j 'pit, lowland' (Tof. ( 1995) oj 'brook bed' etc.; *o:j-yk 'wound; pit'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ol-ur-, *ol(u)-tur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sitface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (OUygh.), olur- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (MK), ol- 'to be' (At., IM), 'to become ripe' (MK, IM, Bulgat)face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"utyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (. ., Abush., Pav. C.), (?) ol- 'to be' (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"u.tir-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur-
face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"odyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"otur-
face="Times New Roman Star"lar-face="Times New Roman Star"olor-face="Times New Roman Star"olor-face="Times New Roman Star"olur-face="Times New Roman Star"olyr-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ultyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oht(yr)-
face="Times New Roman Star" 1, 489-492. EDT 125, 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Stachowski 192. See also the comments on *bo:l- ' to be, become'. From the forms phonetically looking like ol- 'to be, become' the only actual reflexes of PT *ol- may be Middle Uygh. (At., Tefs., IM - opposed to bar, bir-) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf.), cf. 2, 186; Chag. ol- may as well be < Oghuz.
face="Times New Roman Star"*or-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 place 2 palace 3 lair, den 4 middle 5 place of staying (of the army, ruler etc.) 6 armyface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 , 4 5 (, ) 6 face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1 (OUygh.), ordu 2, 5, ortu 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu 2, 3, otra ? ortu (MK) 5face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"uryn 1, urda 5, urta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu, orda 5, orta 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.rin 1, o.rda 5, o.rta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, o(r)da 5, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orta, orto, otra 4face="Times New Roman Star"ordu 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, orta 4, orda 6face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 5, orty 4
face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, ordo 5, orto 4
face="Times New Roman Star"vyrn 1, vda 4face="Times New Roman Star"ordu: 1, 3, 5, oron 1, orto 4face="Times New Roman Star"onnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ortu 4face="Times New Roman Star"oron 1face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordo 5, orto 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 4, 5, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 5, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"uryn 1, urda 5, urta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, ordu 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"oryn 1, orda 5, orta 4
face="Times New Roman Star"orun 1, orda 5, 6, orta 4face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 203-204, 233, VEWT 364, 365, TMN 2, 141, 1, 470-472, 474-479, 495, 563, 569, Stachowski 193, 196. Turkic is the source of Mong. oron 'place', ordo(n) 'palace' (cf. TMN 1, 164-165, 2, 38-39, 1997, 130), whence Man. oron etc., see Doerfer MT 116. The PT *ordu 'place of staying' may need to be separated from other forms here: it contains a very untypical *-rd- cluster (as opposed to *or-tu 'middle') and may reflect an ancient borrowing from some unknown source. Cf. in that respect WMong. o"rte- 'to change post horses', o"rtegen 'postal relay station', also somewhat obscure in origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*on|ur-, *on|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to crush, break offface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"og|ur- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"umyr-




face="Times New Roman Star"on|ur-, omur-face="Times New Roman Star"or-



face="Times New Roman Star"on|- 'to pick out'face="Times New Roman Star"on|- 'to pick out'face="Times New Roman Star"o:r-
face="Times New Roman Star"omur-face="Times New Roman Star"omyr-face="Times New Roman Star"omyr-face="Times New Roman Star"umyr-


face="Times New Roman Star"omyr-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 91, 1, 461; Stachowski 194. Derived is PT *on|ur-tka 'spine, backbone' (see 1, 463-464).
face="Times New Roman Star"*sin|o"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"boneface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"su"n|o"k (Orkh.), su"n|u"k (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"su"n|u"k (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"su"n|u"k, so"n|ek, su"mu"k (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"so"je|kface="Times New Roman Star"su"n|ek (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"sujakface="Times New Roman Star"so"n|a"kface="Times New Roman Star"symykface="Times New Roman Star"su"mu"kface="Times New Roman Star"su"n|k, su"jekface="Times New Roman Star"so":kface="Times New Roman Star"so":kface="Times New Roman Star"so":kface="Times New Roman Star"simikface="Times New Roman Star"s?w|mw|face="Times New Roman Star"un|uox|face="Times New Roman Star"on|uokface="Times New Roman Star"so":kface="Times New Roman Star"so":kface="Times New Roman Star"so"o"kface="Times New Roman Star"sujekface="Times New Roman Star"su"jekface="Times New Roman Star"ho"ja"kface="Times New Roman Star"su"jek

face="Times New Roman Star"su"jekface="Times New Roman Star"senixface="Times New Roman Star"su"jekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 437, EDT 838-839, 260-261, 7, Stachowski 195. With different suffixation cf. Uygh. so"n|ga"c? 'thigh, hip, thigh bone'; Yak., Dolg. o"n|u"rges 'cartilage' (Stachowski 200).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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