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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*burc?akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bean, peaface="Times New Roman Star"бобы, горохface="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"burc?akface="Times New Roman Star"borc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burc?o|qface="Times New Roman Star"poc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"pyrc?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"myrc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"myrc?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rz/a, p@w|rz/e



face="Times New Roman Star"[bu:rc?aq < Mong.]face="Times New Roman Star"burs?aqface="Times New Roman Star"burs?aqface="Times New Roman Star"borsaqface="Times New Roman Star"burc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"borc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"burc?axface="Times New Roman Star"burs?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"burc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 357, VEWT 89, Ё—“я 2, 275-277. Turk. > WMong. burc?ag, Kalm. burc@g (KW 62, see TMN 2, 281, ўербак 1997, 110). Chuv. > Mari pursa; Bulg. > Hung. borso/, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bugu, -raface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 deer (male) 2 camel stallionface="Times New Roman Star"1 олень 2 самец верблюдаface="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1 (13th c.), bug|ura 2 (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ra 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ur 2, dial. bug|u 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1, bug|ra, bug|ur 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1face="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1, (dial.) bug|ra, bog|ra 2face="Times New Roman Star"pyrg|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ur 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ra 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bura 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bu:r 'male reindeer, male'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:r 'male reindeer'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:ra 2, bu:r 'male elk'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu:ra 2face="Times New Roman Star"bura 2face="Times New Roman Star"bora 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu: 1

face="Times New Roman Star"buwra 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 317-318, Ё—“я 2, 235-238, Ћексика 152, Ћексика 446-447, Stachowski 67. Turk. bugura > Mong. bug|ura (see TMN 2, 296, ўербак 1997, 110). ўербак 1997, 201 considers Turkic *bugu to be borrowed from Mongolian bug|u 'male deer' (which may be true for some Kypchak forms: Kirgh. bug|u, Kaz. bu>g|y, Nogh., KKalp. bug|y), but in fact one can also think of a loan in the opposite direction: Turk. > Mong. bug|u (KW 58, MGCD 166), further > Evk. bug|u etc., see Doerfer MT 78. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bura/ 'female camel'; Mong. (Bur.) bu:ra > Russ. Siber. bu/ra id., see јникин 142.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become boiled, ripeface="Times New Roman Star"свариватьс€, созреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-, pes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis/-face="Times New Roman Star"bus-
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-, pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, EDT 376-377, Ё—“я 2, 161-164. Mong. bis?laq, basilag| 'a k. of home cheese' < Turk. *byl/-lak (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 107).
face="Times New Roman Star"*byc?- / *bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cutface="Times New Roman Star"резатьface="Times New Roman Star"byc?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"byc?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pi>c?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-
face="Times New Roman Star"byc?-
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|s/-face="Times New Roman Star"bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"by's?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pi>s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"bi>s-, bys-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-
face="Times New Roman Star"bic?-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292-293, VEWT 73, Ё—“я 2, 158-160, Stachowski 71. Turk. > Hung. biczak 'knife' ( Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*byldur (/*buldyr)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"past time, last yearface="Times New Roman Star"прошлое, прошлый год
face="Times New Roman Star"byldyr (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr (AH), bylyr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bultyrface="Times New Roman Star"bultu(r)face="Times New Roman Star"pytyrface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"pyltyr



face="Times New Roman Star"bylyrface="Times New Roman Star"bylyr

face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byldyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 334, VEWT 74, Ё—“я 2, 139-140, Ћексика 71, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to end, accomplish 2 to be ended 3 to create, build 4 to heal 5 to grow, ripenface="Times New Roman Star"1 кончать, завершать 2 кончатьс€ 3 создавать, строить 4 заживать 5 вырастать, вызреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bet- 2, bet-e|s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pyt-, put- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t- 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pu"d-u"r- 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t- 2, bo"t-o"s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5; 'to close'face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pit- 2, 4, 5
face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, TMN 2, 267, EDT 298-9, 306, Ё—“я 2, 152-154, 302-303, Stachowski 68. Cf. also PT *bu"tu"n 'all, whole' - a derivative from *bu"t-. Turk. > Mong. *bu"te-, *bu"tu"- (KW 69-70, TMN 2, 268-269, ўербак 1997, 111).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:(n)r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"iceface="Times New Roman Star"лед
face="Times New Roman Star"buz (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"buz, muz (Abush., MA, Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"pyzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"bu:zface="Times New Roman Star"pusface="Times New Roman Star"mus
face="Times New Roman Star"buza"kface="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rface="Times New Roman Star"mu:s, bu:sface="Times New Roman Star"bu:s

face="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"bod|face="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 91, EDT 389, Ё—“я 2, 238-239, Ћексика 17-18, TMN 2, 336, Stachowski 67.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bin/r/ (*bin|r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"awlface="Times New Roman Star"шило

face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bezface="Times New Roman Star"biz (MA), bigiz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bigizface="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"pyz-, puz-face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bijz/bi:zface="Times New Roman Star"p@sface="Times New Roman Star"pisface="Times New Roman Star"mis



face="Times New Roman Star"bisface="Times New Roman Star"bisface="Times New Roman Star"mizface="Times New Roman Star"biz, dial. bigizface="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"bed|face="Times New Roman Star"miz
face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"biz
face="Times New Roman Star"bizface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 75, Ё—“я 2, 130-131, TMN 2, 311. The Chag. form bigiz is quite strange: perhaps it is a result of denasalization of *bin|iz < *bin|r/ (this would then suggest a velar nasal in the root).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bog-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to tie up 2 to strangle 3 to hinder 4 bundleface="Times New Roman Star"1 зав€зывать 2 душить 3 преп€тствоватьface="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo:- 2, dial. bog| 4, bog|a- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.g|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"po:-, po-, bu:-, pu- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pъv- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3 ('to pacify, appease')face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"byw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 78, Ё—“я 2, 164-167, Stachowski 66.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to becomeface="Times New Roman Star"становитьс€face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo(l)-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"o^.l-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-
face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"vol-, vo:-, bo:- (“ен. ——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Ё—“я 2, 185-188, ‘едотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vi:er- 'give', va:or 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see Ё—“я 2, 186).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stir, stir upface="Times New Roman Star"помешивать, перемешиватьface="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-; bula- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|u-face="Times New Roman Star"polg|a-, pula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pъlxa-n- 'to become turbid'face="Times New Roman Star"bula:-, bulkuj-, byla:-face="Times New Roman Star"bulkuj-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, (dial.) bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulha-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-, bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-
face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 337, VEWT 88, Ё—“я 2, 253-256, јшм. X, 112, Stachowski 65. The Turk. root is the probable source of Mong. bulg|a- 'to confuse, uprise' (see TMN 2, 322-323, ўербак 1997, 110).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"firm, solid, stableface="Times New Roman Star"крепкий, прочныйface="Times New Roman Star"bek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"pekface="Times New Roman Star"bikface="Times New Roman Star"bek, pek (Pav. C.)

face="Times New Roman Star"poq, pyq
face="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"pikface="Times New Roman Star"pekface="Times New Roman Star"bek, pek
face="Times New Roman Star"pak 'suddenly, abruptly'face="Times New Roman Star"bigeface="Times New Roman Star"bigeface="Times New Roman Star"be'k
face="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bikface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"pekface="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"bek
face="Times New Roman Star"bekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 323, VEWT 68, Ё—“я 2, 117-120, Stachowski 60. Closed -i- in Yak. is probably secondary.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bor/ ( ? o:)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"greyface="Times New Roman Star"серыйface="Times New Roman Star"boz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bu"zface="Times New Roman Star"boz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.zface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bosface="Times New Roman Star"pozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz

face="Times New Roman Star"bos





face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bud|face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bo:z
face="Times New Roman Star"boz
face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 388, VEWT 82, TMN 2, 335, Ё—“я 2, 171-173, Ћексика 605. Turk. > Old Russ. bosyj, dial. bu/syj, buso/j, see јникин 147 (with lit.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово дл€ лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, Ё—“я 2, 176-178, Ћексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":rkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hat, capface="Times New Roman Star"шапка, головна€ пов€зкаface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (OUygh. - Lig. VSOu)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk, (dial.) bu"rk, po"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"k (MA), bo"rk (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.rkface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"k, perikface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo":rikface="Times New Roman Star"po"r@kface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"^k (KhM), birga"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bergeheface="Times New Roman Star"bergeheface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rtface="Times New Roman Star"bo"'rtface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rikface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk
face="Times New Roman Star"ba"rik (H), b'ork (T)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rik
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 362, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 289, Ё—“я 2, 221-223, Ћексика 482, Stachowski 58. In Tuva, Tof. *-rk > rt is regular. Reconstruction of length is not quite certain: Turkm. length is not confirmed by Khalaj and contradicts pharyngealization in Tofalar. Turk. > WMong. bu"rgu", Kalm. bu"rg@ (KW 67), Khalkha bu"rx (although theoretically this may as well be an indigenous derivative of bu"ru"-, cf. similar Turkic forms: Tur. dial. bu"r-me, bu"r-gu" 'headgear').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bullface="Times New Roman Star"быкface="Times New Roman Star"buqa (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buqaface="Times New Roman Star"puqaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buqa

face="Times New Roman Star"buga
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buxaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 87, EDT 312, Ё—“я 2, 230-232, Sinor 1962, 320-321, Ћексика 437. Turk. > Mong. buqa (see TMN 2, 299, ўербак 1997, 110), whence Evk. buka etc. (see TMN ibid., Poppe 1966, 194, Doerfer MT 99). Turk. > Hung. bika, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*burun (*buryn)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 front part 3 beforeface="Times New Roman Star"1 нос 2 передн€€ часть 3 перед, впередиface="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"boryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"p'uryn 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"purnu, (¬ерб.) purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 3face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1
face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"munnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"moron 1, boron 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"purny 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 366-367, Ё—“я 2, 269-273, Ћексика 214-215, Stachowski 182. Cf. *bur- 'to smell' (VEWT 89).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bur/- / *bor/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to damage, destroyface="Times New Roman Star"причин€ть вред, разрушатьface="Times New Roman Star"buz- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buz- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boz-face="Times New Roman Star"boz-face="Times New Roman Star"buz- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"puz-face="Times New Roman Star"poz-face="Times New Roman Star"boz-face="Times New Roman Star"pus-face="Times New Roman Star"puza-face="Times New Roman Star"bus-face="Times New Roman Star"puz- ( < Ogh.?)face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|s-

face="Times New Roman Star"bus-
face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"bod|-face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"boz-face="Times New Roman Star"buz- (T,H,K)face="Times New Roman Star"buz-
face="Times New Roman Star"buz-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 389, VEWT 91, TMN 2, 337, ‘едотов 1 404, ≈горов 150, Ё—“я 7. -s- in Chuv. may be explained either as a loan from Kypch. or as a reflex of the old cluster -r/s- (ћудрак ƒисс. 98).
face="Times New Roman Star"*KAjface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shaman spirit 2 throat singingface="Times New Roman Star"1 шаманский дух 2 горловое пение






face="Times New Roman Star"qaj 1

face="Times New Roman Star"xaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajla- 2face="Times New Roman Star"qajla- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"> Mari xoj 'Gespra"ch'













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 221. If the original meaning is 'air movement' (cf. the external evidence), cf. also Chuv. ku" 'strong odour'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:j-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to slide 2 to swim 3 skisface="Times New Roman Star"1 скользить 2 плавать 3 лыжи

face="Times New Roman Star"kaj-, dial. kajp- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"qaj- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"Ga:j- 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"qaj- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"xajyhar 3face="Times New Roman Star"kan/yhar, ka:n/yhar, xa:har 3face="Times New Roman Star"xaj- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"qajpy- 1








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 233, Ё—“я 5, 197-198, Stachowski 137 (nasalization in Dolg. is unclear).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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