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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *saga-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to say, speak
Ket: sagabet́ (Castr.), praet. sagōrabet́, imp. sagarget́ (Werner 2, 156: sáɣa-bet, North. sáɣa-vet 'to say')
Yug: sága-bɛ:ht́ (Werner 2, 156)
Kottish: ćagar "speaking"; d́aćagaraŋ "to speak", praet. alaćagaraŋ, imp. alćagar, pass. alāćagar
Comments: ССЕ 269. Werner 2, 156.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ćV[q]V ( ~ ć̣-, č-, č̣-)
Meaning: to tell, tale ?
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Yenisseian: *saga-
Burushaski: *ćáɣa
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ćáɣa
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: tale, story
Hunza: ćáɣa
Nagar: ćáɣa
Comments: Sh. ćága
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,buruet-notes,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVKV
Meaning : to see, know
Eurasiatic : *šVḳV ( ~ *ć`w-)
Afroasiatic : Sem. *škħ- 'find', ECush. *sag-/*sog- 'predict'; Sem. *ŝkw/y 'look, expect'
Sino-Caucasian : *ćV[q]V ( ~ ć̣-, č-, č̣-) ?
Austric : PAA *sa:k / *cɔ:k 'look for', Tai zak, Lao sok 'ask'
African (misc.) : Bantu *-càk- 'search for, desire'.
Notes : Here Ain. siki 'eye'? In SC cf. also PST *sɨāk 'search, demand'.
Reference : ND 2030, 2191.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-austr,globet-afr,globet-notes,globet-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *šVḳV
Meaning: to see, know
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sekʷ- ( + *sāg(')- 2375) (also *sekʷ- 'speak, talk'?)
Altaic: *si̯ā́k`à (cf. also *sígá 1992)
Uralic: *šoke
Eskimo-Aleut: *cǝɣa-ʁ-
Comments: a) PIE *sekʷ- 'see, notice' : PA *sek`u 'preserve, be aware' : Es *ciqǝ-ʁ- 'remember' ? + Ur. *šakkE 'hide' b) PA *si̯ā́k`à 'think, worry' : PIE *sāg- 'to notice, trace' + Ur. *šoke
References: ND 2030 *Saħk[a] 'to search, find, know' (IE *sāg- + Alt. *sèk`u); 2152 *šoḲ[U] 'to say' (IE *sekʷ- + Ur. + incorr. Turk.; for those forms cf. also *C̣VḳV); 2191 *ŝEḲU 'to look at, watch, see' (IE *sekʷ- + Alt. *siga + Sem.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sekʷ- <PIH -gʷ->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to see, to notice
Hittite: sakuwa n. pl. 'Augen', sakuwai- (I) 'sehen, blicken' (Friedrich 177)
Slavic: *sočī́tī, *sokъ, *po-, *o-sokā
Germanic: *sixw-a- vb., *si(g)-w-n-í- c., *si(g)w-n-i- adj.
Latin: sīgnum, -ī n. `Zeichen, Abzeichen, Kennzeichen, Bildstatue, Siegel; Spitz- und Übername'
Celtic: *sekʷ- etc. > OIr 3 sg. rel. in-cho-sig `bezeichnet (zeigt mit dem Finger)', dofa-r-siged `significatum est', ta-sc `Anzeige', consecha `züchtigt', cosc `Strafe', ēcosc `Aussehen', diuschi `weckt, treibt an'; MIr ar-secha `he should see us'; Cymr cosp `Strafe'
Russ. meaning: видеть, замечать
References: WP II 477 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-slav,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: сочи́ть,
Near etymology: сочу́ "искать, выслеживать (зверя, вора)", укр. сочи́ти "подкарауливать", блр. сочы́ць, др.-русск. сочити, сочу "искать, разыскивать; вести тяжбу", сочьба "донос", сербск.-цслав. сочити "indicare", болг. со́ча "указываю", сербохорв. со̀чити, со̀чи̑м "уличить, обнаружить, разыскать", польск. sосzуć "клеветать, поносить, травить". Связано с сок "обвинитель, соглядатай" (см.).
Further etymology: Ср. лит. sakýti, sakaũ "говорить", лтш. sacît, -ku -- то же, д.-в.-н. sagên "говорить", также, вероятно, гот. sаíƕаn "видеть", греч. ἐννέπω "говорю, повествую", лат. inseque "возвести"; см. Бругман, IF 12, 38; Траутман, ВSW 255; М.--Э. 3, 603; Мейе--Эрну 568; Торп 425; Младенов, РФВ 63, 310 и сл.
Pages: 3,731
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *sixwan-, *si(g)wní-z, *si(g)wnia-
Meaning: see
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: sɛhʷan st. `see'; siun-s f. (i) `form, face, contenance'; *ana-siun-s `visible'
Old Norse: sjā (ält. sēa) st. `sehen'; -sjā f. `das Sehen, Sicht'; sǖn f. `Gesicht, Blick, Aussehen; Sonne (poet.)'; sjōn f. `Blick; Auge'; sǖn-n `sichtbar, gewiss; gleich, sehend', sǟi 2
Norwegian: sjɔ vb.; sün adj., sbs.; sjon
Old Swedish: sün adj.
Swedish: se vb.; sün sbs.
Old Danish: siun
Danish: se vb.; sün sbs.
Old English: sēon `sehen', sīen `Aussehen {Sehvermögen, Auge}'; seo m. `Pupille'
English: see
Old Frisian: siā(n) vb.; siōne, siūne
Old Saxon: sehan `sehen', siun `{Sehvermögen,} Auge'; seha `Pupille'
Middle Dutch: sien vb.; sune n., siene f., n.
Dutch: zien vb.
Old Franconian: sīa `Pupille'
Middle Low German: sēn vb.
Old High German: sehan (8.Jh.) `sehen'; {seha `Pupille'}; gisiuni 'Anblick, Erscheinung, Aussehen' (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: sëhen, sēn st. 'sehen, erblicken'; { sooune }
German: sehen
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-oswed,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *si̯ā́k`à
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to think, worry
Russian meaning: думать, волноваться
Turkic: *siāk-
Mongolian: *sege-, *seke-
Tungus-Manchu: *siaK-
Korean: *skắi-
Japanese: *sákà-
Comments: Мудрак Дисс. 195. Cf. *sèk`u. The variant with *-g- in Mong. is obviously assimilative.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *siāk-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to think, contemplate, worry 2 to miss 3 intelligence 4 thought, worry 5 to read 6 to remember 7 mourning, sad remembrance
Russian meaning: 1 думать, размышлять, грустить 2 скучать 3 разум 4 мысль, волнение 5 читать 6 помнить 7 оплакивание, печальное воспоминание
Old Turkic: saq- 1, saqɨš 4 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: saq-, saɣɨn- 1, saqɨš 4 (MK)
Turkish: saɣɨ 7
Tatar: saɣɨ 4, saɣɨn- 2
Middle Turkic: saɣɨn- (Буд.) 2, saɣɨ (Pav. C.) 1
Uzbek: sɔɣin- 2
Uighur: seɣin- 2
Turkmen: sāGɨn- 2
Khakassian: saɣɨn- 2
Chuvash: šoɣъš 4
Yakut: āx- 5, aɣɨn- 2, 6
Dolgan: āk- 5, agɨn- 2, 6
Tuva: saɣɨn- 2, 6, saɣɨš 3
Kirghiz: saɣɨn- 2
Kazakh: saɣɨn- 2
Noghai: saɣɨn- 2
Bashkir: haɣɨn- 2
Karaim: saɣɨn- 1, 2
Karakalpak: saɣɨn- 1, 2
Kumyk: saɣɨn- 2
Comments: Мудрак 113-114, VEWT 395, EDT 813, Федотов 2, 464, Stachowski 28, 41 (confused with *sạk-, from which it is often really hard to distinguish), ЭСТЯ 7. Voicing of medial -k- is regular after a long vowel (but it is somewhat strange in MK's text - note also its absence in saqɨš).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *sege-, *seke-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to recover (one's senses) 2 intelligence
Russian meaning: 1 приходить в себя 2 разум, сознание
Written Mongolian: seke(ge)- 1, segeɣe 2 (L 681, 685: seke, sege, sekege, segege)
Khalkha: sexe- 1, sexē, segē 2
Buriat: hegēr- 1, hegē(n) 2
Kalmuck: segɛ̄n 2
Ordos: segē 2
Dagur: sekēn (Тод. Даг. 162) 2 (MGCD segē)
Comments: KW 321, MGCD 602.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *siaK-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to speak within oneself 2 to respond, call back
Russian meaning: 1 говорить про себя 2 отзываться
Evenki: sikine- 1 (Nep.)
Oroch: sijau- 2
Udighe: sieu- 2
Comments: ТМС 2, 80, 81.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *skắi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to awake
Russian meaning: просыпаться
Modern Korean: k:ǟ-
Middle Korean: skắi-
Comments: Nam 29, KED 68.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *sákà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: clever, intelligent
Russian meaning: умный, мудрый
Old Japanese: saka-si
Middle Japanese: sákà-si
Tokyo: sakashí-
Kyoto: sákáshì-
Kagoshima: sakáshi-
Comments: JLTT 839. RJ and Kagoshima point to high tone, while Tokyo is aberrant.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1640
Proto: *šoke
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to say, speak
German meaning: sagen, sprechen
Finnish: hoke- 'wiederholen, etwas wiederkäuen; munkeln; plappern, schwatzen, reden, sprechen, erzählen' ( > Saam. N hoakkâ- -g- 'to hint that one wants to do something') ?
Estonian: ogeda- (dial.) 'lehren, einen guten Rat geben' ?
Udmurt (Votyak): šu- (S K), šu̇- (K), šuị̑-, šu̇ị̑- (G) 'sagen; sprechen; nennen, heißen; meinen, glauben, denken' ?
Komi (Zyrian): šu- (S), šuv- (P), šu.- (PO) 'sagen, nennen, sprechen, reden' ?
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *cǝɣa-ʁ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to see, to look, to open eyes
Russian meaning: смтореть, видеть, открыть глаза
Proto-Yupik: *cǝɣa-ʁ- (> *cǝʁa-ʁ-)
Comments: Cf. Proto-Inupik caɣ-viГ- 'to become visible'.
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-newcom,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *cǝɣa-ʁ- (> *cǝʁa-ʁ-)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to see, to look 1, to open eyes 2, to wake up 3
Russian Meaning: видеть, смотреть 1, открывать глаза 2, просыпаться 3
Sirenik: [ǝskǝ́cǝqǝχtǝχ; ǝ̆skásta 'viewer, onlooker', ǝ̆skǝ́cǝχ (3sg. aor.) 2]
Chaplino: sχáʁaqā (sχáɫǝq dvn. 'view') 1, sχáʁaquq 2
Naukan: ǝsχáqa 1, ǝsχáquq 1, 2
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: ǝs(x)aʁ- 3
Chugach (AAY): KP ǝssama- 'to be awake'
Central Alaskan Yupik: sǝxxaʁ-, cǝxxaʁ- 3, 'to become wide awake, more active'
Nunivak (Peripheral): ǝsxaʁ- 3
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 97
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-aay,yupet-chug,yupet-cay,yupet-nun,yupet-ced,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *CVk
Meaning: to look for, ask
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *sa:k / *cɔ:k
Austroasiatic meaning: look for
Proto-Thai: zak to ask; Lao sok ?
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *sa:k / *cɔ:k
Meaning: look for
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: zak to ask; Lao sok ?
Proto-Katuic: EK *cek I?
Khmer: sa:k < OK sa:k
Proto-Palaungic: Pr sɔk
Proto-Khmu: *sɔ:k
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-kmr,aaet-pawa,aaet-kmu,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *cek
Meaning: look for, seek
Presyllable: #
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-East Katuic: *cek
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-ekat,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *cek
Meaning: look for, seek
Presyllable: #
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Taojh: cek.T
Taojh meaning: look for (PT-203)
Katu dialects (1): cik cɛk
Katu dialects (3): cʌk
Katu meaning: look for, seek
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-tao,ekatet-taome,ekatet-and,ekatet-hkv,ekatet-katme,

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Khmer etymology :

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Khmer: sa:k
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Old Khmer: sa:k
Old Khmer Meaning: to try, try out; to breed plants
References: P491
kmret-prnum,kmret-okh,kmret-okmean,kmret-ref,

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