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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*o(-l)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thatface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"o-l (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"o-l (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"oface="Times New Roman Star"u-lface="Times New Roman Star"o-l (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"u.face="Times New Roman Star"uface="Times New Roman Star"o-l, oface="Times New Roman Star"oface="Times New Roman Star"olface="Times New Roman Star"ol
face="Times New Roman Star"o-lface="Times New Roman Star"o:., o_, u.o:./-raface="Times New Roman Star"vw|-lface="Times New Roman Star"olface="Times New Roman Star"olface="Times New Roman Star"olface="Times New Roman Star"olface="Times New Roman Star"o-s?oface="Times New Roman Star"o-lface="Times New Roman Star"o-lface="Times New Roman Star"o-s?o, uface="Times New Roman Star"o-lface="Times New Roman Star"oface="Times New Roman Star"oface="Times New Roman Star"o-l, u-sy 'this'face="Times New Roman Star"uface="Times New Roman Star"o-lface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 360, 1, 444-445, 456, 492-494, TMN 2, 93, EDT 123-4, Stachowski 191. The form o is attested later than ol, but it certainly does not mean that it was absent in PT (despite Clauson).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu(-n)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thisface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"bu, bun- (Orkh.), bu, mun- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu, mun- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"bu, mun- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"puface="Times New Roman Star"puface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"bo
face="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"bu (mun-)face="Times New Roman Star"boface="Times New Roman Star"boface="Times New Roman Star"bu(l)face="Times New Roman Star"bu-lface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"by-lface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"bu, muface="Times New Roman Star"bu-lface="Times New Roman Star"bu, vuface="Times New Roman Star"buface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 85, EDT 291-292, 2, 225-228, Stachowski 63.
face="Times New Roman Star"*se.-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thouface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"sen (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sen (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"sinface="Times New Roman Star"sen (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"sa"nface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"sa"nface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"sinface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"sen
face="Times New Roman Star"ez@face="Times New Roman Star"enface="Times New Roman Star"enface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"hinface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"sa"nface="Times New Roman Star"synface="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"se:(n)face="Times New Roman Star"senface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 409, EDT 831-832, Stachowski 45, 7. See ibid the reflexes of PT *sir/ 'you' (pl.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*dyl / *dilface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"tongue; languageface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"tyl (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tyl (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"dilface="Times New Roman Star"telface="Times New Roman Star"til (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"dylface="Times New Roman Star"dilface="Times New Roman Star"dilface="Times New Roman Star"t@lface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"c?@lg|e; c?@l@x ' 'face="Times New Roman Star"tylface="Times New Roman Star"tylface="Times New Roman Star"dylface="Times New Roman Star"dyl, tylface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"telface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"dil/face="Times New Roman Star"tyl, tilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"cilface="Times New Roman Star"tilface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 478, EDT 489-90, 3, 228-229, 323, 227, Stachowski 237.
face="Times New Roman Star"*y, *y-(n/)gac?face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"treeface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 face="Times New Roman Star"yg|ac? (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jyg|ac? (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|az?| (Pav. C.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"jo|g|o|c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jig|as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"aGac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"hag|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"jyvs/ 1face="Times New Roman Star"mas 1face="Times New Roman Star"mas 1face="Times New Roman Star"yjas? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"n/e|s? 1face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yg|ac? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"a:c? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac?, -c 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|as? 1face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac?, -s? 1 ()face="Times New Roman Star"ag|ac? 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 7, 1, 71-73, TMN 2, 73f, EDT 79-80, 83, 104, Stachowski 176. The form contains perhaps PT *y 'bush, tree' as the first component (for OT y see EDT 1), cf. the OT combination y yg|ac?; but the second element is yet unclear.
face="Times New Roman Star"*e.k(k)iface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"twoface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"eki (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"e.ki (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ikeface="Times New Roman Star"iki (AH, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"s?igyface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ekeface="Times New Roman Star"igiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"a"kki, a"kki.face="Times New Roman Star"ikk@face="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ikkiface="Times New Roman Star"ijiface="Times New Roman Star"ixiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ikeface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"ikiface="Times New Roman Star"ekyface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"is?kyface="Times New Roman Star"ekiface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 39, EDT 100-1, 1, 337-339, 67-68, Stachowski 124.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jory- / *ju"ri-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to walkface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jory- (Orkh., OUygh.), ju"ri- (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jor(y)- (MK, KB), ju"ri- ? jo"ri- (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ru"-, jo"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ri- ? jo"ri- (MA), ju"ru"- (AH, Ettuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"jur-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r- (ju"r-), jo"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"jor-, z?|or-, jo"r-, ju"r-face="Times New Roman Star"jeri-, ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"r(e)-face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"c?o"r-face="Times New Roman Star"d/or-
face="Times New Roman Star"s/u"re-face="Times New Roman Star"syryt-face="Times New Roman Star"hyryt-face="Times New Roman Star"c?or(u)-face="Times New Roman Star"c?oru-face="Times New Roman Star"z?|u"r(u")-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"r(u")-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ro"-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r(u")-face="Times New Roman Star"jo"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"juru-, ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"r-face="Times New Roman Star"ju"r-face="Times New Roman Star"juru-, ju"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 207, 213, EDT 957-8, 4, 229-231, TMN 4, 217-218, Stachowski 120. Clauson regards both forms together, but notes that jory- is attested earlier than ju"r(i)-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sybface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"waterface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"s/ub (Orkh.), sub, suv (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"suv (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"sywface="Times New Roman Star"su (AH, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"suvface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suvface="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"su:face="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"s?yvface="Times New Roman Star"u:; utax 'thirst' < *sub-sakface="Times New Roman Star"u:face="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"sug|face="Times New Roman Star"su:face="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"hywface="Times New Roman Star"su:face="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"suface="Times New Roman Star"suwface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 431, TMN 3, 281-2, EDT 783-4, 88, 7, Stachowski 247. The reconstruction of *y is conditioned by the Chuv. palatalization. Cf. also *sybu- 'to become watery', *sybu-k 'watery, liquid' ( 7). Other Common Turkic derivatives are *syb-sy- 'to become watery' and *syb-sa- 'to be(come) thirsty', see the analysis in 7 and EDT 792. The derivative *syb-sy 'a watery decoction' (not attested as such, but cf. OT suvsus? id. (EDT 792)) was borrowed in Mong. as sub(a)su id. (L 733), Khalkha suvs 'watery'. Modern Kypchak and Siberian forms like Chag. susyn, Kirgh. su:sun etc. may reflect a secondary loan from Mongolian.
face="Times New Roman Star"*A:kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"whiteface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"akface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aq ? ag|face="Times New Roman Star"o|qface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"ag|face="Times New Roman Star"a:qface="Times New Roman Star"axface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aq



face="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"ax|face="Times New Roman Star"aqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 12, TMN 2, 84-5, 1, 116-117, EDT 75, 598-599.
face="Times New Roman Star"*s[e]go"l ( / *so"gil)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wartface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"so"go"l (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"sigil (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sigilface="Times New Roman Star"so"ja"lface="Times New Roman Star"sigil, su"ku"l, su"ja"l (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"suga"lface="Times New Roman Star"so"ga"l
face="Times New Roman Star"zijilface="Times New Roman Star"sin|n|ilface="Times New Roman Star"so":l
face="Times New Roman Star"so":lface="Times New Roman Star"sijilface="Times New Roman Star"s?w|klw|, s?@w|g@w|l (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"so":lface="Times New Roman Star"so":lface="Times New Roman Star"so":lface="Times New Roman Star"su"jelface="Times New Roman Star"s?u"jelface="Times New Roman Star"hu">ja"l

face="Times New Roman Star"su"velface="Times New Roman Star"s?u"jel
face="Times New Roman Star"su"jelface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 429, EDT 820, 7. Some irregularities are due to the root's expressive nature.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kem, *Ka-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 who 2 whichface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 face="Times New Roman Star"kem (OT, OUygh.) 1, qaju (OT, OUygh.), qanu (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kem?kim (MK, KB) qaju (MK, KB) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim (Abush., IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim, kem (dial.) 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kym 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1
face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj 2
face="Times New Roman Star"kam 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, xaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, kaja 2face="Times New Roman Star"qym 1, qajy 2face="Times New Roman Star"qum 1, qai 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1, qaj 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kem 1, qaj (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"kym 1face="Times New Roman Star"kim 1face="Times New Roman Star"ka"m 1
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 271, EDT 720-721, 5, 67-68, 191-192, Stachowski 134, 147.
face="Times New Roman Star"*siarygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 yellow 2 whiteface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 face="Times New Roman Star"s/aryg| (Orkh.), saryg| (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1 (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"sariq 1face="Times New Roman Star"seriq 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:ry 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1
face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sa:rug| 'orange'face="Times New Roman Star"s?or 2face="Times New Roman Star"arag|as 1; ary: 'butter'face="Times New Roman Star"ary: 'butter'face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"saryg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"hary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"sary 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 403-4, EDT 848, 601, 2 462-463, 7, Stachowski 37. Vowel length in Turkm. and Khal. must be secondary (influenced by forms like Mong. sa:ral 'yellowish'?). Bulg. > Hung. sa/r, sa/rga, dial. sa/rog 'yellow', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 227.
face="Times New Roman Star"*iagyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"heavyface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|g|irface="Times New Roman Star"eg|ir
face="Times New Roman Star"ag|yrface="Times New Roman Star"aGyrface="Times New Roman Star"a:r

face="Times New Roman Star"ag|i:.rface="Times New Roman Star"jyvrface="Times New Roman Star"yarface="Times New Roman Star"yara-kanface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"a:rface="Times New Roman Star"o:rface="Times New Roman Star"awyr
face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"awur

face="Times New Roman Star"awyrface="Times New Roman Star"ag|yr
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 8, EDT 88-9, 1, 85-87, 82-83, 338-339, Stachowski 258.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAk-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to come near 2 near 3 to come near to each other, pass 3 goodface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 3 , 4 face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- (OUygh.) 1, jaqyn (OUygh.) 2, jaqys?- (OUygh.) 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- (MK, KB) 1, jaqyn (MK) 2, jaqys?- (MK) 3, jax|s?y (MK) 4face="Times New Roman Star"jakyn 2, jakys?- 3, jaks?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaxs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn (MA) 2, jax|s?y 4 (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jaqin 2, jaxs?i 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jeqin 2, jaqs?i 4face="Times New Roman Star"jahGyn 2, jaxs?(i) 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaxyn 2, jaxs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaq- 1, jaqy:n 2, jaGs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"c?ag|yn 2, c?axsy 4





face="Times New Roman Star"c?yg|y: 'close to'face="Times New Roman Star"c?y'xa- 'to press to'face="Times New Roman Star"z?|aqyn 2, z?|aqs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?aqyn 2, z?aqsy 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaxs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaqs?y 4
face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaqys?- 3face="Times New Roman Star"jaqyn 2, jaqs?y 4face="Times New Roman Star"z?aqyn 2, z?aqsy 4face="Times New Roman Star"jax|yn 2, jax|s?y 4
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 178, 180, EDT 896-9, 901, 904, 908-9, 4, 63-64, 81, 84, TMN 4, 179.
face="Times New Roman Star"*du:r/ (? *-u":-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"saltface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"tuz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"tuz (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tozface="Times New Roman Star"tuz (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"du:zface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tu:zface="Times New Roman Star"tw|varface="Times New Roman Star"tu:sface="Times New Roman Star"tu:sface="Times New Roman Star"dusface="Times New Roman Star"tusface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tu_zface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tod|face="Times New Roman Star"tod|face="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"tuzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"duz, du"z/, tuzface="Times New Roman Star"duzface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 502, EDT 571, 3, 288-289, Stachowski 234.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jy:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to creep 2 snakeface="Times New Roman Star"1 2 face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jylan (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jyl- 1, jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jyl- 1 (Vam.), jylan 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"z?|il- 1, ilo|n 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jilan 2face="Times New Roman Star"ilan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jyla:n 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?yl- 1, c?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"d/yl- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"s/@w|len 2face="Times New Roman Star"sy:l- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"c?yl- 1, c?ylan 2, dial. c?ulanface="Times New Roman Star"c?yl- 1, c?ulan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?|yl- 1, z?|ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"z?ylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"jilyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jylan 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 200, EDT 930-1, 4, 40-41, 277, 180. Turk. > MMong. (MA) jilan (see 1997, 164). Mong. z?|ilu-, z?|ulu- 'roll away, move away' may be related or borrowed < Turk.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jin|c?-geface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thinface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ge (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jinc?ke (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|eface="Times New Roman Star"nec?ke|face="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke (Pav. C.), inc?ge (. .)face="Times New Roman Star"ingic?kaface="Times New Roman Star"inc?ika"face="Times New Roman Star"s?igeface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"i:nc?e ( < jinc?e)face="Times New Roman Star"niske


face="Times New Roman Star"s/inz/eface="Times New Roman Star"sin/nigesface="Times New Roman Star"hinn/igesface="Times New Roman Star"c?in|geface="Times New Roman Star"n/in|geface="Times New Roman Star"ic?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"jin|is?ke
face="Times New Roman Star"inc?geface="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"inz?|a"face="Times New Roman Star"z?in|is?keface="Times New Roman Star"la"s?gi
face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 203, EDT 944-5, 1, 364-365, Stachowski 104.
face="Times New Roman Star"*je.lface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"windface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jel (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"je.l (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ilface="Times New Roman Star"je.l (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"ja"lface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"c?ilface="Times New Roman Star"c?elface="Times New Roman Star"jel, d/elface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"s/ilface="Times New Roman Star"sillie 'storm, whirlwind'


face="Times New Roman Star"z?|elface="Times New Roman Star"z?el
face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?el
face="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"z?elface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 195, EDT 916-917, 4, 174-175, 40. Bulg.> Hung. sze/l 'wind', see Gombocz 1912, MNyTESz 3, 705-706.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jylface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"yearface="Times New Roman Star"face="Times New Roman Star"jyl (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jyl (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"jyl (MA), il (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"jilface="Times New Roman Star"jilface="Times New Roman Star"jilface="Times New Roman Star"ilface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"c?ilface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylface="Times New Roman Star"d/yl

face="Times New Roman Star"sylface="Times New Roman Star"hylface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylface="Times New Roman Star"c?ylface="Times New Roman Star"z?|ylface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"z?ylface="Times New Roman Star"jelface="Times New Roman Star"jylface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 200, EDT 917, 4, 275, 70-71, Stachowski 118.
face="Times New Roman Star"*em-ig, *em-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 breast (fem.) 2 to suck 3 nippleface="Times New Roman Star"1 (.) 2 3 face="Times New Roman Star"emig 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"e.m- 2 (MK), e.mig 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emz?|ik 1face="Times New Roman Star"im- 2, imc?e|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"e.m- 2 (Pav. C.), emc?ek 1 (Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"emc?ak 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"m- 2, a"mc?a"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"emyg| 1face="Times New Roman Star"a"mz?|a"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emz?|ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, imz?|ek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"a"m- 2face="Times New Roman Star"@w|m- 2face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emi:j 1face="Times New Roman Star"emij 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emig 1face="Times New Roman Star"em- 2, emij 'udder'face="Times New Roman Star"emc?ek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ems?ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"imsa"k 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ems?ek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 41-2, EDT 158-9, 1, 271-272, 63, 273-274, Stachowski 45. PT *em-ig and *em-c?ek (the latter form is first attested in the 13th c.) are derived from *em- 'to suck'.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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