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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*byldur (/*buldyr)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"past time, last yearface="Times New Roman Star"прошлое, прошлый год
face="Times New Roman Star"byldyr (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr (AH), bylyr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bultyrface="Times New Roman Star"bultu(r)face="Times New Roman Star"pytyrface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"pyltyr



face="Times New Roman Star"bylyrface="Times New Roman Star"bylyr

face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byldyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 334, VEWT 74, Ё—“я 2, 139-140, Ћексика 71, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to become boiled, ripeface="Times New Roman Star"свариватьс€, созреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-, pes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?- (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pys-face="Times New Roman Star"pys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis/-face="Times New Roman Star"bus-
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bes?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-, pis?-face="Times New Roman Star"pis-
face="Times New Roman Star"bis?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 76, EDT 376-377, Ё—“я 2, 161-164. Mong. bis?laq, basilag| 'a k. of home cheese' < Turk. *byl/-lak (Clark 1980, 42, ўербак 1997, 107).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:l/-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be bad-tempered, irritableface="Times New Roman Star"быть раздражительным, иметь плохой характер, сердитьс€, возбуждатьс€face="Times New Roman Star"bus?- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bus?- (MK, KB)
face="Times New Roman Star"pos?-face="Times New Roman Star"bus?- (Abush., Sangl.)
face="Times New Roman Star"pus?-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu:s?-la- 'to be the first to communicate good news'face="Times New Roman Star"puzux- 'to be sad', puzu-r-a- 'to be inflamed'


face="Times New Roman Star"pъz?ъ-r-g|an- 'to be anxious, sad'

face="Times New Roman Star"buz?urg|an- 'to be anxious, angry'
face="Times New Roman Star"bys?-

face="Times New Roman Star"bos?-face="Times New Roman Star"bus?uw 'sadness'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bus?urg|an- 'to argue, be disgusted'

face="Times New Roman Star"bus?-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 377, Ё—“я 2, 284-285, ћудрак ƒисс. 96, ≈горов 152, ‘едотов 1, 410. The devoicing in a number of Kypch. languages may be caused by the influence of a Persian loan pus?man, pus?ajman 'remorse, regret' (√аффаров 1, 97).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bil/c?i-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stir up, churn (milk, butter)face="Times New Roman Star"помешивать, взбивать (молоко, масло), пахтать


face="Times New Roman Star"pes?- (—иб., “умашева 180)
face="Times New Roman Star"pis?kak 'churn pestle'


face="Times New Roman Star"pis?ek 'churn pestle', -le- 'to churn'



face="Times New Roman Star"p@z/er- 'to hit, beat'face="Times New Roman Star"bis- 'to smear'face="Times New Roman Star"bis- 'to smear'

face="Times New Roman Star"bys?- / bis?-; bis?kek 'churn-staff for kumis'face="Times New Roman Star"pis-face="Times New Roman Star"piskek 'churn-staff'face="Times New Roman Star"bes?e- 'to churn; to beat', bes?ka"k 'churn-staff'


face="Times New Roman Star"pis-; piskek 'a big churn'

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 309-310, Stachowski 61, јшм. X, 241-242. In a part of languages the root merges with *bil/c?- "to ripen"; it differs from the latter by its original transitivity and consequent front vocalism.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bukaguface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"fetters, chain, stringface="Times New Roman Star"путы, цепь, веревкаface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bukag|yface="Times New Roman Star"bog|awface="Times New Roman Star"buqag|u, buqaw (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|o|w

face="Times New Roman Star"buxovface="Times New Roman Star"buqaw



face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|g|av 'iron manacles'face="Times New Roman Star"baka:jy (?)


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ooface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"byg|awface="Times New Roman Star"bug|owface="Times New Roman Star"buqaa, byqaaface="Times New Roman Star"buqov, bug|uwface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aw
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|awface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 314, VEWT 87, Ё—“я 2, 248-250, ≈горов 152, TMN 2, 277-278. Turk. > Mong., cf. MMong. buxa'u (SH) id., see TMN ibid., ўербак 1997, 108. Yak. baka:ji with irregular -a- and -k- may reflect some interdialectal loan. Turk. > Hung. be/ko/ (Gombocz 1912).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"crop, crawface="Times New Roman Star"зоб
face="Times New Roman Star"boqaq (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ak
face="Times New Roman Star"boqag|u (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buqo|qface="Times New Roman Star"poqaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buxaGface="Times New Roman Star"buqawface="Times New Roman Star"pog|o
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oq

face="Times New Roman Star"mog|ox


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oqface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|aqface="Times New Roman Star"bog|aq

face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aqface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 79, TMN 2, 349, Ё—“я 2, 202, Ћексика 150.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogur/, *bokur-dakface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 throat 2 Adam's appleface="Times New Roman Star"1 горло 2 кадыкface="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1 (OUygh.), bog|zy / (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz (MK, KB) 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1, bog|urdak, bog|urtlak (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az 1 (k), pug|yrtaq (dial.), pu:rtaq (dial.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz (Abush., Ѕор. Ѕад.) 1, boqurdaq, bog|ardaq (Sangl.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|iz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|uz 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"boGaz 1, boqurdaq 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az, bog|uz, bog|yz 1face="Times New Roman Star"pyr 1face="Times New Roman Star"buosax 1
face="Times New Roman Star"boos (bosqu)face="Times New Roman Star"boos (boqsu)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|os 'place where two rivers meet' (South.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|az, bug|yz 'shaft-bed in a shovel' (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'double chin; channel, strait', bog|yrdaq 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ad| 1, bog|ard|aq 'trachea'face="Times New Roman Star"boqqur 2, bog|urdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|oz, bog|az 1face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz-aq 'glass for a kerosene lamp'face="Times New Roman Star"pog|tax|, pox|tax| 1face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az 'channel, strait'face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, TMN 2, 344, Ё—“я 2, 167-168, 184, Ћексика 230-231. The derivative *bokur-dak consistently displays reflexes of voiceless *-k-; it is present also in some reflexes of *bogur/ (Kirgh. bog|os, Kaz. bug|az, Nogh. bog|az, Bashk. bog|ad|, Kum. bog|az) - all probably under the influence of *bokak 'crop, craw' (v. sub *pu>/k`a).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово дл€ лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, Ё—“я 2, 176-178, Ћексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bod-tak
face="Times New Roman Star"young lambface="Times New Roman Star"1 €гненок 2 холостой


face="Times New Roman Star"bujdak 2 (ba"ti барашек < Chuv.?)face="Times New Roman Star"bojdag| (R) 1 молодой баран 2 холостойface="Times New Roman Star"bo.jdo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"postan|, postug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdon| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pod'ak, dial. put@ 1, козленок **AD

face="Times New Roman Star"bottan| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdok 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года; €ловый), 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bujzaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bojdax 2, 'молодой человек'face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года), 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 77-8, ‘едотов 1 455 **AD. Turk. > Kalm. bojd@g (KW 49), Khalkha, Bur. bojtog 'fur boots'. Shor postan| seems to point to *bod-tak, but this is probably a secondary influence of *bod > pos (the roots are different anyway, being distinguished not only by *-j- *-d-, but also by vowel length). **AD ќткуда долгота? Ќет никаких оснований. —емантика производ€щего *bod| - рост, тело, сам, одинокий, холостой, у производного - холостой, молодой баран (в ч-ти шор. postan|, postug|, саг. postan| 'холостой').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (√јя), poju- (dial. - Ѕаск.  ум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, Ё—“я 2, 178-179, ≈горов 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to becomeface="Times New Roman Star"становитьс€face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo(l)-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"o^.l-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-
face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"vol-, vo:-, bo:- (“ен. ——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Ё—“я 2, 185-188, ‘едотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vi:er- 'give', va:or 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see Ё—“я 2, 186).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bogar/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"pregnant (of animals)face="Times New Roman Star"беременна€ (о животных)


face="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"(to"l) bog|az (Oghuz-nama); bog|az, bog|uz (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.g|o|zface="Times New Roman Star"bog|az
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|az (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|azface="Times New Roman Star"po:s
face="Times New Roman Star"poosface="Times New Roman Star"poos
face="Times New Roman Star"buosface="Times New Roman Star"buosface="Times New Roman Star"boos
face="Times New Roman Star"boozface="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"bywad|face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz

face="Times New Roman Star"buwaz
face="Times New Roman Star"buwazface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 78, Ё—“я 2, 169, Stachowski 67. Turk. > WMong. bog|us, Kalm. bo:s (KW 54), Dag. bo:s (“од. ƒаг. 127), see Clark 1980, 39.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"dirt, dungface="Times New Roman Star"гр€зь, навозface="Times New Roman Star"boq '€рь' (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boq 'mildew on bread' (MK), 'dung' (IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bok
face="Times New Roman Star"(OKypch.) boq (AH, Houts.)


face="Times New Roman Star"pox|face="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"pox
face="Times New Roman Star"boq
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|x

face="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"moqface="Times New Roman Star"boq
face="Times New Roman Star"boq
face="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"boqface="Times New Roman Star"boq

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 79, EDT 311, Ё—“я 2, 183. Turk. > WMong. bog|, Kalm. bog (KW 48-49; see TMN 2, 349, ўербак 1997, 108).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bokanaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"false ribsface="Times New Roman Star"ложные ребра









face="Times New Roman Star"pog|ana
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ono so"o"k





face="Times New Roman Star"boqonoface="Times New Roman Star"bug|ana (su"jek)
face="Times New Roman Star"bog|ana (dial.)





face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 305, Ћексика 275.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 chalk 2 earth 3 clayface="Times New Roman Star"1 мел 2 земл€ 3 глина

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 2face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo(r) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. bo:r 1face="Times New Roman Star"por 1


face="Times New Roman Star"purъ, por 1face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"por 3face="Times New Roman Star"bor 'солонцы'face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor, por 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, Ё—“я 2, 192-193, Ћексика 100, 376, ‘едотов 1, 444, Stachowski 66-67. Turk. > Kalm. bor@, Bur. bor.
face="Times New Roman Star"*borsuk, *borsmukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"badgerface="Times New Roman Star"барсук
face="Times New Roman Star"borsmuq (MK), borsuq (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"porsukface="Times New Roman Star"bursyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|rsiqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq
face="Times New Roman Star"porsuG
face="Times New Roman Star"porsyx, morsyx, (dial.) mors?yxface="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"morsyq
face="Times New Roman Star"porъs?

face="Times New Roman Star"morzuqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuqface="Times New Roman Star"borso-l-doj 'young badger'face="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"burhyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq

face="Times New Roman Star"porsyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsux| (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 369, Ћексика 164, TMN 2, 284, Ё—“я 7, ≈горов 165, ‘едотов 1, 446-447. Reflexes of m- in Siberian languages may be due to the nasal in the suffix (cf. the form in MK). Among the traditional derivations one should mention the connection with *bur-sy- 'to stink, rot', but external parallels indicate that this is rather a folk etymology.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:r-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of plant or treeface="Times New Roman Star"вид дерева или растени€








face="Times New Roman Star"bo:rz?|aq 'эфедра'

face="Times New Roman Star"borsuq 'yew'

face="Times New Roman Star"boru: 'хвощ'


face="Times New Roman Star"boruq 'small reed'









face="Times New Roman Star"*bol/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"free, emptyface="Times New Roman Star"свободный, пустойface="Times New Roman Star"bos? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.s?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos, posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"poz?ъface="Times New Roman Star"bosxo (*bos?-ka)face="Times New Roman Star"bosko 'a little'face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bo's?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?, bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 376, VEWT 82, Ё—“я 2, 203-204, ћудрак ƒисс. 126, ‘едотов 1, 457, Stachowski 63. The Chuv. form has a regular reflex, presupposing a final vowel. Turk. *bol/a-n- > bos?an- > Mong. busani- 'become empty, poor' (KW 63); *bol/-u-g 'permission' > Mong. bos?ug| (Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*botuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young of camelface="Times New Roman Star"верблюжонок
face="Times New Roman Star"botu (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"potak (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"butaface="Times New Roman Star"bota 'child; young of animal' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.taface="Times New Roman Star"bota
face="Times New Roman Star"pota 'young of buffalo, bear'









face="Times New Roman Star"botoface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"buta

face="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"bota

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299, Ё—“я 2, 198-200, Ћексика 448 (with an error: the Az. form is listed as Turkm.) ( > MMong. botog|an, KW 53, TMN 2, 328-329, ўербак 1997, 109; Oyr. boto:n and Tuva bo'dag|an are probably backloans from Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*botkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gruel, porridgeface="Times New Roman Star"каша


face="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. butg|a (At-Tuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.tqaface="Times New Roman Star"botqa


face="Times New Roman Star"potxy
face="Times New Roman Star"botqo
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|dъw|face="Times New Roman Star"butug|as
face="Times New Roman Star"botqa (Krg.)
face="Times New Roman Star"botqoface="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"butqa


face="Times New Roman Star"botqa

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 82, Ё—“я 2, 201. There seems to have existed a deriving verb *bot- or *bod- (*but-, *bud-) 'to stir (porridge)', reflected only in Yak. butuj-.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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