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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ged-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to put onface="Times New Roman Star"надеватьface="Times New Roman Star"ked- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej-, kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-
face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-
face="Times New Roman Star"gi:-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 700, VEWT 246, ЭСТЯ 3, 12-13, Лексика 472-473, Stachowski 146.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pass, wadeface="Times New Roman Star"проходить, переходить вбродface="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke/c?- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"/ec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kez?-ir- 'to ferry across the river'face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"kas/-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-, kis-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 693-694, ЭСТЯ 3, 32-34, TMN 3, 584.
face="Times New Roman Star"*KEr/i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fever, contagious diseaseface="Times New Roman Star"лихорадка, заразная болезньface="Times New Roman Star"kezik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kezig (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gezik 'a rodent ulcer' (EDT), kezek 'gangrene'
face="Times New Roman Star"kezek 'a rodent ulcer' (Abush.), Kypch. keziv 'pestilence' (CCum.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'typhus'


face="Times New Roman Star"kiz@m
face="Times New Roman Star"kezim, kezu"





face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'long uncurable disease'face="Times New Roman Star"kezik 'fever'
face="Times New Roman Star"kid|ew 'pestilence'


face="Times New Roman Star"gezik 'a cold in the head'

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 758-759, VEWT 260 (derivation from kez- 'walk' is highly dubious).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gedface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"back, afterface="Times New Roman Star"сзади, позадиface="Times New Roman Star"kedin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|in (MK, KB)

face="Times New Roman Star"kijin (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kejinface="Times New Roman Star"kejin, ka"jin


face="Times New Roman Star"kizi>nface="Times New Roman Star"ka"zinface="Times New Roman Star"kijin
face="Times New Roman Star"kajface="Times New Roman Star"ke-lin; ketex 'back of head'face="Times New Roman Star"ke-lin; ketek 'back of head'

face="Times New Roman Star"kijinface="Times New Roman Star"kejin




face="Times New Roman Star"kejin

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 704, VEWT 246-247, ЭСТЯ 5, 23-24, Stachowski 144, 146. Forms like Yak. ketex 'back of head' clearly show that the root was *ged-; the monosyllabic *ge- (observable in Yak. ke-lin and perhaps Chuv. kaj) is most probably a result of secondary reinterpretation of the stems *gedin and *geru" (the latter < PA *ke\ro q. v.). It is exactly this reinterpretation that allows to reconstruct *g- in PT *ged- (the root is not attested in Oghuz languages).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:c? (-e)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long time 2 late 3 be late 4 night 5 evening 6 yesterdayface="Times New Roman Star"1 долго 2 поздний 3 опаздывать 4 ночь 5 вечер 6 вчераface="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2, kec?- 3, kec?e 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2 (KB, MK), kec?- 3 (MK), kec?a" 4, 5 (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gec? 2, gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kic? 5, kic?e| 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?a 4, 6face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?a" 5face="Times New Roman Star"kic?e 4 (Mal.)face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gi:c? 2, gi:z?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|e: 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec?ik 5 (Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, 5, kec?e 6face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ec?a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"kas/ 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?e: 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?|e 5face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, kec?e: 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5, kes?a" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kis 5, kisa" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 5, kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z?|i 4face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 692-3, 694-5, ЭСТЯ 3, 40-41, 50-51, Лексика 82, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*KE:c?irface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 trachea 2 cartilageface="Times New Roman Star"1 трахея 2 хрящ


face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?erka" 'a small hair on the back of a baby' (?)





face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|@r 2face="Times New Roman Star"kec?irtke 2face="Times New Roman Star"ked'ir 1




face="Times New Roman Star"kez?|ir 2, kez?|ir bo:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"kec?ir 'cartilage of the shoulderblade bone'








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 246. Length is indicated by voicing in Tof. and lack of pharyngealization.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gejikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wild animal 2 bird 3 roeface="Times New Roman Star"1 дикое животное 2 птица 3 ланьface="Times New Roman Star"kejik 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kejik 1face="Times New Roman Star"gejik 3face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyq 1face="Times New Roman Star"kejik 1 (Бор. Бад.), kijik (MA, Abush.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kijik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"kejik 1face="Times New Roman Star"ki:k 1


face="Times New Roman Star"kajъk 1, 2



face="Times New Roman Star"kijik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"qyjyq 1



face="Times New Roman Star"kijyx 'wild goat' (ССЯ)
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 247, EDT 755, ЭСТЯ 5, 21-23, Лексика 151-152.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kidir/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"feltface="Times New Roman Star"войлокface="Times New Roman Star"kidiz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kid|iz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz, kejiz (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kijezface="Times New Roman Star"kijiz (IM, Abush., Qutb., Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"kigizface="Times New Roman Star"kigiz

face="Times New Roman Star"ki:zface="Times New Roman Star"ki:s
face="Times New Roman Star"kijis



face="Times New Roman Star"kidis
face="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"kejed|face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz

face="Times New Roman Star"kijiz, kijgiz (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kijizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 270, TMN 3, 661-662, ЭСТЯ 5, 66-67, Лексика 392. Turk. > MMong. kijiz (Щербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEmu"rgenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wild onion or garlicface="Times New Roman Star"дикий лук или чеснок
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"vu"rgen (MK), ko"mu"rgen (MK - Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"mu"ren






face="Times New Roman Star"ko"b@rgen
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bu"rgen



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"ro"n (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"girhenface="Times New Roman Star"ko"bu"rgo"n



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"ren



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 691, ЭСТЯ 3, 100; VEWT 285; Лексика 124. Sometimes explained as derived from ko"bu"r- 'to foam' (see VEWT ibid.); this seems a folk etymology, but may explain the irregular -b- in some of the forms.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"peface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 coat of mail 2 ring of mail 3 earring 4 overcoat 5 saddle-pad for a camel 6 film of egg, exuviae 7 a k. of cloth or carpetface="Times New Roman Star"1 кольчуга 2 кольцо кольчуги 3 серьга 4 плащ, пальто 5 верблюжье седло 6 пленка яйца, сброшенная кожа 7 вид ткани или ковра
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pe 1, 2, 3, ku"pik (MK) 4, ko"pc?u"k (MK) 5, ko"psu"n 'mattress' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pe 3, kepeneg, ko"penek 4, ko"pen 7face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pme| 'mattress'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pen (ku"pen) 5




face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"n 'mattress'


face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|be 6



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pu" 'шуба из меха медвежонка'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ps?ik 'pillow'
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"pme| 'mattress'





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 687, 688, 689, ЭСТЯ 5, 48-49, 108 (Tur. ko"pen being attributed here to a quite different root, see under *ko"p- 'to swell, foam'), 114-115, 129-130, TMN 3, 581-583. The above forms are hard to separate, and Doerfer's point of view that ko"penek is secondarily < kepenek is probably faulty (even though ko"penek is attested later: ko"pen is certainly attested earlier, and an assimilative delabialization *ko"penek > kepenek seems quite plausible). The Chuvash form shows that the original meaning of the root must have been 'transparent covering, film', whence 'coat of mail' etc. Turk. > Mong. kebeneg 'saddle-cloth, shirt', Hung. ko"po"nyeg 'raincoat' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko":c?eface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gruelface="Times New Roman Star"крупа, каша

face="Times New Roman Star"go"z?|e, gu"z?|eface="Times New Roman Star"ku"za"face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z?|e (Pav. C.), OKypch. (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"go.z?|aface="Times New Roman Star"koc?a; ku"c?e| (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko":z?|eface="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?e
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?o"



face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?e
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"z?|o", ko"c?o"




face="Times New Roman Star"goz?|aface="Times New Roman Star"go"z?eface="Times New Roman Star"koz?|a ССЯ
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 286, ЭСТЯ 5, 84-85. Cf. also Shor ko"z?|erget 'костяника', Khak. Sag. ku"zerget id.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to rise, raiseface="Times New Roman Star"поднимать(ся)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"te|r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter- (Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.tar-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ta"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ter- (ЯЖУ)face="Times New Roman Star"go"t-face="Times New Roman Star"go"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"d@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ketu"r-, ketir-
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t-; ko"to"r 'bird'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 'to fly; run'face="Times New Roman Star"ko"du"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"to"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ta"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"go"tu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ter-

face="Times New Roman Star"go"ter-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 294, EDT 706, ЭСТЯ 3, 86-88, Stachowski 158. Cf. also Karakh. ko"tki 'hill', ko"tu" 'the roof of a house' (MK, EDT 701).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku"te(re)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bog, marshface="Times New Roman Star"болото


face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ter, ko"te| (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"ko"dre
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"dre








face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ter (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 5, 154-155.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"jn|e-lekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"shirtface="Times New Roman Star"рубашка
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|lek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jna"k, dial. go"n|lekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lma"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|lek (Sangl., MA, Pav. C., Бор. Бад.), ko"jnek (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.jnak, ko.jlakface="Times New Roman Star"ko"n|la"k, ko"n|nek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jnekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"jnek, dial. go"mlekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"genekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"nek

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"nju"ga"s 'старинное название дохи'
face="Times New Roman Star"xo"jlen|
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jnek
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jlekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lda"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lekface="Times New Roman Star"go"lma"kface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lmekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"jlek
face="Times New Roman Star"go"lekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 290-291, EDT 732, ЭСТЯ 5, 89-90, Лексика 384, 476-477. Turk. > WMong. ku"jileg, Kalm. ki:l@g (KW 234), MMong. ko"n|lek (TMN 3, 615, Щербак 1997, 128).
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"ku"r/ (/*go"gu"r/), *Ko"krekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast 2 middle of the back 3 reason, sense, emotion 4 female breastface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь 2 поясница, середина спины 3 женская грудьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1, 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"z 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"go"g|u"s 1, ko"krek 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1 (dial., КСТТ), ku"kre|k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gs, ko"gu"s (Sangl.), ko"ku"s (MA) 1, ko"krek (Abush., Бор. Бад.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.ks 1, 3, ko|kra"k 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"s, go":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ks, ko"ku"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"vu"s 1, ku"krek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gis 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"gu"s 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|gъw|r 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"g|u"s 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ksu" 'back'

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"ro"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kis 1, ko"kra"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kirek 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"frix 4?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ku"rek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 714, VEWT 288, ЭСТЯ 3, 54-55, 5, 136-137, Лексика 272-274, Stachowski 155. The Oghuz forms with k- (Turkm. ku"krek, Tur. dial. ko"krek) may be < Kypchak, cf. -u"- instead of -o"- in Turkm.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn (itr.) 2 to burn (tr.) 3 to kindle 4 to get burnt 5 soot 6 strong smell of burnt 7 unpleasant smellface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть 2 жечь 3 зажигать 4 обгорать 5 сажа 6 сильный запах горелого 7 неприятный запахface="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n- (Argu MK), ko"j- 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) ko"j-, ku"j- 1; ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1 (Abush., MA, Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuj- 1, kuja 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ku"j- 1, ko"jdu"r- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ku"jo" (dial.) 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku", k@w|v 6 (Ашм.), k@w|s/ek 7; kъw|vajt 5

face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"xo": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ko": 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"je 5
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 309, EDT 726, 730, ЭСТЯ 5, 88-89, 133, Лексика 362, Мудрак Дисс. 75. The Az. form is somewhat dubious, both semantically ("itch") and phonetically (irregular voiced g-). See also *ko"n/- 'to grieve, suffer'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/- ( ? -j-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer, grieve 2 to regret 3 to envy 4 to be angry 5 to offend 6 grief, sorrowface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать, горевать 2 жалеть 3 завидовать 4 гневаться 5 обижать 6 печаль
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- ? ko"j-: ko"n|li ku"ju"p 'with pain in one's heart' (MK), ku"j- 4 (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ju"-, ko"jen- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kuj-, kujin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ko"ju"n- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"jna"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-du"r- 5, ku"ju"n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"(jirek) kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|v@s/- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"jo"no"s 6face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1, ku"ju"k 'envious'

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 726. In all languages the root is completely homonymous with the reflexes of *ko"n/- 'to burn' (v. sub *k`u\n/e), which throws doubts on its etymological independence.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go"jkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kestrel, windhover, hawkface="Times New Roman Star"пустельга, ястребface="Times New Roman Star"keku"k 'a bird of prey' (OUygh. - Irq Bitig)face="Times New Roman Star"keku"k 'al-zummac, a bird the bones of which are used in conjurations and sorcery' (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"jkenek (Pav. C., Abushk.)



face="Times New Roman Star"go"venekface="Times New Roman Star"ko"jkenek







face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jko"








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288, EDT 710, ЭСТЯ 5, 133-134, Лексика 170. Turk. > Mong. ku"jku"nek.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 blue 2 green ("macro-blue" according to Wierzbicka)face="Times New Roman Star"1 синий 2 зеленыйface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MK, KB), 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"go":k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|vak 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gux 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, TMN 3, 640-642, EDT 708-9, ЭСТЯ 3, 66-68, Лексика 60, 604, Stachowski 165. In most languages the root also means 'sky'. Turk. > Hung. ke/k 'blue', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 seam 2 thin straps for sewing 3 to sew, lace 4 to tack 5 tack, basting 6 needlework 7 to fastenface="Times New Roman Star"1 шов 2 тонкие ремешки для шитья 3 прошивать, стегать, подшивать 4 обметывать, приметать 5 наметка 6 шитье 7 присоединять, привязыватьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (OUygh.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 3face="Times New Roman Star"ku"kle|- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k (Sangl., Abush.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku.k 5face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 5, ko"kle|- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 5, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kte- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 6, ko"kto"- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"kъgъr- 7

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"'k (Todzh.) 1, ko"kte- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 2, ko"kto"- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 2, ko"kle- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"kle- 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, EDT 708, ЭСТЯ 91. Following EDT (and despite VEWT and ЭСТЯ) we prefer to separate this root from *ko"k 'hinge, peg, tether' (v. sub *k`o:ki/).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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