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\data\alt\turcet
 Proto-Turkic Altaic etymology Meaning Russian meaning Old Turkic Karakhanid Turkish Tatar Middle Turkic Uzbek Uighur Sary-Yughur Azerbaidzhan Turkmen Khakassian Shor Oyrat Halaj Chuvash Yakut Dolgan Tuva Tofalar Kirghiz Kazakh Noghai Bashkir Balkar Gagauz Karaim Karakalpak Salar Kumyk Comments
face="Times New Roman Star"*ko"pek
face="Times New Roman Star"1 dog 2 hound 3 sheep-dog 4 yard dog 5 puppyface="Times New Roman Star"1 собака 2 охотничий пес 3 овчарка 4 дворовая собака 5 щенок
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1 (KB)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1, go"belek 5
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek (Pav. C., AH) 1, ko"belek 2 (OKypch.)face="Times New Roman Star"ko.ppa"k 1; ko"pa"k 1 (dial.)

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pa"k 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1

face="Times New Roman Star"ko"bo"k 'ethnonym; name of a hero'






face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1


face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pe 1 (K)face="Times New Roman Star"ko"pek 1
face="Times New Roman Star"ko"belek 3, go"ben it 4face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 291, TMN 3, 646-647, ЭСТЯ 5, 111-112, Лексика 189. Basically an Oghuz word, but cf. also Kum. go"ben, OKypch. ko"belek 'shepherd's dog' (Bulgat, ad-Durr., Houts., AH) = Tur. dial. go"belek 'puppy' (possibly < Kypch.), see ЭСТЯ ibid. Despite ЭСТЯ, Kirgh. qara ko"bo"lo"k 'evil spirit appearing as a girl dressed in black and with a black greyhound' is rather = ko"bo"lo"k 'butterfly' (cf. the archaic mythological motive of evil spirit appearing as a butterfly), but a contamination with the word for dog attested in Old Kypchak also cannot be excluded. However, Kalm. ko"wl@g 'greyhound' is not < Kirgh., but from Old Kypchak. The same source is probable for Russ. кобель, dimin. кобеле'к (a re-analysis?) - the word is absent in other Slavic languages, the list of absolutely hopeless etymological attempts can be found in Фасмер II 267. It was attested for the first time in 1599 as a term for a hounting hound: у государевы царевы охоты у кобелей у меделянскихъ; the form кобелек (attested in 1673) see in СРЯ XI-XVIII, 7, 208. Turk. > Hung. kopo/ 'bloodhound', see Gombocz 1912 (Doerfer in TMN 3, 647 objects, but the word has no Finno-Ugric etymology).
face="Times New Roman Star"*(o)-l/
face="Times New Roman Star"here, this (deictic particle)face="Times New Roman Star"вот, это (дейктическая частица)

face="Times New Roman Star"s?uface="Times New Roman Star"s?u-l









face="Times New Roman Star"s/a-




face="Times New Roman Star"so-lface="Times New Roman Star"so-lface="Times New Roman Star"s?u-l


face="Times New Roman Star"so-l

face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 366, EDT 254-5.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bod-tak
face="Times New Roman Star"young lambface="Times New Roman Star"1 ягненок 2 холостой


face="Times New Roman Star"bujdak 2 (ba"ti барашек < Chuv.?)face="Times New Roman Star"bojdag| (R) 1 молодой баран 2 холостойface="Times New Roman Star"bo.jdo|q 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2



face="Times New Roman Star"postan|, postug| 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdon| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"pod'ak, dial. put@ 1, козленок **AD

face="Times New Roman Star"bottan| 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdok 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года; яловый), 2face="Times New Roman Star"bojdak 2face="Times New Roman Star"bujzaq 2

face="Times New Roman Star"bojdax 2, 'молодой человек'face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 1 (валух старше одного года), 2
face="Times New Roman Star"bojdaq 2face="Times New Roman Star"See VEWT 77-8, Федотов 1 455 **AD. Turk. > Kalm. bojd@g (KW 49), Khalkha, Bur. bojtog 'fur boots'. Shor postan| seems to point to *bod-tak, but this is probably a secondary influence of *bod > pos (the roots are different anyway, being distinguished not only by *-j- *-d-, but also by vowel length). **AD Откуда долгота? Нет никаких оснований. Семантика производящего *bod| - рост, тело, сам, одинокий, холостой, у производного - холостой, молодой баран (в ч-ти шор. postan|, postug|, саг. postan| 'холостой').
face="Times New Roman Star"*jaj- **AD
face="Times New Roman Star"1 to sing 2 to make noise 3 noiseface="Times New Roman Star"1 веселиться 2 шум




face="Times New Roman Star"jo|jla- 'наслаждаться, веселиться'
face="Times New Roman Star"jajna- 'веселиться, резвиться'




















face="Times New Roman Star"Федотов 2 129 **AD. Лучше выкинуть. Наслаждаться - обычная производность от проводить лето (на яйлау - там прохладно и мух мало, часто развивает эту сем-ку), шум - см. 600.
face="Times New Roman Star"*a:tag
face="Times New Roman Star"islandface="Times New Roman Star"остров

face="Times New Roman Star"adaface="Times New Roman Star"atawface="Times New Roman Star"(CCum.) atov



face="Times New Roman Star"a:da



face="Times New Roman Star"odъ













face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 31, ЭСТЯ 1, 87-88, TMN 2, 19, Федотов 2, 295.
face="Times New Roman Star"*job-
face="Times New Roman Star"1 to overwhelm with kindness 2 collective workface="Times New Roman Star"1 проявить доброту 2 по/мочь
face="Times New Roman Star"jov-, jovsa- 1, jo"vtu"r- (caus.) (MK)face="Times New Roman Star"jo:rum 'воспитание'





face="Times New Roman Star"jovar 2

face="Times New Roman Star"? d'o":z?o 'имущество'

face="Times New Roman Star"sobolon| 'payment for work'












face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 871, 873, 880
face="Times New Roman Star"*itelgu"
face="Times New Roman Star"a bird of preyface="Times New Roman Star"хищная птица

face="Times New Roman Star"o"tla"gu"

face="Times New Roman Star"ita"lgu"


face="Times New Roman Star"itelgi


















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 175. Turk. > Kalm. itl.g|@ (KW 211). [rather < Mong.]
face="Times New Roman Star"*Argun ? *a:r/
face="Times New Roman Star"1 ermine 2 a k. of weaselface="Times New Roman Star"1 горностай 2 вид ласкиface="Times New Roman Star"as (OUygh.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"as, az (MK) 1, arg|un (MK) 2face="Times New Roman Star"a(r)s, Osm. asface="Times New Roman Star"as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"as (Sangl.) 2



face="Times New Roman Star"as 1face="Times New Roman Star"as 1face="Times New Roman Star"a(g|a)s, a:s 1
face="Times New Roman Star"jos 1

face="Times New Roman Star"as 1
face="Times New Roman Star"arys 1

face="Times New Roman Star"at| 1

face="Times New Roman Star"as 1

face="Times New Roman Star"as 1face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 216, ЭСТЯ 191, **AD Федотов 2 493.
face="Times New Roman Star"*sa:n
face="Times New Roman Star"1 shin, hind leg 2 limb 3 bodyface="Times New Roman Star"1 голень, задняя нога 2 член тела 3 тело
face="Times New Roman Star"san (At.) 1
face="Times New Roman Star"san 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"san (Vam.) 1face="Times New Roman Star"so|n 1face="Times New Roman Star"san 1

face="Times New Roman Star"sa:n 1

face="Times New Roman Star"san 1





face="Times New Roman Star"san 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"san 1face="Times New Roman Star"san 1face="Times New Roman Star"han 1, 2face="Times New Roman Star"san 2, 3

face="Times New Roman Star"san 1
face="Times New Roman Star"san 2, 3face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 400, ЭСТЯ 7, Лексика 282.
face="Times New Roman Star"*yna-
face="Times New Roman Star"to trust, rely onface="Times New Roman Star"доверять, полагаться наface="Times New Roman Star"yna-n- (Orkh., OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"yna-n- (MK)






face="Times New Roman Star"ynan-



face="Times New Roman Star"nen-













face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 1, 654-656, VEWT 165 (cf. also *yn-gaj 'direction'). Turk. *yna-k > WMong. inag| (see TMN 2, 219, Щербак 1997, 163).
face="Times New Roman Star"*o:pu
face="Times New Roman Star"whirlwind, whirlpoolface="Times New Roman Star"вихрь (водоворот), пучинаface="Times New Roman Star"opu ? obu

face="Times New Roman Star"up-qyn 'пропасть, бездна; водоворот, пучина, омут (в реке, озере)'
face="Times New Roman Star"u.p-qin, u.p-qo|n 'сильный вихрь, смерч; подземная яма, промоина; бездна, пропасть, пучина'

face="Times New Roman Star"ov-d-an 'подземный водоем'


face="Times New Roman Star"op-kyn 'волна, водоворот, пучина'





face="Times New Roman Star"obut 'пруд'face="Times New Roman Star"oppa (< *op-ma) 'топкий, вязкий (о болоте); сугроб'face="Times New Roman Star"op-qyn 'топь, трясина, болото; пропасть, бездна, пучина, омут'face="Times New Roman Star"up-qyn 'пропасть, бездна; пучина, омут'
face="Times New Roman Star"oban 'озерко воды, образущееся в русле бывшей реки; омут'



face="Times New Roman Star"ДТС 368, VEWT 363.
face="Times New Roman Star"*Kodan **AD но чув нет
face="Times New Roman Star"hareface="Times New Roman Star"заяц


face="Times New Roman Star"kujanface="Times New Roman Star"qojan (Abush., Pav. C.)face="Times New Roman Star"qujo|nface="Times New Roman Star"qojan

face="Times New Roman Star"Gojan (dial.)face="Times New Roman Star"xozan
face="Times New Roman Star"kojon
face="Times New Roman Star"(kujan dial. < Tat.) xor/an, xoren (dial.) **AD нет в Ашм. и стандартных словарях; откуда? И Левитская в словаре не нашла.face="Times New Roman Star"xotonox
face="Times New Roman Star"kodan (kojg|un from some j-language?)face="Times New Roman Star"xodanface="Times New Roman Star"kojonface="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"qujanface="Times New Roman Star"qojan
face="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"qojan
face="Times New Roman Star"qojanface="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 274-275, Лексика 164, ЭСТЯ VI 29-30. Предполагается чув *xoran > марийск. *oren в составе moren 'заяц' Егоров 122 - скорее маразм.
face="Times New Roman Star"*dele(g)
face="Times New Roman Star"squirrelface="Times New Roman Star"белка







face="Times New Roman Star"da"la"face="Times New Roman Star"da"le (dial.)


















face="Times New Roman Star"Pers. dale| < dalag| 'куница' = Sanglechi, 'marmot' Yigdha, 'барсук' тадж. диал., см. Пахалина Вах. 200 + ряд вост. форм <*dars?y. Ст.-К. 166 - вах. форма иначе, глупо.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bo"gen
face="Times New Roman Star"large intestineface="Times New Roman Star"толстая кишка
face="Times New Roman Star"bo"gen (MK)






face="Times New Roman Star"bo"venface="Times New Roman Star"po":n
face="Times New Roman Star"mo":n



face="Times New Roman Star"mo":n
face="Times New Roman Star"mo":n

face="Times New Roman Star"bu"ja"n


face="Times New Roman Star"bu"jen

face="Times New Roman Star"ЭСТЯ 2, 205, Лексика 279, VEWT 83, EDT 328.
face="Times New Roman Star"*bekem
face="Times New Roman Star"wood hen










face="Times New Roman Star"pigem 'самка глухаря'face="Times New Roman Star"pegem 'самка глухаря'face="Times New Roman Star"pegem 'тетерев' (Баск. Леб.)















face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 382.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?yganak
face="Times New Roman Star"можжевельникface="Times New Roman Star"juniper
















face="Times New Roman Star"s?a:naqface="Times New Roman Star"as?a:naq (Рас. ФиЛ 89.)



face="Times New Roman Star"c?yg|ana(q) 'thorn'




face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 107.
face="Times New Roman Star"*c?ije-

face="Times New Roman Star"род ягодыface="Times New Roman Star"a k. of berry






face="Times New Roman Star"c?ijelek 'strawberry'face="Times New Roman Star"c?ije 'cherry'








face="Times New Roman Star"c?ije 'cherry'face="Times New Roman Star"s?ije








face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)aby-
face="Times New Roman Star"1 to bend, fall 2 to roll, sway, swingface="Times New Roman Star"1 сгибаться, сваливаться, опрокидываться 2 валяться, переворачиваться с боку на бок


face="Times New Roman Star"avu- 1







face="Times New Roman Star"aby- 2



face="Times New Roman Star"a:-t-tyn- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"o:- 1, 2, o:-n- 3face="Times New Roman Star"awu- 1, awyn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"avy- 1, avna- 2face="Times New Roman Star"aw- 1, awn- 2face="Times New Roman Star"aw- 1, awan- 2
face="Times New Roman Star"avd- 2

face="Times New Roman Star"avun- 2face="Times New Roman Star"The root should be distinguished from *(i)aby- `to enjoy oneself, be happy' q. v.
face="Times New Roman Star"*ab-face="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"to crowd, come togetherface="Times New Roman Star"собираться, встречатьсяface="Times New Roman Star"av- (OUygh.)face="Times New Roman Star"av- (MK, KB)


























face="Times New Roman Star"EDT 4, 10, ДТС 69.
face="Times New Roman Star"*(i)a>baface="Times New Roman Star"Altaic etymologyface="Times New Roman Star"poison; evilface="Times New Roman Star"яд; досада, гнев














face="Times New Roman Star"aba; aba-r- 'to be angry'face="Times New Roman Star"abala:- 'to be angry'face="Times New Roman Star"o: 'poison; ferret's musk'










face="Times New Roman Star"VEWT 9, Рясянен 1955, 67, ЭСТЯ I 67, Stachowski 27. The root is very close to another one, *a:gu (v. sub *a:/gi), with the same meaning; the reflexes may be phonetically distinguished in Yak. and Tuva (Tuva *agu > a:, cf. Tof. a: 'poison'), in other languages the two roots must have coincided.
,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,,,,,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,,turcet-bas,,,,,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,,
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