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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*(j)e:.n-c?ikface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shin, shank 2 shin bone 3 boot-top strap 4 heelface="Times New Roman Star"1 голень 2 кость голени 3 ремешки дл€ подт€гивани€ голенищ 4 п€тка
face="Times New Roman Star"jinz?|ik 2 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 1face="Times New Roman Star"jinz?|ik 1 ( —““)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 'cou de pied' (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"i:nz?|ik 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"enz?|ik 4face="Times New Roman Star"enc?ik 4 (Leb.)

face="Times New Roman Star"inn/ia"x 1 (ѕек. 1941)
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?ik 3



face="Times New Roman Star"jensek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inc?ik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?ik, inz?|ik 1
face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ix голень (——я)
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 172, 203, Ћексика 286.
face="Times New Roman Star"*in-gek (/*yn-gak), *in-kenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cow 2 female camelface="Times New Roman Star"1 корова 2 верблюдицаface="Times New Roman Star"ingek (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, ingen 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ingek 1, ingen 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"i>na"k 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1 (AH), inen 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k, ina"j 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k 1, (dial.) ingan, in|gan 2face="Times New Roman Star"inek, enek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ina"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1 (Ё—“я), inen 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>nek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek, na"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek, ijnek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"@ne 1face="Times New Roman Star"ynax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, en|gin 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, in|gen 2face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1, i>n|gen 2

face="Times New Roman Star"inek, ijnek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"in|gen 2
face="Times New Roman Star"inek 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 184, VEWT 172, Ё—“я 1, 358-361, ≈горов 64, Ћексика 436, 447-448). Turk. > Mong. in|gen 'female camel'; Hung. u"no? 'heifer' (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer 2 to be abashed, distressed 4 colic 5 to grizzle, slug 6 (birth) pains, labours 7 impatience 8 drag, disturbance 9 flaw, fault 10 obtuse, absent-minded 11 to torture, offendface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать 2 растер€тьс€, прийти в замешательство 4 колика 5 капризничать, нежитьс€ 6 потуги, родовые схватки 7 нетерпение 8 обуза, помеха 9 упущение, промах 10 рассе€нный, бестолковый 11 мучить, обижатьface="Times New Roman Star"enegu" 4 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"enc?ik- 'to lose feelings' (MK, KB), enegu" 4 (MK), enit- (AH) 2face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, enz?|e-le- 5face="Times New Roman Star"entu"k- 1face="Times New Roman Star"entik- 1face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 6
face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"enc?i 6, enc?ik 7face="Times New Roman Star"i.nz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"andъx- 1, 7, anzux 'dumb, sclerotic person'face="Times New Roman Star"enn'e-lik 8, enc?i 9


face="Times New Roman Star"ente-le- 2, entik- 'to suffer from dyspnoea', eno": 10
face="Times New Roman Star"enew 4face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, inte- 11face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"enz?|ek 'newborn'face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|yt-, inc?it- 11 (T)

face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 174, 184, Ё—“я 1, 283, ≈горов 29. Doerfer (Khal.) suggests Arabic origin, which is quite improbable. Vowel length is suggested by the voiced -z?|- of the suffix in several languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yn|yrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"duskface="Times New Roman Star"дымка, сумеркиface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir (? yn|yr) (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir (MK), imir (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"inirik, in|rik (dial.), u"mez 'fog'face="Times New Roman Star"i>n|gi>r
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mu"r, imir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|er, jin|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"u"mu"r, in|rikface="Times New Roman Star"i:rface="Times New Roman Star"i:r, ynarface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, i:r, ynyrface="Times New Roman Star"a"/n|gu"r, a"/n|gu".rface="Times New Roman Star"@n@r@k; @ner 'yesterday'face="Times New Roman Star"im 'morning and evening dawn'face="Times New Roman Star"im 'morning and evening dawn'face="Times New Roman Star"imir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, yn|yrt, in|irtface="Times New Roman Star"i>n|i>r, ymyrt, imirt
face="Times New Roman Star"i>n|i>rface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, yn|g|yrface="Times New Roman Star"in|ir, ymyrt

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 162, 188, VEWT 172, Ё—“я 1, 354-356, ≈горов 64-65, Ћексика 34-35, 81, 83. Mudrak (Ћексика 83) separates forms with -m-, comparing them with Evk. umulge 'shadow'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*iri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rot 2 pus 3 to turn sour, coagulateface="Times New Roman Star"1 гнить 2 гной 3 прокисать, створаживатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"jiru"- 1 (OUygh.), irin| 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, irin| 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 3, i>ri>n 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, jirin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|irin| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 1, 3, i>ri>n 2
face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 3, irin| 2

face="Times New Roman Star"iren|e 2face="Times New Roman Star"iren|e 2face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, irin| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, 3, irin| 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 1, 3, i>ri>n 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>ri>- 3, i>ri>n 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"jirin 2face="Times New Roman Star"irin 2face="Times New Roman Star"iri- 1, 3, irin| 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 198, 233, Ё—“я 1, 372-374, Stachowski 128.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yl/an- / *il/en-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to believe, trustface="Times New Roman Star"верить, довер€ть
face="Times New Roman Star"is?en- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"is?o|n-face="Times New Roman Star"is?an-, is?a"n-face="Times New Roman Star"isen-
face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"i>zen-
face="Times New Roman Star"iz?en-
face="Times New Roman Star"s?an-, z?en- (NW)face="Times New Roman Star"isen- (ѕек.)


face="Times New Roman Star"is?en-face="Times New Roman Star"sen-face="Times New Roman Star"sen-face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"is?an-
face="Times New Roman Star"ys?an-face="Times New Roman Star"isen-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 264, VEWT 174, Ё—“я 1, 673-674.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yc?-, *yc?-gyn-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to lose, disappearface="Times New Roman Star"тер€ть(с€), пропадатьface="Times New Roman Star"yc?g|yn- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yc?g|yn- (MK), yc?- (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"yc?qyn-face="Times New Roman Star"yc?qyn- (Abush., Pav. C.)




face="Times New Roman Star"ysxyn-face="Times New Roman Star"ys?qyn-face="Times New Roman Star"yc?qyn-, yqc?yn-

face="Times New Roman Star"yhygyn-
face="Times New Roman Star"ys?qyn-
face="Times New Roman Star"yc?qyn-
face="Times New Roman Star"ys?qyn-face="Times New Roman Star"ysqyn-face="Times New Roman Star"yc?xyn-



face="Times New Roman Star"is?g|yn-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 164, Ё—“я 1, 672-673, ƒ“— 216.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ydukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sacredface="Times New Roman Star"св€щенныйface="Times New Roman Star"yduq (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yd|uq (MK)







face="Times New Roman Star"yzyx
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyq, ijik
face="Times New Roman Star"j@r@xface="Times New Roman Star"ytyq
face="Times New Roman Star"ydyq
face="Times New Roman Star"yjyq


face="Times New Roman Star"yjyq




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 46, Ё—“я 1, 649-650, ≈горов 80, ‘едотов 199, TMN 230-231 (most sources give a dubious inner Turkic derivation < *yd- 'to send', based on the old gloss in MK - most probably a folk etymology).
face="Times New Roman Star"*yr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 prediction, luck 2 omen 3 premonitionface="Times New Roman Star"1 предсказание, счастье 2 знамение 3 предчувствиеface="Times New Roman Star"yrk 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 1



face="Times New Roman Star"yrq 1

face="Times New Roman Star"yryx 1, yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"@rex 'soul; expedience'face="Times New Roman Star"yra: 3


face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 'welfare', yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yryq 1face="Times New Roman Star"yrk 3, yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"yryx| 1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"yryz 'dignity'face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1
face="Times New Roman Star"yrys 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 166, 167, EDT 213, ќ—Ќя 3, 119-120, Ё—“я 1, 665.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yl/y-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to rub, scrape 2 jack-planeface="Times New Roman Star"1 тереть, царапать 2 рубанок


face="Times New Roman Star"ys?y- 1, ys?qy 2


















face="Times New Roman Star"ys?i- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 167, Ё—“я 1, 667. Despite some mergers with *jyl/- (v. sub *n/il/u), cf. Bashk. jys?y-, jys?qy, this appears to be a separate root.
face="Times New Roman Star"*i:r/ / *y:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 trace 2 furrowface="Times New Roman Star"1 след 2 борозда, межаface="Times New Roman Star"iz 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"i>z 1, yzan 2face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1 (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"is 1face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"y:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"i>s 1
face="Times New Roman Star"is 1
face="Times New Roman Star"j@r 1, jъran 2

face="Times New Roman Star"is 1
face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"i>z 1face="Times New Roman Star"yz 1, yzan 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>d| 1, yd|an 2face="Times New Roman Star"yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jiz 1face="Times New Roman Star"iz, yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"iz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"hyzan 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 277, Ё—“я 1, 383-385, 646, 647, VEWT 175, ≈горов 79, 75. There exists a verbal derivative *i:r/-te- 'to follow one's tracks', attested as iste- as early as in OUygh. (see EDT 243) and in many modern languages (see Ё—“я 1, 383); but simultaneously there is a variant *i:r-te- (with *-r/- > -r- according to Helimski's rule), attested already in MK (see EDT 208) and in Yak., Dolg. irde:-, see Stachowski 128.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.li-mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"glueface="Times New Roman Star"клейface="Times New Roman Star"jelim (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jelim (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jilimface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilemface="Times New Roman Star"jelim (Ettuhf.), jilim (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jilym
face="Times New Roman Star"jelim
face="Times New Roman Star"c?elimface="Times New Roman Star"jelim, d/elim
face="Times New Roman Star"s/il@mface="Times New Roman Star"silimface="Times New Roman Star"hilim

face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elimface="Times New Roman Star"z?elimface="Times New Roman Star"jelimface="Times New Roman Star"jelemface="Times New Roman Star"jelim, z?|elim, z?elim

face="Times New Roman Star"z?elim

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 928-929, VEWT 196, Ё—“я 4, 179-180, TMN 4, 189, Stachowski 103.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.linface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"udderface="Times New Roman Star"вым€
face="Times New Roman Star"jelin (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jelinface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilenface="Times New Roman Star"jelin (R., Ѕуд.), jilin (AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jelin, jilim, z?ilim
face="Times New Roman Star"jelinface="Times New Roman Star"jelin

face="Times New Roman Star"jelin, d/eli
face="Times New Roman Star"s/il@face="Times New Roman Star"silin


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elinface="Times New Roman Star"z?elinface="Times New Roman Star"jelinface="Times New Roman Star"jelenface="Times New Roman Star"jelin, z?|elin, z?elinface="Times New Roman Star"jelin
face="Times New Roman Star"z?elin
face="Times New Roman Star"jelinface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 930, Ё—“я 4, 180-181, Ћексика 148.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.t(t)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sevenface="Times New Roman Star"семьface="Times New Roman Star"jeti (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jeti (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ideface="Times New Roman Star"jeddi: (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ttiface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, jiti, z?|eta"face="Times New Roman Star"jeddiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"c?itt@face="Times New Roman Star"c?ettiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jieti, ja"tti (< Az.?)face="Times New Roman Star"s/iz?|@face="Times New Roman Star"setteface="Times New Roman Star"hetteface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|etiface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jeteface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, z?|eti, z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jittiface="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 886, VEWT 199, Ё—“я 4, 167-168, TMN 4, 139, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:c? (-e)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long time 2 late 3 be late 4 night 5 evening 6 yesterdayface="Times New Roman Star"1 долго 2 поздний 3 опаздывать 4 ночь 5 вечер 6 вчераface="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2, kec?- 3, kec?e 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2 (KB, MK), kec?- 3 (MK), kec?a" 4, 5 (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gec? 2, gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kic? 5, kic?e| 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?a 4, 6face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?a" 5face="Times New Roman Star"kic?e 4 (Mal.)face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gi:c? 2, gi:z?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|e: 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec?ik 5 (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, 5, kec?e 6face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ec?a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"kas/ 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?e: 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?|e 5face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, kec?e: 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5, kes?a" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kis 5, kisa" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 5, kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z?|i 4face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 692-3, 694-5, Ё—“я 3, 40-41, 50-51, Ћексика 82, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kegejface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spokeface="Times New Roman Star"спица колеса


face="Times New Roman Star"kigiface="Times New Roman Star"kega"j (Vam.)face="Times New Roman Star"kega"jface="Times New Roman Star"gu"ga"

face="Times New Roman Star"kegej, keje, kije (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"kegej (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kegejface="Times New Roman Star"kegej
face="Times New Roman Star"kegej

face="Times New Roman Star"kegej
face="Times New Roman Star"gegejface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 17.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:kir-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to belchface="Times New Roman Star"рыгать
face="Times New Roman Star"kekir- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gejir-face="Times New Roman Star"kiker-face="Times New Roman Star"gegir- (Pav. C.), kekir- (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"keki(r)-face="Times New Roman Star"kekirt- (я∆”)face="Times New Roman Star"ga"jir-face="Times New Roman Star"ga":gir-face="Times New Roman Star"kig@r-
face="Times New Roman Star"kegir-face="Times New Roman Star"ga":gu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"kagъr-face="Times New Roman Star"kegert-
face="Times New Roman Star"keg|ir-face="Times New Roman Star"keg|ir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kiker-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"gi:r-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-
face="Times New Roman Star"kekir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, EDT 712, Ё—“я 3, 37, Ћексика 232.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to comeface="Times New Roman Star"приходитьface="Times New Roman Star"kel- (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kel- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"ke.l- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"l-/kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ga"l-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel- (R)face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"l-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kil-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"kel-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-, gej-face="Times New Roman Star"gel-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248; EDT 715, Ё—“я 3, 14-16, 31-32, Stachowski 143. The Chuv. and Yak. vowels correspond irregularly.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gele-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to woo 2 to ask 3 messenger, in-between 4 parents having espoused their children 5 a promised brideface="Times New Roman Star"1 ухаживать, свататьс€ 2 просить, выпрашивать 3 посланник, сват 4 родители, взаимно поженившие детей 5 просватанна€ девушка

face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) geles?ik 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiles?- 1, ka"la"s? 5; (Mishar) kela"- 2, ( —““) kla"n- 'to annoy, pester'face="Times New Roman Star"(Xwar.) kelec?i 3 (Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"geles?ik 4, gelen| 'attention, care'face="Times New Roman Star"k@le- 2, k@len- 'to beg'


face="Times New Roman Star"kalas/- 1; k@le- 2






face="Times New Roman Star"ka"la"s? 5face="Times New Roman Star"kelec?i 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kelis?- 1, kl'a-, kl'an- 'to wish, be favourably inclined'

face="Times New Roman Star"geles?- 1, gelec?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, Ё—“я 5, 32-33, јхметь€нов 112-114, ≈горов 105, ‘едотов 1, 270-271. Some languages may reflect a merger with *kele- 'speak' (v. sub *k`i_a>li). Turk. > Russ. кл€нчить.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ke.liface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mortarface="Times New Roman Star"ступка

face="Times New Roman Star"keli (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kileface="Times New Roman Star"keliface="Times New Roman Star"keli (dial.)







face="Times New Roman Star"kil@face="Times New Roman Star"keli:





face="Times New Roman Star"kileface="Times New Roman Star"keli
face="Times New Roman Star"keli

face="Times New Roman Star"keliface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 33. Cf. also such forms as Chuv. kiz/ep 'tamper, pestle' and Bashk. ki(l)sap, kilt|ap id. Turk. > Hung. ko"lyu?, see Gombocz 1912.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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