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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*doluface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hailface="Times New Roman Star"градface="Times New Roman Star"toly (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"toly (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dolu
face="Times New Roman Star"toly (MA), tolu (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"du.liface="Times New Roman Star"toly (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"doluface="Times New Roman Star"doly, (ј-Ѕ) do:lyface="Times New Roman Star"ton|-dol (ton|- 'frozen')

face="Times New Roman Star"to^ly
face="Times New Roman Star"tolonface="Times New Roman Star"tolotface="Times New Roman Star"dolu

face="Times New Roman Star"doly (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"tolu



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 486, EDT 491, Ё—“я 3, 260-261, Ћексика 31-32, Stachowski 226. Cf. also *Tol/ 'ice' (Tuva dos?, Tof. do"s?, Oyr. tos? Ћексика 18, VEWT 491, Ё—“я 3, 267).
face="Times New Roman Star"*du":l/ (/*du":l)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dreamface="Times New Roman Star"сонface="Times New Roman Star"tu"l; tu"s?e- 'to dream' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?; tu"s?e- 'to dream' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?, dial. tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu">s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s? (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"dus?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?, c?u"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s? (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"du":s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"t@w|l@w|kface="Times New Roman Star"tu":l; tu"he:- 'to dream'face="Times New Roman Star"tu":l; tu"he:- 'to dream'face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"tu">s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"du"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"tu"sface="Times New Roman Star"telface="Times New Roman Star"tu"s?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 507, TMN 3, 211, EDT 559, 561, 490, Ё—“я 3, 323-324, Stachowski 234, 236. See also Ro/na-Tas 1972 on Old Uyghur tu"lek 'supernatural power'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e>.dn|e-rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"saddleface="Times New Roman Star"седло
face="Times New Roman Star"ed|er (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eyerface="Times New Roman Star"ije|rface="Times New Roman Star"e.gerface="Times New Roman Star"egarface="Times New Roman Star"eg@(r)face="Times New Roman Star"ezerface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ha"rface="Times New Roman Star"ejerface="Times New Roman Star"izerface="Times New Roman Star"ezerface="Times New Roman Star"e:r
face="Times New Roman Star"j@nerface="Times New Roman Star"yn|y:rface="Times New Roman Star"yn|y:rface="Times New Roman Star"ezerface="Times New Roman Star"e'zer (–ас. ‘иЋ 183)face="Times New Roman Star"e:rface="Times New Roman Star"erface="Times New Roman Star"ijerface="Times New Roman Star"eja"rface="Times New Roman Star"ijerface="Times New Roman Star"je:rface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"en|er (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"erface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 63, VEWT 36, Ё—“я 1, 241-242, 658-659, Ћексика 539, Stachowski 261. Reflexes of the cluster are complicated by borrowings: e.g. Tuva, Tof. is < Khak. Turk. *edn|er-c?ak 'pack saddle' > MMong. in|g|irc?aq, WMong. jan|g|irc?aq id. (TMN 2, 128-129, ўербак 1997, 164, јникин 88).
face="Times New Roman Star"*eginface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"shoulderface="Times New Roman Star"плечоface="Times New Roman Star"egin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"egin (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eg|in, ejin 'back'
face="Times New Roman Star"egin (Abush., Pav. C.), in (Pav. C.) 'back'face="Times New Roman Star"egin
face="Times New Roman Star"igenface="Times New Roman Star"a"jin 'body'face="Times New Roman Star"egin (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"in|ni>face="Times New Roman Star"a"n|in, eginiface="Times New Roman Star"ijin
face="Times New Roman Star"avъn, anface="Times New Roman Star"ien
face="Times New Roman Star"eg|in
face="Times New Roman Star"ijinface="Times New Roman Star"i>ji>nface="Times New Roman Star"ijin


face="Times New Roman Star"i:n, inface="Times New Roman Star"ijin

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 109, VEWT 37, Ё—“я 1, 225-227, ≈горов 26, Ћексика 239, ‘едотов 1, 42-43.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:.ke-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to file 2 file (n.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 пилить, обтачивать 2 напильник
face="Times New Roman Star"ike- ( ? ege-) 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eje 2face="Times New Roman Star"iga"- 1, iga"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"eka"k 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"ego|w 2face="Times New Roman Star"eka"k, iga"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ja" 2face="Times New Roman Star"i:ge 2face="Times New Roman Star"ige- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egu" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"j@gev 'whetstone'face="Times New Roman Star"igi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"igi: 2face="Times New Roman Star"eg|e-, o"g|e- 1, eg|e: 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ege-, o"go"- 1, ego":, o"go": 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"iga"- 1, iga"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ija 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege, egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"ege- 1, egew 2
face="Times New Roman Star"egew 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 101, VEWT 38, Ё—“я 1, 326-328, TMN 2, 93, ≈горов 77, Ћексика 399, Stachowski 123.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Eder-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to followface="Times New Roman Star"следоватьface="Times New Roman Star"eder- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ed|er- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"ija"r-
face="Times New Roman Star"eja"r- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ezer-
face="Times New Roman Star"ejer-face="Times New Roman Star"izert-


face="Times New Roman Star"jer-

face="Times New Roman Star"eder-

face="Times New Roman Star"ijer-
face="Times New Roman Star"i>ja"r-




face="Times New Roman Star"ijer-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 67, VEWT 36, Ё—“я 1, 242-245, ≈горов 61-62.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ek-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sow 2 to scatterface="Times New Roman Star"1 се€ть 2 разбрасыватьface="Times New Roman Star"ek- (Late OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- (MK, KB) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ik- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- (Abush., Sangl.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"a"k- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ha"k- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ak- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ik- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ek- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ex- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 100, Ё—“я 1, 251-252. Turk. > Hung. eke 'plough' (< *a"ka"g|), see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e>lge-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sift; 2 sieveface="Times New Roman Star"сито, просеиватьface="Times New Roman Star"elge- 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"elge- 1 (MK), ele- 1 (IM), elek 2 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ile|- 1, ile|k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"ela- 1, elak 2face="Times New Roman Star"a"gli- 1, a"lga"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"a"la"- 1, a"la"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilge- 1, ilgek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"elge- 1, elgek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ha"jla"- 1, ha"jla"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"alla- 1, alla 2

face="Times New Roman Star"egle- / elge- 1face="Times New Roman Star"elge- 1, elgek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele-, elge- 1, elek, elgek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ile- 1, ilek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"iele- 1, ielek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele-, o"le- 1, elek, o"lek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"elex 2 (——я 324)face="Times New Roman Star"ele- 1, elek 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 143, VEWT 40, Ё—“я 1, 261-263, ≈горов 24. The behaviour of the internal cluster is phonetically normal (not on a morphemic boundary). Turk. *elgek > WMong. elgeg, Kalm. elg@g (KW 119, TMN 2, 118, ўербак 1997, 114).
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.l-t-, -c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bring, carry 2 to lead, drive, sendface="Times New Roman Star"1 нести 2 вести, посылатьface="Times New Roman Star"elt- (Orkh., OUygh.) 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"elt-, elet- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ilet- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"elt- (Houts.) 2, ilet- (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"elt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ilt- (dial.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"elt- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"elt- 1, 2



face="Times New Roman Star"jes/- , les/- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilt- 1, 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ilt- 1face="Times New Roman Star"elt- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"elt- 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"elt- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 132, VEWT 41, Ё—“я 1, 267-269, Stachowski 125, 126. Turk. > Mong. elde-, Kalm. eld@- (KW 119).
face="Times New Roman Star"*imenface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oak treeface="Times New Roman Star"дуб


face="Times New Roman Star"ime|n
face="Times New Roman Star"eman


face="Times New Roman Star"imen

face="Times New Roman Star"ermen
face="Times New Roman Star"joman, NW o"man













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 42, ≈горов 348, Ћексика 124, ‘едотов 2, 485. Cf. Mong. iman bor 'a k. of reddish tree (with black bark and round leaves)' (may be a Turkism).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Emgek-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to crawlface="Times New Roman Star"ползтиface="Times New Roman Star"o"mgekle- (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"emekle-
face="Times New Roman Star"emgekle- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"ema"kla"-face="Times New Roman Star"in|a"kla"- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"ima"kla"-face="Times New Roman Star"imekle-face="Times New Roman Star"i>mekte-, ni>mekte-face="Times New Roman Star"emekte-face="Times New Roman Star"emekte-, emgekte-





face="Times New Roman Star"emgekte-face="Times New Roman Star"en|bekte-


face="Times New Roman Star"mekle-



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 160, VEWT 42, Ё—“я 1, 275. The noun *emgek 'crawling' is preserved in Tur. dial. imek, Chag. emgek 'crawling child' (and, despite Clauson ibid. it certainly has nothing to do with *emgek 'worry, pains', see *emge-). Cf. also forms like Turkm. en|kej- 'bow' and Yak., Dolg. u"n|k- 'to bow' (contractions?); see Stachowski 251.
face="Times New Roman Star"*em-ig, *em-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast (fem.) 2 to suck 3 nippleface="Times New Roman Star"1 грудь (жен.) 2 сосать 3 сосокface="Times New Roman Star"emig 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"e.m- 2 (MK), e.mig 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emz?|ik 1face="Times New Roman Star"im- 2, imc?e|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"e.m- 2 (Pav. C.), emc?ek 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"emc?ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"m- 2, a"mc?a"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"emyg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"mz?|a"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emz?|ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, imz?|ek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"a"m- 2face="Times New Roman Star"@w|m- 2face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emi:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"emij 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emig 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emij 'udder'face="Times New Roman Star"emc?ek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ems?ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"imsa"k 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ems?ek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 41-2, EDT 158-9, Ё—“я 1, 271-272, ≈горов 63, Ћексика 273-274, Stachowski 45. PT *em-ig and *em-c?ek (the latter form is first attested in the 13th c.) are derived from *em- 'to suck'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*em-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"nowface="Times New Roman Star"сейчасface="Times New Roman Star"emti (OUygh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"imdiface="Times New Roman Star"indi>face="Times New Roman Star"imdi (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"a"mdi
face="Times New Roman Star"indiface="Times New Roman Star"indi, s?-u"ndi

face="Times New Roman Star"emdi
face="Times New Roman Star"@nd@



face="Times New Roman Star"emi, endiface="Times New Roman Star"endi>face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"indi>face="Times New Roman Star"endi
face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"endi
face="Times New Roman Star"endiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 156-157, VEWT 41, Ё—“я 1, 357-358, ≈горов 65, Ћексика 83 (with confusion of *em- and *am- q. v. sub *a>mV).
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 cheeks 2 jaw, chinface="Times New Roman Star"1 щеки 2 челюсть, подбородок
face="Times New Roman Star"en| 1, en|ek 1, 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"enek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ija"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"en|ek, enek 2 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"enga"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"in|a"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"in|ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"a"n| 2face="Times New Roman Star"a":n| 'lower jaw', en|ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ek 2face="Times New Roman Star"e:k 2face="Times New Roman Star"e:k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ana 2face="Times New Roman Star"in| 2


face="Times New Roman Star"e:k 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>jek 2face="Times New Roman Star"ijek 2face="Times New Roman Star"i>jek 2


face="Times New Roman Star"ijek 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 166, 183, VEWT 45, Ё—“я 1, 284-285, Ћексика 218-219, ‘едотов 1, 45.
face="Times New Roman Star"*en|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to be perplexed 2 stupid 3 bashful, gauche 4 to torture, pesterface="Times New Roman Star"1 быть в недоумении 2 глупый 3 застенчивый, робкий 4 измучить, привести в состо€ние растер€нности
face="Times New Roman Star"en|- 1; (caus.) en|it-, en|tu"r- (MK); endik 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) endik 3
face="Times New Roman Star"(Xwar.) entik 2 (Qutb)face="Times New Roman Star"enka-tenkasini c?iqar- 4



face="Times New Roman Star"in|de-t- 'to flounder (of thoughts)'


face="Times New Roman Star"ankъ-mink@ 'stupidity, madness' (but may be < Tat., see *an|-)face="Times New Roman Star"? en|ej- 'to look greedily on food, wait for a sop'


face="Times New Roman Star"eno": 'ротозей', ente- 'to become confused', en|ke 'stupid person'








face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 168, 179, 181, Ё—“я 1, 155, 156-157 (sub *an|- 'perplexed, silly').
face="Times New Roman Star"*en|seface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"back of the neckface="Times New Roman Star"задн€€ часть шеи

face="Times New Roman Star"ense
face="Times New Roman Star"en|se, a"n|sa" (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"ensa"


face="Times New Roman Star"jen|se

face="Times New Roman Star"en|ze
face="Times New Roman Star"@nze, j@nze



face="Times New Roman Star"en|seface="Times New Roman Star"en|seface="Times New Roman Star"en|se

face="Times New Roman Star"jensa"face="Times New Roman Star"en|se, enseface="Times New Roman Star"en|se
face="Times New Roman Star"en|seface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 4, 190-191, ≈горов 65, Ћексика 237-238.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:n-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer 2 to be abashed, distressed 4 colic 5 to grizzle, slug 6 (birth) pains, labours 7 impatience 8 drag, disturbance 9 flaw, fault 10 obtuse, absent-minded 11 to torture, offendface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать 2 растер€тьс€, прийти в замешательство 4 колика 5 капризничать, нежитьс€ 6 потуги, родовые схватки 7 нетерпение 8 обуза, помеха 9 упущение, промах 10 рассе€нный, бестолковый 11 мучить, обижатьface="Times New Roman Star"enegu" 4 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"enc?ik- 'to lose feelings' (MK, KB), enegu" 4 (MK), enit- (AH) 2face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, enz?|e-le- 5face="Times New Roman Star"entu"k- 1face="Times New Roman Star"entik- 1face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|ik 6
face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"enc?i 6, enc?ik 7face="Times New Roman Star"i.nz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"andъx- 1, 7, anzux 'dumb, sclerotic person'face="Times New Roman Star"enn'e-lik 8, enc?i 9


face="Times New Roman Star"ente-le- 2, entik- 'to suffer from dyspnoea', eno": 10
face="Times New Roman Star"enew 4face="Times New Roman Star"intek- 1, inte- 11face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"enz?|ek 'newborn'face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|yt-, inc?it- 11 (T)

face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|i- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 174, 184, Ё—“я 1, 283, ≈горов 29. Doerfer (Khal.) suggests Arabic origin, which is quite improbable. Vowel length is suggested by the voiced -z?|- of the suffix in several languages.
face="Times New Roman Star"*enu"k ( ? *u"nek)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young of a wild animal, puppyface="Times New Roman Star"детеныш дикого животного, щенокface="Times New Roman Star"enu"k (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"enu"k (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"enik, enz?|ek
face="Times New Roman Star"enu"k (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"enu"k (Chag.)

face="Times New Roman Star"a"nix (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"u"neges?face="Times New Roman Star"u"neges?
face="Times New Roman Star"anz?|ъkface="Times New Roman Star"u"nu"gesface="Times New Roman Star"u"nu"gesface="Times New Roman Star"enik





face="Times New Roman Star"jenik



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 183, VEWT 44, Ё—“я 1, 281-283, ≈горов 29, Stachowski 251.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.ri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to meltface="Times New Roman Star"та€ть
face="Times New Roman Star"eru"- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"eri- (Abushk.)face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ri-face="Times New Roman Star"ere-face="Times New Roman Star"ir@-
face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"ir@l-face="Times New Roman Star"ir-face="Times New Roman Star"ir-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-
face="Times New Roman Star"ire-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"jeri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-face="Times New Roman Star"eri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-face="Times New Roman Star"iri-face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 289-290, Stachowski 128, EDT 198.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:.r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to reach 2 to passface="Times New Roman Star"1 достигать 2 проходить мимоface="Times New Roman Star"er- (OUygh.) 1, er-t- (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"eris?- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"er-, dial. e:r-, ir- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ires?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"er- (Pav. C., AH) 1, ert- (CCum.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"eris?- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"irt- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ert- 2face="Times New Roman Star"dial. eris?- 1, ert- 2face="Times New Roman Star"e:^.r- 1face="Times New Roman Star"irt- 2face="Times New Roman Star"irde:- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ires?- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"er- 1face="Times New Roman Star"eris- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 288-289, 303, ‘едотов 1,172-173. Ra"sa"nen (VEWT 46) connects also PT *eril/- 'to contest, challenge' (Ё—“я 1, 293-294) - which, together with Mong. *eri- 'to seek, search' (HY ere- `to hope'), should be rather kept apart (possibly a separate PA root *erV). Turk. > Hung. e/r- 'to reach', see Gombocz 1912.
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