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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*byn|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thousandface="Times New Roman Star"тысячаface="Times New Roman Star"byn|, bin| (Orkh., OUygh.), min|(OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"min| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"binface="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min| (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"minface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"mun|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"pinface="Times New Roman Star"mun|
face="Times New Roman Star"mun|
face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"myn|face="Times New Roman Star"min|, myn|face="Times New Roman Star"men|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"binface="Times New Roman Star"minface="Times New Roman Star"myn|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star"min|face="Times New Roman Star" VEWT 76, MNT 4, 1742, EDT 347-347, Лексика 574. Cannot be < Chin. (see Clauson 1964, 24-25).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:(n)r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"iceface="Times New Roman Star"лед
face="Times New Roman Star"buz (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"buz, muz (Abush., MA, Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"pyzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"bu:zface="Times New Roman Star"pusface="Times New Roman Star"mus
face="Times New Roman Star"buza"kface="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rface="Times New Roman Star"mu:s, bu:sface="Times New Roman Star"bu:s

face="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"bod|face="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"muzface="Times New Roman Star"buzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 91, EDT 389, ЭСТЯ 2, 238-239, Лексика 17-18, TMN 2, 336, Stachowski 67.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu":n- (/*bi:n-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to ride on, to mount, to rizeface="Times New Roman Star"ехать верхомface="Times New Roman Star"bin- (Orkh.), mu"n- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bin-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-; mi:n- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n-face="Times New Roman Star"min-
face="Times New Roman Star"minder 'pillow'face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mi:n-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"mun-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"men-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"pin-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"min-, mim-, min|- (ССЯ)face="Times New Roman Star"min-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 338, TMN 4, 34, EDT 348, ЭСТЯ 7, Stachowski 180. Shortness in Turkm. is not clear. On the derivative *bin-ig- > *binge-l/- 'to ride behind someone else on the same horse' see EDT 771, Stachowski 178. Chuv. minder may be < Kypch., cf. Turk., Gag., Turkm., Nogh. minder, Kum. minnir, Tat., Bashk. menda"r - see Федотов 1, 359.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bujn|ur/ (*bu"jn|u"r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hornface="Times New Roman Star"рогface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"z (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bojnuzface="Times New Roman Star"mo"gezface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"z, mu"giz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu.gizface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"mon|ysface="Times New Roman Star"bujnuzface="Times New Roman Star"bujnuzface="Times New Roman Star"mu":sface="Times New Roman Star"mu":sface="Times New Roman Star"mu":s
face="Times New Roman Star"mъjragaface="Times New Roman Star"muosface="Times New Roman Star"muosface="Times New Roman Star"myjysface="Times New Roman Star"miisface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jizface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jizface="Times New Roman Star"mo"go"d|face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"bujnusface="Times New Roman Star"mun|guzface="Times New Roman Star"mujizface="Times New Roman Star"mon|yzface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 347, EDT 352, ЭСТЯ 2, 243, Лексика 148, Stachowski 183.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|y / *jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"newface="Times New Roman Star"новыйface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jangu.face="Times New Roman Star"jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y 'just, recently'face="Times New Roman Star"na:face="Times New Roman Star"na (Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|yface="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|giface="Times New Roman Star"s/@n@face="Times New Roman Star"san|aface="Times New Roman Star"han|a; hin|il 'young'face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"n/a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?ang|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jyn|gyface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185 (Ra"sa"nen is deriving this word from *ja:n 'side' which is quite improbable), EDT 943-4, ЭСТЯ 4, 124-125, Лексика 85, Stachowski 96, 104. Turk. > MMo, WMong. z?|an|gi, Kalm. za"n|g/@ 'news' (KW 470; doubts about this borrowing in TMN 1, 281, based on the early attestation of the meaning "discussion" in Mong., are hardly founded).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jama-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to patchface="Times New Roman Star"латать, штопать
face="Times New Roman Star"jama- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"nama-face="Times New Roman Star"naba-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-, d/ama-

face="Times New Roman Star"sama:-face="Times New Roman Star"hama:-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ama-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ama-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"zama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"jama-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 934-935, ЭСТЯ 4, 108, Stachowski 94. Turk. > WMong. z?|ama-, Kalm. zam@- (KW 466).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:(j)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bowface="Times New Roman Star"лукface="Times New Roman Star"ja (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"je|je|, z?|e|je|face="Times New Roman Star"jaj (Ettuhf.), ja (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|jface="Times New Roman Star"jaface="Times New Roman Star"ja 'arrow'face="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"ja:jface="Times New Roman Star"c?a:-z?|axface="Times New Roman Star"nan 'bow', jan-c?ak 'small bow'face="Times New Roman Star"d/a: 'arrow'
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u (in ok-s/u)face="Times New Roman Star"sa:face="Times New Roman Star"ha:, sa:face="Times New Roman Star"c?aface="Times New Roman Star"c?aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|aj, z?|a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?ajface="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ja", janface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ajaface="Times New Roman Star"jaj, jajyface="Times New Roman Star"jajface="Times New Roman Star"z?aj

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, EDT 869, TMN 4, 121-122, ЭСТЯ 4, 75, Лексика 570, Федотов 2, 274, Stachowski 99, 209.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to turn back 2 againface="Times New Roman Star"1 поворачивать назад 2 сноваface="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), jana 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1 (MK), jana 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jine, jene 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, je|ne| 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jana 2 (Бор. Бад., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|n- 1, jana 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1, jana 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jena" 2face="Times New Roman Star"jene 2face="Times New Roman Star"nan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"nan- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan-, d/an- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"c?an- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an- 1, z?|ana 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?a"ne 2face="Times New Roman Star"jana 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja"na" 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jana, jany, jane 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?a"ne 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 941-942, 943, ЭСТЯ 4, 111-112, 114-115.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.nc?- / *jenc?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to crushface="Times New Roman Star"ломатьface="Times New Roman Star"janc?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"janc?-, jenc?- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jenc?-face="Times New Roman Star"je|nc?e-face="Times New Roman Star"jenc?- (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"ja"nc?-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"nc?-

face="Times New Roman Star"jenc?-
face="Times New Roman Star"nas?-


face="Times New Roman Star"sys- / syn/-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|anc?-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ans?y-face="Times New Roman Star"jans?y-


face="Times New Roman Star"janc?-, jenc?-, janc-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ens?-
face="Times New Roman Star"janc?-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 944, ЭСТЯ 4, 184-185. Turk. > WMong. z?|anc?i-, janc?i-, KW 466, Щербак 1997, 122. See also notes to *ja:n(u)- 'threaten'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAn|ylface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 mistake, fault 2 to err, make a mistakeface="Times New Roman Star"1 ошибка, вина 2 ошибатьсяface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl- 2, jan|luq 1(Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl- 2, jan|luq 1(MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janlys? 1, janyl- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalg|ys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jag|yl- (Бор. Бад., Ettuhf., Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|lis?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jen|il-, jan|lis?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl 1face="Times New Roman Star"janlys? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaln|ys? 1, jaln|ys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"na:l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, d/an|yl- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yl- 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?an|yl- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|ylys?- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jannys? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, jan|g|yl- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jan|yl-, jan|lys?- 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 186, EDT 950, 951, ЭСТЯ 4, 120-121. Suffixless *jan| is poorly attested and probably does not exist.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja.jn|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cheek 2 jawface="Times New Roman Star"1 щека 2 челюсть
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"janak 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq (Abush., Sangl.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo|no|q 2, (Kypch. dial.) z?|ag| 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq, jyn|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"janaG 1face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 1face="Times New Roman Star"na:x 1face="Times New Roman Star"na:q 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/a:k 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"syn|a:x 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hyn|a:k 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:k 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|a:q 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jan|aq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yjaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"janaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"janax, jajax, jag|aq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?aq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jan|ax (ССЯ) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jajaq 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 948, VEWT 187, ЭСТЯ 4, 123, Лексика 219-220, Stachowski 119.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jem-kekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sinciput 2 fontanelleface="Times New Roman Star"1 темя 2 родничок
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mgu"k 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"imik 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"mo"k (Bar.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) jimu"k (AH) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"a"mga"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"e:mek (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"na"ba"k (R) 1face="Times New Roman Star"emgek (R - Tel.), jo"mo"k (R - Oyr.) 2, (Баск. Туба) no"mek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/amga 'forehead'

face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"vek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"emgek 2face="Times New Roman Star"en|bek 2


face="Times New Roman Star"imik 'brain'
face="Times New Roman Star"en|bek 2

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 42, 208, 171, 521, ЭСТЯ 1, 352, Егоров 202, Лексика 201-202. Chuv. > Bashk. sun|qa 'hump of the occipital bone'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ne:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"whatface="Times New Roman Star"чтоface="Times New Roman Star"ne (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ne (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"ni, ne|rse|face="Times New Roman Star"ne (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"na"face="Times New Roman Star"niface="Times New Roman Star"na"face="Times New Roman Star"na":, na":ma"face="Times New Roman Star"nime, ni; no: `which' (*ne-gu)face="Times New Roman Star"nebe `thing', no: `what' (*ne-gu)face="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"m@w|n (metathesis < *ne-me)face="Times New Roman Star"tuox (*suox < *c?e-gu+ok?)face="Times New Roman Star"tuokface="Times New Roman Star"c?u": (*c?e-gu"), c?u"ve (*c?egu"-me)face="Times New Roman Star"c?u":, c?u"meface="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"ni, na"ma"face="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"neface="Times New Roman Star"ne, nemeface="Times New Roman Star"The earliest PT form must have contained a unique initial nasal (generally nasals were not allowed word-initially), having yielded specific reflexes in modern languages. See VEWT 352, EDT 774-5, Stachowski 230-231, ЭСТЯ 7, Федотов 1, 356.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jem-u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to crush, destroy 2 to curse, reproachface="Times New Roman Star"1 ломать, разрушать 2 порицать, упрекатьface="Times New Roman Star"jemir- (OUygh.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jemu"r- (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|imer- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jimir-, ju"mu"r- (R., Буд.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jimir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"mu"r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"nebir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jemir-, d/emir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|m@w|r- 2, 1

face="Times New Roman Star"c?emir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|emir- 2, 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"jemer- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?emir- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jemir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 937, VEWT 197, ЭСТЯ 4, 183-184, Егоров 210. The meaning 'crush, destroy, widespread in modern languages, must be a secondary development from the original more abstract 'harm' (whence also 'curse, reproach').
face="Times New Roman Star"*jen|eface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"elder brother's wifeface="Times New Roman Star"жена старшего братаface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|geface="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|ge|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge (Pav. C.), jinge (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge, jin|ge, in|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ga"face="Times New Roman Star"jen|n|eface="Times New Roman Star"nigeface="Times New Roman Star"nen|eface="Times New Roman Star"jen|e, d/en|eface="Times New Roman Star"nen|e
face="Times New Roman Star"san|asface="Times New Roman Star"han|asface="Times New Roman Star"c?en|ge
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|eface="Times New Roman Star"z?en|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ge


face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|geface="Times New Roman Star"jen|Go, jen|ko, jan|gu
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 950, VEWT 197-8, ЭСТЯ 4, 189-190, Лексика 313, Stachowski 96.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jegnface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sleeveface="Times New Roman Star"рукав
face="Times New Roman Star"jen| (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jenface="Times New Roman Star"z?|inface="Times New Roman Star"jen| (Ettuhf., Бор. Бад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|face="Times New Roman Star"jin|, z?|inface="Times New Roman Star"jeng (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"n@n|face="Times New Roman Star"nen|, na":s?face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|, d/en|
face="Times New Roman Star"s/avnъface="Times New Roman Star"siexface="Times New Roman Star"hiek, hienface="Times New Roman Star"c?en|
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"jen|face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|, zen|face="Times New Roman Star"jenface="Times New Roman Star"jeng, jen|g, jin|face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|, jen|gface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 197, TMN 4, 203, EDT 940, ЭСТЯ 4, 186, Федотов 2, 84, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.n|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to winface="Times New Roman Star"побеждать
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jen-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|-
face="Times New Roman Star"jen-, jin- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"c?in|-face="Times New Roman Star"nen|-, neg-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-, d/en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|g-face="Times New Roman Star"s/@n-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|g-, jen/-face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|-
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 942, ЭСТЯ 4, 187, Лексика 576. Ramstedt's hypothesis of *jen|- being derived from *jeg- 'better, top' could be accepted, but the Ud. parallel din|e- makes it questionable. We prefer to regard -n|- here as the root consonant.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jom, *jom(n|)akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 tale, legend 2 luck, omen 3 word 4 riddleface="Times New Roman Star"1 рассказ, притча 2 счастье, доброе предзнаменование 3 слово 4 загадка

face="Times New Roman Star"jom 2 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|omaq 4face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 1 (Ettuhf.), jom 2 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|umbo|q 4
face="Times New Roman Star"lomaq 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jomaq 'joke'face="Times New Roman Star"nymax 1, c?o:x 3face="Times New Roman Star"nybaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"nomoq 1 (possibly < Mong.)


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|omoq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?umbaq 4face="Times New Roman Star"jumaq 4face="Times New Roman Star"jomaq 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?|omaq, zomaq 4
face="Times New Roman Star"jomaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?u>mbaq 4
face="Times New Roman Star"jomaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 4, 220-221, VEWT 206,119 (one root in two different places). Despite late attestation the root is no doubt archaic (it must have originally pertained to a shamanistic ritual).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jymurtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bird-cherryface="Times New Roman Star"черемуха
face="Times New Roman Star"jumus?g|a 'medlar' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurt (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"s?umurt

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|umurt 'крушина'
face="Times New Roman Star"nymyrtface="Times New Roman Star"nybyrtface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrt, d/ymyryt
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|m@w|rt













face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 881, VEWT 211, ЭСТЯ 4, 283, Егоров 211, Лексика 136. Not quite clear is the relation of OT jems?en 'a k. of wild fruit, berry' (EDT 939).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jumurtkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eggface="Times New Roman Star"яйцоface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a, jumurg|a (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtaface="Times New Roman Star"jomyrqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtg|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"jumurtqa (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jomutface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurtGaface="Times New Roman Star"nymyrxaface="Times New Roman Star"nybyrtqa, nuburtqa (Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/ymyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumurqaface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|mardaface="Times New Roman Star"symy:tface="Times New Roman Star"hymy:tface="Times New Roman Star"c?uurg|aface="Times New Roman Star"n/umurxaface="Times New Roman Star"z?|umurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"z?u_myrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jumyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jomortqaface="Times New Roman Star"zumurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrtaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrta, imyrtxaface="Times New Roman Star"z?umurtqaface="Times New Roman Star"jymu:(r)ddaface="Times New Roman Star"jymyrtqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 211, EDT 938, ЭСТЯ 4, 250-251, Лексика 149, Stachowski 118.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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