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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stir, stir upface="Times New Roman Star"помешивать, перемешиватьface="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-; bula- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|u-face="Times New Roman Star"polg|a-, pula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pъlxa-n- 'to become turbid'face="Times New Roman Star"bula:-, bulkuj-, byla:-face="Times New Roman Star"bulkuj-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, (dial.) bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulha-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-, bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-
face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 337, VEWT 88, Ё—“я 2, 253-256, јшм. X, 112, Stachowski 65. The Turk. root is the probable source of Mong. bulg|a- 'to confuse, uprise' (see TMN 2, 322-323, ўербак 1997, 110).
face="Times New Roman Star"*byldur (/*buldyr)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"past time, last yearface="Times New Roman Star"прошлое, прошлый год
face="Times New Roman Star"byldyr (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr (AH), bylyr (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bultyrface="Times New Roman Star"bultu(r)face="Times New Roman Star"pytyrface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"bildirface="Times New Roman Star"pyltyr



face="Times New Roman Star"bylyrface="Times New Roman Star"bylyr

face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byldyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"byltyr
face="Times New Roman Star"byltyrface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 334, VEWT 74, Ё—“я 2, 139-140, Ћексика 71, Stachowski 70.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 body, stature 2 self 3 kin, tribe 4 counter for persons 5 lengthface="Times New Roman Star"1 тело, стан, рост 2 сам 3 род 4 сч. слово дл€ лиц 5 длинаface="Times New Roman Star"bod 1, 2, 4 (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1 (MK, KB), boj 3 (MK - Oghuz), bod 4 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"buj 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1 (Sangl., MA, Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.j 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"poz 1, 4face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1face="Times New Roman Star"pos 2face="Times New Roman Star"pozu 2face="Times New Roman Star"boj 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bod 1face="Times New Roman Star"pu" 1, 5

face="Times New Roman Star"bot 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"buj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bojag|yr (< bojy agyr) 'pregnant' (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"boj 1, 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 296-297, VEWT 77, TMN 2, 358-361, Ё—“я 2, 176-178, Ћексика 265.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bodo-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to paint, dye 2 dyeface="Times New Roman Star"1 красить 2 краскаface="Times New Roman Star"bodug| 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bod|o- (MK) 1, bod|og| (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, bujaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- (Abush., Sangl.) 1, bojag|/q 2 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.ja- 1, bu.jo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"boju-/a- 1, bojaq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja, bojaG 2

face="Times New Roman Star"pojo- 1 (√јя), poju- (dial. - Ѕаск.  ум.)face="Times New Roman Star"boda- 1, bodag| 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|ve- 1face="Times New Roman Star"butuj- 1, butuk 2
face="Times New Roman Star"budu- 1, buduq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojo- 1, bojoq 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojau 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buja- 1, hary bujaq 'серпуха' (a dying plant)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, boja 2face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojax| 2 (Kakuk)face="Times New Roman Star"boja- 1, bojaw 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 300, VEWT 77, Ё—“я 2, 178-179, ≈горов 155. Despite EDT, Tel. bodu- is a Mongolian loanword. Chuv. -v- instead of *-r- is not quite clear here (perhaps it is a trace of the archaic *-gd-cluster?).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bod-tak
face="Times New Roman Star"young lambface="Times New Roman Star"1 €гненок 2 холостой


face="Times New Roman Star"bujdak 2 (ba"ti барашек < Chuv.?)face="Times New Roman Star"bojdag| (R) 1 молодой баран 2 холостойface="Times New Roman Star"bo.jdo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"postan|, postug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdon| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pod'ak, dial. put@ 1, козленок **AD

face="Times New Roman Star"bottan| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdok 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года; €ловый), 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bujzaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bojdax 2, 'молодой человек'face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года), 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 77-8, ‘едотов 1 455 **AD. Turk. > Kalm. bojd@g (KW 49), Khalkha, Bur. bojtog 'fur boots'. Shor postan| seems to point to *bod-tak, but this is probably a secondary influence of *bod > pos (the roots are different anyway, being distinguished not only by *-j- *-d-, but also by vowel length). **AD ќткуда долгота? Ќет никаких оснований. —емантика производ€щего *bod| - рост, тело, сам, одинокий, холостой, у производного - холостой, молодой баран (в ч-ти шор. postan|, postug|, саг. postan| 'холостой').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to becomeface="Times New Roman Star"становитьс€face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo(l)-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"o^.l-face="Times New Roman Star"pol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"buol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-
face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bul-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"ol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"vol-, vo:-, bo:- (“ен. ——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bol-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, Ё—“я 2, 185-188, ‘едотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vi:er- 'give', va:or 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see Ё—“я 2, 186).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo:rface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 chalk 2 earth 3 clayface="Times New Roman Star"1 мел 2 земл€ 3 глина

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 2face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.r 1face="Times New Roman Star"bo(r) 1

face="Times New Roman Star"dial. bo:r 1face="Times New Roman Star"por 1


face="Times New Roman Star"purъ, por 1face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2face="Times New Roman Star"buor 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"por 3face="Times New Roman Star"bor 'солонцы'face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bur 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"bor, por 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bor 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 80, Ё—“я 2, 192-193, Ћексика 100, 376, ‘едотов 1, 444, Stachowski 66-67. Turk. > Kalm. bor@, Bur. bor.
face="Times New Roman Star"*borsuk, *borsmukface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"badgerface="Times New Roman Star"барсук
face="Times New Roman Star"borsmuq (MK), borsuq (MK Oghuz)face="Times New Roman Star"porsukface="Times New Roman Star"bursyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsuq (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo|rsiqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq
face="Times New Roman Star"porsuG
face="Times New Roman Star"porsyx, morsyx, (dial.) mors?yxface="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"morsyq
face="Times New Roman Star"porъs?

face="Times New Roman Star"morzuqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuqface="Times New Roman Star"borso-l-doj 'young badger'face="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsyqface="Times New Roman Star"burhyqface="Times New Roman Star"borsuq

face="Times New Roman Star"porsyqface="Times New Roman Star"porsux| (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"porsuqface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 369, Ћексика 164, TMN 2, 284, Ё—“я 7, ≈горов 165, ‘едотов 1, 446-447. Reflexes of m- in Siberian languages may be due to the nasal in the suffix (cf. the form in MK). Among the traditional derivations one should mention the connection with *bur-sy- 'to stink, rot', but external parallels indicate that this is rather a folk etymology.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bol/face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"free, emptyface="Times New Roman Star"свободный, пустойface="Times New Roman Star"bos? (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos? (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.s?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos, posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"posface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"poz?ъface="Times New Roman Star"bosxo (*bos?-ka)face="Times New Roman Star"bosko 'a little'face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bo's?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bus?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?, bosface="Times New Roman Star"bosface="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"bos?face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 376, VEWT 82, Ё—“я 2, 203-204, ћудрак ƒисс. 126, ‘едотов 1, 457, Stachowski 63. The Chuv. form has a regular reflex, presupposing a final vowel. Turk. *bol/a-n- > bos?an- > Mong. busani- 'become empty, poor' (KW 63); *bol/-u-g 'permission' > Mong. bos?ug| (Clark 1980, 41).
face="Times New Roman Star"*botuface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"young of camelface="Times New Roman Star"верблюжонок
face="Times New Roman Star"botu (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"potak (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"butaface="Times New Roman Star"bota 'child; young of animal' (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.taface="Times New Roman Star"bota
face="Times New Roman Star"pota 'young of buffalo, bear'









face="Times New Roman Star"botoface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"buta

face="Times New Roman Star"botaface="Times New Roman Star"bota

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299, Ё—“я 2, 198-200, Ћексика 448 (with an error: the Az. form is listed as Turkm.) ( > MMong. botog|an, KW 53, TMN 2, 328-329, ўербак 1997, 109; Oyr. boto:n and Tuva bo'dag|an are probably backloans from Mong.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*botkaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"gruel, porridgeface="Times New Roman Star"каша


face="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"OKypch. butg|a (At-Tuhf.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.tqaface="Times New Roman Star"botqa


face="Times New Roman Star"potxy
face="Times New Roman Star"botqo
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|dъw|face="Times New Roman Star"butug|as
face="Times New Roman Star"botqa (Krg.)
face="Times New Roman Star"botqoface="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"botqaface="Times New Roman Star"butqa


face="Times New Roman Star"botqa

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 82, Ё—“я 2, 201. There seems to have existed a deriving verb *bot- or *bod- (*but-, *bud-) 'to stir (porridge)', reflected only in Yak. butuj-.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bor/ ( ? o:)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"greyface="Times New Roman Star"серыйface="Times New Roman Star"boz (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"boz (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bu"zface="Times New Roman Star"boz (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.zface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bosface="Times New Roman Star"pozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz

face="Times New Roman Star"bos





face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"bud|face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"boz, bo:z
face="Times New Roman Star"boz
face="Times New Roman Star"bozface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 388, VEWT 82, TMN 2, 335, Ё—“я 2, 171-173, Ћексика 605. Turk. > Old Russ. bosyj, dial. bu/syj, buso/j, see јникин 147 (with lit.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to dam, plugface="Times New Roman Star"ставить плотину, затычку
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k- 'запрудить'(MK), bo"ken- 'быть загороженным (дорога)' (At.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ke- (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ki 'пробка'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ken 'плотина' (R, Pav. C. 173)face="Times New Roman Star"pu.kak 'пробка'face="Times New Roman Star"pok 'пробка'




face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k 'затвор, пробка'
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|gъw| 'пробка'



face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ge-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ki 'пробка'

face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-la"- (T) 'запирать, закрывать'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ge-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, 326, VEWT 82, 83, Ё—“я 2, 208-210, ≈горов 146. Clauson prefers the reading with -g-, which is hardly justified. A variant with *-g- (Tur. bu"g|e-, Chuv. p@v@ 'dam', Turkm. bo"ve-, bo"vet 'id.', Yak., Dolg. bu"o" 'plug') may be a result of the influence of *bog- 'to choke, dam' (cf. *bog|- 'dam' in Tuva, Uzb., Kum., Nogh., Oyr., Tat., Bashk.).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to be satiated, fullface="Times New Roman Star"насыщатьс€, наедатьс€
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"byk-



face="Times New Roman Star"pek-






face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g|o"x 'satiated'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"k 'satiated'face="Times New Roman Star"po"k-face="Times New Roman Star"po"k- (note the absence of pharyngealization - pointing to PT length?)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k-
face="Times New Roman Star"byq-face="Times New Roman Star"byq-


face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 83 (together with bu"k- 'to lock'), EDT 324, Ё—“я 2, 211, Stachowski 63.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wood, forest 2 hill 3 meadow 4 valley between mountainsface="Times New Roman Star"1 лес 2 холм 3 луг 4 долина между гор
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'bushes, underwood', bu"ktir 'rocky mountain top' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'thicket at the waterside'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k (dial.) 3, pu"kte|r 'snow-drift' ( —““)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 1 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'thick (wood, garden)'


face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 4



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'k 4
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k 2, bo"kto"r 'foot-hills'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kter 'steep hill'







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 91, EDT 324, 325, Ё—“я 2, 291, Ћексика 94.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":l-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to divide, separateface="Times New Roman Star"делить, отдел€тьface="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- (Orkh.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l- (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"(l)-
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo":l-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bi:el-face="Times New Roman Star"po"l-


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"l-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 84, EDT 332, TMN 2, 323, Ё—“я 2, 214-217. Turk. > Mong. bo"lo"g, bo"leg 'group, division' (see TMN 2, 325, ўербак 1997, 109).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolfface="Times New Roman Star"волкface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ji, peri
face="Times New Roman Star"bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"pu":rface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru" (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bi:eriface="Times New Roman Star"pir@face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru", dial. (Todzh.) bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"pu"r/e (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, Ё—“я 2, 219-221, Ћексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. јникин 128-129)). See also јб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":rkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hat, capface="Times New Roman Star"шапка, головна€ пов€зкаface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (OUygh. - Lig. VSOu)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk, (dial.) bu"rk, po"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"k (MA), bo"rk (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.rkface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"k, perikface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo":rikface="Times New Roman Star"po"r@kface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"^k (KhM), birga"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bergeheface="Times New Roman Star"bergeheface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rtface="Times New Roman Star"bo"'rtface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rikface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk
face="Times New Roman Star"ba"rik (H), b'ork (T)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rik
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 362, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 289, Ё—“я 2, 221-223, Ћексика 482, Stachowski 58. In Tuva, Tof. *-rk > rt is regular. Reconstruction of length is not quite certain: Turkm. length is not confirmed by Khalaj and contradicts pharyngealization in Tofalar. Turk. > WMong. bu"rgu", Kalm. bu"rg@ (KW 67), Khalkha bu"rx (although theoretically this may as well be an indigenous derivative of bu"ru"-, cf. similar Turkic forms: Tur. dial. bu"r-me, bu"r-gu" 'headgear').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"tekeface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 bird's crop, craw 2 kidneys of animals 3 vulva 4 bird's stomachface="Times New Roman Star"1 зоб птицы 2 почки животных 3 vulva 4 желудок у птиц
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"tege 1 (OKypch., At-Tuhfat)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ta"ka" 1, bo"teg 3



face="Times New Roman Star"pa"ta"na"k 4face="Times New Roman Star"peteke 1 (perhaps a back-borrowing < Mong.?)



face="Times New Roman Star"pudege 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"to"go" 4


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"to"g/ko" 4face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ta"ka" 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"teke, bo"tege 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ta"ga" 1


face="Times New Roman Star"bo"teke 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"teke 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 304 (sub 'egg-plant'), јшм. X, 44, VEWT 84. Turk. > Mong. betege 'bird's crop'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bog-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to tie up 2 to strangle 3 to hinder 4 bundleface="Times New Roman Star"1 зав€зывать 2 душить 3 преп€тствоватьface="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo:- 2, dial. bog| 4, bog|a- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2, bog| 4 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.g|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"pog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"po:-, po-, bu:-, pu- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pъv- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3face="Times New Roman Star"buoj- 3 ('to pacify, appease')face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"byw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu:- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bog|- 2face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 1, 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buw- 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 311, VEWT 78, Ё—“я 2, 164-167, Stachowski 66.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,tur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