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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sandface="Times New Roman Star"песокface="Times New Roman Star"qum (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qum (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kumface="Times New Roman Star"qomface="Times New Roman Star"qum (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qum, qomface="Times New Roman Star"Gumface="Times New Roman Star"Gumface="Times New Roman Star"xumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qum
face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|mface="Times New Roman Star"kumaxface="Times New Roman Star"kumakface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"xumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qu_mface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qomface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"qumface="Times New Roman Star"Gum
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 299, EDT 625, Ћексика 102, Ё—“я 6, 133-134, Stachowski 160. Turk. > WMong. qum, Kalm. xum 'sand' (KW 196; TMN 3, 508), Hung. homok (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kurface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"beltface="Times New Roman Star"по€сface="Times New Roman Star"qur (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qur (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kurface="Times New Roman Star"qurface="Times New Roman Star"qur (Pav. C., Abush.), qor (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"qor (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qur, qor

face="Times New Roman Star"xur
face="Times New Roman Star"qur

face="Times New Roman Star"kurface="Times New Roman Star"kurface="Times New Roman Star"qur
face="Times New Roman Star"qurface="Times New Roman Star"qur




face="Times New Roman Star"qur

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 301-302, EDT 642, Ё—“я 6, 150-152, Stachowski 162. Cf. also *ku"rm- 'to bind' (Sib.-Tat. ku"rmo", Oyr. ku"rma"-k, Bashk. ku"rim 'зав€зка дл€ борти', see VEWT 311, Ћексика 499 - if not < Mong. gu"rmel, see under *gur/i ).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku:ry-k,-gakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 dry 2 dry (crumbs, bread)face="Times New Roman Star"1 сухой 2 черствыйface="Times New Roman Star"qury- 'to dry' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qurug|, qur 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kuru 1face="Times New Roman Star"qory 1face="Times New Roman Star"qury- 'to dry' (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"quruq 1face="Times New Roman Star"quruq, qurg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurug|, quruq 2face="Times New Roman Star"Guru 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gu:ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"xurug| 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru- 'to dry' (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"quru- 'to dry'face="Times New Roman Star"qurru- 'to dry'face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|rъw|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"kura:naq 1face="Times New Roman Star"kura:nak 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qu_rg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"qury, qurlaj 1face="Times New Roman Star"qoro 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru 1face="Times New Roman Star"qurg|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"Guru, Gury 1face="Times New Roman Star"quru- 'to dry'face="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *Ku:r(y)- 'to dry up'. See VEWT 302, 303; EDT 652-3, 646, 658, Ё—“я 6, 154-155, Stachowski 162, 163. Turk. qu:rut 'dry cheese' > Mong. qurud > Manchu kuru etc., see Doerfer MT 131; Turk. > Hung. ko/ro/ 'dry stalk', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku:rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wormface="Times New Roman Star"червьface="Times New Roman Star"qurt (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qurt (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kurtface="Times New Roman Star"qortface="Times New Roman Star"qurt (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurut
face="Times New Roman Star"Gurdface="Times New Roman Star"Gu:rtface="Times New Roman Star"xurt


face="Times New Roman Star"xortface="Times New Roman Star"kurz?|ag|a 'small parasites'face="Times New Roman Star"kurz?|agaface="Times New Roman Star"qu'rtface="Times New Roman Star"qu'rtface="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qu_rt

face="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurtface="Times New Roman Star"qurt

face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 303-4 (although we prefer to separate *Ku:rt 'worm' and *Ku:rt 'wolf'), EDT 648, Ћексика 181, Ё—“я 6, 167-168, ‘едотов 2, 367-368, Stachowski 162.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kul/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bird 2 duckface="Times New Roman Star"1 птица 2 уткаface="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1 (Sangl.); 'moth' (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"xus 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1; 'hen'face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus?, Gus? (< Az.) 'sparrow'
face="Times New Roman Star"kus 2face="Times New Roman Star"kus 2face="Times New Roman Star"qu's? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qu's? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus 1face="Times New Roman Star"qos? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qus? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 305, TMN 3, 547-548; EDT 670; Ё—“я 6, 180-182, Ћексика 168, Stachowski 162. Chuv. xъlat 'hawk' < Mong.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kutface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"luck, good fortuneface="Times New Roman Star"счастье, хороша€ судьбаface="Times New Roman Star"qut (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qut (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kutface="Times New Roman Star"qotface="Times New Roman Star"qut (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"qut


face="Times New Roman Star"Gutface="Times New Roman Star"xut
face="Times New Roman Star"qut
face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|tface="Times New Roman Star"kutface="Times New Roman Star"kutface="Times New Roman Star"qut
face="Times New Roman Star"qutface="Times New Roman Star"qutface="Times New Roman Star"qutface="Times New Roman Star"qot

face="Times New Roman Star"qutface="Times New Roman Star"qut

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 305, EDT 594, Ё—“я 6, 175-177, Stachowski 162.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kudrukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tailface="Times New Roman Star"хвостface="Times New Roman Star"qudruq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qud|ruq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kujrukface="Times New Roman Star"qojryqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruq, qujrug| (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"Guzuruqface="Times New Roman Star"GujruGface="Times New Roman Star"Gujruqface="Times New Roman Star"xuzuruxface="Times New Roman Star"quzuruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qurduqface="Times New Roman Star"xu"reface="Times New Roman Star"kuturukface="Times New Roman Star"kuturukface="Times New Roman Star"quduruqface="Times New Roman Star"quduruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qu_jryqface="Times New Roman Star"qujryqface="Times New Roman Star"qojroqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"qurjuxface="Times New Roman Star"qujryqface="Times New Roman Star"Gurux|face="Times New Roman Star"qujruqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 296b, EDT 604, Ћексика 145, Ё—“я 6, 114-117, Stachowski 163. Cf. also MK qud|urg|un 'tail strap' (Ћексика 553).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku:c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to embraceface="Times New Roman Star"обниматьface="Times New Roman Star"quc?- (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"quc?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kuz?|-, koc?-face="Times New Roman Star"qoc?-face="Times New Roman Star"quc?- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"quc?-

face="Times New Roman Star"Guz?|-face="Times New Roman Star"Guc?-




face="Times New Roman Star"ku:s-face="Times New Roman Star"ku:s-

face="Times New Roman Star"quc?-face="Times New Roman Star"qus?-



face="Times New Roman Star"quc?-face="Times New Roman Star"qus?-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 590, VEWT 295-296, Ё—“я 6, 105-106, Stachowski 163. Shortening in Turkm. is unclear (length in Yak. and voicing -c?- > -z?|- in Tur., Az. point to *-u:-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"autumnface="Times New Roman Star"осеньface="Times New Roman Star"ku"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"zface="Times New Roman Star"gu"z (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"kuzface="Times New Roman Star"gu"z-a"m 'autumn wool'face="Times New Roman Star"gu":zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s
face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"ku"hu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"hu"nface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ko"d|face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"zface="Times New Roman Star"ku"z
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 312, EDT 757, TMN 4,10, Ё—“я 3, 94-95, Ћексика 75, Stachowski 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"ashesface="Times New Roman Star"пепел, золаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"l (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"l (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"kulface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ki:lface="Times New Roman Star"k@w|lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"xu"lface="Times New Roman Star"xu"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"kulface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 307, EDT 715, Ё—“я 5, 137-138, Ћексика 367-368, Stachowski 164.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shadow 2 to shadowface="Times New Roman Star"1 тень 2 давать тень, затен€тьface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lu"- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lik (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge, ko"lge (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lege (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lke|, ku.le|ke| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le|n|ge|, ko"lige| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lga" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lge 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"le- 2, ko"lek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"- 2, ko"lo"n|o" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"lu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"xo"lege 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lo"ko" 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"letke 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"le|ge| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"lge 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"len|ke 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 288-289, 294, EDT 716-718, Ё—“я 5, 96-97, 128, Stachowski 164. Should be distinguished from *Ko"l/- 'to screen' (v. sub *ge:\l/a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"n(el/) / *gun/al/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sun 2 day 3 sunny place 4 sun-heatface="Times New Roman Star"1 солнце 2 день 3 солнечное место 4 солнечный жарface="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2 (Orkh., OUygh.), ku"nes? 3 (YB), isig qujas? 4 (OUygh. - Br.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 4 (MK), ku"nes? 3 (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 2, gu"nes? 1, (dial.) gujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"qujas? 1 (Sangl., Abush., Pav. C.), ku"nes? 1 (Pav. C., Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ku"n 1, 2 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2, qujo|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, (dial.) qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"kun 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"na"s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1, 4, quja:s? 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, dial. qujas? 1 (Kumd., Leb.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, ku"n 1, 2, kina"s? 'sonnig'face="Times New Roman Star"kon 2, x@w|vel 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, kuja:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, kun/a:s 'heat'face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"xu"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qyjas 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"n 1, 2, ko"na"s 4, qojas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2, gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, ku"nes? 1, qujas?, qujas 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"n 1, 2, qujas? 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu":n 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"gu"n 1, 2 gu"nes? 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 301, 309 (Ra"sa"nen separates *gu"n and *gun'al', which is hardly justified); EDT 679, 725, 734, Ё—“я 3, 100-104, 6, 112-113, Ћексика 20-21, 64-65, 77-78, ‘едотов 1 306-307, Stachowski 161, 164. The forms *gu"n/el/ and *gun/al/ must be old dialectal variants.
face="Times New Roman Star"*go":kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 blue 2 green ("macro-blue" according to Wierzbicka)face="Times New Roman Star"1 синий 2 зеленыйface="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MK, KB), 2 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"go"j 1face="Times New Roman Star"go":k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|vak 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gux 1face="Times New Roman Star"go"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 287, TMN 3, 640-642, EDT 708-9, Ё—“я 3, 66-68, Ћексика 60, 604, Stachowski 165. In most languages the root also means 'sky'. Turk. > Hung. ke/k 'blue', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*[k]o":lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lakeface="Times New Roman Star"озероface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"go"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l (IM, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku.lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko":lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l@ (NW), ku"l@face="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"o"lface="Times New Roman Star"xo"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"ku"lface="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"go"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"l
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"lface="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 288, Ё—“я 3, 69, 5, 95-96, Ћексика 91, Stachowski 165.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ku"re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to run awayface="Times New Roman Star"убегатьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- (MK, KB)












face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re:-face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re:-

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rgu"c?to"- 'загон€ть скот', ku"rgu"j 'возглас, которым гон€т €гн€т'








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 737, VEWT 310, Ё—“я 5, 146, Stachowski 166.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ku"re-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rake 2 spade, shovelface="Times New Roman Star"1 сгребать 2 лопата
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ri- (MK) 1, ku"rga"k (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"re|- 1, ko"re|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kure|- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re|- 1, kure|k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"-, ku"ra"- 1, ku"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rge|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|rez/e 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"rt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xu":rek, ku"ru"jek (Todzh.)face="Times New Roman Star"xu"ru"jekface="Times New Roman Star"ku"ro"- 1, ku"ro"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"re|- 1, ko"re|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ru"- 1, ku"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"rek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"re- 1, ku"rek 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 310, Ё—“я 5, 150-152, Stachowski 166. Turk. *ku"re-c?ek > MMong. ku"rz?|ek, WMong. ku"rz?|e, see ўербак 1997, 129 (borrowed back > Yak. ku"rz?|ex, Dolg. ku"rz?|ek, see Stachowski ibid.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu"de-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 son-in-law 2 guestface="Times New Roman Star"1 з€ть 2 гостьface="Times New Roman Star"ku"degu" 1, ku"den 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"degu" 1, ku"den 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"veji 1face="Times New Roman Star"kija"w 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kujo|w 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jog|ul 1 (*ku"jo"-og|ul)face="Times New Roman Star"kuzeg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@zo" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ze 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"ju" 1face="Times New Roman Star"kideji 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@ru" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"tu"o" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"tu"o" 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"de: 1face="Times New Roman Star"hu"da": 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jo": 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1face="Times New Roman Star"kijew 1face="Times New Roman Star"keja"w 1face="Times New Roman Star"kijew 1face="Times New Roman Star"gu"va": 1face="Times New Roman Star"gijav 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"jew 1face="Times New Roman Star"kui 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gijev 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 703, 704-705, Ё—“я 3, 43-45, Ћексика 297-298, Stachowski 166. Turk. > Mong. ku"degu"; Yak. > Evk. kute:.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"powerface="Times New Roman Star"силаface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"ko"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c? (Sangl., Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kuc?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"kus?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"z?|face="Times New Roman Star"gu":c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ic?
face="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku":sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?face="Times New Roman Star"ko"sface="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"c?face="Times New Roman Star"ku"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"c?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 306, EDT 693, Ё—“я 3, 96-98, Stachowski 166.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gu":d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to wait 2 to attend 3 to respect 4 to grazeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ждать 2 прислуживать 3 почитать 4 пастиface="Times New Roman Star"ku"d- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ku"d|- 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'to lead cattle away from pasture' (Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kut- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t/d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"zet- 4
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 2, 4

face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku":t- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- 1, ku"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"t- 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"gu"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 4face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"t- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"t- 'выполн€ть'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 701, VEWT 306, 312, Ё—“я 3, 107-108 (the variant *gu":t- is morphologically secondary, actually = *gu":du"-t-). The proposed derivation (see Ё—“я 108) from *gu"- (*ku"-), attested only in the OUygh. doublet ku"- ko"zed|- 'protect and keep' (see EDT 686) is far from certain (the meaning of ku"- here is not quite clear; ko"zed|- is probably < *go"r/- 'see, eye' = Yak., Dolg. ko"hu"t- 'wait'; Khak. ku"zet- above can reflect both *-r/- and *-d-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bejn|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"brainface="Times New Roman Star"мозг; вместилище разумаface="Times New Roman Star"meji, men|i (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"men|i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"miface="Times New Roman Star"miji (MA), mejn (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"mijaface="Times New Roman Star"min|a"
face="Times New Roman Star"bejinface="Times New Roman Star"bejni, mejniface="Times New Roman Star"mi:face="Times New Roman Star"mi:-sface="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"meinface="Times New Roman Star"mim@face="Times New Roman Star"meji:face="Times New Roman Star"men/i: 'head'face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"ma":face="Times New Roman Star"me:face="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"myjface="Times New Roman Star"mejeface="Times New Roman Star"mije
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"mij
face="Times New Roman Star"mijiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 70, EDT 348-349, Ё—“я 2, 106-107, TMN 4, 35, Ћексика 195, Stachowski 178. Turk. > MMong. mije, miji (ўербак 1997, 105).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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