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\data\alt\turcet
 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to shave 2 to tear off, scrape offface="Times New Roman Star"1 брить 2 срывать, соскребать
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"li- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"jo"le- (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"- 1 (Ettuhf.)



face="Times New Roman Star"ju"l-me- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"su"l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"hu"l- 2face="Times New Roman Star"c?u"lu"- 1




face="Times New Roman Star"z?u"lu"- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"u"l-, u"lu"-, ili- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ju"lu"- 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 919, VEWT 213, Ё—“я 4, 216 (confused with *jol- q. v. sub *n/o>\lo), Stachowski 115.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sen|ekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"jar, mugface="Times New Roman Star"кувшин
face="Times New Roman Star"sen|ek (MK - Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"sen|ek




face="Times New Roman Star"senek



















face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 838, VEWT 410.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAp-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to make, create, arrangeface="Times New Roman Star"делать, создавать, приготовл€тьface="Times New Roman Star"jap- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jap-face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (Ettuhf.)
face="Times New Roman Star"jap- (dial.)
















face="Times New Roman Star"jap-



face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 870-871; Ё—“я 4, 126-127, where arguments are given in favour of separating this verb from *jap- 'to cover'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ala-n / *ala-n|face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"level ground, plainface="Times New Roman Star"равнина
face="Times New Roman Star"alan| (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"alan, dial. alaface="Times New Roman Star"alanface="Times New Roman Star"alan| (Pav. C.)



face="Times New Roman Star"alan|, a:la



face="Times New Roman Star"olъxface="Times New Roman Star"ala:s, aly:face="Times New Roman Star"alyn, aly:face="Times New Roman Star"ala:q, alandy

face="Times New Roman Star"alan|face="Times New Roman Star"alan|


face="Times New Roman Star"alan|face="Times New Roman Star"alan|

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 147, Ё—“я 1, 134-135, ‘едотов 2, 277, Stachowski 32, 33. Length in the Turkm. variant a:la is not clear. Yak. ala:s > Russ. Siber. ala/s (јникин 80-81).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bEr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 southern, right 2 to the South, to the rightface="Times New Roman Star"1 южный, правый 2 к югу, направоface="Times New Roman Star"ber-din 1 (Orkh., OUygh.), beri-je 2, ber-ga"ru" 2 (Orkh.)



























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 359,364, 370. The forms ber-din (abl.), ber-ije (adv.), ber-geru" (dir.) - from a spatial noun *ber. The usually related beru" 'this side, here' etc. (EDT 355, Ё—“я II 124-125) should be rather kept apart. It is unclear morphologically (be:ru" < ber-ru" seems to be a unique development) and may be derived from the demonstrative bu 'this', just like naru, an|aru, onaru 'that side, there' is derived from the demonstrative stem an- 'that' (see Brockelmann 1954, 134).
face="Times New Roman Star"*jal/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to close, hideface="Times New Roman Star"закрывать(с€), пр€тать(с€)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?- (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"jas?- (AH)

face="Times New Roman Star"jas-face="Times New Roman Star"jas?- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"jas?-




face="Times New Roman Star"sas-












face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 192, Ё—“я 4, 160-161. Very widely spread are also the derivatives *jal/yn-, *jal/yr-, see ibid.
face="Times New Roman Star"*seb-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"spurge, euphorbiaface="Times New Roman Star"молочай








face="Times New Roman Star"so"v-dek


















face="Times New Roman Star"Attested only in Turkm., but having probable external parallels.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)an|yr/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"stubble-fieldface="Times New Roman Star"жнивье, сжатое поле
face="Times New Roman Star"an|yz (MK)

face="Times New Roman Star"an|yz (Sangl.)























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 191-192.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAlky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to glitter 2 flame, rayface="Times New Roman Star"1 блестеть, си€ть 2 плам€, блеск, луч

face="Times New Roman Star"jalkyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqy- 1 (dial.), jalqyn 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqun 2 (R)face="Times New Roman Star"jo|lqin 2face="Times New Roman Star"jalqun 2

face="Times New Roman Star"jalqym 2

face="Times New Roman Star"d/alqyn 2






face="Times New Roman Star"z?alqyn 2
face="Times New Roman Star"jalqyn 2





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 181, Ё—“я 4, 106-107, Ћексика 357. Usually united with *jal- (v. sub *z?|i_ale), but seems to have a distinct Altaic origin.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ju"g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 upwards 2 to rise 3 hill 4 highface="Times New Roman Star"1 вверх, наверх 2 подниматьс€ 3 холм 4 высокийface="Times New Roman Star"ju"geru" (Orkh., OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"ju"kse- 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ksel- 2, ju"z?|e, (dial.) ju"g, ju"z?|ek, ju"gz?|ek, ju"vz?|ek 3
face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ksa"t- 2 (Houts.), ju"c?e 4 (AH)


face="Times New Roman Star"ju"ksa"l- 2, uz?|a 4














face="Times New Roman Star"u":sel- 2face="Times New Roman Star"o"ksel- 2


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 915, Ё—“я 4, 263-264. The form *ju"geru" is replaced in most modern languages by a back row variant *jokaru, *jokgaru (see Ё—“я 4, 213-214); this may be due to a contamination with a synonymous root *jok "up, above" (see Ё—“я 4, 215).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bul-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hoar-frost 2 frazil, icy surfaceface="Times New Roman Star"1 изморозь 2 наледь




face="Times New Roman Star"bulduriq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"buldurc?yn 1, buldura- 'to glitter (of dew, hoar-frost)'

face="Times New Roman Star"pulug| 2 (dial., Leb. R)

face="Times New Roman Star"bulu:s 'glacier'
face="Times New Roman Star"buluq 2










face="Times New Roman Star"Ћексика 38.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Komyl/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 become drowsy, dry 2 become lean 3 greedyface="Times New Roman Star"1 в€нуть, засыхать, становитьс€ в€лым 2 худеть, осунутьс€ 3 жадный


face="Times New Roman Star"qomsyz, dial. qomsyq 3









face="Times New Roman Star"xъw|ms?ъw|l- 1face="Times New Roman Star"xomn/uj- 2





face="Times New Roman Star"qomxod| 3





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 6, 147-148.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bAjyrface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 hill, 2 foot-hill 3 hummockface="Times New Roman Star"1 холм 2 подножье горы 3 пригорок

face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 1





face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"pa:r 2



face="Times New Roman Star"byar 3







face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 'mountain'face="Times New Roman Star"bajyr 1


face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 37-38, VEWT 57. The root should be distinguished from *ba:gyr 'liver' (although there may occur secondary mergers, cf. Tat. bawur 'slope'). It has no relationship (suggested in Ё—“я) to Mong. bajir 'place' (derived from baji- 'to be' and borrowed in Uzb. bajir 'accustomed to local conditions', Kirgh. bajyr 'attachment to a place', Nogh. bajyr 'proper'); intermediate (not quite clear) cases are Chag. bajyr 'plain, desert' (Pav. C.), Az. bajyr 'the external part of the inhabited area as opposed to the internal part', Khal. bajir 'uncultivated (place)'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*simekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"forest, jungleface="Times New Roman Star"лес, чащаface="Times New Roman Star"simek (OUygh.)



























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 828-829.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Ka.n/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"edge, hemface="Times New Roman Star"край, каймаface="Times New Roman Star"qaj (OUygh.) 'cross-road'face="Times New Roman Star"qajyg| (MK) 'a place at an angle from the main road'







face="Times New Roman Star"xaj
face="Times New Roman Star"qajyr 'steep, precipitous'
face="Times New Roman Star"xъjuface="Times New Roman Star"kyjya (ѕек.) 'road on the edge of a precipice'
face="Times New Roman Star"xajy: 'located sideways'



face="Times New Roman Star"qajma





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 221, ‘едотов 2, 338. Doubts about the OT word see in EDT 674, 676, Clark 1977, 146.
face="Times New Roman Star"*KAr-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to overflow 2 moat, ditchface="Times New Roman Star"1 переливатьс€ через край 2 канаваface="Times New Roman Star"qarym ? qaram (OUygh.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"qar- (MK) 1, qarym (KB) 2face="Times New Roman Star"kar- (of water) 'to pile up behind an obstacle', dial. karym 2
face="Times New Roman Star"qar- (IM) 1face="Times New Roman Star"qa:rym (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"qerim 2
face="Times New Roman Star"Garym 2face="Times New Roman Star"Garym 2
face="Times New Roman Star"xaralface="Times New Roman Star"qaranty 'thawed spot'



face="Times New Roman Star"xara:lc?a 'ice-hole'







face="Times New Roman Star"qarym 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 643, Ё—“я 5, 320.
face="Times New Roman Star"*jAl-ky-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 shallow 2 waveface="Times New Roman Star"1 мелкий 2 волна








face="Times New Roman Star"jalpaq 1






face="Times New Roman Star"c?alg|yg| 1, c?alg|yjaq 2










face="Times New Roman Star"(?) Cf. also Chag. jalg|in 'Salzsteppe' etc. ( < 'shallow place'?), see VEWT 183.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dal-g-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"waveface="Times New Roman Star"волна

face="Times New Roman Star"dalga 2
face="Times New Roman Star"talg|a 'Wellenschlag', talg|um, talqum 'sea waves'


face="Times New Roman Star"dalg|a 2



















face="Times New Roman Star"KW 94, VEWT 458, 487. An Oghuz word.
face="Times New Roman Star"*u"gu"r/ (? *o"-)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"small riverface="Times New Roman Star"речкаface="Times New Roman Star"u"gu"z (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"u"gu"z (MK, KB)

face="Times New Roman Star"Kypch. ochus (CCum.)
face="Times New Roman Star"o"gu"zface="Times New Roman Star"u"gu"z

face="Times New Roman Star"u":s

















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 369, EDT 119-120, TMN 2, 156, Ћексика 90.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Tin|(mi)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 sound 2 to talk 3 to grumbleface="Times New Roman Star"1 звук 2 говорить 3 ворчать
face="Times New Roman Star"[tynma 'do not speak' (MK - Oghuz.)]face="Times New Roman Star"tyn- 2, Osm. tyn-, dyn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"tyn-syz 'wordless'face="Times New Roman Star"(MKypch.) tyn- 2 (Houts.)


face="Times New Roman Star"din- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"t@mel- 3


face="Times New Roman Star"c?@n- 2, c?@m-s@r 'wordless'face="Times New Roman Star"tin|ij- 'to produce loud thumping sounds'
face="Times New Roman Star"din|mi 'rumble, thunder'










face="Times New Roman Star"ћудрак ƒисс. 86, EDT 514. Clauson regards the Oghuz verb as a metaphor from tyn- 'breathe', which is hardly the case (although some contaminations with this root, as well as with *Tim- 'silent', were possible).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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