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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 996
Root: k̂olǝmo-s, k̂olǝmā
English meaning: stalk; reed
German meaning: `Halm, Rohr'
Material: Gr. κάλαμος, καλάμη `Rohr' (aus κολ- assimiliert?);

    lat. culmus `Halm';

    ahd. halm, halam, anord. halmr, ags. healm `Halm';

    apr. salme `Stroh', lett. sal̃ms `Strohhalm';

    aksl. slama (*solmā, idg. *k̂olǝ-mā), russ. soloma, serb. slȁma `Stroh';

    toch. A kulmäṃts- `Schilf' (?).

    Aus gr. κάλαμος entlehnt sind ai. kaláma- m. `eine Reisart, Schreibrohr' und lat. calamus `Rohr', woraus wieder cymr. usw. calaf `Rohr'.

    Beziehung zu k̂el- etwa `dünner Schaft, Pfeil, steifer Halm' ist erwägenswert (S. 552 f.).

References: WP. I 464, WH. I 136, 303 f., Trautmann 298.
Pages: 612
PIE database: PIE database
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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *k'alam-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: straw
Old Greek: kálamo-s m. `Rohr, Schilf, Grashalm', kalámǟ f. `Getreidestengel, Getreidehalm,, Strohhalm, Stoppel'
Slavic: *sólmā
Baltic: *čal̂m-a- (1) c., *čalm-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xalm-a- m., n.
Latin: culmus, -ī m. `Halm, Strohhalm'
Russ. meaning: соломина
References: WP I 464
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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: соло́ма,
Near etymology: укр. соло́ма, блр. соло́ма, др.-русск. солома, цслав. слама, болг. сла́ма, сербохорв. сла̏ма, словен. sláma, чеш. sláma, слвц. slama, польск. sɫоmа, в.-луж., н.-луж. sɫоmа.
Further etymology: Праслав. *solma, родственно лтш. sal̃ms "соломинка", др.-прусск. salme "солома", д.-в.-н. hаl(а)m "стебель", греч. κάλαμος м., καλάμη ж. "тростник; стебель, соломина, солома", лат. culmus "соломина, стебель", тохар. kulmänts "тростник". Далее связано с др.-инд. c̨alākas "стебель, колос", c̨ilas "колос, оставленный в поле"; см. Траутман, ВSW 298; М.--Э. 3, 675; Мейе--Вайан 163; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. I, 121; Хольтхаузен, Awn. Wb. 104; И. Шмидт, Pluralb. 10; Вальде--Гофм. I, 303 и сл.; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 47; Торп 85.
Pages: 3,713
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *čal̂m-a- (1) c., *čalm-iā̃ f.
Meaning: haulm
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lettish: sal̃ms 'Strohhalm'
Old Prussian: salme
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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xalma-z, -n
Meaning: haulm, straw
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: halm-r m. `Strohhalm'
Norwegian: halm
Swedish: halm
Danish: halm
Old English: healm (halm), -es n. `haulm, straw, stem or stalk of grass, stalk of a plant; stubble, straw'
English: haulm
Old Saxon: halm
Middle Dutch: halm
Dutch: halm m.
Middle Low German: halm
Old High German: halm m. (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: halm st. m. 'halm, gras-, getreidehalm'
German: Halm m.
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVlV
Meaning: grass
Indo-European: *k'olǝm-
Altaic: *k`ằĺo (cf. also *k`ul(g)o)
Dravidian: *kul-
References: ND 1918 *q̇uĺU 'stalk, reed' (Alt. *k`ul(g)o + Drav. + IE *kaul-).
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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ằĺo
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: reed, a k. of grass
Russian meaning: тростник, вид травы
Turkic: *KAĺak
Mongolian: *kal-
Tungus-Manchu: *xalī-
Korean: *kắr
Comments: EAS 110.
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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *KAĺak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bulrush, reedmace
Russian meaning: камыш, рогоз
Karakhanid: qašaq (MK)
Kirghiz: qašaq (VEWT), qašeq 'aftergrass'
Comments: VEWT 240.
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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kal-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed; feather-grass
Russian meaning: тростник; ковыль
Written Mongolian: qaltalǯi (МХТТТ)
Khalkha: xaltalǯ 1, 'лапчатка шелковая'
Buriat: xalaxan
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xalī-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bog, swamp
Russian meaning: болото, болотная растительность
Evenki: alīkta 'тальник (на гольцах)', 'поросль (на гари)'
Literary Manchu: χali
Orok: χālčị
Nanai: χalõ
Comments: ТМС 1, 32, 461.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kắr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reed
Russian meaning: тростник
Modern Korean: kal
Middle Korean: kắr
Comments: Nam 20, KED 42.
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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kul-
Meaning : stalk, stem
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kulŋ
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *klūju (*-ǯ-)
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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kulŋ
Meaning : stalk
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : kuluŋ (pl. kuluŋgul) "stalk of leaf, handle of spoon"
Number in DED : 1807
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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *klūju (*-ǯ-)
Meaning : handle, haft, stem, shaft
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *klūju (*-ǯ-)
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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *klūju (*-ǯ-)
Meaning : handle, haft, stem, shaft
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : klūju (pl. klūska)
Number in DED : 1807
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