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\data\alt\turcet
 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bakyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cockleface="Times New Roman Star"куколь


face="Times New Roman Star"baqra









face="Times New Roman Star"poxra













face="Times New Roman Star"Федотов 1, 441-442. Cf. Tel. pag|yr 'allium nutans', 'слизун' (R).
face="Times New Roman Star"*KAramukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cockleface="Times New Roman Star"куколь
face="Times New Roman Star"qaramuq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"dial. karamukface="Times New Roman Star"qaramyq (Sib.)face="Times New Roman Star"qaramuq (Pav. C., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qo|re|mug|face="Times New Roman Star"qarimuq











face="Times New Roman Star"qaramyqface="Times New Roman Star"qaramyq




face="Times New Roman Star"qaramyq
face="Times New Roman Star"qaramc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 5, 296-297.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sogy-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"coldface="Times New Roman Star"холодныйface="Times New Roman Star"sog|yq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sog|yq (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"sog|ukface="Times New Roman Star"sywyqface="Times New Roman Star"sawuq/sawug| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"so|vuqface="Times New Roman Star"sog|aqface="Times New Roman Star"soqface="Times New Roman Star"sojuGface="Times New Roman Star"sovuqface="Times New Roman Star"so:xface="Times New Roman Star"so:qface="Times New Roman Star"so:qface="Times New Roman Star"sovuqface="Times New Roman Star"siv@

face="Times New Roman Star"so:kface="Times New Roman Star"so:qface="Times New Roman Star"su:kface="Times New Roman Star"suwyqface="Times New Roman Star"suwyqface="Times New Roman Star"hywyqface="Times New Roman Star"su:qface="Times New Roman Star"su:qface="Times New Roman Star"su:qface="Times New Roman Star"suwyqface="Times New Roman Star"sox|face="Times New Roman Star"sowuqface="Times New Roman Star"Derived from PT *sogy- 'to cool, get cold', see VEWT 425, EDT 808 (*sogy-k), 806 (*sogy-), ЭСТЯ 7, Лексика 15.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jakaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"collar; edgeface="Times New Roman Star"воротник; крайface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jakaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa (Pav. C., Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|qaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqa
face="Times New Roman Star"jaxaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|aface="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|aface="Times New Roman Star"d/aqaface="Times New Roman Star"jaqaface="Times New Roman Star"s/og|aface="Times New Roman Star"sag|a

face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|a (Рас. ФиЛ)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqa
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ag|a, z?ag|a


face="Times New Roman Star"jaxaface="Times New Roman Star"jag|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 180, 82-83, EDT 898, ЭСТЯ 4, 82-84, Федотов 2, 146-147. Turk. > WMong. z?|aqa, z?|iqa, Kalm. zax@ (KW 463-464; TMN 4, 103-104, Щербак 1997, 122), whence Evk. z?|aka (Doerfer MT 125).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a.gur/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"colostrumface="Times New Roman Star"молозиво
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|uz (MK), og|uz (Tefs.)face="Times New Roman Star"ayz su"tu", dial. a:z, ag|uzface="Times New Roman Star"ug|yzface="Times New Roman Star"ag|uz (Sangl., Pav. C., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|izface="Times New Roman Star"og|uz

face="Times New Roman Star"ovuzface="Times New Roman Star"o:s


face="Times New Roman Star"yrri (3Sg.)face="Times New Roman Star"uosax
face="Times New Roman Star"a:-zy (contamination with 3d p. poss.)
face="Times New Roman Star"u:zface="Times New Roman Star"uwyzface="Times New Roman Star"uwyzface="Times New Roman Star"ywyd|face="Times New Roman Star"uwuz

face="Times New Roman Star"uwyz
face="Times New Roman Star"uwuzface="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 1, 405-407, EDT 98, Егоров 344.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kuc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"constellation of Cancerface="Times New Roman Star"созвездие Рака
face="Times New Roman Star"quc?yq (KB)


























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 591.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jEr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"copperface="Times New Roman Star"медь
face="Times New Roman Star"jez (TT)
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|iz
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ezface="Times New Roman Star"z?|a"zface="Times New Roman Star"z?|es

face="Times New Roman Star"c?isface="Times New Roman Star"c?esface="Times New Roman Star"jes, d/es



face="Times New Roman Star"c?esface="Times New Roman Star"c?esface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ezface="Times New Roman Star"z?ezface="Times New Roman Star"jezface="Times New Roman Star"jed|face="Times New Roman Star"zez
face="Times New Roman Star"jezface="Times New Roman Star"z?ez
face="Times New Roman Star"jezface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 982, VEWT 199, ЭСТЯ 4, 168-169, Лексика 404-405. Turk. > Mong. jez, z?|es id. (Clark 1980, 39, Щербак 1997, 123).
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?igit / *c?ygyt ( ? -k-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cotton seed(s)face="Times New Roman Star"хлопковое семя, семена
face="Times New Roman Star"c?igit (MK - Argu)face="Times New Roman Star"c?yg|yt, c?ig|it 'seed; freckle'
face="Times New Roman Star"c?igit (Sangl., Pav. C); c?yg|yt 'spots on a pregnant woman's face' (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"c?igitface="Times New Roman Star"c?igit
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ijidface="Times New Roman Star"c?igit 'seed'








face="Times New Roman Star"c?igitface="Times New Roman Star"s?ijit




face="Times New Roman Star"s?igit

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 414, TMN 2, 88, Лексика 116.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ulu-l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"country, cityface="Times New Roman Star"страна, городface="Times New Roman Star"ulus? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ulus? (MK)






















face="Times New Roman Star"ulus?


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 152-153, Лексика 317, 494. Turk. > Mong. ulus (see TMN 1, 177, Clark 1980, 41, Щербак 1997, 161), whence again modern Turkm., Oyr. etc. ulus (ЭСТЯ 1, 592).
face="Times New Roman Star"*durunjaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"craneface="Times New Roman Star"журавльface="Times New Roman Star"turun/jaface="Times New Roman Star"turna (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"turnaface="Times New Roman Star"torna



face="Times New Roman Star"durnaface="Times New Roman Star"durna



face="Times New Roman Star"tъw|rna, (dial. Verkh.) t@w|rneface="Times New Roman Star"turjuja
face="Times New Roman Star"duruja:face="Times New Roman Star"duruja:, turujaface="Times New Roman Star"turunaface="Times New Roman Star"tyrna







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 501, TMN 3, 199, EDT 551, ЭСТЯ 3, 301-302, Лексика 173.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"crop, crawface="Times New Roman Star"зоб
face="Times New Roman Star"boqaq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ak
face="Times New Roman Star"boqag|u (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"poqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buxaGface="Times New Roman Star"buqawface="Times New Roman Star"pog|o
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oq

face="Times New Roman Star"mog|ox


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oqface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|aqface="Times New Roman Star"bog|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 79, TMN 2, 349, ЭСТЯ 2, 202, Лексика 150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*be.ldirface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cross-roads, separation of two roads or riversface="Times New Roman Star"перекресток, развилка двух дорог или рекface="Times New Roman Star"beltir (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"beltir (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"pilter 'вода, скапливающаяся около болота' (КСТТ)





face="Times New Roman Star"pilt@rface="Times New Roman Star"peltirface="Times New Roman Star"beltir

face="Times New Roman Star"bilir
face="Times New Roman Star"beldir










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 69, EDT 334, Лексика 98.
face="Times New Roman Star"*KArgaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"crowface="Times New Roman Star"воронаface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|a (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"qarg|a (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"karg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|a (Houts., AH, IM, Qutb., Pav. C.), qarqa (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"qe|rg|e|face="Times New Roman Star"qa(r)g|a
face="Times New Roman Star"Garg|aface="Times New Roman Star"GarGaface="Times New Roman Star"xarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|a



face="Times New Roman Star"qa:rg|anface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|anface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"qarg|a

face="Times New Roman Star"qarg|a, g|arg|a
face="Times New Roman Star"qarg|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 237, TMN 3, 384, ЭСТЯ 5, 303-304, Лексика 171. Turk. > Mong. qarg|a (Щербак 1997, 134).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jog-urtface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"curdled, coagulated milkface="Times New Roman Star"кислое, свернувшееся молокоface="Times New Roman Star"jog|rot, jurg|ut, jug|rut (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jug|rut, jog|urt (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jog|urt, jourt
face="Times New Roman Star"jag|urt (Houts., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|urg|o|t (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jog|urt, jug|urtface="Times New Roman Star"jog|urtface="Times New Roman Star"jog|urt




face="Times New Roman Star"suorat


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u:rat
face="Times New Roman Star"juwyrt
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|uwurt, z?uwurt, zuwurtface="Times New Roman Star"ju:rt


face="Times New Roman Star"juwurtface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 905, ЭСТЯ 4, 207-208. For semantic reasons derivation from *jogur- 'to knead' (TMN 4, 173) seems hardly plausible.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kar/ylgan / *Karlyganface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"currantface="Times New Roman Star"смородина


face="Times New Roman Star"qarlyg|an






face="Times New Roman Star"qazyrg|an, qazyr qat (Верб.)face="Times New Roman Star"qazylg|an
face="Times New Roman Star"xorlъg|an

face="Times New Roman Star"qazylg|anface="Times New Roman Star"qazylg|an

face="Times New Roman Star"qarlyg|anface="Times New Roman Star"qarlyg|an (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 5, 309-310, Федотов 2, 367.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"gde ( ? -o"-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"daggerface="Times New Roman Star"кинжалface="Times New Roman Star"bu"/o"gde (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"/o"gde (MK, KB)


























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 325, TMN 2, 294-295, Лексика 566. Turk. > Pers. bogda 'big knife'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tugface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dam, fish trapface="Times New Roman Star"запруда, вершаface="Times New Roman Star"tug| (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tug| (MK)



face="Times New Roman Star"tug|


face="Times New Roman Star"tug|face="Times New Roman Star"tug|


face="Times New Roman Star"tu:
face="Times New Roman Star"dug|-da- 'to make a partition'face="Times New Roman Star"dug|face="Times New Roman Star"tuq

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. tyw





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 496, EDT 463-464, Рас. ФиЛ 175, Лексика 420.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kon|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dandruffface="Times New Roman Star"перхоть

face="Times New Roman Star"konak





face="Times New Roman Star"Gon|aq


















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 280.
face="Times New Roman Star"*su"mface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"darkness, shadowface="Times New Roman Star"темнота, тень













face="Times New Roman Star"s@w|m













face="Times New Roman Star"An isolated Chuvash form.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Telface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"decking, coveringface="Times New Roman Star"настил



face="Times New Roman Star"telek 'a double ceiling for storing goods' (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"tela":r 'canopy'




face="Times New Roman Star"tel 'a mat, plank covering in a sleigh' (Пек. 3, 2619)









face="Times New Roman Star"telek 'crib, barn'

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 471. Yak. telge:- 'to lay, put in a row', Tuva delgeg 'shop window; exhibition' may be < Mong. delge- 'раскладывать, выставлять'
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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