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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*burguface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 trumpet 2 pipe (of a plant)face="Times New Roman Star"1 труба 2 трубка (растени€)face="Times New Roman Star"burg|u 1 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"borg|uj (MK) 1face="Times New Roman Star"boru 1face="Times New Roman Star"byrg|y (Tob.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"burg|u 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"burg|u 1
face="Times New Roman Star"pyra 1face="Times New Roman Star"boru 1
face="Times New Roman Star"pyrg|y 1, 2, myrg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyrg|y 1

face="Times New Roman Star"pъrъx 1

face="Times New Roman Star"murg|u 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"murg|u 1, 2


face="Times New Roman Star"borg|o 1face="Times New Roman Star"byrg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"boru 1face="Times New Roman Star"bory 1

face="Times New Roman Star"byrg|y 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 361, TMN 2, 286, Ё—“я 2, 194-195. Turk. > Mong. : Khalkha burguj 'wire for pipe cleaning', Bur. burgy 'drill'. Turk. > Russ. Siber. borga (јникин 134-135).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bol/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"free, emptyface="Times New Roman Star"свободный, пустойface="Times New Roman Star"bos? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.s?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos, posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"poz?ъface="Times New Roman Star"bosxo (*bos?-ka)face="Times New Roman Star"bosko 'a little'face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bo's?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?, bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 376, VEWT 82, Ё—“я 2, 203-204, ћудрак ƒисс. 126, ‘едотов 1, 457, Stachowski 63. The Chuv. form has a regular reflex, presupposing a final vowel. Turk. *bol/a-n- > bos?an- > Mong. busani- 'become empty, poor' (KW 63); *bol/-u-g 'permission' > Mong. bos?ug| (Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*botuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young of camelface="Times New Roman Star"верблюжонок
face="Times New Roman Star"botu (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"potak (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"butaface="Times New Roman Star"bota 'child; young of animal' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.taface="Times New Roman Star"bota
face="Times New Roman Star"pota 'young of buffalo, bear'









face="Times New Roman Star"botoface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"buta

face="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"bota

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299, Ё—“я 2, 198-200, Ћексика 448 (with an error: the Az. form is listed as Turkm.) ( > MMong. botog|an, KW 53, TMN 2, 328-329, ўербак 1997, 109; Oyr. boto:n and Tuva bo'dag|an are probably backloans from Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gu"r, *bo"grekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kidney(s)face="Times New Roman Star"почкиface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu"r (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu"r (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jrek, bo"brekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jer, bu">ji>ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"grek (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujrakface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ra"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ju"r, bo"jra"kface="Times New Roman Star"bevrek, bo"vrekface="Times New Roman Star"pu"gu"rek, pu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"pu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"k
face="Times New Roman Star"pu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bu"o"r
face="Times New Roman Star"bu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"jro"kface="Times New Roman Star"bu"ji>r, bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu">ju">rface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"bu":r, bo":rek, bu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"grek, bivrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jir, bu"jrek
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 328, VEWT 83, TMN 2, 353, Ё—“я 2, 205-207, Ћексика 278, Stachowski 68.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to dam, plugface="Times New Roman Star"ставить плотину, затычку
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k- 'запрудить'(MK), bo"ken- 'быть загороженным (дорога)' (At.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ke- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ki 'пробка'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ken 'плотина' (R, Pav. C. 173)face="Times New Roman Star"pu.kak 'пробка'face="Times New Roman Star"pok 'пробка'




face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k 'затвор, пробка'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|gъw| 'пробка'



face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ge-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ki 'пробка'

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-la"- (T) 'запирать, закрывать'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ge-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, 326, VEWT 82, 83, Ё—“я 2, 208-210, ≈горов 146. Clauson prefers the reading with -g-, which is hardly justified. A variant with *-g- (Tur. bu"g|e-, Chuv. p@v@ 'dam', Turkm. bo"ve-, bo"vet 'id.', Yak., Dolg. bu"o" 'plug') may be a result of the influence of *bog- 'to choke, dam' (cf. *bog|- 'dam' in Tuva, Uzb., Kum., Nogh., Oyr., Tat., Bashk.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to divide, separateface="Times New Roman Star"делить, отдел€тьface="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- (Orkh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"(l)-
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo":l-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bi:el-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 84, EDT 332, TMN 2, 323, Ё—“я 2, 214-217. Turk. > Mong. bo"lo"g, bo"leg 'group, division' (see TMN 2, 325, ўербак 1997, 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolfface="Times New Roman Star"волкface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ji, peri
face="Times New Roman Star"bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"pu":rface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru" (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bi:eriface="Times New Roman Star"pir@face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru", dial. (Todzh.) bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"pu"r/e (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, Ё—“я 2, 219-221, Ћексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. јникин 128-129)). See also јб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:c?-gak, -makface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"(outer) corner, angleface="Times New Roman Star"внешний угол
face="Times New Roman Star"buc?g|aq (MK) 'region of the world, corner'face="Times New Roman Star"buz?|akface="Times New Roman Star"poc?maqface="Times New Roman Star"buz?|aq (Sangl.)


face="Times New Roman Star"buz?|ag|face="Times New Roman Star"bu:z?|aq 'lower ends of a winebag'



face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|s/mex








face="Times New Roman Star"buz?|aqface="Times New Roman Star"buc?aq, buc?qaq


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 85, Ё—“я 2, 282-283. Despite EDT 294 and Clark 1980, 38, not derived < *byc?- 'cut' (because of semantic and phonetic - vowel length and vowel quality - differences).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bullface="Times New Roman Star"быкface="Times New Roman Star"buqa (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buqaface="Times New Roman Star"puqaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buqa

face="Times New Roman Star"buga
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buxaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 87, EDT 312, Ё—“я 2, 230-232, Sinor 1962, 320-321, Ћексика 437. Turk. > Mong. buqa (see TMN 2, 299, ўербак 1997, 110), whence Evk. buka etc. (see TMN ibid., Poppe 1966, 194, Doerfer MT 99). Turk. > Hung. bika, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to orderface="Times New Roman Star"приказыватьface="Times New Roman Star"bujur- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujur- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bojyr-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur- (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujru-, bujur- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-

face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-
face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r-



face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-
face="Times New Roman Star"bujyr-face="Times New Roman Star"bojor-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 87, EDT 387-388, Ё—“я 2, 245-247, TMN 2, 362.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bul-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to findface="Times New Roman Star"находитьface="Times New Roman Star"bul- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bul- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bul-
face="Times New Roman Star"bula- (Pav. C. 174)







face="Times New Roman Star"bul-
face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-






face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-


face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 332, VEWT 87, Ё—“я 2, 252-253, Stachowski 65.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stir, stir upface="Times New Roman Star"помешивать, перемешиватьface="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-; bula- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|u-face="Times New Roman Star"polg|a-, pula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pъlxa-n- 'to become turbid'face="Times New Roman Star"bula:-, bulkuj-, byla:-face="Times New Roman Star"bulkuj-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, (dial.) bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulha-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-, bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-
face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 337, VEWT 88, Ё—“я 2, 253-256, јшм. X, 112, Stachowski 65. The Turk. root is the probable source of Mong. bulg|a- 'to confuse, uprise' (see TMN 2, 322-323, ўербак 1997, 110).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulut (*bulyt)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cloudface="Times New Roman Star"облако
face="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bolytface="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|l@w|t 'sky, cloud'face="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bu_ltface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"bolotface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bultface="Times New Roman Star"bu(:)lytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 88 (the connection with PT *bulga- 'to mix' is not obvious at all); TMN 2, 323; EDT 333, Ё—“я 2, 262-264, Ћексика 24, Stachowski 71. Turk. > MMong. (»ћ) bulut, see ўербак 1997, 163. Derived are Kypch. forms like Kaz., KKalp. buldyr 'foggy, cloudy', Kirgh. buldur 'fuzzy, cloudy', Nogh. buldyr 'id.'
face="Times New Roman Star"*bukaguface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fetters, chain, stringface="Times New Roman Star"путы, цепь, веревкаface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bukag|yface="Times New Roman Star"bog|awface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u, buqaw (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|o|w

face="Times New Roman Star"buxovface="Times New Roman Star"buqaw



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|g|av 'iron manacles'face="Times New Roman Star"baka:jy (?)


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ooface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"byg|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|owface="Times New Roman Star"buqaa, byqaaface="Times New Roman Star"buqov, bug|uwface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aw
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 314, VEWT 87, Ё—“я 2, 248-250, ≈горов 152, TMN 2, 277-278. Turk. > Mong., cf. MMong. buxa'u (SH) id., see TMN ibid., ўербак 1997, 108. Yak. baka:ji with irregular -a- and -k- may reflect some interdialectal loan. Turk. > Hung. be/ko/ (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*burc?akface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bean, peaface="Times New Roman Star"бобы, горохface="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"burc?akface="Times New Roman Star"borc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burc?o|qface="Times New Roman Star"poc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"pyrc?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"burc?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"myrc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"myrc?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|rz/a, p@w|rz/e



face="Times New Roman Star"[bu:rc?aq < Mong.]face="Times New Roman Star"burs?aqface="Times New Roman Star"burs?aqface="Times New Roman Star"borsaqface="Times New Roman Star"burc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"borc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"burc?axface="Times New Roman Star"burs?aq
face="Times New Roman Star"burc?aqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 357, VEWT 89, Ё—“я 2, 275-277. Turk. > WMong. burc?ag, Kalm. burc@g (KW 62, see TMN 2, 281, ўербак 1997, 110). Chuv. > Mari pursa; Bulg. > Hung. borso/, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*burun (*buryn)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 front part 3 beforeface="Times New Roman Star"1 нос 2 передн€€ часть 3 перед, впередиface="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"boryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"p'uryn 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"purnu, (¬ерб.) purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 3face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1
face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"munnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"moron 1, boron 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"purny 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 366-367, Ё—“я 2, 269-273, Ћексика 214-215, Stachowski 182. Cf. *bur- 'to smell' (VEWT 89).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be bad-tempered, irritableface="Times New Roman Star"быть раздражительным, иметь плохой характер, сердитьс€, возбуждатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"bus?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bus?- (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"pos?-face="Times New Roman Star"bus?- (Abush., Sangl.)
face="Times New Roman Star"pus?-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu:s?-la- 'to be the first to communicate good news'face="Times New Roman Star"puzux- 'to be sad', puzu-r-a- 'to be inflamed'


face="Times New Roman Star"pъz?ъ-r-g|an- 'to be anxious, sad'

face="Times New Roman Star"buz?urg|an- 'to be anxious, angry'
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-

face="Times New Roman Star"bos?-face="Times New Roman Star"bus?uw 'sadness'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bus?urg|an- 'to argue, be disgusted'

face="Times New Roman Star"bus?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 377, Ё—“я 2, 284-285, ћудрак ƒисс. 96, ≈горов 152, ‘едотов 1, 410. The devoicing in a number of Kypch. languages may be caused by the influence of a Persian loan pus?man, pus?ajman 'remorse, regret' (√аффаров 1, 97).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:ta-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cut branches 2 branch 3 nailface="Times New Roman Star"1 срезать ветви 2 ветвь 3 гвоздьface="Times New Roman Star"butyq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"butyq, butaq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1 (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) buda- 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, buto|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu:da- 1, pu:daq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pydyra- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"(buta 'bush' - a backloan from Pers.?)face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|da 3face="Times New Roman Star"byta:- 1, butuk 2 (ѕек.); muta:- 1, mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu'duq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butanaq 2 (buta 'bush' < Iran.)face="Times New Roman Star"byta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu/u:tax 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, 302, VEWT 90, TMN 2, 330, Ћексика 103, Stachowski 183. Turk. > WMong. butaq 'branch' (see ўербак 1997, 111) (but Mong. buta can be hardly explained as a loan).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"steam, fogface="Times New Roman Star"пар, туман
face="Times New Roman Star"bu (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bu 'aroma' (poet.), bug|u 'steam'face="Times New Roman Star"bu, bu-la-n- 'to vaporize'face="Times New Roman Star"bug| (Sangl., Pav. C.), mug| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|, bug|-la- 'to steam'face="Times New Roman Star"bug|
face="Times New Roman Star"buGface="Times New Roman Star"bu:G

face="Times New Roman Star"buu
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|v



face="Times New Roman Star"bu:face="Times New Roman Star"buw; buw-la- 'to steam', bu-la- 'to treat with steam (medically)'face="Times New Roman Star"buw; buwaldyr 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"bywface="Times New Roman Star"buwaq 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:face="Times New Roman Star"buvface="Times New Roman Star"puw
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292, VEWT 86, Ё—“я 2, 229-230, Ћексика 37. The behaviour of final -g after a long vowel is probably regular (although this combination is rather rare). Turk. > MMong. bug| (ј‘ћ) 'steam' (ўербак 1997, 163).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogumface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"jointface="Times New Roman Star"сустав
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ym, bog|un (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|un, bog|umface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bog|un (Sangl., Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|inface="Times New Roman Star"bog|am

face="Times New Roman Star"boGunface="Times New Roman Star"pun
face="Times New Roman Star"mun, pu:n (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"mu:nface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"bywyn

face="Times New Roman Star"buvunface="Times New Roman Star"buwynface="Times New Roman Star"pug|um (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"bywynface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 316, Ё—“я 2, 170-171, Ћексика 260, TMN 2, 348-349.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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