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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:.rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 early 2 early in the morning 3 tomorrow 4 (morning sun) > sunny mountain slopeface="Times New Roman Star"1 рано 2 рано утром 3 завтра 4 (утреннее солнце) > солнечный склон горыface="Times New Roman Star"[ir ? er 4, er-kenin,] erte 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"er, erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"irta" 2face="Times New Roman Star"er 1 (Ѕуд.), erte 2 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"erta 2face="Times New Roman Star"a"(r)ta" 'morning'face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"erta" 2face="Times New Roman Star"i:r 1, erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"irte 'morning'
face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ir 3face="Times New Roman Star"erde 1face="Times New Roman Star"erc?in 1face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2
face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"irta" 2face="Times New Roman Star"ertte 2face="Times New Roman Star"ierte 'next day'face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2face="Times New Roman Star"erte 2
face="Times New Roman Star"erta" 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 202-203, VEWT 46, Ё—“я 1, 302-306, 369-370, ≈горов 70, Ћексика 79, Stachowski 47.
face="Times New Roman Star"*es-(ku")face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"old, ancientface="Times New Roman Star"старыйface="Times New Roman Star"eski (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"eski (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"eski, dial. esgiface="Times New Roman Star"iskeface="Times New Roman Star"eski (Sangl., Pav. C., AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eski, o"ski
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ski, a"silli 'grown up'face="Times New Roman Star"esgi

face="Times New Roman Star"eski
face="Times New Roman Star"as-lъ 'great', az-(-atte, -anne) 'grandfather, grandmother'face="Times New Roman Star"o"su"k 'ancient times'


face="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"it|keface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"i_eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eskiface="Times New Roman Star"eski
face="Times New Roman Star"esgi, eskiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 50, Ё—“я 1, 306-308, Ћексика 86, EDT 246, ‘едотов 1, 63-64. Cf. also Turk. *asy- 'old, last year's' (VEWT 29).
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.su"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become drunkface="Times New Roman Star"пь€неть, напиватьс€face="Times New Roman Star"esu"r- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"esu"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"esri-face="Times New Roman Star"isi>r-face="Times New Roman Star"esri- (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"a"si>r- (dial.)


face="Times New Roman Star"esre-face="Times New Roman Star"izi>r-face="Times New Roman Star"ezir-face="Times New Roman Star"ezir-
face="Times New Roman Star"u"z@r-face="Times New Roman Star"itir-face="Times New Roman Star"itirikte:- 'to rejoice, have a feast'face="Times New Roman Star"ezir-face="Times New Roman Star"e`siri-face="Times New Roman Star"esir-face="Times New Roman Star"esi>r-face="Times New Roman Star"esir-face="Times New Roman Star"it|i>r-face="Times New Roman Star"esir-
face="Times New Roman Star"esir-face="Times New Roman Star"esir-
face="Times New Roman Star"esir-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 251, VEWT 50, Ё—“я 1, 309-310, Stachowski 130.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to spin, twistface="Times New Roman Star"вить, сучить, плести


face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"es?- (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?-face="Times New Roman Star"a"s?-
face="Times New Roman Star"es?-face="Times New Roman Star"i:s?-






face="Times New Roman Star"es?-
face="Times New Roman Star"es?-face="Times New Roman Star"es-
face="Times New Roman Star"is?-face="Times New Roman Star"es?-
face="Times New Roman Star"es?-face="Times New Roman Star"es-
face="Times New Roman Star"es?-face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 396.
face="Times New Roman Star"*el/gekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"donkeyface="Times New Roman Star"оселface="Times New Roman Star"es?gek (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?gek, es?jek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"is?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?ek (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?a"k
face="Times New Roman Star"es?s?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?ek

face="Times New Roman Star"es?tek
face="Times New Roman Star"az?ak



face="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"esekface="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"is?a"kface="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"ies?ekface="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"es?ek
face="Times New Roman Star"es?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 1, 317-318, TMN 2, 65, EDT 260.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:l/u"-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cover 2 (door) curtain > doorface="Times New Roman Star"1 покрывать 2 (дверной) занавес > дверь
face="Times New Roman Star"es?u"- 1, es?ik / es?u"k 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"is?i>k 2face="Times New Roman Star"is?ik 2 (AH, IM), is?u"k (IM), es?ik 2 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2

face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"i:s?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"i:zi>k, i>zi>k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ez?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"ez?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"e:^.s?u"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"algъ, alъk 2

face="Times New Roman Star"ez?ik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"esik 2face="Times New Roman Star"is?i>k 2face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"jes?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"esik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"es?ik 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 256, 260, TMN 2, 183-184, ≈горов 24, Ё—“я 1, 396-398, Ћексика 511-512, 517.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.l/it-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hearface="Times New Roman Star"слышатьface="Times New Roman Star"es?id- (Orkh.), es?it- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"is?it-face="Times New Roman Star"is?et-; dial. (Mishar) is?- 'hear' (““ƒ— 156), (Bar.) is?e|n- 'listen' (яЅ“ 140)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it- (Abush. 63)face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"es?et- (Kashg., ”Ќ— 109)
face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-, pass. es?idil-face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-, pass. es?idil-face="Times New Roman Star"is- / ist-

face="Times New Roman Star"is?u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"ilt-face="Times New Roman Star"ihit-, pass. ihilin-face="Times New Roman Star"ihit-, pass. ihilin-

face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"est-face="Times New Roman Star"esit-face="Times New Roman Star"is?et-face="Times New Roman Star"es?t-face="Times New Roman Star"is?it-face="Times New Roman Star"s?it-face="Times New Roman Star"esit-face="Times New Roman Star"is?ti-face="Times New Roman Star"es?it-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 51, EDT 257-8, Ё—“я 1, 318-319, ≈горов 69, Stachowski 123. Note -d- in Runic and the voicing of -t before a vowel in Az. and Turkm. Khak. has two forms of stem (is- and iste-, morphonologically distributed, so that is- < iste-; the same historical process could have occurred with. Ku"a"r. a"s?-, Kach. es?- (R 1, 905); so the only clear evidence for the stem *el/- are Tatar dialectal reflexes (in which case -t may be a causative suffix, see Bang 1925, Zaja,czkowski 1932). Shor este- 'to hear', estel- 'to be heard' do not belong here, being derived from *es > is 'mind, memory', like Mod. Uygh. an|la- 'to hear' < an| 'mind'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to organize, to makeface="Times New Roman Star"устраивать, делатьface="Times New Roman Star"et- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"et- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"et- (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-, a"t-face="Times New Roman Star"et-, jet-, it-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"i:deg 'keeping' ('присмотр'), et-face="Times New Roman Star"it-
face="Times New Roman Star"et-
face="Times New Roman Star"at-

face="Times New Roman Star"et-
face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"it-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"et-
face="Times New Roman Star"et-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 36-37, Ё—“я 1, 312-313, ƒыбо ƒисс. 56, ‘едотов 1, 67. Shortness in Turkm. et- is no doubt secondary: cf. the derivative i:deg, and also regular intervocalic voicing -t- > -d- in all Oghuz languages (pointing to original length), see EDT ibid.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Etekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lap, edge of clothface="Times New Roman Star"подол, край одежды
face="Times New Roman Star"etek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"ita"kface="Times New Roman Star"etek (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"eta"kface="Times New Roman Star"eta"k
face="Times New Roman Star"a"ta"kface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"idekface="Times New Roman Star"edekface="Times New Roman Star"edekface="Times New Roman Star"ha"ta"k


face="Times New Roman Star"e'dek
face="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"ita"kface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"ietekface="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"etek
face="Times New Roman Star"etekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 50, VEWT 52, Ё—“я 1, 313.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e:tu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bootface="Times New Roman Star"ботинок, сапогface="Times New Roman Star"etu"k (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"etu"k (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"edikface="Times New Roman Star"iti>kface="Times New Roman Star"etu"k (Pav. C.), o"tu"k (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) a"dik, o"tik, o"tu"kface="Times New Roman Star"o"tu"k

face="Times New Roman Star"a":dikface="Times New Roman Star"o"d@k
face="Times New Roman Star"o"du"k
face="Times New Roman Star"adъface="Times New Roman Star"eterbesface="Times New Roman Star"eterbesface="Times New Roman Star"idikface="Times New Roman Star"idikface="Times New Roman Star"o"tu"kface="Times New Roman Star"etikface="Times New Roman Star"etik



face="Times New Roman Star"etikface="Times New Roman Star"i:tix, itixface="Times New Roman Star"etikface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 50, VEWT 52, Ё—“я 1, 319-321, ≈горов 36, Ћексика 479, Stachowski 48.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.r/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to scratch, scrape 2 to knead, press 3 to grind, crush 4 to soak, dilute 5 to rub, smearface="Times New Roman Star"1 скрести, царапать 2 разминать, давить 3 толочь, растирать 4 мочить, разжижать 5 растирать, обмазывать
face="Times New Roman Star"ez- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2, 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"iz- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ez- (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.) 5face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"a"z- 2, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"a"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 4


face="Times New Roman Star"a"z- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ir- 2, 4



face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2face="Times New Roman Star"id|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"ez- 3face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 279, Ё—“я 1, 235-236, ≈горов 71, ‘едотов 1, 170.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ke.pekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"branface="Times New Roman Star"отруби
face="Times New Roman Star"kepek (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kepekface="Times New Roman Star"kibe|kface="Times New Roman Star"kebek (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"kepe|kface="Times New Roman Star"kepe|k
face="Times New Roman Star"ka"pa"kface="Times New Roman Star"kepekface="Times New Roman Star"kib@k


face="Times New Roman Star"kibek, kim@k (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"xevek
face="Times New Roman Star"kebekface="Times New Roman Star"kebekface="Times New Roman Star"kebekface="Times New Roman Star"ke|be|k
face="Times New Roman Star"kepek
face="Times New Roman Star"kepek, kebek
face="Times New Roman Star"gebekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 688; Ё—“я 5, 47.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pass, wadeface="Times New Roman Star"проходить, переходить вбродface="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke/c?- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"/ec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kis-face="Times New Roman Star"kez?-ir- 'to ferry across the river'face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?-face="Times New Roman Star"kas/-face="Times New Roman Star"kes-
face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"ke's?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-
face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-face="Times New Roman Star"kic?-, kis-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kec?-face="Times New Roman Star"kes?-
face="Times New Roman Star"gec?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 693-694, Ё—“я 3, 32-34, TMN 3, 584.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:c? (-e)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 long time 2 late 3 be late 4 night 5 evening 6 yesterdayface="Times New Roman Star"1 долго 2 поздний 3 опаздывать 4 ночь 5 вечер 6 вчераface="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2, kec?- 3, kec?e 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 1, 2 (KB, MK), kec?- 3 (MK), kec?a" 4, 5 (KB, MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gec? 2, gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kic? 5, kic?e| 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec?a 4, 6face="Times New Roman Star"ka"c?a" 5face="Times New Roman Star"kic?e 4 (Mal.)face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gi:c? 2, gi:z?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiz?|e: 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec?ik 5 (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, 5, kec?e 6face="Times New Roman Star"ki:ec?a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"kas/ 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kiehe 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?e: 5face="Times New Roman Star"kez?|e 5face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 2, kec?e: 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5, kes?a" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"kis 5, kisa" 5, 6face="Times New Roman Star"kec? 5, kec?eface="Times New Roman Star"gez?|a" 4face="Times New Roman Star"gez?|e 4face="Times New Roman Star"kes? 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"ga"z?|i 4face="Times New Roman Star"gec?e 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 245, EDT 692-3, 694-5, Ё—“я 3, 40-41, 50-51, Ћексика 82, Stachowski 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kegejface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spokeface="Times New Roman Star"спица колеса


face="Times New Roman Star"kigiface="Times New Roman Star"kega"j (Vam.)face="Times New Roman Star"kega"jface="Times New Roman Star"gu"ga"

face="Times New Roman Star"kegej, keje, kije (dial.)








face="Times New Roman Star"kegej (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"kegejface="Times New Roman Star"kegej
face="Times New Roman Star"kegej

face="Times New Roman Star"kegej
face="Times New Roman Star"gegejface="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 5, 17.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gele-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to woo 2 to ask 3 messenger, in-between 4 parents having espoused their children 5 a promised brideface="Times New Roman Star"1 ухаживать, свататьс€ 2 просить, выпрашивать 3 посланник, сват 4 родители, взаимно поженившие детей 5 просватанна€ девушка

face="Times New Roman Star"(dial.) geles?ik 4face="Times New Roman Star"kiles?- 1, ka"la"s? 5; (Mishar) kela"- 2, ( —““) kla"n- 'to annoy, pester'face="Times New Roman Star"(Xwar.) kelec?i 3 (Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"geles?ik 4, gelen| 'attention, care'face="Times New Roman Star"k@le- 2, k@len- 'to beg'


face="Times New Roman Star"kalas/- 1; k@le- 2






face="Times New Roman Star"ka"la"s? 5face="Times New Roman Star"kelec?i 3
face="Times New Roman Star"kelis?- 1, kl'a-, kl'an- 'to wish, be favourably inclined'

face="Times New Roman Star"geles?- 1, gelec?i 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, Ё—“я 5, 32-33, јхметь€нов 112-114, ≈горов 105, ‘едотов 1, 270-271. Some languages may reflect a merger with *kele- 'speak' (v. sub *k`i_a>li). Turk. > Russ. кл€нчить.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge.linface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bride, daughter-in-lawface="Times New Roman Star"невеста, невесткаface="Times New Roman Star"kelin|-u"n (Orkh., Coll.), kelin (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kelin (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"kilenface="Times New Roman Star"kelin (Sangl., Pav. C., Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelin (Malov)face="Times New Roman Star"ga"linface="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"kil@nface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"ka"lin (ga"lin < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"kin, kil@n-face="Times New Roman Star"kiji:t (*plur.)
face="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"helin, henni-face="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kilenface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kelinface="Times New Roman Star"kein, kiin (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"gelinface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 248, EDT 719, Ё—“я 3, 16-18, Ћексика 302.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ge:.miface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"boatface="Times New Roman Star"лодкаface="Times New Roman Star"kemi (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"kemi (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"gemiface="Times New Roman Star"kime|face="Times New Roman Star"keme (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"kemaface="Times New Roman Star"kema"
face="Times New Roman Star"ga"miface="Times New Roman Star"ga":miface="Times New Roman Star"kimeface="Times New Roman Star"kebeface="Times New Roman Star"keme
face="Times New Roman Star"kim@

face="Times New Roman Star"xeme
face="Times New Roman Star"kemeface="Times New Roman Star"kemeface="Times New Roman Star"kemeface="Times New Roman Star"ka"ma"face="Times New Roman Star"kemeface="Times New Roman Star"gemiface="Times New Roman Star"gemiface="Times New Roman Star"kemeface="Times New Roman Star"kimo"face="Times New Roman Star"gemeface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, TMN 3, 668-669, EDT 721-722, Ё—“я 3, 37-38. Turk. > Mong. keme (ўербак 1997, 126).
face="Times New Roman Star"*kEmu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bone 2 spongy bone 3 cartilageface="Times New Roman Star"1 кость 2 губчата€ кость 3 хр€щ

face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemu"k (MA) 3, ko"mu"k (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko|mik, ge|mik (dial.) 2





face="Times New Roman Star"ke:mik 3





face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kimek 2face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 2face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemyk 1face="Times New Roman Star"kemik 2
face="Times New Roman Star"gemik 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, EDT 722, Ё—“я 5, 36-38, Ћексика 261-262. Turk. > Mong. kemik 'cartilage' (see ўербак 1997, 126; but the derivation of the Turk. form from *gemu"r- 'to gnaw' (v. sub *ke>\ma) is a folk etymology, although some contaminations were possible: Yak. ko"mu"ru"o" 'spongy bone' semantically continues *kemu"k, but formally is derived from *gemu"r-. MK has kemdi- 'to cut meat from the bones' and kemdu"k 'bone with meat cut off' - forms that may be related both to *kemu"k and *gemu"r-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*gEmu"r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to gnawface="Times New Roman Star"грызть, глодать
face="Times New Roman Star"kemu"r- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"gemir-, kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kimer-face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"r- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemi(r)-
face="Times New Roman Star"ga"mir-face="Times New Roman Star"gemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kim@r-
face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"mu"ru"o" 'spongy bone'
face="Times New Roman Star"xemir-face="Times New Roman Star"xemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kimer-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-face="Times New Roman Star"kemir-
face="Times New Roman Star"gemir-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 251, EDT 723, Ё—“я 3, 18-19, Ћексика 262.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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