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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bilik, *bEl/-mek(e)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wick 2 tinder, mushroomface="Times New Roman Star"1 фитиль 2 трут, гриб
face="Times New Roman Star"bilik (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"mes?ke| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pilik 1face="Times New Roman Star"pilik (Jarr.) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"miske 2face="Times New Roman Star"mes?ke 2face="Times New Roman Star"mes?ke 2





face="Times New Roman Star"bilik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ba"s?ma"k 2


face="Times New Roman Star"pilik 1

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 339, VEWT 69, 72, Ё—“я VI.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to sharpen 2 whetstoneface="Times New Roman Star"1 точить 2 точильный камень
face="Times New Roman Star"bile- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bele|w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1,bilew 2 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bila"- (Jarr.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo"v, bilo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilev 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@lo" 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"pile 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilu" 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|lev 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bili- (Castr.- Soj.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"lo" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bela"w 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bila" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bu"lew 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bile- 1, bilew 2face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 142-143, EDT 332-333 (< *bi 'blade', denom. - but Turkm. shortness contradicts this derivation). Turk. *bile-gu" > Mong. *bile-g|u" id., see ўербак 1997, 106.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bile (bula)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"with, together, alsoface="Times New Roman Star"вместе с, с, такжеface="Times New Roman Star"bile, bilen (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bile (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bile 'even'face="Times New Roman Star"bele|nface="Times New Roman Star"bile (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bilanface="Times New Roman Star"bila"nface="Times New Roman Star"bile(n)face="Times New Roman Star"bila" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bile, bilenface="Times New Roman Star"mynan|face="Times New Roman Star"mine 'here, now'face="Times New Roman Star"byla (dial., Ѕаск. “уба)face="Times New Roman Star"bila"face="Times New Roman Star"-bala(n)face="Times New Roman Star"-ynan (?)
face="Times New Roman Star"bile
face="Times New Roman Star"minenface="Times New Roman Star"-benface="Times New Roman Star"-benface="Times New Roman Star"-benenface="Times New Roman Star"blaface="Times New Roman Star"-jlanface="Times New Roman Star"bylaface="Times New Roman Star"benenface="Times New Roman Star"bileface="Times New Roman Star"bulanface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 364-365, Ё—“я 2, 140-142. Phonetic variants are explained by the transformation of the root into a postposition and, further, into a case ending. The form bile is attested quite early and therefore can be hardly treated as an assimilation < bir-le (derived from bir '1', cf. bir-ge, bir-c?e with a similar meaning).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gu"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wizardface="Times New Roman Star"мудрец, колдунface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu" (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu" (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ju"
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"gu" (Pav. C.)


















face="Times New Roman Star"bu":



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, VEWT 83, Ё—“я 2, 293-294. Turk. > Mong. bo"g|e id., see TMN 1, 234. Turk. > Hung. bu? 'witchcraft' (< *bu"g|u"), see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*byrak-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to let, to abandon 2 to send 3 to throwface="Times New Roman Star"1 бросать 2 покидать 3 посылать
face="Times New Roman Star"byraq-, byrag|- (IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"byrak- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"byraq- (Pav. C.), (OKypch.) 1


face="Times New Roman Star"burax- 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"purqa- (R) 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrk-yra- 'to scatter, become scattered'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rax- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrax- 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"byrak- 1, 3




face="Times New Roman Star"byraq-tyr- 'to throw out'

face="Times New Roman Star"byraq- (K) 1, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"burax- (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 74, Ё—“я 2, 307-308, ≈горов 148, ‘едотов I 399-400, Stachowski 71.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bir (*bi:r)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"oneface="Times New Roman Star"одинface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bir (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"bir (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"p@rface="Times New Roman Star"pirface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"biface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:rface="Times New Roman Star"bi:r, birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"berface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"bir/face="Times New Roman Star"bir/byrface="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"pyr, pir, pur (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"birface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, TMN 2, 383-4, EDT 353-4, Ё—“я 2, 146-151, ≈горов 157, ‘едотов I 421-422, Stachowski 61. Cf. also Khak. praj 'all', Tat. dial. p@ra"j 'any' ( —““ 179), Az. bira"-di 'one, all together'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"rc?e / *bu"rgeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fleaface="Times New Roman Star"блоха
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"pireface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rc?e|face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge (MA, Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burgaface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rga"
face="Times New Roman Star"pira"face="Times New Roman Star"bu"re



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rz/a



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rgo"face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge, bu"rs?e (dial.), burs?a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rs?eface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rsa"face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?eface="Times New Roman Star"pireface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?eface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rc?eface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 362, VEWT 92, Ё—“я 2, 298-299, Ћексика 182-183. The Kypch. form *bu"rc?e is a diminutive.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gse(k) < *bo"s-ge(k)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a part of human or animal trunkface="Times New Roman Star"часть туловищаface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gsig 'some part of body (belly?)' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kseg 'woman's breast; upper part of chest' (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"kse| 'belly; bird crop'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kse 'the part of a human or animal body above the waist' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ksa 'side part of the body below the breast and down to the hip; (dial.) lower part of body'







face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|z/exe 'crop'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"sko"-j- 'to appear abdominous'
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"skek 'bird's breast'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ksek 'bird's breast'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kso" 'side of body; foot-hill'

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"kt|a" 'short person (abusive)'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ksu"n 'half of animal carcass'




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 329, VEWT 84, 83, Ё—“я 2, 213-214, Ћексика 278. Forms without -k meaning 'buttock' or 'lower part of body' are most probably borrowed < Mong. *bo"gse, having quite different origin (see under *pi_oko) - although some contaminations were not excluded.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bus-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to hide, lay an ambushface="Times New Roman Star"пр€татьс€, устраивать засадуface="Times New Roman Star"bus- (OUygh.- Suv.)face="Times New Roman Star"bus- (MK, KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"pus-face="Times New Roman Star"pos-face="Times New Roman Star"bus- (Pav. C., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pis-; pus- (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"pus- 'to eavesdrop'face="Times New Roman Star"bus-


face="Times New Roman Star"bus-xo 'Hinterhalt, Lauer'







face="Times New Roman Star"but|-





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 371, Ё—“я 2, 278-279, TMN 2, 291-292.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":g, *bo":g-en, *bo":g-c?ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 insect 2 phalanx, tarantula 3 gad-fly 4 wolfface="Times New Roman Star"1 насекомое 2 фаланга, тарантул 3 слепень 4 волк
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g, bo"j 2 (MK), bij 2 (MK - Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g| 2, bu"g|e, bu"g|e-lek 3, bo"z?|ek 1, (dial.) 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo"je| 2, bo"z?|e|k 1face="Times New Roman Star"bew 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"v 2face="Times New Roman Star"mo":j 2, bij 2, mo":z?|ek 4



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|van 3



face="Times New Roman Star"bo":, bo"j, bo"ju", bo"jo"n 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ji 2face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2, 'queen bee', bo"z?|ek 'beetle'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jo" 2, bo"z?|a"k 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"z?|ek 1face="Times New Roman Star"bij 2face="Times New Roman Star"mij 2
face="Times New Roman Star"mija 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 323, VEWT 82-3, Ћексика 184. Partly contaminated with *bo"ke-l 'gad-fly ' (v. sub *pi_u>/k`i/). The form in -c?ek is a diminutive. Turk. > Hung. bo"go"ly 'gad-fly', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bykynface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"thighface="Times New Roman Star"бедроface="Times New Roman Star"byqyn 'hip' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"byqyn 'hip, flank' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bykyn (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"byg|yn (Sib.)face="Times New Roman Star"byqyn 'hip, flank' (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"biqinface="Times New Roman Star"biqin

face="Times New Roman Star"byqynface="Times New Roman Star"pyxty
face="Times New Roman Star"byqyn, myqyn



face="Times New Roman Star"byg|yn
face="Times New Roman Star"myqynface="Times New Roman Star"myqyn
face="Times New Roman Star"byg|ymface="Times New Roman Star"byg|yn




face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 316, VEWT 73, TMN 2, 301, Ё—“я 2, 304-305, Ћексика 280. The Khak. form is a rebuilt posessive form.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolfface="Times New Roman Star"волкface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ji, peri
face="Times New Roman Star"bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"pu":rface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru" (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bi:eriface="Times New Roman Star"pir@face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru", dial. (Todzh.) bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"pu"r/e (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, Ё—“я 2, 219-221, Ћексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. јникин 128-129)). See also јб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово дл€ лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, Ё—“я 2, 176-178, Ћексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"di-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to dance 2 to jib 3 danceface="Times New Roman Star"1 танцевать 2 топтатьс€ 3 танецface="Times New Roman Star"bu"di- (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"d|i- (MK) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bej- 1







face="Times New Roman Star"pije-le- 1 (√јя)

face="Times New Roman Star"bitij- 1, 2, biti: 'танец'


face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3, bij-le- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3, bij-le- 1, bu"ji-1 (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"biji-face="Times New Roman Star"beje- 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3
face="Times New Roman Star"bij 3, biji- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 91, Ё—“я 2, 131-132 (the word has been contaminated with another root, reflected in Mong. bo"z?|i- (KW 54) [despite ўербак 1997, 111, hardly borrowed from Turk.] - see PA *pe:\z?|o.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"dface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"throneface="Times New Roman Star"тронface="Times New Roman Star"bo"d (Orkh.)













face="Times New Roman Star"bu"tta"x, bitta"x (ѕек.) 'cross-bar in a stool, cross-piece in a boat' (?)












face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 82, EDT 298. The Yak. word may belong here if it is not derived from *bu"t- 'to end'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogar/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pregnant (of animals)face="Times New Roman Star"беременна€ (о животных)


face="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"(to"l) bog|az (Oghuz-nama); bog|az, bog|uz (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|o|zface="Times New Roman Star"bog|az
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|azface="Times New Roman Star"po:s
face="Times New Roman Star"poosface="Times New Roman Star"poos
face="Times New Roman Star"buosface="Times New Roman Star"buosface="Times New Roman Star"boos
face="Times New Roman Star"boozface="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"bywad|face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz

face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz
face="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, Ё—“я 2, 169, Stachowski 67. Turk. > WMong. bog|us, Kalm. bo:s (KW 54), Dag. bo:s (“од. ƒаг. 127), see Clark 1980, 39.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (√јя), poju- (dial. - Ѕаск.  ум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, Ё—“я 2, 178-179, ≈горов 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bukaguface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fetters, chain, stringface="Times New Roman Star"путы, цепь, веревкаface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bukag|yface="Times New Roman Star"bog|awface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u, buqaw (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|o|w

face="Times New Roman Star"buxovface="Times New Roman Star"buqaw



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|g|av 'iron manacles'face="Times New Roman Star"baka:jy (?)


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ooface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"byg|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|owface="Times New Roman Star"buqaa, byqaaface="Times New Roman Star"buqov, bug|uwface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aw
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 314, VEWT 87, Ё—“я 2, 248-250, ≈горов 152, TMN 2, 277-278. Turk. > Mong., cf. MMong. buxa'u (SH) id., see TMN ibid., ўербак 1997, 108. Yak. baka:ji with irregular -a- and -k- may reflect some interdialectal loan. Turk. > Hung. be/ko/ (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogur/, *bokur-dakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 throat 2 Adam's appleface="Times New Roman Star"1 горло 2 кадыкface="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1 (OUygh.), bog|zy / (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1, bog|urdak, bog|urtlak (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az 1 (k), pug|yrtaq (dial.), pu:rtaq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1, boqurdaq, bog|ardaq (Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"boGaz 1, boqurdaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az, bog|uz, bog|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"buosax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"boos (bosqu)face="Times New Roman Star"boos (boqsu)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|os 'place where two rivers meet' (South.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az, bug|yz 'shaft-bed in a shovel' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'double chin; channel, strait', bog|yrdaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ad| 1, bog|ard|aq 'trachea'face="Times New Roman Star"boqqur 2, bog|urdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz, bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz-aq 'glass for a kerosene lamp'face="Times New Roman Star"pog|tax|, pox|tax| 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'channel, strait'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, TMN 2, 344, Ё—“я 2, 167-168, 184, Ћексика 230-231. The derivative *bokur-dak consistently displays reflexes of voiceless *-k-; it is present also in some reflexes of *bogur/ (Kirgh. bog|os, Kaz. bug|az, Nogh. bog|az, Bashk. bog|ad|, Kum. bog|az) - all probably under the influence of *bokak 'crop, craw' (v. sub *pu>/k`a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokanaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"false ribsface="Times New Roman Star"ложные ребра









face="Times New Roman Star"pog|ana
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ono so"o"k





face="Times New Roman Star"boqonoface="Times New Roman Star"bug|ana (su"jek)
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ana (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 305, Ћексика 275.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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