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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*juk / *jokface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 resin, gum 2 residues of food on dishes, sticky substance 3 to stick toface="Times New Roman Star"1 смола 2 остатки пищи на посуде; то, что прилипло 3 прилипать
face="Times New Roman Star"juq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jok 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"joq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"juq- 3 (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"juq 2, juq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"juq- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"joq 2, joq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?ux 1, c?ux- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"juq-, d/uq- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|g|ъw|r 'liquid mire, sludge' (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"c?uq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?uq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uq 2, z?|uq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?uq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"juq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"joq- 3

face="Times New Roman Star"juq-, jux- 3face="Times New Roman Star"z?uq 2, z?u>q- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"juq 2, juq- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 895, VEWT 119, Ё—“я 4, 211, Ћексика 117, јшм. XIII, 52.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"patch of cloth, ragface="Times New Roman Star"лоскуты, лохмоть€face="Times New Roman Star"jurun (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jurun (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"joron (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jurun (Abush., Sangl.)




face="Times New Roman Star"c?urux
face="Times New Roman Star"d'urun
face="Times New Roman Star"s/orъm 'bundle of flax or hemp'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?uruqface="Times New Roman Star"c?uruq
face="Times New Roman Star"z?uryn (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jorqaq, joronface="Times New Roman Star"z?|urun
face="Times New Roman Star"jurq- 'to pinch (hair)'face="Times New Roman Star"z?uryndy

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 970, Ё—“я 4, 255-256, јшм. XII, 270.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jutface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bad weather, bad harvest 2 hunger, troubleface="Times New Roman Star"1 дурна€ погода, неурожай 2 голод, бедаface="Times New Roman Star"jut (Orkh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jut (MK) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jut (Pav. C., AH, Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jut 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ut, z?|u"t 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"t 'lean, meagre'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ut 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ut 1face="Times New Roman Star"jut, d/ut 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"sut 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ut 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ut 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ut 2face="Times New Roman Star"jut 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jot 2


face="Times New Roman Star"z?u>t 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jut 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 883, VEWT 211-212, Ё—“я 4, 256-257. Turk. > Mong. *z?|ud, *z?|uta- (KW 481, TMN 4, 210, ўербак 1997, 125).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jumurtkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eggface="Times New Roman Star"€йцоface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a, jumurg|a (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtaface="Times New Roman Star"jomyrqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtqa (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jomutface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtGaface="Times New Roman Star"nymyrxaface="Times New Roman Star"nybyrtqa, nuburtqa (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/ymyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurqaface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|mardaface="Times New Roman Star"symy:tface="Times New Roman Star"hymy:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?uurg|aface="Times New Roman Star"n/umurxaface="Times New Roman Star"z?|umurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_myrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jomortqaface="Times New Roman Star"zumurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrtaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrta, imyrtxaface="Times New Roman Star"z?umurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jymu:(r)ddaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 938, Ё—“я 4, 250-251, Ћексика 149, Stachowski 118.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju:rtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dwelling place, camping-siteface="Times New Roman Star"жилище, сто€нкаface="Times New Roman Star"jurt (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jurt (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jurt (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jortface="Times New Roman Star"jurt (Pav. C., Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jurtface="Times New Roman Star"ju(r)tface="Times New Roman Star"jurtface="Times New Roman Star"jurtface="Times New Roman Star"ju:rtface="Times New Roman Star"c?urtface="Times New Roman Star"c?urtface="Times New Roman Star"jurt, d/urtface="Times New Roman Star"ju:rtface="Times New Roman Star"s/ortface="Times New Roman Star"surtface="Times New Roman Star"hurtface="Times New Roman Star"c?u`rt
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|urtface="Times New Roman Star"z?urtface="Times New Roman Star"jurtface="Times New Roman Star"jortface="Times New Roman Star"z?urt
face="Times New Roman Star"jurtface="Times New Roman Star"z?urt
face="Times New Roman Star"jurtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 958, VEWT 211, TMN 4, 212-213, Ё—“я 4, 254-255, Ћексика 490-491, 494, ‘едотов 2, 144-145, Stachowski 113.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju(b)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to wash; to bathe, to swimface="Times New Roman Star"мыть; купатьс€, плавать
face="Times New Roman Star"ju- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju-face="Times New Roman Star"ju-face="Times New Roman Star"ju- (Pav. C., AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"juw-face="Times New Roman Star"juw-, juj-face="Times New Roman Star"juw-, ju-face="Times New Roman Star"ju(w)-face="Times New Roman Star"juw-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ug|-

face="Times New Roman Star"ju:-face="Times New Roman Star"s/u-face="Times New Roman Star"su:-j-face="Times New Roman Star"hu:-j-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u:-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:-face="Times New Roman Star"z?uw-face="Times New Roman Star"juw-face="Times New Roman Star"jyw-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uw-, z?uw-, zuw-; z?u:n-
face="Times New Roman Star"juw-face="Times New Roman Star"z?uw-face="Times New Roman Star"ju-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uw-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 870, VEWT 209, Ё—“я 4, 238, Stachowski 114.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"featherface="Times New Roman Star"перо
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"g (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"g, ju"v (dial.), Osm. ju"g






face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"g





face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"g










face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 910, Ћексика 150. Ra"sa"nen (VEWT 211b) confuses this root with *jun| 'wool', but they are certainly unrelated (although may tend to contaminate).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hurry, runface="Times New Roman Star"спешить, бежатьface="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r-, ju"jir- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ger-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r- (Houts., MA, AH), ju"wu"r- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gir-, jugur-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gu"(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ju"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"wu"r- (dial.), ju"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"gu"r-, d/u"gu"r-

face="Times New Roman Star"su":r-face="Times New Roman Star"hu":r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"gu"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"juwyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ger-

face="Times New Roman Star"juwur-, z?|uwur-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"gir-, z?uwyr-face="Times New Roman Star"jugur-, ju"'ku"r- (——я)
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 914, VEWT 212, Ё—“я 4, 258, Stachowski 116.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bridleface="Times New Roman Star"уздечка
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"go"n (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ojanface="Times New Roman Star"jo"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"ujan (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"juganface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"jug|yn (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ja"nface="Times New Roman Star"u"jen, ujanface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"u"jgen
face="Times New Roman Star"j@w|venface="Times New Roman Star"u":n
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"g|en
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ju"wenface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gen
face="Times New Roman Star"ijgen, ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"wen
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 212, EDT 913, Ё—“я 1, 577, ≈горов 77, Ћексика 556.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to shave 2 to tear off, scrape offface="Times New Roman Star"1 брить 2 срывать, соскребать
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"li- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo"le- (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"- 1 (Ettuhf.)



face="Times New Roman Star"ju"l-me- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"su"l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hu"l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"lu"- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"lu"- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"l-, u"lu"-, ili- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 919, VEWT 213, Ё—“я 4, 216 (confused with *jol- q. v. sub *n/o>\lo), Stachowski 115.
face="Times New Roman Star"*julyn| / *ju"lu"n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"marrow, spinal marrowface="Times New Roman Star"костный мозг, спинной мозг
face="Times New Roman Star"julun (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"n (MA), julun (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"n| (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"julun (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"c?@l@n|face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyn|face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"n, d/u"lu"n|

face="Times New Roman Star"su"lu"nface="Times New Roman Star"hu"nn/u"face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"lu"n, z?|ulunface="Times New Roman Star"z?ulynface="Times New Roman Star"julynface="Times New Roman Star"jylym, dial. jelen, jelem, jolon


face="Times New Roman Star"z?ulyn

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 930, Ё—“я 4, 266, Ћексика 263, Stachowski 115.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jun|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wool 2 small feathers, down 3 feather 4 faded furface="Times New Roman Star"1 шерсть 2 пух 3 перо 4 линькаface="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (KB), 2, 3 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jon 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад.), ju"n| 1 (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, z?|un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun|, ju"n|, jun 3face="Times New Roman Star"jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n| 1face="Times New Roman Star"nu"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?um 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|, jum, jym, d/un| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|m 1face="Times New Roman Star"sun| 4
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"n| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"n 1,2,3face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"n 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n, jun 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"jun| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 941, Ё—“я 4, 267-268, Ћексика 146. This root should not be confused with *ju"g 'feather' (v. sub *d[e/]gi).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart; courageface="Times New Roman Star"сердцеface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"re|kface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jurakface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rek (R., ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jirekface="Times New Roman Star"c?@reface="Times New Roman Star"su"rexface="Times New Roman Star"hu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"ro"kface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek/face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jyru"xface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213, EDT 965, Ё—“я 4, 270-271, ≈горов 324, Ћексика 276, Stachowski 116. Chuv. c?- is irregular: a contamination with c?@r@ 'alive'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju":r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hundredface="Times New Roman Star"стоface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z (MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"juzface="Times New Roman Star"juzface="Times New Roman Star"juz, jo"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju":zface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"ju"s, d/u"sface="Times New Roman Star"ju":zface="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"su":sface="Times New Roman Star"hu":sface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"sface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"z, zu"zface="Times New Roman Star"u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, juz/, jiz, izface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"ju"z, juzface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 983, VEWT 213, Ё—“я 4, 260 (Turkm. ju"z), Ћексика 574, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 finger ring 2 joint 3 stirrup (*u"r/en|gu" < *ju"r/en|gu")face="Times New Roman Star"1 кольцо (на палец) 2 сустав (пальцевый) 3 стрем€
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1 (MK), u"zen|u" 3 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1, u"zengi 3face="Times New Roman Star"jo"zek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1 (AH, Ettuhf.), u"zu"k 1 (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzuk 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1, u"zen|n|i 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"stu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"stu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"stu"k, d/u"stu"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|r@w| 1, jъrana 3face="Times New Roman Star"su"hu"o"x 2, ihen|e 3face="Times New Roman Star"hu"hu"o"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"'stu"k 1, c?u"s 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zik 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zik 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|o"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"k, zu"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k, u"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k, u"zu"k, ezik, izik 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 986, VEWT 214, TMN 2, 146,147-148, Ё—“я 1, 623-625, 4, 260, 261-262, ≈горов 212, Ћексика 548-549, Stachowski 115. Turk. > Hung. gyu/ /ru? (see Lig. MNyTK 77-79). The reason of *j- > 0- in the PT name of "stirrup" ( < *"ring-formed") is unclear (irregular change in a long form?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 load 2 to load, carryface="Times New Roman Star"1 груз, т€жесть 2 нагружать, везтиface="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1, ju"-d- 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1, ju"-d|- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1 (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"juk 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"j- 2, ju"k, d/u"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"su"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"`k 1, c?u"du"r- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"k, z?u"k, zu"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k, juk, jik, ik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"k, juk 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 885, 910, VEWT 212, Ё—“я 4, 262-263, Ћексика 520.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ne:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"whatface="Times New Roman Star"чтоface="Times New Roman Star"ne (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ne (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"ni, ne|rse|face="Times New Roman Star"ne (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"na"face="Times New Roman Star"niface="Times New Roman Star"na"face="Times New Roman Star"na":, na":ma"face="Times New Roman Star"nime, ni; no: `which' (*ne-gu)face="Times New Roman Star"nebe `thing', no: `what' (*ne-gu)face="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"m@w|n (metathesis < *ne-me)face="Times New Roman Star"tuox (*suox < *c?e-gu+ok?)face="Times New Roman Star"tuokface="Times New Roman Star"c?u": (*c?e-gu"), c?u"ve (*c?egu"-me)face="Times New Roman Star"c?u":, c?u"meface="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"ni, na"ma"face="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"The earliest PT form must have contained a unique initial nasal (generally nasals were not allowed word-initially), having yielded specific reflexes in modern languages. See VEWT 352, EDT 774-5, Stachowski 230-231, Ё—“я 7, ‘едотов 1, 356.
face="Times New Roman Star"*tiakygu (/ -n|u)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hen, fowlface="Times New Roman Star" курицаface="Times New Roman Star"taqyg|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"taqag|u (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"tavukface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tag|uq, tawuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"to|wuqface="Times New Roman Star"toxa, toxuface="Times New Roman Star"taqag|yface="Times New Roman Star"tojuGface="Times New Roman Star"towuqface="Times New Roman Star"tag|ax, tan|ax
face="Times New Roman Star"taqa:
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ъxъ

face="Times New Roman Star"da'g|a:face="Times New Roman Star"taqqyn/aq (perhaps < Mong.)face="Times New Roman Star"to:kface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tawuqface="Times New Roman Star"tauqface="Times New Roman Star"tawuqface="Times New Roman Star"tawyqface="Times New Roman Star"tox (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"tawuqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 457, EDT 468, TMN 2, 441-442, ≈горов 321. Turk. > Hung. tyu/k, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*daja-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to prop 2 to leanface="Times New Roman Star"1 подпирать, прислон€ть 2 опиратьс€
face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"daja- 1, dajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1 (Sangl.), 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"daja-face="Times New Roman Star"daja- 1, dajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"toja 'staff' [tajan- 2 < Tat.]face="Times New Roman Star"taja:- 1, tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dajaq 'staff' (–ас. ‘иЋ)face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"daja- 1, dajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"taja- 1, tajan- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 455, EDT 567, Ё—“я 3, 125-127, ‘едотов 2, 259-260, Stachowski 215. Turk. *daja-k 'staff' [perhaps rather *dajna-k because of Tof. and Yak. forms: Yak. tajax, tajax, Dolg. tajax, tan/ak, see Stachowski 215, 216) > WMong. tajag|, Kalm. taj@g (KW 374-375, TMN 2, 445, ўербак 1997, 152).
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?Aj-na-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to chew 2 to biteface="Times New Roman Star"1 жевать 2 кусать

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ig|ne-, c?ejne- 1 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"c?e|jne|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ejna"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ejne- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"dajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"tajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?ajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?ajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa"jna"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:ne- 1face="Times New Roman Star"cajna-, c?ajna-, c?ejne- 1face="Times New Roman Star"s?ajna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ene-, c?a"ina"- 1 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"c?ajna- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 95, –ас. ‘иЋ 168. Forms with t- in some Siberian languages are rather enigmatic.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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