Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *bŭlu ( ~ -a, -o)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cloud
Russian meaning: облако
Turkic: *bulut (*bulɨt)
Tungus-Manchu: *bol-
Comments: A Turk.-TM isogloss. A Nostratic etymology (Ural. *pilwe et al.) see in \X<1.2>ОСНЯ\x 1, 179-180.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *bulut (*bulɨt)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: cloud
Russian meaning: облако
Karakhanid: bulut (MK)
Turkish: bulut
Tatar: bolɨt
Middle Turkic: bulut (MA)
Uzbek: bulut
Uighur: bulut
Sary-Yughur: pɨlɨt
Azerbaidzhan: bulut
Turkmen: bulut
Khakassian: pulut
Shor: pulut
Oyrat: bulut
Halaj: bulɨt
Chuvash: pǝʷlǝʷt 'sky, cloud'
Yakut: bɨlɨt
Dolgan: bɨlɨt
Tuva: bulut
Tofalar: bulut
Kirghiz: bulut
Kazakh: bu_lt
Noghai: bulɨt
Bashkir: bolot
Balkar: bulut
Gagauz: bulut
Karaim: bulut
Karakalpak: bult
Salar: bu(:)lɨt
Kumyk: bulut
Comments: VEWT 88 (the connection with PT *bulga- 'to mix' is not obvious at all); TMN 2, 323; EDT 333, ЭСТЯ 2, 262-264, Лексика 24, Stachowski 71. Turk. > MMong. (ИМ) bulut, see Щербак 1997, 163. Derived are Kypch. forms like Kaz., KKalp. buldɨr 'foggy, cloudy', Kirgh. buldur 'fuzzy, cloudy', Nogh. buldɨr 'id.'
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *bol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 autumn 2 air 3 to blow (of wind, snow)
Russian meaning: 1 осень 2 воздух 3 дуть, падать (о ветре, снеге)
Evenki: bolo 1, bolgo 2, bolī- 3
Even: bolъ̣nị 1
Negidal: bolo 1
Spoken Manchu: bolori 'autumn, fall' (2728)
Literary Manchu: bolori 1
Jurchen: bolo (75)
Ulcha: bolo 1
Orok: bolo 1
Nanai: bolo 1
Oroch: bolo 1
Udighe: boloni 1
Solon: bolo 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 92-93.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *bVl(w)V
Meaning: cloud
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *bhŏlʌ- (+Pok. 162)
Altaic: *bŭlu ( ~ -a, -o)
Uralic: *pilwe (*pilŋe)
Kartvelian: Zan. ṗula; PK *bol-
Dravidian: ? SDR *pūṛ-i 'mist' (3674)
References: МССНЯ 351, ОСНЯ 1, 179-180; ND 202 *bilwE 'cloud'.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 778
Proto: *pilwe (*pilŋe)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: cloud
German meaning: Wolke
Finnish: pilvi (gen. pilven) 'Wolke'
Estonian: pilv (gen. pilve)
Saam (Lapp): båĺvå -lv- (N), paĺva (L), palv (T), pølv (Kld. Not. A)
Mordovian: peĺ, pejeĺ (E), pejeĺ (M)
Mari (Cheremis): pǝl (KB), pǝ̑l (U B)
Udmurt (Votyak): piĺem (S) 'Wolke', piĺd- (S) 'sich bewölken, bewölkt werden'
Komi (Zyrian): pil, (Ud.) piv
Khanty (Ostyak): pĕlǝŋ (V), pĕtǝŋ (DN), pȧ̆lǝŋ 'Wolke'
Hungarian: fëlhö̋, fëlleg
Sammalahti's version: *pilwi
Yukaghir parallels: !
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-ugr,uralet-samm2,uralet-yuk,

Search within this database


Kartvelian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kartvelian: *bol-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: дым (светлый)
English meaning: smoke (light)
Georgian: bol-
Megrel: bol-
Notes and references: Климов (1994, 172-173) предполагает заимствование из ПИЕ *bholo- 'пар, дымка'. Однако нельзя исключить и исконное родство; ср. еще алт. *bulV 'облако', урал. *pilwe id. (ОСНЯ 1, 179-180).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : PVLV
Meaning : cloud
Eurasiatic : *bVl(w)V
Afroasiatic : *bal- (also *bVlan-)
Reference : ND 202.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *bal-
Meaning: cloud, sky
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Central Chadic: *bal- 'sky' 1, 'cloud' 2
East Chadic: *bal- 'rain'
Beḍauye (Beja): bal 'cloud'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-cch,afaset-ech,afaset-bed,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *bal-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'sky' 1, 'cloud 2, 'rain' 3
Glavda: balabala 1 [Rp]
Bachama: ḅòlé 3 [Sk]
Logone: bǝ́lukʷi 2 [LLog]
Notes: Suffix -kʷi in Log. Reduplication in Glv. Cp. Malgwa bǝ̀là-ʒ́igǝla 'rain-cloud' (-ʒ́igǝla - 'sky')
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-glv,cchet-bch,cchet-log,cchet-notes,

Search within this database


East Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-EChadic: *bal-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'rain'
Tumak: bāl [Cp]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-tum,

Search within this database


Bedauye (Beja) etymology :

Search within this database
Bedauye: bal
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'cloud'
bedet-prnum,bedet-meaning,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
1932016976
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov