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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan-, *jan-tyr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.), blaze up 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to shineface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть, загоратьс€ 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 светить
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"s/on- 1, s/ondar- 2face="Times New Roman Star"san-da:r- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jandyr- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?an- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 942, 947-948, Ё—“я 4, 112, ‘едотов 2, 136, Ћексика 362.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.nc?- / *jenc?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to crushface="Times New Roman Star"ломатьface="Times New Roman Star"janc?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"janc?-, jenc?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jenc?-face="Times New Roman Star"je|nc?e-face="Times New Roman Star"jenc?- (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja"nc?-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"nc?-

face="Times New Roman Star"jenc?-
face="Times New Roman Star"nas?-


face="Times New Roman Star"sys- / syn/-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|anc?-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ans?y-face="Times New Roman Star"jans?y-


face="Times New Roman Star"janc?-, jenc?-, janc-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ens?-
face="Times New Roman Star"janc?-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 944, Ё—“я 4, 184-185. Turk. > WMong. z?|anc?i-, janc?i-, KW 466, ўербак 1997, 122. See also notes to *ja:n(u)- 'threaten'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jA:mc?yk > *ja:nc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pocket, sash, bagface="Times New Roman Star"карман, мешочек, сумка
face="Times New Roman Star"janc?uq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janz?|ykface="Times New Roman Star"janc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"janc?uq (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|nc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"janc?uq

face="Times New Roman Star"ja:nz?|yqface="Times New Roman Star"nanc?yg|, nandyx
face="Times New Roman Star"janc?yq, d/anc?yq



face="Times New Roman Star"c?anc?yq



face="Times New Roman Star"jansyq

face="Times New Roman Star"janc?yq, janc?yx
face="Times New Roman Star"jenz?|uxface="Times New Roman Star"janc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185, EDT 945, Ё—“я 4, 118 (related to *ja:n 'side' by folk-etymology). The old form is preserved in Osm. jamc?y 'raincoat' etc. (VEWT 184, Ё—“я 4, 110; Turk. > Mong. z?|amc?i, z?|an|c?i).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 echo 2 sound, resound 3 to sound, pronounceface="Times New Roman Star"1 эхо 2 подражание звукам, звучание 3 звучатьface="Times New Roman Star"jan|qu 1 (OUygh.), jan|ra- (Orkh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jan|qu 1, jan|ra- 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janky 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yra- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jan|qu 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|gra- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"jan| 2, jan|ra- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|u 1, d/an|yr- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"san|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"han|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?an|g|y 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yr- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yra- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yra- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|g|yr- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jang|yr- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 949, 952, Ё—“я 4, 119, 122, 124, Stachowski 96. Turk. > WMong. jan| 'melody' (ўербак 1997, 164).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|y / *jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"newface="Times New Roman Star"новыйface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jangu.face="Times New Roman Star"jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y 'just, recently'face="Times New Roman Star"na:face="Times New Roman Star"na (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|yface="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|giface="Times New Roman Star"s/@n@face="Times New Roman Star"san|aface="Times New Roman Star"han|a; hin|il 'young'face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"n/a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?ang|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jyn|gyface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185 (Ra"sa"nen is deriving this word from *ja:n 'side' which is quite improbable), EDT 943-4, Ё—“я 4, 124-125, Ћексика 85, Stachowski 96, 104. Turk. > MMo, WMong. z?|an|gi, Kalm. za"n|g/@ 'news' (KW 470; doubts about this borrowing in TMN 1, 281, based on the early attestation of the meaning "discussion" in Mong., are hardly founded).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn|ylface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 mistake, fault 2 to err, make a mistakeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ошибка, вина 2 ошибатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl- 2, jan|luq 1(Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl- 2, jan|luq 1(MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janlys? 1, janyl- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|ys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yl- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Ettuhf., Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|lis?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jen|il-, jan|lis?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"janlys? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaln|ys? 1, jaln|ys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"na:l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, d/an|yl- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yl- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|yl- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|ylys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jannys? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, jan|g|yl- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, jan|lys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, EDT 950, 951, Ё—“я 4, 120-121. Suffixless *jan| is poorly attested and probably does not exist.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jap-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to smooth, level 2 flatface="Times New Roman Star"1 выравнивать, сглаживать 2 плоский
face="Times New Roman Star"japur- (MK) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"japalaq 2 (R.)
face="Times New Roman Star"japilaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"japyG 2







face="Times New Roman Star"c?y`pyt 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|apalaq 2




face="Times New Roman Star"japalaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"japalaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 16-17, 130, EDT 879.
face="Times New Roman Star"*japur-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"leafface="Times New Roman Star"листface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"japurg|aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japrakface="Times New Roman Star"jafraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyrg|an (Abush.), j[a]praq (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"japro|qface="Times New Roman Star"jopurmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"jarpaGface="Times New Roman Star"japraq

face="Times New Roman Star"d/albyraq

face="Times New Roman Star"sebirdexface="Times New Roman Star"hebirdekface="Times New Roman Star"c?o"vu"ree 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"'pra"a" 'bark'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albyraqface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japyraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"c?apraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"japraxface="Times New Roman Star"z?apyraqface="Times New Roman Star"ja"rfyx|face="Times New Roman Star"japraqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 188, EDT 879-80, Ё—“я 4, 130-132, Ћексика 111-112, Stachowski 100. Clauson derives *japur-gak from *japur- 'to smoothe, level', which is an obvious contamination - just as the contamination with *jalpy- 'flat' (v. sub *de>\lp`a\) in some languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sideface="Times New Roman Star"сторона


face="Times New Roman Star"jaq, z?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq (R), jaq (LOQ)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|qface="Times New Roman Star"jaqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq
face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?aqface="Times New Roman Star"jaqface="Times New Roman Star"jaq


face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, Ё—“я 4, 82.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (tr.) 2 light, ray 3 to produce fireface="Times New Roman Star"1 жечь 2 свет, луч 3 высекать огонь
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jak- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|- 1, jaqty 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|q- 1, jo|g|du 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jax- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jag|ty 2


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:q- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ot- 1, s/o-dъ 2face="Times New Roman Star"saq- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'q- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jaqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq- 1, z?aqty 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, TMN 4, 201-202, EDT 897, Ё—“я 4, 62, 81-82, ‘едотов 2, 146, Ћексика 362. This stem should be distinguished from *jan- 'to burn (intr.)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jara-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be beneficial, useful, successfulface="Times New Roman Star"годитьс€, быть годным, полезнымface="Times New Roman Star"jara- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jara- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-, d/ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"s/oras/- 'to reconcile'



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ara-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"zaras-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"jara-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 956, VEWT 189, Ё—“я 4, 137-139, TMN 4, 56-57, 144, ‘едотов 2, 141. Turk. caus. *jarat- > Hung. gya/rt- 'to produce' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaraface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"woundface="Times New Roman Star"рана

face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara
face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:ra




face="Times New Roman Star"z?|araface="Times New Roman Star"z?araface="Times New Roman Star"jara
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ara, z?ara, zaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara
face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara
face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 189, Ё—“я 4, 139-140. Turk. > WMong. jara, Kalm. jar@ (KW 215, ўербак 1997, 123, TMN 4, 54-55). Usually regarded as derived from *ja:r- 'split' (q. v. sub *p`i_a:/rV), which may be possible if Khalaj length is original; however, shortness in Turkm. jara, as well as the probable connection with Mong. *sirka 'wound' is contradicting it.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jarkakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"skin (tanned, without hair)face="Times New Roman Star"шкура (дублена€, без волос)


face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|o|rg|aq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja(r)g|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq, d/arg|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"s/org|ax 'film, membrane'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?arg|as? 'hairless (skin); placenta'
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|arg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"z?arg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aqface="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq


face="Times New Roman Star"z?arg|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"jarg|aq (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 190, Ё—“я 4, 141-142, Ћексика 385, јшм. XII, 277-278, ‘едотов 2, 145-146. Turk. > WMong. z?|arg|ag|, Kalm. zarg|@g (KW 467).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 leather 2 pellicleface="Times New Roman Star"1 кожа 2 кожица


face="Times New Roman Star"jary 2face="Times New Roman Star"jary (AH) 1



face="Times New Roman Star"jary 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?aryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaru: 1

face="Times New Roman Star"sary: 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hary: 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jary 2




face="Times New Roman Star"jari 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 146; Ћексика 384, Stachowski 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to shine 2 to dawn 3 light 4 candleface="Times New Roman Star"1 светить 2 рассветать 3 свет 4 свечаface="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaru- 1, jaruq 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryk 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jary- (AH), jaru- (Abush.) 1, jaruq 3 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|ri- 1, jo|rug| 3face="Times New Roman Star"joru- 1, joruq 3

face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ary- 1, c?aryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-, c?ary- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jar-, d/ary- 1, d/aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s/or-da 4face="Times New Roman Star"sara:- 2 (but also syrda:-)face="Times New Roman Star"hyrda:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yry- 1, c?aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-, z?|ary- 1, z?|aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aryq 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jary- 1, jaryq, jaryx 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?aryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"jarux 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaryq 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 956, 962, 963, Ё—“я 4, 134-135, VEWT 189 (there are hardly reasons to consider the Chuv. word a borrowing), ‘едотов 2, 145, Stachowski 119. Turk. (Bulg.?) > Hung. gyertya 'candle', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 thin, lean 2 poor 3 flatface="Times New Roman Star"1 тонкий, тощий 2 бедный 3 плоскийface="Times New Roman Star"jarlyg| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jarlyg| 2 (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"jarlyg| 2 (R., Ѕуд.)



face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"jartyc?aq 3



face="Times New Roman Star"c?aryg|-da- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aro: 1, z?|ardy, z?|arly, z?|aryly 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara- 1, z?ar(y)ly 2face="Times New Roman Star"jarly- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?arly, zarly 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?arly 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jarly 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 967, VEWT 189, 190, Ё—“я 4, 143, Ћексика 334-335. The most widely spread form, attested since Old Uyghur, is *jar-ly(g) 'poor'; the evidence of Oyr., Tuva, Kirgh. and Kaz., however, suggests the existence of a primary stem *jar(y)- 'thin, lean'. Turk. > Hung. gyarlo/ 'sinful' (< *jarlyg|), see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jar- / *jer-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"batface="Times New Roman Star"летуча€ мышь
face="Times New Roman Star"jersgu", jerise (MK Chigil)face="Times New Roman Star"jarasa, jarasykface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (AH), jar-qanat (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|r-qano|t

face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jarasa (dial.), jarg|a:natface="Times New Roman Star"c?ar-xanat
face="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat, d/ar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ara-s/erz/iface="Times New Roman Star"sary: kynat
face="Times New Roman Star"c?a'sqy
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jar-g|anat
face="Times New Roman Star"jarasaface="Times New Roman Star"jeri qanatyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ar-g|anatface="Times New Roman Star"jeresenface="Times New Roman Star"jar-qanatface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 972, VEWT 189, TMN 4, 143, Ё—“я 4, 140-141, Ћексика 168. The word is etymologically difficult because of the unclear suffix *-sa / *-se attested in early forms and some of the modern reflexes. In most modern languages the word is folk-etymologically rebuilt as *jary-Kiajnat 'film-wing' (or 'naked sparrow' in Chuv.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAsa-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to determine, govern 2 to createface="Times New Roman Star"1 определ€ть, управл€ть 2 создавать

face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 1 (Ettuhf., Pav. C., Abush.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?aza- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?aza- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaza-, d/aza- 1, 2



face="Times New Roman Star"c?aza- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|asa- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?asa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaha- 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?asa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jasa- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 150-152. The verb has been also read in the Ku"l-Tegin inscription (8th c.), but Clauson (EDT 974) contests the reading. Turk. > Mong. z?|asa- id. (KW 468), whence Evk. z?|asa- etc., see Doerfer MT 61; TMN 4, 92-96, EDT and ўербак 1997, 204, however, regard the Turkic forms as Mongolisms).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAs-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"flat and broadface="Times New Roman Star"широкий и плоский
face="Times New Roman Star"jasy (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jassyface="Times New Roman Star"jassy, jastyface="Times New Roman Star"jassy (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jassi

face="Times New Roman Star"jastyface="Times New Roman Star"jasy











face="Times New Roman Star"jat|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?|assyface="Times New Roman Star"jasy


face="Times New Roman Star"jassyface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 191, EDT 973-974, Ё—“я 4, 153-154, 155-156 (see there the list of other derivatives of the root *jAs-), Ћексика 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.r/tuk / *ja.tr/ukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 pillow 2 to prop on a pillowface="Times New Roman Star"1 подушка 2 опирать(с€) на подушкуface="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 'pillow-shaped ingot of silver' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1, jasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyk 1, jasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|stiq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jassyx (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jassyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?astyx 1, c?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?astyq 1, c?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq, d/astyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ydъr 1face="Times New Roman Star"syttyk 1, sytta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hyttyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"syrtyq, systyq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|azdyq, z?|astyq 1, z?|azda-, z?|asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?astyq 1, z?asta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jat|tyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|astyq, zastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"dastyq 1, z?asta-, dasta- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jastux 1face="Times New Roman Star"jastyq, jastuq 1face="Times New Roman Star"PT *r/ is indicated by the Chuv. form and probably also (with rotacism) Tuva syrtyk. Other forms for the most part reflect an assimilated *jaz-t- > *jast-. See VEWT 191, Ё—“я 4, 154-155, EDT 974, Stachowski 121.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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