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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*A>lan|yrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of rat, jerboaface="Times New Roman Star"вид крысы, тушканчик
face="Times New Roman Star"alan|yr (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"alan|g|arat 'gros rat' (Pav. C. 30)



face="Times New Roman Star"alaqa 'gopher', alan|n|yrt 'field mouse'


















face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 149.
face="Times New Roman Star"*kel/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 skin 2 gall between camel's front legsface="Times New Roman Star"1 шкура 2 потертость между передними ногами верблюда








face="Times New Roman Star"kes?ik 2






face="Times New Roman Star"ke's? 1










face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 60-61 (joining this root with kes? 'quiver' is hardly possible).
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kolan|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"saddlegirthface="Times New Roman Star"подпруга
face="Times New Roman Star"qolan (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"kolan
face="Times New Roman Star"qolan, qolag| (Pav. C.), qulan (AH)



face="Times New Roman Star"Golan|face="Times New Roman Star"xolag|face="Times New Roman Star"qolag|face="Times New Roman Star"qolon|

face="Times New Roman Star"xolun
face="Times New Roman Star"xolaq





face="Times New Roman Star"qolan



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 277, Лексика 549-550, EDT 622, ЭСТЯ 6, 47-49.
face="Times New Roman Star"*An|dur/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 a medicinal shrub, elecampane 2 cypress, juniper 3 shrub, bushface="Times New Roman Star"1 род лекарственного растения, девясил 2 кипарис, можжевельник 3 кустарник
face="Times New Roman Star"an|duz 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"andyz 3face="Times New Roman Star"andyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"anduz 1 (Sngl)



face="Times New Roman Star"andyz 'переступень двудомный'; an|n|yza 'a k. of mountain plant'








face="Times New Roman Star"qar-andyz, qaryndiz, antyz (South dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"andyz, andz?y 'аир'face="Times New Roman Star"andyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"andyd| 2face="Times New Roman Star"andyz 2face="Times New Roman Star"andyz 3



face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 21, EDT 178, ЭСТЯ 1, 150-151.
face="Times New Roman Star"*A>n|(k)ytface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wild duckface="Times New Roman Star"дикая уткаface="Times New Roman Star"an|yt (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"an|yt (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"angut 'огарь', ankyt (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"anqud (Sngl)face="Times New Roman Star"ang|irt 'red duck'
face="Times New Roman Star"an|ytface="Times New Roman Star"anGut-boGaz 'длинношеий'face="Times New Roman Star"an|k 'red duck'face="Times New Roman Star"a:t













face="Times New Roman Star"anqyt, ankit 'ostrich, vulture, dragon'

face="Times New Roman Star"han|qutface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 21, Лексика 172. Doerfer's (TMN 2, 129) PT *an|gyrt is a quite artificial construct: it is based on occasional modern forms (like Uzb. an|g|irt) which reflect a contamination of *an|yt and the borrowed Mong. an|g|yr (with the influence of an|gyrt 'careless'). All old sources (see EDT 176) reflect only *an|yt. (Yak. n/ynta:la 'горбоносый турпан' (Пек.), despite VEWT, < Evk. niltalbuki 'a black duck with white head, from nilta- 'to loose hair', lit. 'bald bird' ТМС I 593; anny, andy < TM *andi; ann/a, ann/aryjar dial. 'a k. of sea bird, морянка' (ДСЯЯ 48) < Mong. an|gir).
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"netface="Times New Roman Star"сеть
face="Times New Roman Star"ag| (KB, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|; ag|, av (Osmanli)face="Times New Roman Star"awface="Times New Roman Star"ag| (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"a:g| (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ag|face="Times New Roman Star"a:q (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag| (Sag.)face="Times New Roman Star"ag|face="Times New Roman Star"ag| (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"u:face="Times New Roman Star"awface="Times New Roman Star"awface="Times New Roman Star"awface="Times New Roman Star"aw
face="Times New Roman Star"av, uvface="Times New Roman Star"aw
face="Times New Roman Star"awface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 7, 20, ЭСТЯ 1, 117-118, 152-153, Лексика 418-419. On an|nyg| (Shor), ag|nyx| (Khak.) v. sub *a>n|u.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kynaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"helminthface="Times New Roman Star"глист









face="Times New Roman Star"xyna
face="Times New Roman Star"qyna





face="Times New Roman Star"qyna 'вредитель хлебных злаков'








face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 264.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ar/ygface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fangface="Times New Roman Star"клыкface="Times New Roman Star"azyg| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"azyg| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azawface="Times New Roman Star"azu (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"o|ziq
face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azyface="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyjface="Times New Roman Star"azu, azu:
face="Times New Roman Star"*ora > Mari ora-puj 'id.'face="Times New Roman Star"ahy:, dial. yhy:
face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azyg|face="Times New Roman Star"azu:face="Times New Roman Star"azuw
face="Times New Roman Star"ad|awface="Times New Roman Star"azaw

face="Times New Roman Star"azuw
face="Times New Roman Star"azuwface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 33, ЭСТЯ 1, 96-98, Лексика 229. Turk. > Mong. *az?|ug| (ac?ug| in Uygh. script, see Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*arkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"excrementface="Times New Roman Star"навоз, экскременты
face="Times New Roman Star"arq (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"Kypch. arq (Houts.)



face="Times New Roman Star"arq (А-Б)face="Times New Roman Star"aryx

face="Times New Roman Star"harq














face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 213, VEWT 26.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"gde ( ? -o"-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"daggerface="Times New Roman Star"кинжалface="Times New Roman Star"bu"/o"gde (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"/o"gde (MK, KB)


























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 325, TMN 2, 294-295, Лексика 566. Turk. > Pers. bogda 'big knife'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*budur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"quailface="Times New Roman Star"перепелка
face="Times New Roman Star"budursyn (MK); bujurc?un, bujurc?yn (AH)







face="Times New Roman Star"(pudurc?un, pu"du"rc?u"n)


face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rz?|ъgan 'wagtail'













face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 309, Лексика 173, ЭСТЯ 2, 305-306. The root was strongly influenced by *byldur- (q. v. sub *pi_o>/ltorV); this explains the Khak. form (one would expect puzur-).
face="Times New Roman Star"*byldur- (*buldyr-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a bird smaller than a grey partridge, quailface="Times New Roman Star"рыжая куропатка, степной рябчик

face="Times New Roman Star"byldyrz?|yn
face="Times New Roman Star"byldyrc?yn (Sangl., Houts., Bulgat)face="Times New Roman Star"bulduriq 'Steppenhuhn'

face="Times New Roman Star"byldyrc?yn (dial.)




face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|ldъw|rz?|an (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bylz?|yryt, byllyryt 'snipe'


face="Times New Roman Star"bulduruqface="Times New Roman Star"buldyryq




face="Times New Roman Star"buldyryq

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 309, TMN 2, 312, VEWT 73-74, ЭСТЯ 2, 305-306, Лексика 173. Turk. > Russ. Siber. buld'ur'uk (Аникин 140).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokanaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"false ribsface="Times New Roman Star"ложные ребра









face="Times New Roman Star"pog|ana
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ono so"o"k





face="Times New Roman Star"boqonoface="Times New Roman Star"bug|ana (su"jek)
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ana (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 2, 305, Лексика 275.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bElin|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"panic, terrorface="Times New Roman Star"паника, ужасface="Times New Roman Star"belin| (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"belin| (MK), belin|-le- 'to be terrified' (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"belin 'frightened' (dial. pelin|, pen|il-de-)
face="Times New Roman Star"belin|-le- 'to be terrified' (Qutb)



face="Times New Roman Star"belin| al- 'to fear, be disgusted'

face="Times New Roman Star"pelin| 'faked illness' (R)



face="Times New Roman Star"belin|-c?i, belin|-ne-face="Times New Roman Star"belin|-s?i 'scary', belin|-ne- 'be startled'face="Times New Roman Star"belim-c?i 'a hysterical woman'face="Times New Roman Star"belin|face="Times New Roman Star"belen| 'scary'face="Times New Roman Star"bilen-da"- 'to be scared, startled'





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 343, 344, VEWT 69, ОСНЯ 2, 98 (with a different TM parallel).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bul-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to findface="Times New Roman Star"находитьface="Times New Roman Star"bul- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bul- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bul-
face="Times New Roman Star"bula- (Pav. C. 174)







face="Times New Roman Star"bul-
face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-






face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, VEWT 87, ЭСТЯ 2, 252-253, Stachowski 65.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"l/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cedar, pinus Sibericaface="Times New Roman Star"кедр, сибирская сосна











face="Times New Roman Star"mo"s?, = dial. (Баск. Туба)

face="Times New Roman Star"bes 'pine', dial. 'larch bast' (ДСЯЯ 1 81)
face="Times New Roman Star"po"`s?, (Castr. Krg.) bo"js?face="Times New Roman Star"bo"s?









face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 71.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bol/gu-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to learn 2 to teach, make learn 3 teaching 4 studentface="Times New Roman Star"1 учиться 2 учить, наставлять, заставлять выучить 3 наставление 4 ученик, подмастерьеface="Times New Roman Star"bos?g|u-n- 1, bos?g|u-t-, bos?g|u-r- 2, bos?g|ut 3 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bos?g|ut 4


























face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 82, EDT 379. Derivation from bos?ug| 'allowance, pardon' (EDT) is hardly plausible.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to join, intertwine, adhere 2 to wind, weaveface="Times New Roman Star"1 присоединяться, переплетаться, примыкать 2 плести, ткать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"tu"s?- (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ter- 'крутить, свертывать'
face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bitis?- 1



face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|d@w|r- 2




face="Times New Roman Star"bitis- 'мириться'
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"to"rgo"s 'деталь ткацкого станка'





face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 309-310. Федотов 1, 427
face="Times New Roman Star"*bora-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 North wind 2 to snow heavilyface="Times New Roman Star"1 северный ветер 2 обильно падать (о снеге)

face="Times New Roman Star"bora(k) 1





face="Times New Roman Star"bora- 2









face="Times New Roman Star"bora- 2







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, ЭСТЯ 2, 189-192, Лексика 45.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to heal (of a wound)face="Times New Roman Star"заживать (о ране)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bet-a"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit-


face="Times New Roman Star"bit-; bitik 'scar, cicatrice'face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t-o"s?-


face="Times New Roman Star"pit-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299 (sub *bu"t- 'finish'), ЭСТЯ 2, 154-155. Cf. also Chuv. pytc?a 'гнойный лишай'.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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