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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 fat n., butter 2 lard 3 thick, fat (adj.)face="Times New Roman Star"1 жир, масло 2 сало 3 толстый, жирныйface="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"d/u: 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:g| 1face="Times New Roman Star"s/u, s/ъw|v 1face="Times New Roman Star"sya 1face="Times New Roman Star"hya 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|oo-n 3


face="Times New Roman Star"z?au 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja: 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jag| 1face="Times New Roman Star"jav 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 177, EDT 895, Ё—“я 4, 58-59, Ћексика 453, ‘едотов 2, 127, Stachowski 117.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"mane, counter, scruffface="Times New Roman Star"холка, грива
face="Times New Roman Star"jal (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jal (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"jal (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lface="Times New Roman Star"jal
face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"ja:l
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"jal, d/alface="Times New Roman Star"ja:l
face="Times New Roman Star"sa:l
face="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"c?alface="Times New Roman Star"z?|alface="Times New Roman Star"z?alface="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"z?|al
face="Times New Roman Star"jal; jalda- 'to swim grasping the horse's counter; to swim'face="Times New Roman Star"z?al
face="Times New Roman Star"jalface="Times New Roman Star"ƒыбо 220-222, EDT 916, Ё—“я 4, 85-86, 93-94 (for *ja:l-da-), Ћексика 146-147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:nface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sideface="Times New Roman Star"сторонаface="Times New Roman Star"jan (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"jan (Bor. Bad, Abush.)
face="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"ja:nface="Times New Roman Star"nan, c?anface="Times New Roman Star"c?anface="Times New Roman Star"jan, d/anface="Times New Roman Star"ja:nface="Times New Roman Star"s/om

face="Times New Roman Star"c?an
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|anface="Times New Roman Star"z?anface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"z?|an, z?an, zanface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"z?anface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"janface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 184, EDT 940, Ё—“я 4, 113, 118-119, TMN 4, 120, ‘едотов 2, 135. The word has an anatomical meaning ('hip') in old sources, but the meaning 'side' is also attested and must be more archaic, to judge from external evidence; the more abstract meaning in Chuvash ('vicinity') also supports 'side' as the original meaning.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaraface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"woundface="Times New Roman Star"рана

face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara
face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara


face="Times New Roman Star"ja:ra




face="Times New Roman Star"z?|araface="Times New Roman Star"z?araface="Times New Roman Star"jara
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ara, z?ara, zaraface="Times New Roman Star"jara
face="Times New Roman Star"z?ara
face="Times New Roman Star"jaraface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 189, Ё—“я 4, 139-140. Turk. > WMong. jara, Kalm. jar@ (KW 215, ўербак 1997, 123, TMN 4, 54-55). Usually regarded as derived from *ja:r- 'split' (q. v. sub *p`i_a:/rV), which may be possible if Khalaj length is original; however, shortness in Turkm. jara, as well as the probable connection with Mong. *sirka 'wound' is contradicting it.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"age; yearface="Times New Roman Star"возраст; годface="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (Ettuhf., AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?asface="Times New Roman Star"c?as?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?, d/as?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"s/olface="Times New Roman Star"sa:s


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?
face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 975-6, Ё—“я 4, 161-163, ‘едотов 2, 130, TMN 4, 97, Ћексика 84.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tearface="Times New Roman Star"слезаface="Times New Roman Star"jas? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"je|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas? (AH, Ѕор. Ѕад.)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|s?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"c?as
face="Times New Roman Star"d/as?face="Times New Roman Star"ja:s?face="Times New Roman Star"kos/-s/ol

face="Times New Roman Star"c?as?
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|as?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jasface="Times New Roman Star"ja"s?

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"z?asface="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"jas?face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, EDT 975-976, јшм. VII, 32, Ё—“я 4, 161-163 (because of external evidence should be distinguished both from *ja:l' 'age' and *ja:l' 'fresh, green').
face="Times New Roman Star"*ja:r/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 spring 2 summerface="Times New Roman Star"1 весна 2 летоface="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz (AH 1, Ettuhf. 2)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jas, d/as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"s/or 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"ha:s 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"jad| 1face="Times New Roman Star"zaz 2face="Times New Roman Star"ja:z 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?az 2face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"jaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 193, Ё—“я 4, 71, EDT 982, Ћексика 73, ‘едотов 2, 138-139, Stachowski 100.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je:lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 mane 2 featherface="Times New Roman Star"1 грива 2 пероface="Times New Roman Star"jel 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jel 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jele 1



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|el/y 1face="Times New Roman Star"la"la"k 2face="Times New Roman Star"jelek 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ilen 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ja"la":k 2face="Times New Roman Star"s/ilg|e 1face="Times New Roman Star"siel 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?el 1face="Times New Roman Star"c?el 1




face="Times New Roman Star"jela" 1face="Times New Roman Star"lelek 2


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, TMN 4, 188-189, EDT 916, Ё—“я 4, 85-86 (confused with *ja:l, v. sub *da:/lV), Ћексика 147, 566. The Oghuz name of 'feather' (jelek / lelek, see Ё—“я 4, 179) is probably derived from this root; perhaps also *jel-ke 'back of head (including the neck)', see VEWT 196, Ё—“я 4, 181.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jan|y / *jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"newface="Times New Roman Star"новыйface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y (MA, Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"jangu.face="Times New Roman Star"jen|iface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jan|y 'just, recently'face="Times New Roman Star"na:face="Times New Roman Star"na (¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/an|yface="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|giface="Times New Roman Star"s/@n@face="Times New Roman Star"san|aface="Times New Roman Star"han|a; hin|il 'young'face="Times New Roman Star"c?a:face="Times New Roman Star"n/a:face="Times New Roman Star"z?|an|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"z?ang|yface="Times New Roman Star"jeniface="Times New Roman Star"jyn|gyface="Times New Roman Star"z?an|aface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"jan|yface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 185 (Ra"sa"nen is deriving this word from *ja:n 'side' which is quite improbable), EDT 943-4, Ё—“я 4, 124-125, Ћексика 85, Stachowski 96, 104. Turk. > MMo, WMong. z?|an|gi, Kalm. za"n|g/@ 'news' (KW 470; doubts about this borrowing in TMN 1, 281, based on the early attestation of the meaning "discussion" in Mong., are hardly founded).
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"windface="Times New Roman Star"ветерface="Times New Roman Star"jel (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je.l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilface="Times New Roman Star"je.l (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"ja"lface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"c?ilface="Times New Roman Star"c?elface="Times New Roman Star"jel, d/elface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"s/ilface="Times New Roman Star"sillie 'storm, whirlwind'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elface="Times New Roman Star"z?el
face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?el
face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?elface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 195, EDT 916-917, Ё—“я 4, 174-175, Ћексика 40. Bulg.> Hung. sze/l 'wind', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 705-706.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.n|-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to winface="Times New Roman Star"побеждать
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jen-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|- (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"n|-
face="Times New Roman Star"jen-, jin- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"c?in|-face="Times New Roman Star"nen|-, neg-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-, d/en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|g-face="Times New Roman Star"s/@n-



face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|-face="Times New Roman Star"jen-face="Times New Roman Star"jen|g-, jen/-face="Times New Roman Star"z?en|-
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 942, Ё—“я 4, 187, Ћексика 576. Ramstedt's hypothesis of *jen|- being derived from *jeg- 'better, top' could be accepted, but the Ud. parallel din|e- makes it questionable. We prefer to regard -n|- here as the root consonant.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"earth, landface="Times New Roman Star"земл€face="Times New Roman Star"jer (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je.r (MK), jer (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"z?|irface="Times New Roman Star"je.r (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"ja"rface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"c?irface="Times New Roman Star"c?er (R.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/erface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"s/@rface="Times New Roman Star"sirface="Times New Roman Star"hirface="Times New Roman Star"c?erface="Times New Roman Star"c?erface="Times New Roman Star"z?|erface="Times New Roman Star"z?erface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"z?erface="Times New Roman Star"jer/face="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"z?erface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"jerface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 198, EDT 954, Ё—“я 4, 191-192, Ћексика 53, Stachowski 104-105. Bulg. > Hung. szer 'place' (in toponyms), see Sinor 1990.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.t(t)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"sevenface="Times New Roman Star"семьface="Times New Roman Star"jeti (Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jeti (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ideface="Times New Roman Star"jeddi: (Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"ja"ttiface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, jiti, z?|eta"face="Times New Roman Star"jeddiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"c?itt@face="Times New Roman Star"c?ettiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jieti, ja"tti (< Az.?)face="Times New Roman Star"s/iz?|@face="Times New Roman Star"setteface="Times New Roman Star"hetteface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"c?ediface="Times New Roman Star"z?|etiface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jetiface="Times New Roman Star"jeteface="Times New Roman Star"jeti, z?|eti, z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"jediface="Times New Roman Star"z?etiface="Times New Roman Star"jittiface="Times New Roman Star"jettiface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 886, VEWT 199, Ё—“я 4, 167-168, TMN 4, 139, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je:-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to eatface="Times New Roman Star"естьface="Times New Roman Star"je- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je-, je.- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|im 'food'face="Times New Roman Star"je- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"ja"-face="Times New Roman Star"ji-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"ij-face="Times New Roman Star"c?e-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:-face="Times New Roman Star"d/e-face="Times New Roman Star"jie:-face="Times New Roman Star"s/i-face="Times New Roman Star"sie-face="Times New Roman Star"hie-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|e-face="Times New Roman Star"z?e-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|eje- (arch.)face="Times New Roman Star"i-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"z?e-face="Times New Roman Star"ji-face="Times New Roman Star"je-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 194, EDT 869-70, Ё—“я 1, 333-335, Stachowski 102.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jol-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to tear out, pick out, pluckface="Times New Roman Star"срывать, вырывать, выщипыватьface="Times New Roman Star"jol- ? jul- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jol- ? jul- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jol-, july-
face="Times New Roman Star"jul- (R.), july- (Houts.)face="Times New Roman Star"jul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, z?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, d/ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jilu-face="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|l-face="Times New Roman Star"suluj-
face="Times New Roman Star"c?ul-
face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ul-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-
face="Times New Roman Star"jolo-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-face="Times New Roman Star"jol-face="Times New Roman Star"jul-, julu-face="Times New Roman Star"z?ul-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 918, Ё—“я 4, 216; often confused with *ju"l- 'shave' (v. sub *zu>li). Turk. forms like *julk- (VEWT 210) may be borrowed from Mong.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"m- / *jum-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to close (eyes, mouth)face="Times New Roman Star"закрывать (глаза, рот)
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"m- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"jum- (Pav. C., MA, AH)face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-

face="Times New Roman Star"d/um-face="Times New Roman Star"jim-
face="Times New Roman Star"sim-


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jom-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|um-, z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"z?um-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"jum-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 934, VEWT 210, Ё—“я 4, 245-246.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jen|gu"-l, jen|i-kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"lightface="Times New Roman Star"легкийface="Times New Roman Star"jenik, jo"n|u"l (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"n|u"l (Tefs., IM), jenik 'light', jeni- 'to become light' (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jeni, ju"nu"l, jejniface="Times New Roman Star"z?|in|elface="Times New Roman Star"jen|gil (Sangl.), ju"ngu"l (MKypch. - Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jenik, jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ig (<*jen|ig)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ngu"l, jejinface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"ni:k (< *jen|ik)
face="Times New Roman Star"d/en|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jin|gil, jejinface="Times New Roman Star"s/ъw|mъw|l

face="Times New Roman Star"c?i:k (< *jen|ik)face="Times New Roman Star"nin|es?face="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|ilface="Times New Roman Star"z?en|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"jen|elface="Times New Roman Star"z?|en|gil, z?engil, zengilface="Times New Roman Star"jilinface="Times New Roman Star"jen|il, jen|gil, jenilface="Times New Roman Star"z?en|il
face="Times New Roman Star"jen|ilface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 948, 950, VEWT 198, Ё—“я 4, 188, 184, Ћексика 340. Turk. > Hung. gyenge 'weak', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jyp / *jipface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"threadface="Times New Roman Star"ниткаface="Times New Roman Star"jyp (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jyp (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ipface="Times New Roman Star"z?|epface="Times New Roman Star"jip (AH, Ettuhf.), ip (Pav. C., AH)
face="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"jip, jepface="Times New Roman Star"ipface="Times New Roman Star"ju"pface="Times New Roman Star"c?@pface="Times New Roman Star"c?ipface="Times New Roman Star"jip, d/ipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"s/ipface="Times New Roman Star"sip 'hook on a fishing rod', sippe 'thread'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|ipface="Times New Roman Star"z?ip
face="Times New Roman Star"jepface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ib, zipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"z?ipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"jipface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 870, VEWT 204, Ё—“я 4, 268-269. Cf. also the derivative *jipek id. (Ё—“я 4, 269-270).
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heart; courageface="Times New Roman Star"сердцеface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"re|kface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jurakface="Times New Roman Star"ju"ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rek (R., ¬ерб.)face="Times New Roman Star"d/u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jirekface="Times New Roman Star"c?@reface="Times New Roman Star"su"rexface="Times New Roman Star"hu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"c?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"ro"kface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rek/face="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"z?u"rekface="Times New Roman Star"jyru"xface="Times New Roman Star"ju"rekface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 213, EDT 965, Ё—“я 4, 270-271, ≈горов 324, Ћексика 276, Stachowski 116. Chuv. c?- is irregular: a contamination with c?@r@ 'alive'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"n/- ( ? -j-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to suffer, grieve 2 to regret 3 to envy 4 to be angry 5 to offend 6 grief, sorrowface="Times New Roman Star"1 страдать, горевать 2 жалеть 3 завидовать 4 гневатьс€ 5 обижать 6 печаль
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j- ? ko"j-: ko"n|li ku"ju"p 'with pain in one's heart' (MK), ku"j- 4 (KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"ju"-, ko"jen- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kuj-, kujin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j-, ko"ju"n- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"go"jna"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-du"r- 5, ku"ju"n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"(jirek) kie_n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"k@w|v@s/- 3



face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"j- 1, ko"jo"no"s 6face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"ju"n- 1, ku"ju"k 'envious'

face="Times New Roman Star"ku"j-, ku"jin- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"gu"j- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 726. In all languages the root is completely homonymous with the reflexes of *ko"n/- 'to burn' (v. sub *k`u\n/e), which throws doubts on its etymological independence.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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