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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *jeŋ / *jɔŋ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: egg, roe
Ket: ɛʔj, pl. ēŋ 'egg'; ɔŋ-diś5 "roe egg"; ɔŋńiŋ (Bak., Sur. ɔŋnɔŋ5) "roe"
Yug: eŋ, pl. ɛŋǝn5 'egg'; ɔŋ-dis5 'roe egg'; ɔŋńiŋ5 "roe"
Kottish: d́anan (М., Кл.) "roe"; Ass. ánaŋ (М., Кл.), änu (Кл.) "roe"
Arin: aŋ (М., Сл.,Кл.) "egg"; agen (Лоск.) "eggs"; ujnún (М., Кл.) "roe" [Дульз. ujnúŋ]
Pumpokol: tańáŋ (Сл., Кл.) "egg"
Comments: ССЕ 232. The Pump. form eg "egg" (Кл.) is in reality Yug. Ket ɛʔj, according to all external evidence, is a result of re-analyzing the plural form ēŋ (although Werner 1, 256 suggests the opposite). Although *jeŋ 'egg' and *jɔŋ 'roe' are distinguished within Yenisseian, the forms are still hard to separate: an old Ablaut is probable in this case (see КС 159). Werner (1, 256, 2, 43) reconstructs <*eʔj / *eŋ> 'egg' and <*oj / *uj, pl. oʔŋ> 'roe', separating the two words; he, however, fails to explain d́- in Kott. d́anan and t- in Pump. tańaŋ (quite regular reflexes of PY *j-), and also tries to relate Kott. šulei 'egg' - as shown by Helimski (1982, 71), a quite transparent Samoyed loanword.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-pum,yenet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *=V́ʎwVŋ
Meaning: semen, roe
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *=Vʎ_wVn
Yenisseian: *jeʔŋ / *jɔʔŋ
Burushaski: *ṭiŋán
Basque: *a=ɫhe- / *a=ɫho-
Comments and references : -DCE 13. In PNC cf. also *neʎ_wV ( ~ *ʎ_wenV) `a k. of small fruit or berry', probably from the same root.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *=Vʎ_wVn
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: to sow
Proto-Nakh: *fuw
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *xunʔi
Proto-Lak: hanna
Proto-Dargwa: *xʷe
Proto-Lezghian: *ʎ:ʷin
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. The verb itself is preserved not very widely (that is why its vocalism is not clear): PA *-VxʷV(n), Lak. =u-ha-, PD *=axʷVn. Much more widely spread is the deverbative noun *ʎwĭnʔɨ̄ ( ~ -ǝ̆), reflected also in PN and PL (although the verb was not preserved in those subgroups).

    See Trubetzkoy 1922, 240.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-nakh,caucet-aand,caucet-lak,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Nakh etymology :

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Proto-Nakh: *fuw
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: seed
Chechen: hu
Ingush: fu
Batsbi: huv
Comments: Obl. base *fune- (Chech. hüna-, Ing. funo). 3d class in all languages.
nakhet-prnum,nakhet-meaning,nakhet-che,nakhet-ing,nakhet-bcb,nakhet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *xunʔi
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 seed 2 flax (seed)
Avar: xon 1,2
Chadakolob: xum 1
Andian language: šen 1
Chamalal: hū̃ 1
Tindi: huʔu (Gudava) 1
Karata: hũji 1
Botlikh: xuni 1
Bagvalal: hũʔi 1
Godoberi: xun 1
Comments: Av. paradigm B or C (gen. xo-dó-l). Cf. also Bagv. Tlond., Kvan. χũʔi, Tlis. xũʔi, Cham. Gig. hun, Gad. hū, Kar. Tok. xun.

    Originally a deverbal stem, cf. Av. xa-, Av. Chad. xʷe-, Cham. (with reduplication) hãhʷn-a 'to sow', And. šam- 'to throw'.

aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-and,aandet-chm,aandet-tnd,aandet-krt,aandet-btl,aandet-bgv,aandet-gdb,aandet-comment,

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Lak etymology :

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Lak root: hanna
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: seed
Lak form: hanna
Comments: 3d class. The word contains a suffix -da (cf. Khosr. handa). Cf. also a dialectal form (Khaidakov) lanna (with an archaic preservation of initial lateral).

    The word is originally deverbative, cf. =uha- (p. pr. =u=hunu) 'to sow'.

laket-prnum,laket-meaning,laket-lak,laket-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *xʷe
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: seed
Akusha: he
Comments: Cf. also Kub. xʷe, Kait. šʷe, Ur. hʷi, Tsud. he. The word is an old derivate of the verbal root, reflected in PD as *=axʷVn- (cf. Chir. =axʷ(n)-/ =alxʷ- 'to sow, to plough', Ur. =aʕʷ(n)-/=alʕʷ- 'to sow').
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,darget-comment,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʎ:ʷin
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 seed 2 wheat 3 flax
Lezghian: fin 1
Rutul: xin 2 (Khn.)
Kryz: xin 3
Archi: ʎ:ʷin 1
Comment: Cf. also Lezg. Nüt. xün, dial. šun id. 3d class in Kryz., but 4th class in Arch. Obl. base unclear.

    See Гигинейшвили 1977, 72.

lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-rut,lezget-krz,lezget-arc,lezget-comment,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ṭiŋán
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: egg
Yasin: ṭiŋán
Hunza: ṭiŋán
Nagar: ṭigán
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *a=ɫhe- / *a=ɫho-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 seed 2 field (destined for sowing) 3 mixture of grain
Gipuzkoan: ale 1, alor 2, (Zarauz) alon-tza 3
High Navarrese: alor 2
Low Navarrese: alhor 2
Salazarese: alur 2
Lapurdian: alor 2
Zuberoan: álhor 2
Roncalese: alur 2
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : LVNV
Meaning : semen, egg
Sino-Caucasian : *=V́ʎwVŋ
Austric : PAA *klɔ:ŋ / *klǝ:ŋ 'seed, egg'
globet-meaning,globet-scc,globet-austr,

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Austric etymology :

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Proto-Austric: *lVŋ
Meaning: seed, egg
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Proto-Austroasiatic: *lɔ:ŋ / *lǝ:ŋ
Austroasiatic meaning: seed, egg
Proto-Thai: laŋ.B oval, egg-shaped CK
austr-meaning,austr-prnum,austr-aa,austr-aame,austr-tai,

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Austro-Asiatic etymology :

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Proto-Austro-Asiatic: *lɔ:ŋ / *lǝ:ŋ
Meaning: seed, egg
Austric etymology: Austric etymology
Thai: laŋ.B oval, egg-shaped CK
Proto-Katuic: *lɔ:ŋ
Proto-Bahnaric: *lɔ:ŋ
Proto-Vietic: *lǝ:ŋʔ, C-
Proto-Monic: NYA klɔŋ
Proto-Khmu: *lɔ:ŋ
Khasi: pylleŋ egg
Proto-Aslian: *pǝŋlVŋ
aaet-meaning,aaet-prnum,aaet-thai,aaet-kat,aaet-bah,aaet-vim,aaet-mon,aaet-kmu,aaet-khasi,aaet-asli,

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Katuic etymology :

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Proto-Katuic: *lɔ:ŋ
Meaning: seed
Presyllable: kǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Proto-West Katuic: *lɔ:ŋ
Proto-East Katuic: *lɔ:ŋ
References: DF-49; P-451; TK4.19
katet-meaning,katet-prpr,katet-prnum,katet-wkat,katet-ekat,katet-bibref,

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West Katuic etymology :

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Proto-West Katuic: *lɔ:ŋ
Meaning: seed
Presyllable: kǝ-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
So: klâ:ŋ.N
So meaning: (TL)
Bru: klâ:ŋ.N
Bru meaning: a seed
Kui: klâ:ŋ.N
Kui meaning: seed, grain
Kuay: klâ:ŋ.N
Kuay meaning: seed
Ngeu: klâ:ŋ.N
Ngeu meaning: seed
wkatet-meaning,wkatet-wpre,wkatet-prnum,wkatet-so,wkatet-some,wkatet-bru,wkatet-brume,wkatet-kui,wkatet-kuime,wkatet-kuay,wkatet-kuayme,wkatet-ngeu,wkatet-nyeume,

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East Katuic etymology :

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Proto-East Katuic: *lɔ:ŋ
Meaning: seed
Presyllable: kǝr-
Katuic etymology: Katuic etymology
Pakoh: kǝllɔ:ŋ
Pakoh meaning: clf. for seeds, nut
Taojh: kǝllɔ:ŋ
Taojh meaning: nut (PT-157)
Lao Katu: kǝlɔ:ŋ
Lao Katu meaning: egg, seed
Ngeq: kallɔ:ŋ
Ngeq meaning: seed
Kri: kallâ:ŋ
Chatong: kallɔ:ŋ
Kantu dialects: kallâ:ŋ
Triw: kalɔ:ŋ
Dakkan dialects (1): kalâ:ŋ
Dakkan dialects (2): kalɔ:ŋ
Dakkan meaning: seed
Katu dialects (3): karlɔ:ŋ
Katu meaning: Clf: seed, grain
ekatet-meaning,ekatet-epre,ekatet-prnum,ekatet-pak,ekatet-pakme,ekatet-tao,ekatet-taome,ekatet-lka,ekatet-lkame,ekatet-nge,ekatet-ngeme,ekatet-kr,ekatet-ct,ekatet-kntt,ekatet-tr,ekatet-dkl,ekatet-dkk,ekatet-dkme,ekatet-hkv,ekatet-katme,

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Bahnar etymology :

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Proto-Bahnaric: *lɔ:ŋ
Meaning: seed
Presyllable: kǝ-
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Bahnar: klɔ:ŋ
Bahnar meaning: cooked seeds
Proto-North Bahnaric: *lo:ŋ.T, kǝ-
Proto-Northwest-Bahnaric: *lɔ:ŋ, kǝ-
Cua: klɔ:k, klɔ:ŋ
References: SPT
banet-meaning,banet-prpr,banet-prnum,banet-bah,banet-bahme,banet-nob,banet-nwb,banet-cua,banet-refer,

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North Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-Bahnaric: *lo:ŋ.T, kǝ-
Meaning: seed
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Jeh form: klo:ŋ.T
Jeh meaning: seed, fruit, houses, pills
Sedang form: kloaŋ.T
Sedang meaning: seed
Didra: kluoŋ.T
References: GS-35
nobet-meaning,nobet-prnum,nobet-jeh,nobet-jehme,nobet-sed,nobet-sedme,nobet-didr,nobet-refer,

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North-West Bahnaric etymology :

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Proto-North-West- Bahnaric: *lɔ:ŋ, kǝ-
Meaning: seed, grain
Bahnaric etymology: Bahnaric etymology
Tariang: kalɔ:ŋ
Kaseng: ʔǝlɔ:ŋ
Yaeh: qɔ:ŋ
References: TB4.24
nwbet-meaning,nwbet-prnum,nwbet-tr,nwbet-ks,nwbet-yh,nwbet-refer,

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Viet-Muong etymology :

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Proto-Viet-Muong: *lǝ:ŋʔ, C-
Meaning: egg
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Vietnamese: tru'́ng
Thomon: ṭǝ:ŋ.343ʔ
Tum: klǝɨŋ.212
vimet-meaning,vimet-prnum,vimet-viet,vimet-thm,vimet-tum,

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Monic etymology :

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Proto-Monic:
Meaning: seed
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Nyakur: klɔŋ
monet-meaning,monet-prnum,monet-tc,

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Aslian etymology :

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Proto-Aslian: *pǝŋlVŋ
Austro-Asiatic etymology: Austro-Asiatic etymology
Meaning: egg
Jah-Hut: pǝŋluŋ
Semai: pŋlǝ:kŋ
asliet-prnum,asliet-meaning,asliet-jah,asliet-smi,

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