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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*y:d-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sendface="Times New Roman Star"посылатьface="Times New Roman Star"yd- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yd|- (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"ij- (AH)



face="Times New Roman Star"yj-face="Times New Roman Star"ys-face="Times New Roman Star"ys-face="Times New Roman Star"ij-, ys-
face="Times New Roman Star"jar-face="Times New Roman Star"y:t-face="Times New Roman Star"y:t-face="Times New Roman Star"yt-face="Times New Roman Star"yt-face="Times New Roman Star"ij-


face="Times New Roman Star"ij-
face="Times New Roman Star"ij-


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 37-38, VEWT 164, ЭСТЯ 1, 332-333, Егоров 354, Stachowski 263.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ediface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hostface="Times New Roman Star"хозяинface="Times New Roman Star"edi (idi) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"id|i (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ije, ys, isface="Times New Roman Star"ija"face="Times New Roman Star"eje (Бор. Бад., Abush.), ije (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"a"ja" (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"iseface="Times New Roman Star"jija"face="Times New Roman Star"ejeface="Times New Roman Star"e:face="Times New Roman Star"e:face="Times New Roman Star"e:

face="Times New Roman Star"ic?c?iface="Times New Roman Star"ic?c?iface="Times New Roman Star"e: ( < Oyr. or Khak.)
face="Times New Roman Star"e:face="Times New Roman Star"i>jeface="Times New Roman Star"ijeface="Times New Roman Star"i>ja"face="Times New Roman Star"ije
face="Times New Roman Star"ije, jeface="Times New Roman Star"ije
face="Times New Roman Star"jejeface="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 1, 237-241, TMN 2, 176, EDT 41, Лексика 324-325, Stachowski 122. Some forms (Tur. ys, is, Yak. ic?c?i etc.) go back to a suffixed *ede-si; the Khak. and Shor forms should be explained as a haplology of the same form.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bridleface="Times New Roman Star"уздечка
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"go"n (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ojanface="Times New Roman Star"jo"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"ujan (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"juganface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"jug|yn (ЯЖУ)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ja"nface="Times New Roman Star"u"jen, ujanface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"u"jgen
face="Times New Roman Star"j@w|venface="Times New Roman Star"u":n
face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"g|en
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"go"nface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"genface="Times New Roman Star"ju"wenface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ga"nface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"gen
face="Times New Roman Star"ijgen, ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"wen
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"genface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 212, EDT 913, ЭСТЯ 1, 577, Егоров 77, Лексика 556.
face="Times New Roman Star"*egir-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to twist, spinface="Times New Roman Star"крутить, прясть
face="Times New Roman Star"egir- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ejir-face="Times New Roman Star"ir- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"egir- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigir-face="Times New Roman Star"jiger-, igir-
face="Times New Roman Star"a"jir-face="Times New Roman Star"egir-face="Times New Roman Star"i:r-face="Times New Roman Star"i:r-, egir-face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-face="Times New Roman Star"ha"jir-face="Times New Roman Star"avъr-la-face="Times New Roman Star"i:r-is- 'спутаться о лесках'; ieregej 'humming-top'face="Times New Roman Star"ieregej 'drill'face="Times New Roman Star"e:r-
face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-
face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-
face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-face="Times New Roman Star"ig|er-face="Times New Roman Star"ijir-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 112, ЭСТЯ 1, 227-231, TMN 2, 192, Федотов 1, 27, Stachowski 122. The Chuv. form reflects a partial merger with *ebir- (v. sub *i_a>\pV).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)igneface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"needleface="Times New Roman Star"иглаface="Times New Roman Star"jin|ne (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jigne (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"ina"face="Times New Roman Star"igne (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"igna"face="Times New Roman Star"igna", jin|na", jigna"face="Times New Roman Star"jin|neface="Times New Roman Star"ijna"face="Times New Roman Star"igne, in|neface="Times New Roman Star"in|eface="Times New Roman Star"inga"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i:na" ( < Az.)
face="Times New Roman Star"inne, in/eface="Times New Roman Star"in|ne, in/e, inneface="Times New Roman Star"ine
face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i>jnaface="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i>na"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"i:na"face="Times New Roman Star"ijneface="Times New Roman Star"ijne
face="Times New Roman Star"ineface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 110, VEWT 169, ЭСТЯ 1, 367-369, Лексика 106.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jilikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"marrowface="Times New Roman Star"костный мозгface="Times New Roman Star"jilik (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jilik (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"jelek, z?|elekface="Times New Roman Star"jilik (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"jilik
face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"jilik

face="Times New Roman Star"d/ilik

face="Times New Roman Star"sili:
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ilig
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilik
face="Times New Roman Star"jilikface="Times New Roman Star"jelekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilik
face="Times New Roman Star"ilikface="Times New Roman Star"z?ilikface="Times New Roman Star"ileh (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"jilikface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 927, 928, VEWT 203, TMN 2, 214, ЭСТЯ 4, 265, Лексика 263. Turkm. and Uzb. dialectal ju"lu"k 'marrow' may reflect a contamination with *ju"lu"k / *juluk 'juice' q. v. sub *dilu.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)e:.n-c?ikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shin, shank 2 shin bone 3 boot-top strap 4 heelface="Times New Roman Star"1 голень 2 кость голени 3 ремешки для подтягивания голенищ 4 пятка
face="Times New Roman Star"jinz?|ik 2 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 1face="Times New Roman Star"jinz?|ik 1 (КСТТ)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 'cou de pied' (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"i:nz?|ik 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"enz?|ik 4face="Times New Roman Star"enc?ik 4 (Leb.)

face="Times New Roman Star"inn/ia"x 1 (Пек. 1941)
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?ik 3



face="Times New Roman Star"jensek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inc?ik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?ik, inz?|ik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ix голень (ССЯ)
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 172, 203, Лексика 286.
face="Times New Roman Star"*in-gek (/*yn-gak), *in-kenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cow 2 female camelface="Times New Roman Star"1 корова 2 верблюдицаface="Times New Roman Star"ingek (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, ingen 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingek 1, ingen 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"i>na"k 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1 (AH), inen 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k, ina"j 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k 1, (dial.) ingan, in|gan 2face="Times New Roman Star"inek, enek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1 (ЭСТЯ), inen 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>nek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek, na"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek, ijnek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"@ne 1face="Times New Roman Star"ynax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, en|gin 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, in|gen 2face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, i>n|gen 2

face="Times New Roman Star"inek, ijnek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"in|gen 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 184, VEWT 172, ЭСТЯ 1, 358-361, Егоров 64, Лексика 436, 447-448). Turk. > Mong. in|gen 'female camel'; Hung. u"no? 'heifer' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*yjn|a-la-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cry, weepface="Times New Roman Star"плакать, рыдать
face="Times New Roman Star"an|yla- 'to cry, howl (of a donkey)' (МК) (?)face="Times New Roman Star"inle-, dial. in|ile-face="Times New Roman Star"en|gelde-face="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. in|le- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingala-

face="Times New Roman Star"inla"-face="Times New Roman Star"in|le-face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"ylg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-face="Times New Roman Star"i:.la"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyla-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyla-, yyla-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-face="Times New Roman Star"ynqyl-da-
face="Times New Roman Star"yjla-
face="Times New Roman Star"inne-face="Times New Roman Star"inle-face="Times New Roman Star"yn|yl-da-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 172, EDT 186, ЭСТЯ 1, 366-367.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jin|c?-geface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thinface="Times New Roman Star"тонкийface="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ke (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|eface="Times New Roman Star"nec?ke|face="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke (Pav. C.), inc?ge (Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingic?kaface="Times New Roman Star"inc?ika"face="Times New Roman Star"s?igeface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"i:nc?e ( < jinc?e)face="Times New Roman Star"niske


face="Times New Roman Star"s/inz/eface="Times New Roman Star"sin/nigesface="Times New Roman Star"hinn/igesface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|geface="Times New Roman Star"n/in|geface="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"jin|is?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?geface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"z?in|is?keface="Times New Roman Star"la"s?gi
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 203, EDT 944-5, ЭСТЯ 1, 364-365, Stachowski 104.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer 2 to be abashed, distressed 4 colic 5 to grizzle, slug 6 (birth) pains, labours 7 impatience 8 drag, disturbance 9 flaw, fault 10 obtuse, absent-minded 11 to torture, offendface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать 2 растеряться, прийти в замешательство 4 колика 5 капризничать, нежиться 6 потуги, родовые схватки 7 нетерпение 8 обуза, помеха 9 упущение, промах 10 рассеянный, бестолковый 11 мучить, обижатьface="Times New Roman Star"enegu" 4 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"enc?ik- 'to lose feelings' (MK, KB), enegu" 4 (MK), enit- (AH) 2face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, enz?|e-le- 5face="Times New Roman Star"entu"k- 1face="Times New Roman Star"entik- 1face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 6
face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"enc?i 6, enc?ik 7face="Times New Roman Star"i.nz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"andъx- 1, 7, anzux 'dumb, sclerotic person'face="Times New Roman Star"enn'e-lik 8, enc?i 9


face="Times New Roman Star"ente-le- 2, entik- 'to suffer from dyspnoea', eno": 10
face="Times New Roman Star"enew 4face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, inte- 11face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"enz?|ek 'newborn'face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|yt-, inc?it- 11 (T)

face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 174, 184, ЭСТЯ 1, 283, Егоров 29. Doerfer (Khal.) suggests Arabic origin, which is quite improbable. Vowel length is suggested by the voiced -z?|- of the suffix in several languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yn|yrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"duskface="Times New Roman Star"дымка, сумеркиface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir (? yn|yr) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir (MK), imir (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"inirik, in|rik (dial.), u"mez 'fog'face="Times New Roman Star"i>n|gi>r
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mu"r, imir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|er, jin|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mu"r, in|rikface="Times New Roman Star"i:rface="Times New Roman Star"i:r, ynarface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, i:r, ynyrface="Times New Roman Star"a"/n|gu"r, a"/n|gu".rface="Times New Roman Star"@n@r@k; @ner 'yesterday'face="Times New Roman Star"im 'morning and evening dawn'face="Times New Roman Star"im 'morning and evening dawn'face="Times New Roman Star"imir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, yn|yrt, in|irtface="Times New Roman Star"i>n|i>r, ymyrt, imirt
face="Times New Roman Star"i>n|i>rface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, yn|g|yrface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, ymyrt

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 162, 188, VEWT 172, ЭСТЯ 1, 354-356, Егоров 64-65, Лексика 34-35, 81, 83. Mudrak (Лексика 83) separates forms with -m-, comparing them with Evk. umulge 'shadow'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)ip-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"violet-coloured, purpleface="Times New Roman Star"фиолетовый, бордовыйface="Times New Roman Star"jipin, jipginface="Times New Roman Star"jipkil (MK)











face="Times New Roman Star"j@w|pk@w|n 'deep-coloured'

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpen|






face="Times New Roman Star"ipkin


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 877, 874, Федотов 1, 197.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jigren- ( ? -e-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hate, abhorface="Times New Roman Star"испытывать отвращение
face="Times New Roman Star"jigren- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ijren-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ire|n-face="Times New Roman Star"jigren- (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jirga"n-, z?|irgen-

face="Times New Roman Star"ijra"n-face="Times New Roman Star"jigren-




face="Times New Roman Star"sirgen-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|erin-, z?|iren-, z?|ijirken-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijren-face="Times New Roman Star"jijren-face="Times New Roman Star"jera"n-
face="Times New Roman Star"i:ren-face="Times New Roman Star"iren-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ijren-, z?ijirken-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|irgen-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 914-915, ЭСТЯ 4, 200-201.
face="Times New Roman Star"*E:rigface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"rough, largeface="Times New Roman Star"грубый, крупныйface="Times New Roman Star"erig (OUygh.) 'wild'face="Times New Roman Star"erig (MK) 'lively, energetic'face="Times New Roman Star"iriface="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>face="Times New Roman Star"iri (Бор. Бад.), irik (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.), erig (Qutb.)face="Times New Roman Star"jirikface="Times New Roman Star"irik, jirik
face="Times New Roman Star"iriface="Times New Roman Star"i:ri








face="Times New Roman Star"iriface="Times New Roman Star"iriface="Times New Roman Star"iriface="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>

face="Times New Roman Star"iriface="Times New Roman Star"iri

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 221, 222, ЭСТЯ 1, 371-372. Modern languages reveal a secondary vowel narrowing. Turk. > Hung. o"reg.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.ri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to meltface="Times New Roman Star"таять
face="Times New Roman Star"eru"- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"eri- (Abushk.)face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ri-face="Times New Roman Star"ere-face="Times New Roman Star"ir@-
face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"ir@l-face="Times New Roman Star"ir-face="Times New Roman Star"ir-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"ire-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"jeri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 1, 289-290, Stachowski 128, EDT 198.
face="Times New Roman Star"*iri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rot 2 pus 3 to turn sour, coagulateface="Times New Roman Star"1 гнить 2 гной 3 прокисать, створаживатьсяface="Times New Roman Star"jiru"- 1 (OUygh.), irin| 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, irin| 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 3, i>ri>n 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, jirin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|irin| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 1, 3, i>ri>n 2
face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 3, irin| 2

face="Times New Roman Star"iren|e 2face="Times New Roman Star"iren|e 2face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, irin| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, 3, irin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 1, 3, i>ri>n 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 3, i>ri>n 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"jirin 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, 3, irin| 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 198, 233, ЭСТЯ 1, 372-374, Stachowski 128.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ysyg / *isigface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hot 2 warmface="Times New Roman Star"1 горячий 2 теплыйface="Times New Roman Star"isig 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"isig 1 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"syz?|ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"esse 1face="Times New Roman Star"isti 2 (Pav. C.), ysyg| (Бор. Бад., Abush.)
face="Times New Roman Star"issiq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"isti 2face="Times New Roman Star"yssy 1face="Times New Roman Star"@z@g 1
face="Times New Roman Star"izu" 1face="Times New Roman Star"hissi:., hisk 1face="Times New Roman Star"ъw|z?ъw| 2face="Times New Roman Star"iti:, ic?iges ( < *isi-gec?) 2face="Times New Roman Star"iti:, ic?iges 2face="Times New Roman Star"izig| 1face="Times New Roman Star"i'sig| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ysyq 1, ysy 'heat, hot wind'face="Times New Roman Star"yssy 1face="Times New Roman Star"issi 1


face="Times New Roman Star"issi 1, 2 (HK), syz?|aq 2 (K), ysy-t- (K) 'to warm'face="Times New Roman Star"yssy 1face="Times New Roman Star"hyssy 2
face="Times New Roman Star"Derived from *ysy- / *isi- 'to be hot'. See VEWT 173-4, TMN 2,182, EDT 246, ЭСТЯ 1, 668-671, Лексика 19-20, Stachowski 123, 130.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to knead, press 2 porridge, liquid soup (*'smth. pressed')face="Times New Roman Star"1 месить, мять 2 кашица, похлебка (*'давленая')
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gre ( ? u"-) 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"j-, o"v- (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"u">jra" 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"gre 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"uwra, ugra 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"gra", o"gra" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"o"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"u"gre 2
face="Times New Roman Star"u"re 2

face="Times New Roman Star"u"o"re 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o"j- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"u"jre 2face="Times New Roman Star"u">jra" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"iwre 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 112, VEWT 369, ЭСТЯ 1, 324-325 (*o"gu"-re 'porridge'), 515, 618-620. The root clearly has a *-g- and should be distinguished from *u":k- 'grind' q. v. sub *p`u:/k`n|i (although contaminations were possible).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"r/u"mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"grapeface="Times New Roman Star"виноградface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (OUygh. - med.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (MK), ju"zu"m (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"jo"zemface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m (Pav. C.), ju"zu"m (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"uzumface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"u"c?u"m (< Mong.?)face="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"u"zu"m



face="Times New Roman Star"iz/@m



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zimface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zimface="Times New Roman Star"jo"d|o"mface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"izim, ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"zim
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"zu"mface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 288, VEWT 214, ЭСТЯ 1, 625, Федотов 1, 173. Turk. > Mong. u"z?|u"m 'grapes', see TMN 2, 54, Clark 1980, 40.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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