Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *mīn-
Meaning : fish
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *mīn
Proto-Telugu : *mīn-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mīn-
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *mīn
Proto-North Dravidian : *mīn-
Notes : In NDR *mūn- would be expected, as in *mī-nǯ- 'to wash' > *mūnǯ-; maybe the actual form in Malto is an Indo-Aryan reborrowing.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *mīn
Meaning : fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : mīn_
Tamil meaning : fish
Malayalam : mīn
Malayalam meaning : fish
Kannada : mīn
Kannada meaning : fish
Kodagu : mīnɨ
Kodagu meaning : fish
Tulu : mīnụ
Tulu meaning : fish
Proto-Nilgiri : *mīn
Number in DED : 4885
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nilgiri etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nilgiri : *mīn
Meaning : fish
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : mīn
Toda : mīn
Number in DED : 4885
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-toda,ktet-dednum,

Search within this database


Telugu etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Telugu : *mīn-
Meaning : fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : mīnu
Number in DED : 4885
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kolami-Gadba etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *mīn-
Meaning : fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : mīni (pl. mīnul)
Ollari Gadba : mīn (pl. mīnil)
Number in DED : 4885
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-ollari,kogaet-dednum,

Search within this database


Gondwan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *mīn
Meaning : fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Gondi : *mīn
Konda : mīn (pl. mīnga)
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *min
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mīn-u
Notes : In PPM probably shortening by analogy with plural *min-k- < *mīn-k-.
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-gon,gndet-kon,gndet-pem,gndet-kui,gndet-notes,

Search within this database


Gondi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Gondi : *mīn
Meaning : fish
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Betul Gondi : mīn
Mandla Gondi (Williamson) : mīn
Mandla Gondi (Phailbus) : mīn
Muria Gondi : mīn
Adilabad Gondi : mīn
Number in DED : 4885
Number in CVOTGD : 2852
gonet-meaning,gonet-prnum,gonet-gondi_tr,gonet-gondi_w,gonet-gondi_ph,gonet-gondi_mu,gonet-gondi_a,gonet-dednum,gonet-voc_num,

Search within this database


Konda etymology :

Search within this database
Konda : mīn (pl. mīnga)
Meaning: fish (BB)
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Number in DED : 4885
konet-meaning,konet-prnum,konet-dednum,

Search within this database


Pengo-Manda etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Pengo-Manda : *min
Meaning : fish
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Pengo : min (pl. -ku)
Manda : min (pl. -ke)
Number in DED : 4885
pemet-meaning,pemet-prnum,pemet-pengo,pemet-manda,pemet-dednum,

Search within this database


Kui-Kuwi etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *mīn-u
Meaning : fish
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : mīnu (pl. mīnga)
Kuwi (Fitzgerald) : mīnu (pl. mrīka)
Kuwi (Schulze) : mīnu (pl. mīnka)
Sunkarametta Kuwi : mīnu (pl. mnīka)
Parja Kuwi : mīnu (pl. mnīka)
Kuwi (Israel) : mīnu/mṇīnu (pl. mṇīka)
Notes : Kuwi_Isr mṇīnu by analogy with the plural form.
Number in DED : 4885
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_f,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-kuwi_su,kuiet-kuwi_p,kuiet-kuwi_isr,kuiet-notes,kuiet-dednum,

Search within this database


North Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North-Dravidian : *mīn-
Meaning : fish
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Malto : mīnu
Number in DED : 4885
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-mlt,ndret-dednum,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *mVnV
Meaning: fish
Indo-European: *man-, *men-
Altaic: *mańu(k`V)
Uralic: Saam. māńńi (Coll.)
Dravidian: *mīn-
References: ND 1424 *mEn̄i 'fish' ( + Berb.). Cf. ST *mān.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *menǝ(w)-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fish
Old Indian: mīna- m. `fish' (MInd. deriv. from *minya-)
Old Greek: mái̯nǟ f., mai̯nís, -ídos f. N. eines kleinen heringähnlichen Fisches, `Maena vulgaris'
Slavic: *mьnь `Aalraupe'
Baltic: *men̂-k-ā̂, -iā̃ (1) f., -ia- (1) c.
Germanic: *mun-jōn- f., *muniw-ō f.
Russ. meaning: рыба (вид)
References: WP II 267
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Vasmer's dictionary :

Search within this database
Word: мень,
Near etymology: род. п. ме́ня́ "налим", диал. мен, ум. менёк, далее мёнух, ментю́к -- то же, севск.; укр. мень, род. п. ме́ня, мнюх, менту́с, блр. мень, род. п. мня, ме́ня, менту́з, словен. menǝ̀k, род. п. -nká, чеш. meň, mník, слвц. mieň, польск. mientus, miętus, в.-луж. mjeńk, н.-луж. mjenk.
Further etymology: Праслав. *mьnь родственно лит. ménkė "треска", лтш. mеnса, англ. minnow "мелкая рыба; гольян; мелюзга", др.-англ. mуnе, ср.-нж.-нем. möne, нидерл. meun, д.-в.-н. muniwa, греч. μαίνη, μαινίς, μαινίδιον "окунь", др.-ирл. menb "маленький, ничтожный"; см. Сольмсен, KZ 37, 585 и сл.; Beitr. 123; Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 367; РВВ, 29, 334 и сл.; Клюге-Гётце 403; Хольтхаузен, Aengl.
Wb. 228. Неясно взаимоотношение с др.-инд. mīnas "какая-то рыба"; см. Уленбек, Aind. Wb. 225, 367; Шарпантье, KZ 47, 181.
Trubachev's comments: [Голуб--Копечный (227) указывают на более непосредственную связь с ме́ньший, ме́нее: мень -- "более мелкая рыба". -- Т.]
Pages: 2,599
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *men̂-k-ā̂, -iā̃ (1) f., -ia- (1) c.
Meaning: a k. of fish
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: ménkē `Dorsch'
Lettish: męñca, dial. meñce, meñcis, męñcs `Dorsch'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *munjōn, *muniwō
Meaning: a fish
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old English: myne m. `capito', `mena'
English: minnow `Leuciscus phoxinus'
East Frisian: Fris meun, mune Erlitze (гольян)
Dutch: meun m. `Erlitze (гольян)'
Middle Low German: mone, mome `Erlitze (гольян)'
Old High German: { muniwa `capedo' }
German: { Münne, Möhn }, dial. mene, möne, mine `Erlitze (гольян)'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-eastfris,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1288
Root: meni-
English meaning: a k. of fish
German meaning: `Fischname'?
Material: Gr. μαίνη (daraus lat. maena), μαινίς `ein kleiner Seefisch', slav. *mъnь, russ. menь usw. `Aalraupe'; aber ai. mīná- m. `Fisch' (wovon māiniká-, māinalá- `Fischer') ist dravid. Herkunft; vielleicht hierher ahd. muniwa, ags. myne, engl. minnow `Elritze, ein Fisch'.
References: WP. II 267 f.;
See also: gehört wohl zu men-4.
Pages: 731
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-seealso,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *mańu(k`V)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: a k. of fish
Russian meaning: вид рыбы
Turkic: *bańak-
Mongolian: *munig
Tungus-Manchu: *māńgu / *mańma
Korean: *mǝ̀ijùkí
Japanese: *mùná(n)kí
Comments: Cf. also Kalm. manǯǝ(g) zaɣǝsn 'Plötze; Kaulbarsch' (KW 255, 256); WMong. montuwqai, Khalkha montōxoi 'a k. of fish', maj 'herring'. Like in many other fish names, there are phonetic problems, probably due to interdialectal borrowing.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *bańak-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: white-fish
Russian meaning: сиг
Yakut: maj̃aɣas (Пек.)
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-jak,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *munig
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bleak, ablet
Russian meaning: уклейка
Written Mongolian: muniɣ
Khalkha: munig
Kalmuck: mūńǝg
Comments: KW 269.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *māńgu / *mańma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 Salmo Lenoc 2 trout 3 crucian 4 whitebaits
Russian meaning: 1 ленок 2 форель 3 карась 4 снетки
Evenki: mājgu 1, majma / manma 2
Even: mönke 2
Negidal: manma 2
Literary Manchu: marma nisiχa 2; moŋgošun 3; muŋku 4
Nanai: menekse 'назв. рыбы'
Udighe: mojo`u, mejeu 1 (Корм. 261)
Comments: ТМС 1, 521-522, 545, 548. TM > Mong. marma (see Doerfer MT 91); > Russ. maĺma (see Аникин 371).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *mǝ̀ijùkí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: trout; (KED) catfish, wels, horned-pout
Russian meaning: форель
Modern Korean: megi
Middle Korean: mǝ̀ijùkí
Comments: Nam 213, KED 616.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *mùná(n)kí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: eel
Russian meaning: угорь
Old Japanese: munagji
Middle Japanese: mùnágí
Tokyo: ùnagi
Kyoto: ùnàgí
Kagoshima: unagí
Comments: JLTT 562.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
11024135039
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov