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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bujn|ur/ (*bu"jn|u"r/)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hornface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"z (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"z (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bojnuzface="Times New Roman Star"mo"gezface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|u"z, mu"giz (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"mu.gizface="Times New Roman Star"mu"n|gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"mon|ysface="Times New Roman Star"bujnuzface="Times New Roman Star"bujnuzface="Times New Roman Star"mu":sface="Times New Roman Star"mu":sface="Times New Roman Star"mu":s
face="Times New Roman Star"mjragaface="Times New Roman Star"muosface="Times New Roman Star"muosface="Times New Roman Star"myjysface="Times New Roman Star"miisface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jizface="Times New Roman Star"mu"jizface="Times New Roman Star"mo"go"d|face="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"bujnusface="Times New Roman Star"mun|guzface="Times New Roman Star"mujizface="Times New Roman Star"mon|yzface="Times New Roman Star"mu"ju"zface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 347, EDT 352, 2, 243, 148, Stachowski 183.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bun-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to become mad, foolish 2 mad, crazy 3 to become old, senileface="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , 3 face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 1, mun|qul 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 1, munduz 2 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"buna- 1





face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 3face="Times New Roman Star"munu- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 'to go astray'face="Times New Roman Star"mun- 'go astray, lose one's way'face="Times New Roman Star"mun|g|aq 'resentful', myny- 3 (Todz?.), mun| dial. 2 (< *mun-k?)





face="Times New Roman Star"bun- 'to be tired, dissatisfied', bunaq 'senile person'face="Times New Roman Star"buna- 1, 3
face="Times New Roman Star"munax 'irrational' ()
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 514, EDT 348, 768, 769, 3, 53, Stachowski 181.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ogryface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thiefface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"og|ry (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"og|ry (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"uuru
face="Times New Roman Star"og|ry (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.g|riface="Times New Roman Star"og|ri, og|urface="Times New Roman Star"og|urface="Times New Roman Star"og|ruface="Times New Roman Star"og|ryface="Times New Roman Star"og|yrface="Times New Roman Star"og|ryface="Times New Roman Star"u:r
face="Times New Roman Star"vw|rw|face="Times New Roman Star"uor- 'to steal'face="Times New Roman Star"uor- 'to steal'face="Times New Roman Star"o:rface="Times New Roman Star"o:ryface="Times New Roman Star"u:ruface="Times New Roman Star"u>ry



face="Times New Roman Star"og|ryface="Times New Roman Star"uryface="Times New Roman Star"og|ryface="Times New Roman Star"oru, uruface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 90, 1, 412-414, TMN 2, 77-78, Stachowski 244. Turk. > Mong. *og|urc?ak, see 1997, 164; Hung. or, orv 'mischievous', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o:tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fireface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"ot (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ot (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ot 'flame, fire' (arch.)face="Times New Roman Star"utface="Times New Roman Star"ot (Pav. C., Abush., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"u.tface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"odface="Times New Roman Star"o:tface="Times New Roman Star"ot
face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"hu:.tface="Times New Roman Star"votface="Times New Roman Star"uotface="Times New Roman Star"uotface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"utface="Times New Roman Star"ot

face="Times New Roman Star"otface="Times New Roman Star"oht
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 366, EDT 34, 1, 483-484, 356, 361, 1, 133, Stachowski 245. OT ot-c?uq was borrowed in MMong. as oc?aq 'hearth' (see 1997, 196).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ol-ur-, *ol(u)-tur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to sitface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (OUygh.), olur- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (MK), ol- 'to be' (At., IM), 'to become ripe' (MK, IM, Bulgat)face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"utyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur- (. ., Abush., Pav. C.), (?) ol- 'to be' (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"u.tir-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur-
face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"odyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"otur-
face="Times New Roman Star"lar-face="Times New Roman Star"olor-face="Times New Roman Star"olor-face="Times New Roman Star"olur-face="Times New Roman Star"olyr-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltyr-face="Times New Roman Star"ultyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oltur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otur-face="Times New Roman Star"otyr-face="Times New Roman Star"oht(yr)-
face="Times New Roman Star" 1, 489-492. EDT 125, 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Stachowski 192. See also the comments on *bo:l- ' to be, become'. From the forms phonetically looking like ol- 'to be, become' the only actual reflexes of PT *ol- may be Middle Uygh. (At., Tefs., IM - opposed to bar, bir-) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf.), cf. 2, 186; Chag. ol- may as well be < Oghuz.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ormanface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"forestface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"orman (OUygh. late)
face="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"urmanface="Times New Roman Star"orman (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.rman


face="Times New Roman Star"ormon (dial.)



face="Times New Roman Star"vw|rman



face="Times New Roman Star"ormonface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"urmanface="Times New Roman Star"orman
face="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star"orma"nface="Times New Roman Star"ormanface="Times New Roman Star" 371, 1, 472-473.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lung; angerface="Times New Roman Star"; face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (MK, IM), o"fke (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"o"fke 'anger', o"jken 'lung' (interdial.? Tu"rki?)face="Times New Roman Star"u"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke, o"fke (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.pkaface="Times New Roman Star"o"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"xba" (dial. Nuxa)face="Times New Roman Star"o"jkenface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpo"face="Times New Roman Star"hikka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pke (NW), u"pke

face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpe (o"'kpe - 2001)face="Times New Roman Star"o"'kpeface="Times New Roman Star"o"pko"face="Times New Roman Star"o"kpa"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"u"pka"face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"u"fkeface="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"o"kpa"face="Times New Roman Star"o"hhen ()face="Times New Roman Star"o"pkeface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 373, EDT 9, 1, 540-541, 276-277.
face="Times New Roman Star"*eru"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 plum 2 apricotface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 face="Times New Roman Star"eru"k 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"eru"k 1, 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"erik 1face="Times New Roman Star"u">ri>k 2face="Times New Roman Star"eru"k (AH) 'peach', o"ru"k (Abush.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"o.ri.k 2face="Times New Roman Star"u"ru"k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"a"rik 2face="Times New Roman Star"erik 2








face="Times New Roman Star"o"ru"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"ori>k 2
face="Times New Roman Star"u">ru">k 2face="Times New Roman Star"erik 1face="Times New Roman Star"ierik 1face="Times New Roman Star"erik 1face="Times New Roman Star"erik 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"ru"x 1face="Times New Roman Star"erik 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 222, 1, 291-292.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to pass by, pass throughface="Times New Roman Star" , face="Times New Roman Star"o"t- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"t- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t- (Pav. C., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"o.t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"vit-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"`t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"u"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"o"t-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 39, VEWT 376, 1, 554-555.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o":tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gallface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"o"t (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"t (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"u"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"d (Pav. C.), o"t (AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"o.tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"jo"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"dface="Times New Roman Star"o":tface="Times New Roman Star"u"t
face="Times New Roman Star"o"t
face="Times New Roman Star"vat

face="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"u"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"jo"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"o"tface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 35, VEWT 376, 1, 504-505.
face="Times New Roman Star"*o"rt-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to coverface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt- (AH), o"ru"t- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt- (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt-face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt-



face="Times New Roman Star"vit-








face="Times New Roman Star"jo"rt-face="Times New Roman Star"o"rt-
face="Times New Roman Star"o"xt-
face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 202, VEWT 375, 1, 551-552, 55, 127. The suffixless root *o"r- may be found (see ibid.) in Chag. o"r- 'be covered' (Abush.); cf. also Tur. dial. o"rek 'blanket, covering'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*b(i)a:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"frogface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"baqa (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa (AH, Ettuhf.), baqqa (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa, paqa
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"Gurba:g|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"ba:qa 'turtle'
face="Times New Roman Star"bag|a
face="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"bag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqa
face="Times New Roman Star"maqaface="Times New Roman Star"qurba:face="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"pag|aface="Times New Roman Star"baqaface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 58, EDT 311-312, 646-647, 2, 40-41, 6, 160-161 (see ibid. on the onomatopoeic nature of the component *Kur-) , 179-180. A more precise reconstruction would be perhaps *b(i)a:kka, with expressive gemination (suggested by non-voicing in Kypchak). Turk. > Hung. be/ka, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba.l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mud, clayface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (MK,IM), bal(y)q (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?ykface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq (Pav. C.), palc?yq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?iqface="Times New Roman Star"balc?uq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yGface="Times New Roman Star"palc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"palc?ax (Sag.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bal-qas?face="Times New Roman Star"palc?oq ( < Az.)face="Times New Roman Star"pylz?|kface="Times New Roman Star"byly:k 'sand, silt, brought by water' (.)
face="Times New Roman Star"balg|as?, malg|as?face="Times New Roman Star"ba'lxas?
face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yq, balqas?face="Times New Roman Star"bals?yqface="Times New Roman Star"balsyq

face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yq
face="Times New Roman Star"palc?yx ( 435 .)face="Times New Roman Star"balc?yqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 333, 336, VEWT 60, . 179, 374. Turk. > Mong. balc?ig ( 1997, 103). In Chuv. one would rather expect pys/@x, so the form may reflect a slightly different morphologically *ba.ly-c?ak.
face="Times New Roman Star"*biarn|akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"finger, thumbface="Times New Roman Star",
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Tefs., IM)face="Times New Roman Star"parmak, dial. barnakface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, dial. barnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"barmo|qface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq
face="Times New Roman Star"barmaGface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq


face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"pu"rne



face="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaq, (Pallas) parnaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"parmaxface="Times New Roman Star"barmaqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 63, 2, 66-68, 319-320, 253-255.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ba:c?aface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 elder sister 2 husbands of sistersface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 ()face="Times New Roman Star"bac?a (OUygh., late - Lig. VSOu) 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a-naq 2 (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, baz?|anak 2face="Times New Roman Star"paca () 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|i 1 (R), bac?a 2 (MA, Pav. C.), baz?|anaq 2 (Pav. C., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|z?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2
face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, baz?|anaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|y 1, ba:z?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"paz?|a 2, piz?|e 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bad/a 2, 'wives of brothers'
face="Times New Roman Star"poz/ana 2

face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|a 2




face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|anaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"paz?|a 2 ()face="Times New Roman Star"baz?|iw 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 54, TMN 2, 682, 2, 24, 26-27, 310, 168, . X, 33, 1, 453. Turk. > WMong. baz?|a, Kalm. baz, Khalkha baz|, Bur. baz, Ord. baz?|a 'brother-in-law', whence Kirgh., KBalk., Kum., Yak. baz?|a, Evk. baz?|a, Kaz., KKalp., Nogh., Bashk. baz?a. The Khak., Oyr. and Tuva forms may also be < Mong. Cf. also ORuss. .
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogur/, *bokur-dakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 throat 2 Adam's appleface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1 (OUygh.), bog|zy / (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1, bog|urdak, bog|urtlak (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az 1 (k), pug|yrtaq (dial.), pu:rtaq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz (Abush., . .) 1, boqurdaq, bog|ardaq (Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"boGaz 1, boqurdaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az, bog|uz, bog|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"buosax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"boos (bosqu)face="Times New Roman Star"boos (boqsu)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|os 'place where two rivers meet' (South.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az, bug|yz 'shaft-bed in a shovel' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'double chin; channel, strait', bog|yrdaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ad| 1, bog|ard|aq 'trachea'face="Times New Roman Star"boqqur 2, bog|urdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz, bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz-aq 'glass for a kerosene lamp'face="Times New Roman Star"pog|tax|, pox|tax| 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'channel, strait'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, TMN 2, 344, 2, 167-168, 184, 230-231. The derivative *bokur-dak consistently displays reflexes of voiceless *-k-; it is present also in some reflexes of *bogur/ (Kirgh. bog|os, Kaz. bug|az, Nogh. bog|az, Bashk. bog|ad|, Kum. bog|az) - all probably under the influence of *bokak 'crop, craw' (v. sub *pu>/k`a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*borsuk, *borsmukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"badgerface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"borsmuq (MK), borsuq (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"porsukface="Times New Roman Star"bursyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|rsiqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq
face="Times New Roman Star"porsuG
face="Times New Roman Star"porsyx, morsyx, (dial.) mors?yxface="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"morsyq
face="Times New Roman Star"pors?

face="Times New Roman Star"morzuqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuqface="Times New Roman Star"borso-l-doj 'young badger'face="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"burhyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq

face="Times New Roman Star"porsyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsux| ()face="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 369, 164, TMN 2, 284, 7, 165, 1, 446-447. Reflexes of m- in Siberian languages may be due to the nasal in the suffix (cf. the form in MK). Among the traditional derivations one should mention the connection with *bur-sy- 'to stink, rot', but external parallels indicate that this is rather a folk etymology.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bow, bend 2 to curve, bend, wrap smth.face="Times New Roman Star"1 , 2 , ,
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (Sangl. Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"buk- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'a bend, flexion'; bu"gu"le:- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 'to wrap'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k/g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"g-u"l- 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"po"x- 2 ( 454)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, VEWT 91-92, 2, 290-293.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"jointface="Times New Roman Star"
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ym, bog|un (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|un, bog|umface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bog|un (Sangl., . ., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|inface="Times New Roman Star"bog|am

face="Times New Roman Star"boGunface="Times New Roman Star"pun
face="Times New Roman Star"mun, pu:n (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"mu:nface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bywyn

face="Times New Roman Star"buvunface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"pug|um (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"bywynface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 316, 2, 170-171, 260, TMN 2, 348-349.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:ta-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cut branches 2 branch 3 nailface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 face="Times New Roman Star"butyq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"butyq, butaq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1 (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) buda- 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, buto|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu:da- 1, pu:daq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pydyra- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"(buta 'bush' - a backloan from Pers.?)face="Times New Roman Star"pw|da 3face="Times New Roman Star"byta:- 1, butuk 2 (.); muta:- 1, mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu'duq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butanaq 2 (buta 'bush' < Iran.)face="Times New Roman Star"byta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu/u:tax 2 ()face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, 302, VEWT 90, TMN 2, 330, 103, Stachowski 183. Turk. > WMong. butaq 'branch' (see 1997, 111) (but Mong. buta can be hardly explained as a loan).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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