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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 444
Proto: *kOlV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: (intestinal) worm
German meaning: (Eingeweide)Wurm
Udmurt (Votyak): ke̮l (S G) 'Bauchwurm, Darmwurm'
Komi (Zyrian): škol (S, SO), kol (Lu.), kov (kolj-, kovj-) (V), kov-gag (P) 'Eingeweidewurm'
Khanty (Ostyak): kuḷ (V) 'Bandwurm'
Nenets (Yurak): χalī (O) 'Angelwurm, Regenwurm'
Enets (Yen): (kod́oluo, kod́uluo (Ch.), kod́ulue (B) 'Angelwurm, Köder' - rejected by Redei)
Nganasan (Tawgi): (kolśụʔa, kalśụa - rejected by Redei)
Selkup: qā̊ (Ta. Ča. Ty.) 'Eingeweidewurm'
K. Redei's notes: *kal(s)-
Yukaghir parallels: kel- 'Wurm'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-redei,uralet-yuk,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *kuɫV
Meaning: worm
Indo-European: ? *(s)k(')ol-
Altaic: *kulV ( ~ -o-, -ĺ-)
Uralic: *kOlV (cf. also *kiĺe)
Kartvelian: *gwel- ?
Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *ɣʷaĺhă-
References: ОСНЯ 1, 308, МССНЯ 372; ND 866 *kUḷV (+ Chad.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-chuk,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *(s)k(')ol-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: worm, snake
Old Greek: skṓl[ǟ]k-s, -[ǟ]kos m. `Wurm, Larve'
Latin: colubra f.; coluber, gen. -brī `(kleinere) Schlange'
Russ. meaning: жаба (червь/змея)
References: WP II 597 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-lat,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kulV ( ~ -o-, -ĺ-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: snake, worm
Russian meaning: змея, червь
Tungus-Manchu: *kulī-n
Korean: *kùrjǝ̀ŋí
Comments: SKE 132, АПиПЯЯ 293. A Tung.-Kor. isogloss; further Nostratic parallels see in ОСНЯ 1, 308.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kulī-n
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 worm 2 snake
Russian meaning: 1 червь 2 змея
Evenki: kulikān 1, kulīn 2
Even: qụlịn 'mosquito'
Negidal: kolixān 1
Ulcha: qụla(n) 1
Orok: qola 1
Nanai: qolã 1
Oroch: kulǟ 1, 2
Udighe: kuliga 1, 2
Solon: xoĺexā̃ 1, xoĺē̃ 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 428. Evk. > Dolg. kulikan (Stachowski 160).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kùrjǝ̀ŋí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: adder, viper
Russian meaning: гадюка
Modern Korean: kurǝŋi
Middle Korean: kùrjǝ̀ŋ'í
Comments: Nam 58, KED 199.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *gwel-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: змея
English meaning: snake
Georgian: gvel-
Megrel: gver-, ngver-
Svan: hiǯw, wiǯ (?)
Laz: mgver-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 61-62, EWK 83-84. Сближение с алт. *kulV 'змея, червь', урал. *koɫV 'червь' см. в ОСНЯ 1, 308 (ностр. *kUɫV; хотя звонкость *g- в картв. неясна).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-sva,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Kamchatkan: *ɣʷaĺhă-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning (Rus.): червь
Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *falaʒʁъ-n
Proto-Itelmen: *fačh(a)
Comments: Ср. кор. vančǝ́lqa=n 'черви (масть)' (НРС 29) из камч.
kamet-prnum,kamet-meaning,kamet-chuk,kamet-itel,kamet-comments,

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Chukchee-Koryak etymology :

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Proto-Chukchee-Koryak: *falaʒʁъ-n
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): червь (длинный)
Palan: walajhe-n
chuket-prnum,chuket-meaning,chuket-pal,

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Itelmen etymology :

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Proto-Itelmen: *fačh(a)
Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology: Chukchee-Kamchatkan etymology
Meaning (Rus.): червь, насекомое
West Itelmen: fačɣ
West Itelmen meaning: vermis
West Itelmen meaning (Polish): robak
South Itelmen: vačikat
South Itelmen meaning (Latin): aphis, insectum quoddam minimum
South Itelmen meaning (Polish): mszyca, jakiś drobny owad
Comments: Sic! В кор.-ным. vancǝ́lqa-n 'черви (масть)' (НРС 29) заимствовано из ительменского и представляет собой fa-n-č pl. от fačh .
itelet-prnum,itelet-meaning,itelet-wit,itelet-witmea,itelet-witmep,itelet-sit,itelet-sitmea,itelet-sitmep,itelet-comments,

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