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 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gu"r, *bo"grekface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"kidney(s)face="Times New Roman Star"почкиface="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu"r (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"gu"r (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"jrek, bo"brekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jer, bu">ji>ra"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"grek (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujrakface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ra"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ju"r, bo"jra"kface="Times New Roman Star"bevrek, bo"vrekface="Times New Roman Star"pu"gu"rek, pu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"pu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"k
face="Times New Roman Star"pu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bu"o"r
face="Times New Roman Star"bu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"jro"kface="Times New Roman Star"bu"ji>r, bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu">ju">rface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rekface="Times New Roman Star"bu":r, bo":rek, bu":rekface="Times New Roman Star"bo"grek, bivrekface="Times New Roman Star"bu"jir, bu"jrek
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"jrekface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 328, VEWT 83, TMN 2, 353, Ё—“я 2, 205-207, Ћексика 278, Stachowski 68.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"wolfface="Times New Roman Star"волкface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Orkh., Yen., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (MK,KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru" (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ri (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo.riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ji, peri
face="Times New Roman Star"bo":ru"face="Times New Roman Star"pu":rface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru" (R)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bi:eriface="Times New Roman Star"pir@face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ro"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru", dial. (Todzh.) bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"bu"reface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"bo"riface="Times New Roman Star"pu"r/e (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 356, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 333, Ё—“я 2, 219-221, Ћексика 160, Stachowski 63. The hypothesis of the word being borrowed from an East Iranian source runs into difficulties, basically because of the lack of early attested forms with -k (only in Tuva dialects and the hypothetical Bulgar source of Russ. бирюк (cf. јникин 128-129)). See also јб. 1, 263 (isn't the East Iranian form itself < Turkic?)
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo":rkface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"hat, capface="Times New Roman Star"шапка, головна€ пов€зкаface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (OUygh. - Lig. VSOu)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk, (dial.) bu"rk, po"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rekface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"k (MA), bo"rk (Ѕор. Ѕад., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu.rkface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"k, perikface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bo":rikface="Times New Roman Star"po"r@kface="Times New Roman Star"po"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"^k (KhM), birga"k
face="Times New Roman Star"bergeheface="Times New Roman Star"bergeheface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rtface="Times New Roman Star"bo"'rtface="Times New Roman Star"bo"ru"kface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rikface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bu"rkface="Times New Roman Star"bo"rk
face="Times New Roman Star"ba"rik (H), b'ork (T)face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rik
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rkface="Times New Roman Star"EDT 362, VEWT 84, TMN 2, 289, Ё—“я 2, 221-223, Ћексика 482, Stachowski 58. In Tuva, Tof. *-rk > rt is regular. Reconstruction of length is not quite certain: Turkm. length is not confirmed by Khalaj and contradicts pharyngealization in Tofalar. Turk. > WMong. bu"rgu", Kalm. bu"rg@ (KW 67), Khalkha bu"rx (although theoretically this may as well be an indigenous derivative of bu"ru"-, cf. similar Turkic forms: Tur. dial. bu"r-me, bu"r-gu" 'headgear').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:ta-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to cut branches 2 branch 3 nailface="Times New Roman Star"1 срезать ветви 2 ветвь 3 гвоздьface="Times New Roman Star"butyq 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"butyq, butaq 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1 (Pav. C.), (MKypch.) buda- 1 (AH)face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, buto|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaG 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu:da- 1, pu:daq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pydyra- 1
face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"(buta 'bush' - a backloan from Pers.?)face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|da 3face="Times New Roman Star"byta:- 1, butuk 2 (ѕек.); muta:- 1, mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"mutuk 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu'duq 2
face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butanaq 2 (buta 'bush' < Iran.)face="Times New Roman Star"byta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"bota- 1, botaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buda- 1, budaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"puta- 1, putaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu/u:tax 2 (——я)face="Times New Roman Star"buta- 1, butaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 301, 302, VEWT 90, TMN 2, 330, Ћексика 103, Stachowski 183. Turk. > WMong. butaq 'branch' (see ўербак 1997, 111) (but Mong. buta can be hardly explained as a loan).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to orderface="Times New Roman Star"приказыватьface="Times New Roman Star"bujur- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bujur- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bojyr-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur- (Sangl., MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujru-, bujur- (dial.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-

face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-
face="Times New Roman Star"pu"r-



face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-
face="Times New Roman Star"bujyr-face="Times New Roman Star"bojor-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"bujyr-
face="Times New Roman Star"bujur-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 87, EDT 387-388, Ё—“я 2, 245-247, TMN 2, 362.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulanface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"elkface="Times New Roman Star"лось
face="Times New Roman Star"bulan 'unicorn from the Kyfchak country' (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bolanface="Times New Roman Star"bulan (Ettuhf.), bulnaq (AH) 'onager'face="Times New Roman Star"bulo|n



face="Times New Roman Star"pulanface="Times New Roman Star"pulanface="Times New Roman Star"bulan
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|lan

face="Times New Roman Star"bulan
face="Times New Roman Star"bulanface="Times New Roman Star"bulanface="Times New Roman Star"bulanface="Times New Roman Star"bolan





face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 88, TMN 2, 356, EDT 343, Ё—“я 2, 260, Ћексика 154. Chinese origin (ўербак 1961, 141-142) is hardly possible; it is curious to note MK's meaning: 'unicorn with its horn collecting snow and rain'. Turk. > Russ. буланый (horse color name)'; > Hung. bo"le/ny 'aurochs', see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulga-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to stir, stir upface="Times New Roman Star"помешивать, перемешиватьface="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a- (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-; bula- (Sangl., Abush.)face="Times New Roman Star"bula-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|u-face="Times New Roman Star"polg|a-, pula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"pъlxa-n- 'to become turbid'face="Times New Roman Star"bula:-, bulkuj-, byla:-face="Times New Roman Star"bulkuj-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, (dial.) bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulha-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-, bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bula-face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-, bolg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"bylg|a-
face="Times New Roman Star"bulg|a-face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 337, VEWT 88, Ё—“я 2, 253-256, јшм. X, 112, Stachowski 65. The Turk. root is the probable source of Mong. bulg|a- 'to confuse, uprise' (see TMN 2, 322-323, ўербак 1997, 110).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bulut (*bulyt)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"cloudface="Times New Roman Star"облако
face="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bolytface="Times New Roman Star"bulut (MA)face="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"pulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"p@w|l@w|t 'sky, cloud'face="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bylytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bu_ltface="Times New Roman Star"bulytface="Times New Roman Star"bolotface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"bultface="Times New Roman Star"bu(:)lytface="Times New Roman Star"bulutface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 88 (the connection with PT *bulga- 'to mix' is not obvious at all); TMN 2, 323; EDT 333, Ё—“я 2, 262-264, Ћексика 24, Stachowski 71. Turk. > MMong. (»ћ) bulut, see ўербак 1997, 163. Derived are Kypch. forms like Kaz., KKalp. buldyr 'foggy, cloudy', Kirgh. buldur 'fuzzy, cloudy', Nogh. buldyr 'id.'
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:kaface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"bullface="Times New Roman Star"быкface="Times New Roman Star"buqa (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqa (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"boaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|a (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buqaface="Times New Roman Star"puqaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"buGaface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"pug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buqa

face="Times New Roman Star"buga
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"buxaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"buqaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a, buaface="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"bug|a
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 87, EDT 312, Ё—“я 2, 230-232, Sinor 1962, 320-321, Ћексика 437. Turk. > Mong. buqa (see TMN 2, 299, ўербак 1997, 110), whence Evk. buka etc. (see TMN ibid., Poppe 1966, 194, Doerfer MT 99). Turk. > Hung. bika, see Gombocz 1912.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bugu, -raface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 deer (male) 2 camel stallionface="Times New Roman Star"1 олень 2 самец верблюдаface="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1 (13th c.), bug|ura 2 (Orkh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ra 2 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ur 2, dial. bug|u 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1, bug|ra, bug|ur 2 (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1face="Times New Roman Star"bug|u 1, (dial.) bug|ra, bog|ra 2face="Times New Roman Star"pyrg|a 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ur 2face="Times New Roman Star"bug|ra 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bura 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bu:r 'male reindeer, male'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:r 'male reindeer'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:ra 2, bu:r 'male elk'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu:ra 2face="Times New Roman Star"bura 2face="Times New Roman Star"bora 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu: 1

face="Times New Roman Star"buwra 2

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 317-318, Ё—“я 2, 235-238, Ћексика 152, Ћексика 446-447, Stachowski 67. Turk. bugura > Mong. bug|ura (see TMN 2, 296, ўербак 1997, 110). ўербак 1997, 201 considers Turkic *bugu to be borrowed from Mongolian bug|u 'male deer' (which may be true for some Kypchak forms: Kirgh. bug|u, Kaz. bu>g|y, Nogh., KKalp. bug|y), but in fact one can also think of a loan in the opposite direction: Turk. > Mong. bug|u (KW 58, MGCD 166), further > Evk. bug|u etc., see Doerfer MT 78. Turk. > Russ. Siber. bura/ 'female camel'; Mong. (Bur.) bu:ra > Russ. Siber. bu/ra id., see јникин 142.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bur(a)-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to twist, wind roundface="Times New Roman Star"крутить, вертеть, поворачивать

face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"bor-face="Times New Roman Star"bur- (Sangl., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bur-, bura-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-
face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"pur-face="Times New Roman Star"pur-face="Times New Roman Star"buru-face="Times New Roman Star"burq- 'вывернуть руку'face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|r-



face="Times New Roman Star"bur-, bura-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-, bura-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-, bura-face="Times New Roman Star"bor-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"bur-, bura-
face="Times New Roman Star"bur-face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 89, EDT 355, Ё—“я 2, 264-267. Turk. *bur(g)agu > Kalm. burg|u:, see KW 62.
face="Times New Roman Star"*burun (*buryn)face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 nose 2 front part 3 beforeface="Times New Roman Star"1 нос 2 передн€€ часть 3 перед, впередиface="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 2 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (MK, KB)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"boryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1, 3 (Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"p'uryn 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"purnu, (¬ерб.) purun 1, 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 3face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1
face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"munnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murnu 2face="Times New Roman Star"murun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"buryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"moron 1, boron 3face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"burnu 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"muryn 1face="Times New Roman Star"purny 1face="Times New Roman Star"burun 1face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 90, EDT 366-367, Ё—“я 2, 269-273, Ћексика 214-215, Stachowski 182. Cf. *bur- 'to smell' (VEWT 89).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu:gface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"steam, fogface="Times New Roman Star"пар, туман
face="Times New Roman Star"bu (MK, IM)face="Times New Roman Star"bu 'aroma' (poet.), bug|u 'steam'face="Times New Roman Star"bu, bu-la-n- 'to vaporize'face="Times New Roman Star"bug| (Sangl., Pav. C.), mug| (Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"bug|, bug|-la- 'to steam'face="Times New Roman Star"bug|
face="Times New Roman Star"buGface="Times New Roman Star"bu:G

face="Times New Roman Star"buu
face="Times New Roman Star"pъw|v



face="Times New Roman Star"bu:face="Times New Roman Star"buw; buw-la- 'to steam', bu-la- 'to treat with steam (medically)'face="Times New Roman Star"buw; buwaldyr 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"bywface="Times New Roman Star"buwaq 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"bu:face="Times New Roman Star"buvface="Times New Roman Star"puw
face="Times New Roman Star"bug|aq 'hoar-frost'face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 292, VEWT 86, Ё—“я 2, 229-230, Ћексика 37. The behaviour of final -g after a long vowel is probably regular (although this combination is rather rare). Turk. > MMong. bug| (ј‘ћ) 'steam' (ўербак 1997, 163).
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"k-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to bow, bend 2 to curve, bend, wrap smth.face="Times New Roman Star"1 сгибатьс€, клан€тьс€ 2 сгибать, складывать, свертывать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 1 (Sangl. Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"buk- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV) 2
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'a bend, flexion'; bu"gu"le:- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 'to wrap'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k/g- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bo"go"- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"g-u"l- 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"po"x- 2 (——я 454)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k- (-gV-) 2face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 324, VEWT 91-92, Ё—“я 2, 290-293.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"kface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 wood, forest 2 hill 3 meadow 4 valley between mountainsface="Times New Roman Star"1 лес 2 холм 3 луг 4 долина между гор
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'bushes, underwood', bu"ktir 'rocky mountain top' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'thicket at the waterside'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k (dial.) 3, pu"kte|r 'snow-drift' ( —““)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 1 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 'thick (wood, garden)'


face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"pu"k 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"k 4



face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'k 4
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"k 2, bo"kto"r 'foot-hills'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"kter 'steep hill'







face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 91, EDT 324, 325, Ё—“я 2, 291, Ћексика 94.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"ru"-, *bu"r-ke-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to cover upface="Times New Roman Star"покрывать, закрывать
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"n- 'to be covered' (MK, KB), bu"rkek 'cloudy', bu"rku"r- 'to become cloudy' (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"- (also of clouds), bu"rge, bu"rgu" 'kerchief, thin curtain'face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rke|-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke- (MA, Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"burka-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"(r)ka"-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"re-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"rge-face="Times New Roman Star"pu"rge-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-
face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"j-; bu"rku"j- 'to become cloudy'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"j-; bu"rku"k 'cloudy'face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rge- (also of clouds)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rhu"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rko"-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"rka"-n- 'to be covered', bo"rko"u" 'stifling'
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ru"-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rke- (also of clouds)face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 363, 367, ƒ“— 133, VEWT 92, Ё—“я 2, 296-298, Stachowski 68. The form in -ke- is an intensive and can hardly be regarded as a mongolism.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"rku"tface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 aquila fulva 2 eagleface="Times New Roman Star"1 беркут 2 орел


face="Times New Roman Star"bu">rki>t 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t (Ѕор. Ѕад., Abush., Pav. C.) 2face="Times New Roman Star"burgut 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rgu"t 1, 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t, mu"rku"t 1
face="Times New Roman Star"p@rg@t 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rgu"t 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rku"t 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rki>t 1
face="Times New Roman Star"bu">rku">t 2


face="Times New Roman Star"bu"rkit 1

face="Times New Roman Star"Ё—“я 2, 300, Ћексика 169, TMN 2, 331-333. Turk. > Mong. bu"rgu"d 'eagle', Russ. беркут. As suggested in Ё—“я the original stem may have been *bu"r- (preserved in Kaz., KKalp. bu"r- 'to grasp prey (of an eagle)').
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to heal (of a wound)face="Times New Roman Star"заживать (о ране)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (MK)
face="Times New Roman Star"bet-a"s?-face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit-


face="Times New Roman Star"bit-; bitik 'scar, cicatrice'face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t-
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bit-face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t-o"s?-


face="Times New Roman Star"pit-

face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 299 (sub *bu"t- 'finish'), Ё—“я 2, 154-155. Cf. also Chuv. pytc?a 'гнойный лишай'.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to believe 2 sign, tokenface="Times New Roman Star"1 верить 2 знак
face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1 (MK, KB)

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1 (Pav. C.)
face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t- 1 (dial.)



face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t- 1face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1

face="Times New Roman Star"bit 2












face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, EDT 298-299 (together with bu"t- 'finish'), Ё—“я 2, 279-280.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bu"t-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"1 to end, accomplish 2 to be ended 3 to create, build 4 to heal 5 to grow, ripenface="Times New Roman Star"1 кончать, завершать 2 кончатьс€ 3 создавать, строить 4 заживать 5 вырастать, вызреватьface="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bet- 2, bet-e|s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2, 4, 5 (Abush., Sangl.)face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"pyt-, put- 1,2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pu"t- 3, 4face="Times New Roman Star"pu"d-u"r- 3face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"p@w|t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bu"'t- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bu"t- 1,2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 4, 5face="Times New Roman Star"bo"t- 2, bo"t-o"s?- 4face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5; 'to close'face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"pit- 2, 4, 5
face="Times New Roman Star"bit- 2, 5face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 93, TMN 2, 267, EDT 298-9, 306, Ё—“я 2, 152-154, 302-303, Stachowski 68. Cf. also PT *bu"tu"n 'all, whole' - a derivative from *bu"t-. Turk. > Mong. *bu"te-, *bu"tu"- (KW 69-70, TMN 2, 268-269, ўербак 1997, 111).
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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