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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *ʔaʔd (~x-)
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: bone
Ket: aʔt, pl. aŕeŋ5 (Bak., Sur. adeŋ5)
Yug: aʔt, pl. adɨŋ5
Kottish: araŋan, *araŋ 'limb, joint'; ar-ša, *aran-šān "knee"
Comments: ССЕ 178. Cf. also the derivatives: Ket adɨŋu5, Kur., South. ariŋu5 / aruŋu5 'strong', Yug adɨŋoj5 id. ("bony"). Werner 1, 86 <*aʔt>.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-kot,yenet-notes,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *ʡǝ̆́mdV / *ʡǝ̆́mtV
Meaning: bone
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *ʡǝmdV
Yenisseian: *ʔaʔd (~x-)
Basque: *ondo
Comments and references : Irregular -d in PY (-t would be expected). FDCP 2.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *ʡǝmdV
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: joint, bone
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *hidi (~ħ-)
Proto-Dargwa: *h(I)and (~-t:)
Proto-Lezghian: *ʔa(m)t:
Notes: Reconstructed for the PEC level. Correspondences are regular.
caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-darg,caucet-lezg,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *hidi (~ħ-)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 spine, backbone 2 joint, articulation
Avar: hod 1
Chadakolob: hod 2
Karata: hidi (Tok.) 1
Comments: Av. paradigm A (gen. hódi-l). Borrowed from Av. are Gunz., Bezht. hod 'joint, articulation'.
aandet-prnum,aandet-meaning,aandet-ava,aandet-avc,aandet-krt,aandet-comment,

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Dargwa etymology :

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Proto-Dargwa: *h(I)and (~-t:)
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: knee
Akusha: ʕaInd
darget-prnum,darget-meaning,darget-drg,

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Lezghian etymology :

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Proto-Lezghian: *ʔa(m)t:
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 shin, shank 2 tubular bone
Agul: ad 1
Tsakhur: ad 2 (Khaidakov)
Comment: The data available do not allow to establish whether there was a *-m- in PL (suggested by the external evidence) or not.
lezget-prnum,lezget-meaning,lezget-agu,lezget-cak,lezget-comment,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *ondo
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: 1 upper arm, humerus 2 nape, back of neck 3 trunk (of tree)
Bizkaian: bes-ondo 1, gar-ondo, garr-ondo 2, (Orozko) lep-ondo 2
Gipuzkoan: bes-ondo 1, gar-ondo, garr-ondo 2, lep-ondo 2
High Navarrese: gar-ondo, garr-ondo 2
Low Navarrese: gar(h)-ondo 2, leph-ondo 2
Salazarese: lep-ondo 2
Lapurdian: bes-ondo 1, gar(h)-ondo 2, lep-ondo 2, (Ainhoa) ondo 3
Zuberoan: bes-óndo 1
Roncalese: gar-ondo 2, lep-ondo 2
Comments: The words cited for meanings 1 and 2 are only some of the anatomical words containing *ondo 'joint'. Meaning 3 (also stem, vine) occurs in compounds like madari-ondo 'pear tree', sagarr-ondo 'apple tree', mahats-ondo 'grapevine'. It is sometimes difficult to distinguish this word from *ondo 'side, bottom' (q.v.) and *ɦonda-r̄ 'sand', and Romance hondo (< Lat. fundum) 'bottom'. These words have probably merged and blended in Bsq to some extent.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVMTV
Meaning : bone
Sino-Caucasian : *ʡǝ̆́mdV / *ʡǝ̆́mtV
Notes : So far found only in SC.
globet-meaning,globet-scc,globet-notes,

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