Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Yenisseian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yenisseian: *baʔt-
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: knee
Ket: batpuĺ5 (Imb.), pl. batpuĺǝŋ5,6; baʔt (Werner 1, 108) 'joint, knee', bátiŋ pl. 'joints of reindeer'
Yug: batpɨl5, pl. batpɨlɨŋ6; baʔt (Werner 1, 108) 'joint, knee'
Kottish: pulpatap (Бол.) "metatarsus"
Arin: karam-pat (Лоск.) "elbow"; (Лоск.) patas "knee"
Comments: ССЕ 206. Cf. also Ket bātkup1 'bend (of a river)' (the second part - kup - is not quite clear). Ket and Kottish reflect a compound with *bul 'foot, leg' q.v. Werner 1, 108-109 gives a completely folk-etymological analysis of bat-puĺ as bat "forehead, face" + būĺ "leg": it is the stranger because on the same page he adds the attested plain stem baʔt 'joint, knee' and bátiŋ 'joints' - clearly distinct from bat / bāt3 'face' q.v.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-ari,yenet-notes,

Search within this database


Sino-Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *bV́stV
Meaning: knee
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *b[ǝ]c_V
Sino-Tibetan: *pŭt(-s)
Yenisseian: *baʔt-
Burushaski: *bácin
Basque: *borc / *bośt
Comments and references : HGC 20, DCE 2. Yen. *b- is irregular.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

Search within this database


North Caucasian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-North Caucasian: *b[ǝ]c_V
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: paw, part of arm or leg
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *bic:V
Proto-Tsezian: *bɨsV A
Proto-Lezghian: *p:ac
Notes: The PTs vowel -ɨ- is not clear (a trace of Ablaut?); otherwise the correspondences are regular. Reconstructed for PEC.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-cez,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

Search within this database


Avar-Andian etymology :

Search within this database
Protoform: *bic:V
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 ham 2 knee (of animal), thigh
Avar: púrc:i 1
Chamalal: becʷ 2
Comments: In Av. -r- isprobably secondary (púrc:i < *bVc:-ri with secondary assimilation *b- > p-), since no resonant is present in related EC forms.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-chm,aandet-comment,

Search within this database


Tsezian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tsezian: *bɨsV A
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: fist
Tsezi: besi
Ginukh: beši
Khvarshi: besa
Inkhokvari: buso
Bezhta: biza
Gunzib: bɨza
Comments: PTsKh *bɨsǝ; PGB *bɨza.
cezet-prnum,cezet-meaning,cezet-cez,cezet-gin,cezet-khv,cezet-inh,cezet-bzt,cezet-gnz,cezet-comment,

Search within this database


Lezghian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Lezghian: *p:ac
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 paw 2 cushions for taking the kettle off fire
Lezghian: p:ac 1
Tabasaran: bac 1
Rutul: bac-bɨr 2 (Kich.)
Comment: The Rut. form is plural (lit. "the paws"). Obl. base *p:acɨ- (cf. Lezg. p:acu-, Tab. Düb. bac, bacu-).
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-lzg,lezget-tab,lezget-rut,lezget-comment,

Search within this database


Sino-Tibetan etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *pŭt(-s) (~-ɨ̆-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: knee
Chinese: 巿 *pǝt knee-covers.
Tibetan: pus-mo knee.
Burmese: LB: Maru pat-law knee, Phunoi phat tho khaw kneel (Luce 33: Burm. puʔ-ćhać knee).
Kachin: lǝphut2 knee, phut2tiʔ2 kneel.
Lushai: KC *pus.
Lepcha: tŭk-păt the knee
Kiranti: *po[C]
Comments: Mikir keŋ-phu; Thado khu-bu; Kanauri puś-păn; Rawang phaŋ-phit knee, ur-phut elbow, ra-phut shoulder, Trung băk1-pǝt1 knee. Sh. 49, 132; Ben. 16-17.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-burm,stibet-kach,stibet-lush,stibet-lepcha,stibet-kir,stibet-comments,

Search within this database


Chinese characters :

Search within this database
Character: 巿
Modern (Beijing) reading: fù
Preclassic Old Chinese: pǝt
Classic Old Chinese: pǝt
Western Han Chinese: pǝt
Eastern Han Chinese: pwǝt
Early Postclassic Chinese: pwɨt
Middle Postclassic Chinese: pwɨt
Late Postclassic Chinese: pwɨt
Middle Chinese: püt
English meaning : knee-covers
Russian meaning[s]: древн. ритуальный передник; [fēi] древн. лиана
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 50
Four-angle index: 3924
Karlgren code: 0501 a-b
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,

Search within this database


Kiranti etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Kiranti: *po[C]
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Meaning: knee
Sunwar: pōk-ci
kiret-prnum,kiret-meaning,kiret-sun,

Search within this database


Burushaski etymology :

Search within this database
Common Burushaski: *bácin
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: shank, hind leg above the hock
Hunza: bácin
Nagar: bácin
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

Search within this database


Basque etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Basque: *borc / *bośt
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: five
Bizkaian: bost
Gipuzkoan: bost
High Navarrese: (South) bortz, (North) bost, (Lezaka) borz
Low Navarrese: bost, (Garazi) bortz
Salazarese: bortz
Lapurdian: bortz
Baztanese: borz
Aezkoan: bortz
Zuberoan: bost
Roncalese: bost, bortz, (Ustárroz) borz
Comments: *borc and *bośt seem to reflect original allomorphs: *borc in final position and *bośt before an affix? Cf. the variation of -rc- vs. -śt- in *ɦerce ~ *ɦeśte 'intestine', and a few other cases.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-azk,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : PVCV
Meaning : hand, paw
Afroasiatic : *pVs-
Sino-Caucasian : *bV́stV
globet-meaning,globet-afas,globet-scc,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *pVs-
Meaning: hand
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Berber: *fus- 'hand'
East Chadic: *pVs- 'hand' 1, 'arm' 2
Notes: Cf. Sem: Aram *pas-/*pis- 'palm' (<Afras *pVc-)
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-brb,afaset-ech,afaset-notes,

Search within this database


Semitic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 58
Proto-Semitic: *pas-/*pis-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'palm'
Aramaic: (Bibl) pas-
Judaic Aramaic: pis-t-
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-arm,semet-jud,

Search within this database


Berber etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Berber: *fus-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'hand'
Ghadames: u-fǝs 2
Nefusa: u-fǝs
Siwa: fuus
Ghat: a-fus
Ahaggar (Tahaggart): a-fus
Zenaga: a-fuš
Semlal: a-fusi
Izdeg: fus
Rif: a-fusi
Mzab: fus
Figig: fus
Qabyle (Ayt Mangellat): a-fus
brbet-prnum,brbet-meaning,brbet-ghd,brbet-nfs,brbet-siw,brbet-ght,brbet-ahg,brbet-zng,brbet-sml,brbet-izd,brbet-rif,brbet-mzb,brbet-fgg,brbet-qbl,

Search within this database


Central Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-CChadic: *gur-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'friend'
Lamang: ̀
cchet-prnum,cchet-meaning,cchet-lmn,

Search within this database


East Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-EChadic: *pVs-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'hand' 1, 'arm' 2
Dangla: pìsè 1-2 [Ebb]
Migama: pı́ssı́ ́ 1, 2 [JMig]
Bidiya: pésè 1, 2 [JBid]
Mubi: fɔ́sɔ́ 1, 2 [Lk], fòósó 2 [CLR: 179]
Kajakse: fṑso, pl. fàs 1 [Alio]
Notes: f- < *p- under the influence of a sibilant , vowelassim.
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-dng,echet-mig,echet-bid,echet-mub,echet-kaj,echet-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
16503812471
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov