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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *χɔlV[č]iG
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hoof
Ket: qɔĺeś, pl. -n5
Yug: xɔlači6, pl. xɔlačaŋ5
Kottish: halčīg, *halčix, pl. halčikŋ "Nagel; Huf; Klaue"; xalčik (Бол.) "hoof"
Arin: kalɨs (Лоск.) "hoof"
Comments: The reflex -ś- in Ket is unclear. Werner 2, 100 (recommending to treat the word as a compound - which is actually done in ССЕ 304. ).
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *q̇HwV́lV (~-ɫ-)
Meaning: hoof; ankle
North Caucasian: *q̇_HwVlV (~-ɫ-)
Sino-Tibetan: *ghlēŋ (r-) (?) 'shank, leg, marrow'
Yenisseian: *χɔ(ʔ)lV[č]iG
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *q̇_HwVlV (~-ɫ-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: heel; ankle
Proto-Tsezian: *qʷilV (~a,ɨ,u,-r-)
Proto-Lezghian: *moq̇Iol
Notes: A Tsez.-Lezg. isogloss, therefore not enough data for vocalic reconstruction. The comparison seems, nevertheless, quite probable; initial *mo- in PL is secondary - probably under analogy with body part names like *morkol 'finger/toe'.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Tsezian etymology :

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Proto-Tsezian: *qʷilV (~a,ɨ,u,-r-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: ankle
Tsezi: qʷaIla
Comments: Isolated in Tsez., with probable Lezg. parallels.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *moq̇Iol
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 heel 2 foot, kick
Lezghian: q̇ül 2
Rutul: maq̇Ili 1 (Ikhr.)
Tsakhur: mɨq̇Iĺɨ
Comment: Cf. also Tsakh. Gelm. muq̇Ile, Tsakh. muq̇Iule 'heel'. The Rut. and Tsakh. forms have a suffixed *-j (cf. Tsakh. obl. mɨq̇Iĺɨjɨ-); loss of *mo- in Lezg. is regular. 3d class in Rut. and Tsakh.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-rut,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *ghlēŋ (r-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: marrow
Chinese: *khrēŋ, *ghrēŋ shank bone of ox [Han], 脛 *gēŋʔ leg, shank (*glēŋʔ ?).
Burmese: ńui-tam-kjańh shin, shank, leg (Luce 61).
Kachin: kreŋ3 a vital part, the injury of which insures speedy death.
Lushai: thliŋ marrow.
Lepcha: jăŋ, jŏŋ brain, marrow (?)
Comments: PG *ṭaŋ brain; Mikir arkleŋ; Dimasa buthluŋ ~ bithlim brain. Ben. 39, Gong 73. The root is actively interacting with *(r)kăŋ foot, leg and *(k)rāŋ bone (q. v.), which explains some irregularities.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-lepcha,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: kēng
Preclassic Old Chinese: khrēŋ
Classic Old Chinese: khrēŋ
Western Han Chinese: khrēŋ
Eastern Han Chinese: khriēŋ
Early Postclassic Chinese: khiẹ̄ŋ
Middle Postclassic Chinese: khiẹ̄ŋ
Late Postclassic Chinese: khiẹ̄ŋ
Middle Chinese: khạiŋ
English meaning : shank bone of ox [Han]
Russian meaning[s]: бабки, нижние суставы ног (у рогатого скота)
Comments: Also read *ghrēŋ, MC ɣạiŋ id.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 93
Four-angle index: 124
Karlgren code: 0831 q-r
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,

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