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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*yjn|a-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cry, weepface="Times New Roman Star"плакать, рыдать
face="Times New Roman Star"an|yla- 'to cry, howl (of a donkey)' (ћ ) (?)face="Times New Roman Star"inle-, dial. in|ile-face="Times New Roman Star"en|gelde-face="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. in|le- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingala-

face="Times New Roman Star"inla"-face="Times New Roman Star"in|le-face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-face="Times New Roman Star"i:.la"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyla-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyla-, yyla-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-face="Times New Roman Star"ynqyl-da-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-
face="Times New Roman Star"inne-face="Times New Roman Star"inle-face="Times New Roman Star"yn|yl-da-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 172, EDT 186, Ё—“я 1, 366-367.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jin|c?-geface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thinface="Times New Roman Star"тонкийface="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ke (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|eface="Times New Roman Star"nec?ke|face="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke (Pav. C.), inc?ge (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingic?kaface="Times New Roman Star"inc?ika"face="Times New Roman Star"s?igeface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"i:nc?e ( < jinc?e)face="Times New Roman Star"niske


face="Times New Roman Star"s/inz/eface="Times New Roman Star"sin/nigesface="Times New Roman Star"hinn/igesface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|geface="Times New Roman Star"n/in|geface="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"jin|is?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?geface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"z?in|is?keface="Times New Roman Star"la"s?gi
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 203, EDT 944-5, Ё—“я 1, 364-365, Stachowski 104.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.l/it-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hearface="Times New Roman Star"слышатьface="Times New Roman Star"es?id- (Orkh.), es?it- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"is?it-face="Times New Roman Star"is?et-; dial. (Mishar) is?- 'hear' (““ƒ— 156), (Bar.) is?e|n- 'listen' (яЅ“ 140)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it- (Abush. 63)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"es?et- (Kashg., ”Ќ— 109)
face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-, pass. es?idil-face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-, pass. es?idil-face="Times New Roman Star"is- / ist-

face="Times New Roman Star"is?u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"ilt-face="Times New Roman Star"ihit-, pass. ihilin-face="Times New Roman Star"ihit-, pass. ihilin-

face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"est-face="Times New Roman Star"esit-face="Times New Roman Star"is?et-face="Times New Roman Star"es?t-face="Times New Roman Star"is?it-face="Times New Roman Star"s?it-face="Times New Roman Star"esit-face="Times New Roman Star"is?ti-face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 51, EDT 257-8, Ё—“я 1, 318-319, ≈горов 69, Stachowski 123. Note -d- in Runic and the voicing of -t before a vowel in Az. and Turkm. Khak. has two forms of stem (is- and iste-, morphonologically distributed, so that is- < iste-; the same historical process could have occurred with. Ku"a"r. a"s?-, Kach. es?- (R 1, 905); so the only clear evidence for the stem *el/- are Tatar dialectal reflexes (in which case -t may be a causative suffix, see Bang 1925, Zaja,czkowski 1932). Shor este- 'to hear', estel- 'to be heard' do not belong here, being derived from *es > is 'mind, memory', like Mod. Uygh. an|la- 'to hear' < an| 'mind'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*es-(ku")face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"old, ancientface="Times New Roman Star"старыйface="Times New Roman Star"eski (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"eski (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"eski, dial. esgiface="Times New Roman Star"iskeface="Times New Roman Star"eski (Sangl., Pav. C., AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eski, o"ski
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ski, a"silli 'grown up'face="Times New Roman Star"esgi

face="Times New Roman Star"eski
face="Times New Roman Star"as-lъ 'great', az-(-atte, -anne) 'grandfather, grandmother'face="Times New Roman Star"o"su"k 'ancient times'


face="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"it|keface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"i_eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eski
face="Times New Roman Star"esgi, eskiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 50, Ё—“я 1, 306-308, Ћексика 86, EDT 246, ‘едотов 1, 63-64. Cf. also Turk. *asy- 'old, last year's' (VEWT 29).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)igneface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"needleface="Times New Roman Star"иглаface="Times New Roman Star"jin|ne (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigne (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"ina"face="Times New Roman Star"igne (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"igna"face="Times New Roman Star"igna", jin|na", jigna"face="Times New Roman Star"jin|neface="Times New Roman Star"ijna"face="Times New Roman Star"igne, in|neface="Times New Roman Star"in|eface="Times New Roman Star"inga"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i:na" ( < Az.)
face="Times New Roman Star"inne, in/eface="Times New Roman Star"in|ne, in/e, inneface="Times New Roman Star"ine
face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i>jnaface="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i>na"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i:na"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"ijne
face="Times New Roman Star"ineface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 110, VEWT 169, Ё—“я 1, 367-369, Ћексика 106.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jigren- ( ? -e-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hate, abhorface="Times New Roman Star"испытывать отвращение
face="Times New Roman Star"jigren- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijren-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ire|n-face="Times New Roman Star"jigren- (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jirga"n-, z?|irgen-

face="Times New Roman Star"ijra"n-face="Times New Roman Star"jigren-




face="Times New Roman Star"sirgen-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|erin-, z?|iren-, z?|ijirken-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijren-face="Times New Roman Star"jijren-face="Times New Roman Star"jera"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"i:ren-face="Times New Roman Star"iren-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijren-, z?ijirken-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|irgen-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 914-915, Ё—“я 4, 200-201.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ek-l/c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sour, acid, bitter 2 to be sour, bitterface="Times New Roman Star"1 кислый, горький 2 быть кислым, горьким
face="Times New Roman Star"eks?ig (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"eks?i 1, eks?i- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"eks?i 1, eks?i- 2 (Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"a"ks?i 1face="Times New Roman Star"egs?it- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"j@ksu" ( < *j@ks/u") 1








face="Times New Roman Star"i:s?i 1, i:s?i- 2face="Times New Roman Star"eks?i 1, eks?i- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 118, Ё—“я 1, 259-260, ћудрак ƒисс. 199.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jEgit / *jigitface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young man, brave manface="Times New Roman Star"юноша, храбрецface="Times New Roman Star"jigit (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigit (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jijitface="Times New Roman Star"jegetface="Times New Roman Star"jigit (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"jigit, jigyt, jygytface="Times New Roman Star"igitface="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"c?i:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|etface="Times New Roman Star"d/i:t




face="Times New Roman Star"n/i:tface="Times New Roman Star"z?|igitface="Times New Roman Star"z?igitface="Times New Roman Star"jigitface="Times New Roman Star"jegetface="Times New Roman Star"z?|igit, zigitface="Times New Roman Star"i:tface="Times New Roman Star"igitface="Times New Roman Star"z?igitface="Times New Roman Star"jihit, ix|itface="Times New Roman Star"jigit, igitface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 911, VEWT 203, TMN 4, 185, Ё—“я 4, 198-199, Ћексика 301. Turk. > WMong. jigede, Kalm. je:d@ (KW 218).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jyly-gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"warmface="Times New Roman Star"теплыйface="Times New Roman Star"jylyg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jylyg|, ylyg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ylykface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ylyface="Times New Roman Star"ylyq, jylyq (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"iliqface="Times New Roman Star"ilmanface="Times New Roman Star"ilyg|face="Times New Roman Star"ilyG 'warmish'face="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"c?yly- (v.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/ylu

face="Times New Roman Star"syla:sface="Times New Roman Star"hyla:sface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylyg|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yluuface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylyface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylyface="Times New Roman Star"ylyface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"z?yllyface="Times New Roman Star"jiliface="Times New Roman Star"jylyface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from *jyly- 'to be warm'. See VEWT 200, EDT 919, 925, Ё—“я 4, 275-276, Ћексика 21, Stachowski 118.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:pa(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wooden fork 2 shovelface="Times New Roman Star"1 дерев€нные вилы 2 лопата

face="Times New Roman Star"jaba 1, dial. 2face="Times New Roman Star"jabaface="Times New Roman Star"japa (Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:wa (dial.) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jaba 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:baq, ja:ba 1









face="Times New Roman Star"z?aba (dial.) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"jaba 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aba 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aba 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo:wa, jowa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 187, Ё—“я 4, 45. Not quite clear are fronted cognates: Yak. seb, Kumd. jep, Tat., Bashk. j@p 'fork, bifurcation'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jA:d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to spreadface="Times New Roman Star"расстилать, распростиратьface="Times New Roman Star"jad- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jad|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj- (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|j-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:j-

face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-, d/aj-



face="Times New Roman Star"c?at-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"j-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"z?aj-
face="Times New Roman Star"jaj-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, Ё—“я 4, 76-77, 80, EDT 883-884.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:(j)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bowface="Times New Roman Star"лукface="Times New Roman Star"ja (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"je|je|, z?|e|je|face="Times New Roman Star"jaj (Ettuhf.), ja (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|jface="Times New Roman Star"jaface="Times New Roman Star"ja 'arrow'face="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"ja:jface="Times New Roman Star"c?a:-z?|axface="Times New Roman Star"nan 'bow', jan-c?ak 'small bow'face="Times New Roman Star"d/a: 'arrow'
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u (in ok-s/u)face="Times New Roman Star"sa:face="Times New Roman Star"ha:, sa:face="Times New Roman Star"c?aface="Times New Roman Star"c?aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj, z?|a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?ajface="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ja", janface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ajaface="Times New Roman Star"jaj, jajyface="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"z?aj

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, EDT 869, TMN 4, 121-122, Ё—“я 4, 75, Ћексика 570, ‘едотов 2, 274, Stachowski 99, 209.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lickface="Times New Roman Star"лизатьface="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jalva- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala- (Pav. C., MA, AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala"-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-, jag|la-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"ja:la-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-, d/ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ula- / s/ъvlaface="Times New Roman Star"sala:-face="Times New Roman Star"halan-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-
face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"jala-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 926-927, Ё—“я 4, 87-88 (with Turkm. jala-), ‘едотов 2, 132, Stachowski 94. The deriving stem can perhaps be found in Turkish, Gag., Az. jal 'food, mash given to dogs, animals' (see Ё—“я 4, 85); cf. also *jalgak (Ё—“я 4, 90) 'dish for feeding animals'; *jalma- 'to lick' (Ё—“я 4, 95).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 suspicion, false accusation 2 lieface="Times New Roman Star"1 подозрение, клевета 2 ложьface="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (OUygh.), jalg|an 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1 (MK), jalg|an 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2 (AH), jalqan 2 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lg|o|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1,2

face="Times New Roman Star"jala, d/ala 1





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ala 1, z?|alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jala 1, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alg|an, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan, jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ala 1, z?alg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, 183, EDT 918-919, 926, Ё—“я 4, 87, 91-92. Turk. > Mong. jala (KW 214).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.pytakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"without saddleface="Times New Roman Star"без седла
face="Times New Roman Star"jabytaq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"japyldaq (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jawdaqface="Times New Roman Star"jabytaq
face="Times New Roman Star"japbyllaqface="Times New Roman Star"c?abdaxface="Times New Roman Star"c?abydaqface="Times New Roman Star"d/abydaq

face="Times New Roman Star"sybydax
face="Times New Roman Star"c?awydaq





face="Times New Roman Star"jalburdaq



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 873, Ё—“я 4, 49-50.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.lyn|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 naked 2 single, lonelyface="Times New Roman Star"1 голый 2 одинокий, единственныйface="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1, jaln|us 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1, jaln|us 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz, dial. jalan|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1 (dial.), jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 1 (Pav. C.), jalan, jalynz?|aq 1 (Ettuhf.), jalyn|yz, jalyqyz 2 (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jal/a"n| 1, jo|llg|iz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalg|uz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn|, jan| 1, jan|g|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalan|ac? 1, jaln|y:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alan| 1, c?alg|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alan| 1, c?ag|ys, nag|ys, nan|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"d/alan| 1, jan|ys, d/an|ys 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|uz 2
face="Times New Roman Star"sy:n/ax, sygynn/ax 1face="Times New Roman Star"hygynn/ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?an|g|ys 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alan| 1, z?|alg|yz, z?|an|g|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan| 1, z?alg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalan| 1, jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|g|yd| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan, zalan 1, z?ang|yz, zang|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 1, jalnyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn, jalan 1, jalg|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alan| 1, z?alg|yz 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalan 1, jan|g|yz, jan|yz 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 182, EDT 929, 930, Ё—“я 4, 97-98, 104-106. Turk. > Kalm. jaln| (KW 214). Cf. also *jalky 'single' (Ё—“я 4, 95), Stachowski 106, 118. Yak. sygynn/ax < *jaln|yn-c?ak; sog|otox < *jaln|or/ak.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jal-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to burn, blaze 2 flameface="Times New Roman Star"1 гореть, пылать 2 плам€face="Times New Roman Star"jal- 1 (OUygh.), jalyn 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jal- 1 (MK), jalyn 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2 (Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn| 2 (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn, d/alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"s/olъm 2

face="Times New Roman Star"c?alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, EDT 918, 929, Ё—“я 4, 106-107, Ћексика 23, 356-357, 363, ‘едотов 2, 133-134, TMN 4, 187. Cf. also Kypch. jalgavuc? 'frying pan' (Ё—“я 4, 13). Turk. *jaltyr- 'to flash, blazed' (Ё—“я 4, 94) > Mong. iltira- id.; *jaltyrym (Ё—“я 4, 281) 'lightning' > Mong. jildurum id. (ўербак 1997, 121).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jalpyface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 broad, flat 2 blade, paddle 3 shallowface="Times New Roman Star"1 широкий, плоский 2 лист, лопасть 3 мелкий
face="Times New Roman Star"jalby 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalpyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e|lpe|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lpo|q 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jalpa 2, jalpaq 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"c?elbax, nalpax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbaq, d/albaq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"salbax 2face="Times New Roman Star"halbax 'span; foot'face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?albaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?alpaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 919, VEWT 182, Ё—“я 4, 14, 100-101, Stachowski 94. This root should be distinguished from *japur-gak 'leaf' and from *jalpy- / *jelpi- 'to shake, sway'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to ask, require 2 to hire, lease 3 price 4 servant 5 envoy 6 to be satisfied 7 to give satisfactionface="Times New Roman Star"1 просить, требовать 2 нанимать 3 цена, плата, наем 4 слуга 5 посол 6 получать удовлетворение, быть счастливым 7 давать удовлетворениеface="Times New Roman Star"jalvar-, jalyn- (OUygh.) 1, jalabac? (Orkh., Yen.), jalavac? (OUygh.) 5, jalc?y-t- 7 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1, jalavac?, jalavar 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1, jalavac? 5face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar-, jalyn- 1, jalla- 2, jal (Ѕуд.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar- 1 (MA), jalyn- 1 (Abush.), jal (Ѕуд.) 3, jalavac? (AH) 5, jalc?y- 6, 7 (Ettuhf., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lwar-, jalin- 1, jo|lla"- 2, jo|lc?i- 6face="Times New Roman Star"jalba"(r)-, jalvar-, jelin- 1, jalc?i- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1, ja:llav 3, ja:lc?y 4 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?al 3
face="Times New Roman Star"jal, d/al 3, jalbar-, d/albar-, jalyn-, d/alyn- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"c?ala-, c?alwar-, c?alyn- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|albar-, z?|alyn- 1, z?|al 3, z?|alc?y- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?albar-, z?alyn- 1, z?al 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1, jalsy- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?alyn-, zalyn- 1, zal 3face="Times New Roman Star"jalvar- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalvar- 1, jal 3, jalc?y- 6face="Times New Roman Star"z?albar- 1, z?al 3, z?als?y- 6
face="Times New Roman Star"jalbar-, jalyn- 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181-183, EDT 920, 921, 922, 931, Ё—“я 4, 84-85, 89, 92-93, 102-103, 107; TMN 4, 108, ўербак 1997, 121 (Turk. jalbar- > Mong. z?|albari-). The root is no doubt archaic, but presents some problems: the deriving simple stem *ja:l is attested late, and there seems to be no vowel length in the derivatives *jalyn-, *jal-bar- (although this may be a later secondary shortening). The peculiar suffixation in jalbar-, jalabac?, jalabar caused some authors (see, e.g., Clauson in EDT) to suspect a loanword, but its source is unclear and the forms may as well be genuine (as are certainly the forms *ja:l, *jalyn-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAmac?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"side of a mountainface="Times New Roman Star"склон горы

face="Times New Roman Star"jamac?
face="Times New Roman Star"jamac?, jamaz?| (R, Pav. C.)


face="Times New Roman Star"jamaz?|face="Times New Roman Star"jamac? (dial.)













face="Times New Roman Star"jamac?



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, Ё—“я 4, 111.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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