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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lose strength, to faint, lose consciousnessface="Times New Roman Star"терять силы, сознаниеface="Times New Roman Star"tal- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"talg|an ig 'epilepsy' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|l-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-

face="Times New Roman Star"da:l- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-

face="Times New Roman Star"ta:l-
face="Times New Roman Star"dal-face="Times New Roman Star"dal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-, taly-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-
face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"tal-
face="Times New Roman Star"tal-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 457, EDT 490, ЭСТЯ 3, 133-134.
face="Times New Roman Star"*damface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 drop 2 to dropface="Times New Roman Star"1 капля 2 капать
face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam 1 (Abush.), tam- 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|m-face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dam- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tom-la- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tammax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"dam-dy 1face="Times New Roman Star"tam-dy 1face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dam-na 1face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tam- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 459, EDT 503, ЭСТЯ 3, 139-140, Федотов 2, 245. There is also a variant *dym 'wetness' (ЭСТЯ 3, 294).
face="Times New Roman Star"*da.morface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 vein, artery 2 rootface="Times New Roman Star"1 жила, сосуд 2 кореньface="Times New Roman Star"tamar, tamyr 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tamur (MK, KB), tamar (MK-Oghuz) 1face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamur 1, 2 (Sangl., Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|mir 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tomur, temir 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tymar 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tymyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"tymyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"damyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"damyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"damar 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamur 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tamyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"tamur 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 460, EDT 508, ЭСТЯ 3, 143-144, Лексика 107-108, 264-265, Stachowski 238. There are also some forms with -o-: Oyr. tomur- 'to uproot', Kirgh. tomor 'name of a plant, from the root of which dye is produced', Kaz. tomar id., KKalp. tomar 'root' - possibly contaminations with *Tomar 'block, log' (v. sub *t`ome).
face="Times New Roman Star"*dar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to go apart, scatter, spread 2 to branch, be forked 3 branch 4 claw 5 fingerface="Times New Roman Star"1 расходиться, рассеиваться, распространяться 2 растопыриваться, разветвляться 3 ветвь 4 лапа 5 палец
face="Times New Roman Star"tarmaq 4, tarmaqla- 2, tar- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"darga- 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"tar- 1 (dial.), tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tar- 'to put an end to smth.' (Qutb)face="Times New Roman Star"tarvaj- 2, tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tarmaq 5face="Times New Roman Star"darma-dag|yn 'scattered'face="Times New Roman Star"darg|a- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tarba- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"torat 3face="Times New Roman Star"tarbax 5, targ|a:- 1face="Times New Roman Star"targat- 1 (tr.)face="Times New Roman Star"darba- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"tarba- 2, tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tarma- 2, tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"tarba- 2, tarmaq 3


face="Times New Roman Star"tarba- 2, tarmaq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"tarmaq 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 463, EDT 529, ЭСТЯ 3, 150-151, Дыбо 312, Лексика 256, Федотов 2, 251, Stachowski 218. Widely spread modern Kypchak forms like Kirgh. tara-, tarqa- 'to become scattered' etc. are most probably < Mong. tara-, tarqa- (see under *t`a/jri), since the (rather scanty) Oghuz evidence points to *d-, so Clauson (EDT 529) may be right in thinking that there is no etymological connection between PT *dar- and Mong. tara-, tarqa- 'disperse'. It is also probable that the common Turkic derivatives *darma- 'to scrape, rake up; to scatter, disperse in different directions', as well as *dara- 'to comb' (ЭСТЯ 3, 147-149, Stachowski 217) can belong here - although both roots tend to contaminate actively with PT *dyrn|a- 'to scrape' (q. v. sub *c?i_u>ru).
face="Times New Roman Star"*dia:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"stoneface="Times New Roman Star"каменьface="Times New Roman Star"tas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas? (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"dasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"da:s?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"ta:%s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?olface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"ta:sface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?, das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"tasface="Times New Roman Star"das?face="Times New Roman Star"tas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, TMN 2, 437-8, EDT 557, ЭСТЯ 3, 167-168, Егоров 326, Федотов 2, 421-422, Stachowski 219.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ta:t (/*to:t)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 rust 2 rashface="Times New Roman Star"1 ржавчина 2 пятна на лице
face="Times New Roman Star"tat 1 (totyq- 'to get rusty') (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tatu 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"tut 1, 2, tat (КСТТ) 'spot'face="Times New Roman Star"tot (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) tat 1 (At-Tuhf.)

face="Times New Roman Star"dad 1

face="Times New Roman Star"tat 1face="Times New Roman Star"tat 1face="Times New Roman Star"tot 'sun-tan', tat 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tut, tudъ 2, todъx 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"tata:r 2
face="Times New Roman Star"dat 1face="Times New Roman Star"tadaryq 1face="Times New Roman Star"dat 1face="Times New Roman Star"tot 1, 'suntan'face="Times New Roman Star"tot 1, 2, tat 'spot'face="Times New Roman Star"tut 1, 2, dial. tat 'scurf in a bucket'face="Times New Roman Star"tot 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tot, tut 1face="Times New Roman Star"tat 1
face="Times New Roman Star"tot 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, EDT 449, Егоров 262, Федотов 2, 256, Лексика 411-412. Length may be reconstructed because of the lack of pharyngealization in Tuva-Tof.
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:panface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"foot, soleface="Times New Roman Star"нога, подошва
face="Times New Roman Star"taban (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"taban (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|bo|nface="Times New Roman Star"tapanface="Times New Roman Star"tawanface="Times New Roman Star"dabanface="Times New Roman Star"da:ban

face="Times New Roman Star"taman
face="Times New Roman Star"toban

face="Times New Roman Star"davanface="Times New Roman Star"damanface="Times New Roman Star"tamanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"taban
face="Times New Roman Star"tabanface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 462, EDT 441, ЭСТЯ 3, 110-112, Лексика 289, Федотов 2, 249.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tar/yl?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"rootface="Times New Roman Star"корень


face="Times New Roman Star"tazyl (КСТТ)





face="Times New Roman Star"tazylface="Times New Roman Star"tazylface="Times New Roman Star"tazyl



face="Times New Roman Star"dazylface="Times New Roman Star"dazyl









face="Times New Roman Star"Рас. ФиЛ 170.
face="Times New Roman Star"*d(i)a:l/(y)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to overflowface="Times New Roman Star"переливаться через край, разливатьсяface="Times New Roman Star"tas?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?y-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|s?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-face="Times New Roman Star"das?-face="Times New Roman Star"da:s?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas-
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?qyn 'flood'

face="Times New Roman Star"tahyj-
face="Times New Roman Star"daz?y-
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?y-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-

face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tas?-face="Times New Roman Star"tasy-
face="Times New Roman Star"tas?y-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 466, EDT 559, ЭСТЯ 3, 169-170.
face="Times New Roman Star"*da:j-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"uncleface="Times New Roman Star"дядяface="Times New Roman Star"tag|aj 'maternal uncle' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tag|aj 'maternal uncle' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dajy
face="Times New Roman Star"tag|aji 'maternal uncle' (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"to|g|aface="Times New Roman Star"tag|aface="Times New Roman Star"tag|yjface="Times New Roman Star"dajyface="Times New Roman Star"da:jyface="Times New Roman Star"taj, tajy, ta:jface="Times New Roman Star"tajyface="Times New Roman Star"ta:j, taj

face="Times New Roman Star"ta:j
face="Times New Roman Star"da:j
face="Times New Roman Star"taj, tag|aface="Times New Roman Star"tag|a (dial.)




face="Times New Roman Star"dajy
face="Times New Roman Star"dajyface="Times New Roman Star" VEWT 455-456, TMN 3, 196, EDT 474, ЭСТЯ 3, 127-129, Лексика 296. Some forms go back to a suffixed *da:ja-kaj.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sayface="Times New Roman Star"сказать, говоритьface="Times New Roman Star"te- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"te- (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"di- (Abush.), te- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"da"-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"di:-face="Times New Roman Star"t@-face="Times New Roman Star"te-face="Times New Roman Star"de-
face="Times New Roman Star"te-face="Times New Roman Star"die-face="Times New Roman Star"die-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"te-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"ti-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"dij-face="Times New Roman Star"de-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 467-8, EDT 433-4, ЭСТЯ 3, 221-224, Stachowski 79. Kypchak and some other languages preserve voiced d- due to the word's grammaticalized usage.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to touch, to reachface="Times New Roman Star"дотрагиваться, достигатьface="Times New Roman Star"teg- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teg- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dej-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"teg- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"g-
face="Times New Roman Star"da"j-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"tig-face="Times New Roman Star"teg-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"j-face="Times New Roman Star"tiv-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:-j-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:j-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"deg-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tej-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"di-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"tij-
face="Times New Roman Star"tij-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 468-469, EDT 476, ЭСТЯ 3, 173-175, Stachowski 224. Sal. des?-, dial. tes?-, tejis?- 'to burn' must be derived from the same root ("to reach fire"). A very complicated issue is the relationship of this root to PT *de:k, *de:ki- 'to, up to' (usually acting as a postposition) - see ЭСТЯ 2, 182-185, EDT 477 (added should be also Yak. dieki 'in the direction of', Dolg. diek, diegi 'side', see Stachowski 79). The phonology here is quite puzzling: one would be tempted to regard the medial -k- as an archaism (see below on the irregularity of *-g- in Turkic), but the open long *-e:- presents great difficulties (since the verbal root itself most definitely has a short closed *-e.-). A possible solution is to correct the reconstruction *de:k(i) to *de.ge-ki and regard the *-k(i) as an original locative suffix; this seems plausible because another attested form of the postposition is *de.gi-n (cf. especially reflexes like Tat. dial. tin|, KKalp. dejin, Kaz. deji>n, Nogh. dejim).
face="Times New Roman Star"*de:minface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 enough 2 immediatelyface="Times New Roman Star"1 достаточно 2 немедленно, только чтоface="Times New Roman Star"temin 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"temin (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"demin 2









face="Times New Roman Star"ti:emi 1face="Times New Roman Star"taman 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"dem 2, demin 2face="Times New Roman Star"de|:min 2




face="Times New Roman Star"demin 2face="Times New Roman Star"demin (K) 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 507, ЭСТЯ 3, 187-188.
face="Times New Roman Star"*de.rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sweatface="Times New Roman Star"потface="Times New Roman Star"ter (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ter (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"ter (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"ta"r
face="Times New Roman Star"da"r (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"derface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tar, te.r (NW)face="Times New Roman Star"tir-it- 'to sweat'
face="Times New Roman Star"der
face="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"tirface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"terface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 474, EDT 528, ЭСТЯ 3, 203-204. Chuvash dialects show a variation between e/e..
face="Times New Roman Star"*terku" ( ? -i-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"saddle strapsface="Times New Roman Star"торока
face="Times New Roman Star"tergu" (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"terki `rear saddlebow'
face="Times New Roman Star"terki (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) tergu" (Houts.)


face="Times New Roman Star"ta"rk `place behind the saddle'face="Times New Roman Star"tirkis?face="Times New Roman Star"tirg@face="Times New Roman Star"terigface="Times New Roman Star"terki
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"rt `back, back side', tu"rt-l@x 'чресседельник'face="Times New Roman Star"to"rgu":
face="Times New Roman Star"dergi










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 475-476, EDT 544, TMN 2, 499-500. The stem is connected - in a somewhat unclear fashion - with *tirke- 'to hitch' (derived from tiz- 'to string' in Хелимский 1986 and Дыбо 1995, 282 - but the latter should be properly reconstructed as *dir/-, so this derivation is by no means certain). External evidence suggests that *-i- is original here; the vowel *-e- in *terku" may be due to the influence of *de:r-ke- 'to gather; equip' (see *de:r-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*de:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to collect, gatherface="Times New Roman Star"собиратьface="Times New Roman Star"ter- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"te:.r- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"der-face="Times New Roman Star"tir-, tijr- (КСТТ)face="Times New Roman Star"te.r- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"r/j-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"da"r-, der-face="Times New Roman Star"ti:r-face="Times New Roman Star"tir-, te:r-face="Times New Roman Star"te:r-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-

face="Times New Roman Star"terij-face="Times New Roman Star"terij-face="Times New Roman Star"deri- 'снаряжать'
face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"tir-


face="Times New Roman Star"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"te:re- (ССЯ)
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 529, VEWT 475, ЭСТЯ 3, 204-205, Stachowski 221. Turkm. has an irregular devoicing (old Kypchak influence?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*tEr/ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dungface="Times New Roman Star"навозface="Times New Roman Star"tezek (OUygh. - YB)face="Times New Roman Star"tezek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tiza"k, kiza"kface="Times New Roman Star"tezek (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tezakface="Times New Roman Star"teza"k
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"za"kface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tizekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"ta"za"kface="Times New Roman Star"? tir@s

face="Times New Roman Star"de's 'clotted blood'face="Times New Roman Star"de's 'clotted blood' (Рас. ФиЛ)face="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tid|a"kface="Times New Roman Star"tezgekface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tez'akface="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"tesex, to"zex (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"tezekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 477, TMN 2, 508, EDT 574, Федотов 2, 236. Chuv. > Tat., Bashk. tires.
face="Times New Roman Star"*te:r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to run away, flee 2 swift; scary, shyface="Times New Roman Star"1 убегать 2 быстрый; пугливый, робкийface="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tez 2
face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) dez- 1 (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"z- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ta"z- 1, ta"z 2face="Times New Roman Star"tez- 1, ti:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"tis- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ta"z- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tehi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"tehi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"des- 1face="Times New Roman Star"des- 1









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 477, EDT 572, Stachowski 220. Turk. > Pers. ti:z (not vice versa, as sometimes suggested).
face="Times New Roman Star"*del/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to make holesface="Times New Roman Star"продырявливать
face="Times New Roman Star"tes?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"des?-face="Times New Roman Star"tis?-face="Times New Roman Star"tes?- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"tes?-face="Times New Roman Star"ta"s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"des?-
face="Times New Roman Star"tis-
face="Times New Roman Star"tes?-

face="Times New Roman Star"tes-face="Times New Roman Star"tes-face="Times New Roman Star"des?-face="Times New Roman Star"des?-face="Times New Roman Star"tes?-face="Times New Roman Star"tes-face="Times New Roman Star"tes-face="Times New Roman Star"tis?-face="Times New Roman Star"tes?-face="Times New Roman Star"des?-face="Times New Roman Star"tes?-face="Times New Roman Star"tes-
face="Times New Roman Star"tes?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 476, EDT 559, ЭСТЯ 3, 210-212, TMN 2, 657, Stachowski 221.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tekeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"he-goatface="Times New Roman Star"козелface="Times New Roman Star"teke (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"teke (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka" 'козел, баран'face="Times New Roman Star"teke (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"takaface="Times New Roman Star"teka"face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka"face="Times New Roman Star"teke

face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka"face="Times New Roman Star"taga 'he-goat, ram'

face="Times New Roman Star"de`ge, te ([dhe])face="Times New Roman Star"te'heface="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"teka"face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"ta"ka" 'he-goat, ram'face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"teke, tegeface="Times New Roman Star"teke
face="Times New Roman Star"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 470, EDT 477, Лексика 154, 428. Turk. > Mong. teke 'he-goat' (KW 390; TMN 2, 529, Щербак 1997, 154) ( > Man., Sol. texe id., see Doerfer MT 100; Oyr. teke - instead of the expected *tege - may be also borrowed back < Mong.). The Tur. dialectal form deke, despite Doerfer, can hardly justify a reconstruction of PT *d-.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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