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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kia:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"snowface="Times New Roman Star"снегface="Times New Roman Star"qar (Orkh., Yenis., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qar (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"karface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qar (Sangl., Qutb., Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|rface="Times New Roman Star"qar, qaa
face="Times New Roman Star"Garface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:rface="Times New Roman Star"xarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qar
face="Times New Roman Star"jorface="Times New Roman Star"xa:rface="Times New Roman Star"ka:rface="Times New Roman Star"xarface="Times New Roman Star"xarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"qa:r
face="Times New Roman Star"qar
face="Times New Roman Star"qarface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 284-285, EDT 641, VEWT 235, ≈горов 350, ‘едотов 2, 490, Ћексика 27, Stachowski 142.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gooseface="Times New Roman Star"гусьface="Times New Roman Star"qaz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qaz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qaz (Houts., AH, Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"g|az
face="Times New Roman Star"Gazface="Times New Roman Star"Ga:zface="Times New Roman Star"xasface="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"xorface="Times New Roman Star"xa:sface="Times New Roman Star"ka:sface="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"qad|
face="Times New Roman Star"qa:z
face="Times New Roman Star"g|az
face="Times New Roman Star"qazface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 679, VEWT 243, Ё—“я 5, 184, Ћексика 171, ‘едотов 2, 361, Stachowski 143.
face="Times New Roman Star"*K(i)a:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"eyebrow; edge, bank; saddle bowface="Times New Roman Star"бровь; край, берег; лука седлаface="Times New Roman Star"qas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qas? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kas? (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas? (Sangl., Pav. C., Abush.), qas? (CCum.)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"qas?
face="Times New Roman Star"Gas?face="Times New Roman Star"Ga:s?face="Times New Roman Star"xasface="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas?

face="Times New Roman Star"xa:sface="Times New Roman Star"ka:sface="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"xas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qasface="Times New Roman Star"qas?

face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"qas
face="Times New Roman Star"qas?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 669, VEWT 240, TMN 3, 389, Ё—“я 5, 343-345, Ћексика 211-212, 542, Stachowski 143.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to comeface="Times New Roman Star"приходитьface="Times New Roman Star"kel- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kel- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"ke.l- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"l-/kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ga"l-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"l-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-, gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248; EDT 715, Ё—“я 3, 14-16, 31-32, Stachowski 143. The Chuv. and Yak. vowels correspond irregularly.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gedface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"back, afterface="Times New Roman Star"сзади, позадиface="Times New Roman Star"kedin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|in (MK, KB)

face="Times New Roman Star"kijin (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kejinface="Times New Roman Star"kejin, ka"jin


face="Times New Roman Star"kizi>nface="Times New Roman Star"ka"zinface="Times New Roman Star"kijin
face="Times New Roman Star"kajface="Times New Roman Star"ke-lin; ketex 'back of head'face="Times New Roman Star"ke-lin; ketek 'back of head'

face="Times New Roman Star"kijinface="Times New Roman Star"kejin




face="Times New Roman Star"kejin

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 704, VEWT 246-247, Ё—“я 5, 23-24, Stachowski 144, 146. Forms like Yak. ketex 'back of head' clearly show that the root was *ged-; the monosyllabic *ge- (observable in Yak. ke-lin and perhaps Chuv. kaj) is most probably a result of secondary reinterpretation of the stems *gedin and *geru" (the latter < PA *ke\ro q. v.). It is exactly this reinterpretation that allows to reconstruct *g- in PT *ged- (the root is not attested in Oghuz languages).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kep(i)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to dry out 2 to extinguish, disappearface="Times New Roman Star"1 высыхать 2 исчезать, пропадать
face="Times New Roman Star"kepi- ( ? kebi-) (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kip- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ke|p- 1, ke|bi- (dial.) 2


face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 'to pound, demolish'face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 'to push'face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1face="Times New Roman Star"kip- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kep- 1, kebi- 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 687, Ё—“я 5, 45-46, Stachowski 145 (but the Yak. and Dolg. forms hardly to *ge:b- 'chew').
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.rge-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to need 2 necessity, necessary 3 to stay away, dare notface="Times New Roman Star"1 нуждатьс€ 2 необходимость, необходимый 3 не осмеливатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"kerge- 1 (OUygh.), kergek 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kerge- 1, kerek 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kira"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ke.rek 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kerak 2face="Times New Roman Star"kera"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ga"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"gerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kirek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kir-l@ 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerej- 3, kerex 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"xerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"xerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ka"ra"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kerek 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gerek 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 256, EDT 742, 743, Ё—“я 3, 25-26, Stachowski 145. Turk. > Mong. kereg (see ўербак 1997, 127).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ged-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to put onface="Times New Roman Star"надеватьface="Times New Roman Star"ked- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ked|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kej-, kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kez-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gej-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"d-
face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-face="Times New Roman Star"ket-
face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"ki>j-
face="Times New Roman Star"gi:-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"kij-face="Times New Roman Star"gij-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 700, VEWT 246, Ё—“я 3, 12-13, Ћексика 472-473, Stachowski 146.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:c? (-e)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long time 2 late 3 be late 4 night 5 evening 6 yesterdayface="Times New Roman Star"1 долго 2 поздний 3 опаздывать 4 ночь 5 вечер 6 вчераface="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2, kec?- 3, kec?e 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2 (KB, MK), kec?- 3 (MK), kec?a" 4, 5 (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gec? 2, gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kic? 5, kic?e| 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?a 4, 6face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?a" 5face="Times New Roman Star"kic?e 4 (Mal.)face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gi:c? 2, gi:z?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|e: 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec?ik 5 (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, 5, kec?e 6face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ec?a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"kas/ 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?e: 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?|e 5face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, kec?e: 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5, kes?a" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kis 5, kisa" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 5, kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z?|i 4face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 692-3, 694-5, Ё—“я 3, 40-41, 50-51, Ћексика 82, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wideface="Times New Roman Star"широкийface="Times New Roman Star"kin| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ken| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"genface="Times New Roman Star"kin|face="Times New Roman Star"ke.n| (Sangl., Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.), ge.n| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ka"n|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"genface="Times New Roman Star"gi:n|
face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ki:en|g
face="Times New Roman Star"kien|face="Times New Roman Star"kien|

face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|face="Times New Roman Star"kin|face="Times New Roman Star"ken|
face="Times New Roman Star"ken|, kenface="Times New Roman Star"ken|
face="Times New Roman Star"gen|face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 724-725, VEWT 253, EDT 724-725, Ё—“я 3, 46-47, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kil/iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"person, peopleface="Times New Roman Star"человек, людиface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?i (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"k@z@face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?i

face="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kihiface="Times New Roman Star"kiz?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kes?eface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kisiface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"kis?iface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, EDT 752-753, Ё—“я 5, 78-79, Ћексика 325, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kem, *Ka-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 who 2 whichface="Times New Roman Star"1 кто 2 какойface="Times New Roman Star"kem (OT, OUygh.) 1, qaju (OT, OUygh.), qanu (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kem?kim (MK, KB) qaju (MK, KB) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim (Abush., IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim, kem (dial.) 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kym 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kam 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, xaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, kaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"qym 1, qajy 2face="Times New Roman Star"qum 1, qai 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kym 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"ka"m 1
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 720-721, Ё—“я 5, 67-68, 191-192, Stachowski 134, 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kirface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dirtface="Times New Roman Star"гр€зьface="Times New Roman Star"kir (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kerface="Times New Roman Star"kir (Houts., Pav. C, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"k@r
face="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kir@k 'dirt on body, dandruff'face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"xir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"ker
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"kir
face="Times New Roman Star"kirface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 735, VEWT 271, Ё—“я 5, 69-70, Stachowski 148.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.r-tu"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"true, truthface="Times New Roman Star"верный, правдаface="Times New Roman Star"kertu", kert-gu"n- 'believe' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kertu" 'oath, truth', kert-gu"n- 'believe' (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ger-c?ek




face="Times New Roman Star"ger-c?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"ger-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"kirt@-n- 'believe'



face="Times New Roman Star"kirdik, kirz?|ikface="Times New Roman Star"kirdik



face="Times New Roman Star"kerti
face="Times New Roman Star"kertiface="Times New Roman Star"ger-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"kerti, ker-c?ek

face="Times New Roman Star"gertiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 257, EDT 738, 741, Ё—“я 3, 28-31, Stachowski 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gi:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 a k. of box 2 to hide 3 mysteryface="Times New Roman Star"1 вид €щика 2 пр€тать 3 тайна
face="Times New Roman Star"kiz 1, kizle- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gizle- 2, giz 3




face="Times New Roman Star"gizla"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"gi:zle- 2




face="Times New Roman Star"kiste:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"kiste:- 2











face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 756, 760, VEWT 273, Ё—“я 3, 43, Stachowski 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to enterface="Times New Roman Star"входитьface="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"ki:r-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"ker-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir-face="Times New Roman Star"kir- (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 735-736, Ё—“я 3, 47-48, Stachowski 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ki:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sableface="Times New Roman Star"собольface="Times New Roman Star"kis? (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis? (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?face="Times New Roman Star"kis? (MA, Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kis?





face="Times New Roman Star"kis?
face="Times New Roman Star"kъw|s?face="Times New Roman Star"ki:sface="Times New Roman Star"ki:sface="Times New Roman Star"kis?
face="Times New Roman Star"kis?face="Times New Roman Star"kisface="Times New Roman Star"kis, kis?face="Times New Roman Star"kes?




face="Times New Roman Star"kis?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 272, TMN 3, 664-665, EDT 752, ўербак 1961, 143, Ё—“я 5, 77-78, Ћексика 162-163, Stachowski 149 (one of the Turk.-Samoyed. contact words; because of the Tungus parallel, probably Turk. > Samoyed., despite Helimski 1995). The Chuvash form reveals irregular vocalism and may in fact reflect a merger with PT *Ku"l/u"l 'rat, mole' (v. sub *k`e>\l/u/). Turk. > Mong. er-kis 'male sable', ebsi-gis 'female sable' (see Clark 1980, 43).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kys-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 short 2 narrow 3 to squeezeface="Times New Roman Star"1 короткий 2 узкий 3 сдавливатьface="Times New Roman Star"qysg|a (Orkh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qys- 3 (MK, KB), qysyg| 2 (MK), qysqa 1 (KB), qysg|a 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kysa 1, kys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1, qys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1 (Abush.), qys- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qisqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qisqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"GysGa, qysGa 1face="Times New Roman Star"Gysa 1face="Times New Roman Star"GysGa 1, Gys- 3face="Times New Roman Star"xysxa 1, xys- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"x@z@k 2, x@s- 4face="Times New Roman Star"kyhaj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"kyhalga 'straits, sorrow' ( = Yak. kyhalga)face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1, qy's- 4, qyzy: 2face="Times New Roman Star"qy'sqa 1, qy's- 4face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysxa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qsyqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysqa 1face="Times New Roman Star"qysGa 1
face="Times New Roman Star"PT *Kys-ga 'short' is derived from PT *Kys- 'to press, squeeze'. See VEWT 267, EDT 665-7, Ё—“я 6, 251-253, Stachowski 167.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kyc?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to scratch, scrape; to itchface="Times New Roman Star"скрести, царапать; чесатьс€


face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?y-face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?-face="Times New Roman Star"qic?i-face="Times New Roman Star"qic?i-


face="Times New Roman Star"xyc?y-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?y-
face="Times New Roman Star"k@z/@ 'чесотка'face="Times New Roman Star"kyhyj-; kyhyax 'scraper'face="Times New Roman Star"kyhyak 'scraper'face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|i-
face="Times New Roman Star"qyc?ys?-face="Times New Roman Star"qys?y-face="Times New Roman Star"qys?y-face="Times New Roman Star"qysy-


face="Times New Roman Star"qys?y-

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 260, Ё—“я 6, 186-187, Stachowski 167.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ky:r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"redface="Times New Roman Star"красныйface="Times New Roman Star"qyzyl (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qyzyl (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"kyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzyl (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qizilface="Times New Roman Star"qizilface="Times New Roman Star"qizilface="Times New Roman Star"Gyzylface="Times New Roman Star"Gyzylface="Times New Roman Star"xyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"x@rl@face="Times New Roman Star"kyhylface="Times New Roman Star"kyhylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyd|ylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"Gyzilface="Times New Roman Star"qyzylface="Times New Roman Star"PT *Kyr/-yl 'red' is derived from *Ky:r/- 'to redden; glow' (Turkm. Gyz-, Tur. kyz- etc.), where length is witnessed by Yak. ky:s-. One has to assume shortening in polysyllabic derivatives (besides *Kyr/yl also *Kyr/-yk-, *Kyr/l-ar-), with secondary analogical shortening in Turkm. Gyz-; see VEWT 269, EDT 681, 683-4, TMN 3, 469, Ћексика 602-603, Ё—“я 6, 187-189, 194-196, Stachowski 167. Cf. also *Ky:r 'grey' (VEWT 265, TMN 3, 567, Ё—“я 6, 229-230).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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