Change viewing parameters
Switch to Russian version
Select another database

Macro-Khoisan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Khoisan : "*Ha" | Query method: Match substring
Total of 10 records
\data\bush\khoiet.dbf
Proto-Khoisan : *Ha
Meaning : deictic stem
Proto-Bushman : *(h)a/*(h)e
Proto-Khoe : *a
Sandawe : *hā-
Hadza : *ha
Notes : A near-universal stem; cf. Borean HV 'that, this'.
Proto-Khoisan : *ha
Meaning : interrogative stem
Proto-Bushman : *ah
Proto-Khoe : *hV
Sandawe : *ha
Proto-Khoisan : *haka
Meaning : four
Proto-Khoe : *haka
Sandawe : *haka
Notes : A very interesting isogloss between Khoe and Sandawe, made a little suspicious by the fact that all other numeric parallels between these languages are either highly questionable ('one', 'two') or non-existent. On the other hand, there is no reason to attribute this to contacts between Khoe and Sandawe speakers, which are not documented; at best one could think of a common substrate - but such a substrate has not been found either (the numeral is unknown to any Niger-Congo or Nilo-Saharan speakers).
Proto-Khoisan : *[H]a
Meaning : 2nd person pronoun
Proto-Bushman : *a(h)
Proto-Khoe : *c-á
Sandawe : *ha-pV (?)
Notes : Initial *c- in Khoe is most probably a former class prefix, as seen from the opposing form *s-á (fem., where *s- = *-s in the general feminine marker for nouns.) Much more problematic is the Sandawe stem, where the main emphasis is on the *-pV part (which also functions separately in verbal forms as the regular marker for the 2nd p. sg.), while initial ha- has been tentatively associated (e. g. by O. Dempwolff) with the deictic stem *ha- 'that'. However, given the similarity of Sandawe 1st p. pronouns with Khoe, it cannot be excluded that ha- is, in fact, the primary marker here.
Proto-Khoisan : *ha(ʔ)re
Meaning : to fetch water
Proto-Bushman : *ha̰ʔare (?)
Proto-Khoe : *hàré
Sandawe : *hawe
Notes : Honken 1998: 187. Sandawe hawe could reflect "lenition" from *hare, or perhaps simply reflect a different suffix (*ha-we vs. *ha-re).
Proto-Khoisan : *Hala
Meaning : scorpion
Sandawe : *alā̆la
Hadza : *hala
Notes : A Hadza-Sandawe isogloss, possibly areal.
Proto-Khoisan : *ha [~]
Meaning : to come
Proto-Khoe : *hǎ
Notes : So far found only in Khoe.
Proto-Khoisan : *ha [~]
Meaning : tooth
Hadza : *aha
Notes : Not found outside Hadza.
Proto-Khoisan : *ha
Meaning : past tense marker
Proto-Bushman : *ha
Proto-Khoe : *-ha(ŋ)
Notes : A solid grammatical isogloss between Peripheral Khoisan and Khoe.
Proto-Khoisan : *hama [~]
Meaning : to sit
Hadza : *hama
Notes : Found only in Hadza.
khoiet.dbf-bsh,khoiet.dbf-san,khoiet.dbf-had,khoiet.dbf-san,khoiet.dbf-ckh,khoiet.dbf-san,khoiet.dbf-san,khoiet.dbf-notes,khoiet.dbf-bsh,khoiet.dbf-ckh,khoiet.dbf-san,khoiet.dbf-had,khoiet.dbf-ckh,khoiet.dbf-bsh,khoiet.dbf-ckh,khoiet.dbf-had,
Total of 10 records

Search within this database
Select another database

Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
238386339227
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov