Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Yenisseian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yenisseian: *sūj
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to swim
Ket: śuj4 (South.); Kur. śu:ji4; Bak., Sur. śu:jǝ4 / śujǝ4
Yug: suʔj / su:hj
Kottish: ul-šui "bathing, swimming"; ulšujakŋ "to bathe"; ulšujāthākŋ "to bathe (tr.)"
Comments: ССЕ 279. Kottish has a compound with *xur1 'water'. Werner 2, 210 <*suʔǝjǝ>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *=ǟmʒĔ́
Meaning: to swim, bathe
North Caucasian: *=ǟmʒĔ
Sino-Tibetan: *[ʒhǝ̄]j (r-)
Yenisseian: *sūj
Comments and references : HGC 22.
sccet-meaning,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-notes,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *=ǟmʒĔ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to pour, to bathe
Proto-Nakh: *=ōtt- / *=ētt-
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *=VzVn-
Proto-Tsezian: *=ĩs-
Proto-Lak: huzu-
Proto-Dargwa: *=ac:-/=ic:-
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔec:a-
Proto-Khinalug: z(a)-
Proto-West Caucasian: *ʒ́V-
Notes: The vocalic reconstruction is not very secure (because of Ablaut alternations); otherwise correspondences are regular.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-khin,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Nakh etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Nakh: *=ōtt-/*=ētt-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to pour
Chechen: =ott-
Ingush: =ott-
Batsbi: =ott-
Comments: *=ōtt- is terminative, *=ētt- - durative; in Bacb. there exists also a stem =att- ( < *=ātt-) 'to be poured (out)'.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *=VzVn-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to soak, become wet
Avar: =izn-
Comments: Isolated in Av., but with good external parallels.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-comment,

Search within this database


Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *=ĩs-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to wash
Tsezi: =es-ad- (Radzhibov)
Khvarshi: es-an- (Radzhibov)
Bezhta: niz-ah- (Tlad.)
Comments: PTsKh *=[ĩ]s-; cf. also Bezht. Khosh. niz-ā-.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-khv,cezet-bzt,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


Lak etymology :

Search within this database
Lak root: huzu-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to swim
Lak form: huzu-n
laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,

Search within this database


Dargwa etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dargwa: *=ac:-/=ic:-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to bathe
Akusha: =iz-es
Comments: Cf. Ur. =aʒ-/=iʒ- id.
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔec:a-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 to pour (into) 2 to pour (of rain)
Lezghian: c:a- 1
Tabasaran: u=z- 1
Agul: aʒi- 1 (Bursh.)
Rutul: k-e=z- 2 (Mishl.)
Archi: =ec:a-
Comment: Cf. Lezg. pret. c:a-na. The verb belongs to the weak class.

    See Хайдаков 1973, 129; Талибов 1980, 293.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-agu,lezget-rut,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Khinalug etymology :

Search within this database
Khinalug root: z(a)-
North Caucasian etymology: 767
Meaning: to pour (into)
Khinalug form: za-l-ǯi
khinet-prnum,khinet-meaning,khinet-khi,

Search within this database


Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-West-Caucasian: *ʒ́V-
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: swim
Abkhaz: á-ʒ-sa-ra
Abaza: ʒ-ca-ra
Ubykh: ʒ́a-śá-
Comments: PAT *ʒ́ǝ-śa- (cf. also Bz. á-ʒ́-śa-ra). The morpheme is present only within a compound (see *śV-). It must be kept separate from *p-ʒǝ 'water' q.v.
abadet-prnum,abadet-meaning,abadet-abk,abadet-aba,abadet-ubk,abadet-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Tibetan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *[ʒhǝ̄]j (r-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: wash, purify
Chinese: *ćrǝ̄j purify oneself, purified.
Burmese: ćhij, ćhijh to clean, wash, LB *[c/ć]hijx.
Kachin: ǝcai3 be clean, pure.
Lushai: fai, KC *fai clean.
Comments: Sh. 408.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-comments,

Search within this database


Chinese characters :

Search within this database
Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: zhāi
Preclassic Old Chinese: ćrǝ̄j
Classic Old Chinese: crǝ̄j
Western Han Chinese: c̣ǝ̄j
Eastern Han Chinese: c̣ǝ̄j
Early Postclassic Chinese: c̣ǝ̣̄j
Middle Postclassic Chinese: c̣iǝ̣̄j
Late Postclassic Chinese: c̣iǝ̣̄j
Middle Chinese: c̣ạ̈j
English meaning : to be on diet, to abstain from meat; be (religiously) pure
Russian meaning[s]: 1) поститься; пост; воздержание; 2) кабинет для занятий
Comments: Regular Sino-Viet. is trai. Schüssler does not include the word, although it occurs as early as in the Shi (15.3, written as 齊).
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Dialectal data: Dialectal data
Radical: 210
Four-angle index: 2722
Karlgren code: 0593 y
Vietnamese reading: chay
Shijing occurrences: 15.3
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-doc,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,bigchina-shijing,

Search within this database


Chinese Dialects :

Search within this database
Number: 2343
Chinese etymology: Chinese etymology
Character:
MC description : 蟹開二平皆莊
ZIHUI: 7872 1085
Beijing: c̣ai 11
Jinan: c̣ɛ 11
Xi'an: cɛ 11
Taiyuan: cai 1
Hankou: cai 11
Chengdu: cai 11
Yangzhou: cɛ 11
Suzhou: ce_ 11 (lit.); ca_ 11
Wenzhou: ca 11
Changsha: cai 11
Shuangfeng: ca 11
Nanchang: cai 11
Meixian: cai 11
Guangzhou: čāi 11
Xiamen: cai 11
Chaozhou: ce 11
Fuzhou: cai 11 (lit.); cɛ 11
Shanghai: ca 1
Zhongyuan yinyun: čai 1
doc-charref,doc-character,doc-mcinfo,doc-zihui,doc-beijing,doc-jinan,doc-xian,doc-taiyuan,doc-hankou,doc-chengdu,doc-yangzhou,doc-suzhou,doc-wenzhou,doc-changsha,doc-shuangfeng,doc-nanchang,doc-meixian,doc-guangzhou,doc-xiamen,doc-chaozhou,doc-fuzhou,doc-shanghai,doc-zhongyuan,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
199567911365
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov